esard

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Forms: easárd, easórd

n contention, struggle: easárd ` contention, dis- union, quarrel, better easórd disorder ' P.O'C. ní díoth cuidighthe tá ar Thadhg | an tréimhse atá i n-easard it is not lack of aid that ails T. when he is in a contention Content. x 22 . fa bheith i n-easard `because he is engaged in a dispute' xxv i .

esardach

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n (esard) contentious person: leath láimhe gach easardaigh Éigse xxiii 59 § 9 .

esarg-

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x see esorc-.

-esarlaither

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -esarlaither or dil.ie/20385

Forms: na hesarlaither, esarlathar

v (apparently pres. subj. pass. of as-cuir throws off; overthrows): a choclaid ar na hesarlaither nech fair that one may not be overthrown on it (sc. the road) Bodl. Corm. s. ro(u)t ( Corm. Y 1082 ; esarlathar LB).

esarn, esern

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n (< L. exhibernum, see K. Meyer, Wortk. 34 and Vendryes, RC xxxviii 22 ) year-old wine: esarn .i. ni úrfin...esuern ní nue-ḟin sed uetuss , O'Mulc. 447 . cenéle dáileman: mórmenmnach meda...itfa eserni, Triads 231 .

esartae

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Forms: esartaib

io-iā (part. of as-oirc) smitten: is hosuidib ropu esartae Tur 94 . esartaib (gl. caesis) Ml 36b17 . 37b29 .

esartaid

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n i, m. (nom. ag. of as-oirc) a smiter: gl. Caeṡsar (= caesor fr. caedo) Sg 50a22 .

es(s)artha, e(s)arda

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io-iā (part. of esraid) strewn, littered: áiliu suide n-ard n-esarthae 'I pray for a high, straw-covered seat' Éigse xxxvii 76 § 2 . robatar gríanana...essarda do aín ┐ do urluachair LL 263a37 = MU 12.5 . a bhfoirgneadha áille easartha `well-littered buildings' ML 76.5 .

esba(e)

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Forms: espai, n-espai

n io, m. (báe good, profit) uselessness, vanity, folly; idleness, play, wantonness: easba .i. diomhaoines, O'Cl. BCC § 399 . mad espe dom a nopridchim if it be useless Wb 19d17 . bad n-esbae dam du frecur ceill-siu that it is useless for me to worship Thee Ml 132b3 . fretech cech espi `renunciation of every vanity' Mon. Tall. § 56 . is espa (.i. is feles) a techt TBC² 169 (= LU 56b22 ). esba .i. filus, O'C. 1388 < H 3.18, 630 . ba hespa ecóir imlúad trenḟir ri comai cluchi LL 228a36 = TTr. 819 . guide cech maicc lére...ní hespae, Fél. Epil. 430 . oc cles- rad ┐ oc espai dona slogaib = variis lusit artibus (of a pet fox) Todd Lect. v 85.14 = IT i 46.25 . dia ndernur uabur no esba commit arrogance or folly LL 279a30 . u. na hespa 33 . YBL 164a5 . érniud mo chesta...corop espa olloman a poet's sport (?) LL 141b29 . In Laws, with ref. to acts performed without serious intention, in the course of play, sport, heedless trifling (opp. to torba, which refers to an act committed in course of business): in torba no in t-esba iii 96.13 . re bec- deithbirius no re espa 250.27 Comm. mas re hesba atait maraen `if both are (riding) for amusement' 258.10 Comm. a n-esbo `their idle offences' v 150.26 Comm. Of an idle person; one at play: slan don torbach in t-esba the person on business is exempt as regards the idler (if he ac- cidentally injure the latter) iii 258.16 Comm. gen. as attrib.: raind espai wanton staves LL 110a32 . RC xxiv 46.1 . TFrag. 34.11 . fri forluamain n-espai `idle volatility' Ériu vii 172.18 . Cf. Ailill Cethech...cethech .i. beimnech ut dicitur bemnech fer espai, Rawl. 124a15 . bá saethar n-espa dóib tíchtain a vain labor LL 220b22 = TTr. 255 . dercad espo, Aisl. Tund. 95.16 . gan ridh [reith v.l.] n-espo frivolous running (on Sunday) Anecd. iii 21.5 . re heirim n-espa...re heirim torba riding for amusement...on business Laws iii 258.15 Comm. scian espa useless dagger (a contemptuous epithet) IT iii 102 § 191 = Bruchst. § 73 . In stricter sense useless, invalid: teora nadmand aspa invalid covenants Laws iv 54.6 . i n-esba idle, unoccupied: na bi a n-espa, is ed timarna in Ri, | lubra, legad, ernaigthi, denadh egin na ni ZCP vii 310.22 . forcetul nó scribend nó cecip tarba, arna beither ind-espa...ut Dominus ait: non apparebis ante me vacu[u]s iii 29.31 . Cf. comhcetlud a n-espaibh BNnÉ 305.28 v.l. im raind a tíri d'espaib | dorigset mor d'imres- naib SR 5125 .

esbach

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adj o-ā (esbae)

I Useless, vain, purposeless: imchomarc (n-)espach an idle question Ml 35c26 . is gním n-espach `a deed unprofitable' Met. Dinds. iv 16.9 (Dubthir). is esbach in tsuil glan fil at cind-sa gan a beith...i bhfail fhir, Lism. L. 1334 = Three Hom. 64.22 . hespach do neoch a thriall useless for any to set out on it TBC 414 . esbach sin that is foolish (to no purpose) Thes. ii 307.19 ( Hy ii pref .). espach sin that is folly (of the act of destroying a town) BCC § 77 . ba esbach comrac ris CRR 55 . mairg na dingne córa friu fobíth is esbach a n-écoir do dénam LL 234b15 = TTr. 1303 . ní espach linne in flaithius Rómhánach do discáiliudh fódaigh nach beith tarcaisne neich fort-sa, CCath. 636 .

II Idle, unoccupied: espach no deid (gl. otiosus) Ml 35c25 . Esp. in Laws, Comm. n an idler (stander-by, dis- engaged person), oft. opposed to torbach profitable worker: Laws iii 242.14 , 23 . nocon fuil dethbir [torbaig] no esbaig iii 482. 3 . slainti espaig ┐ etarbaig idlers and unprofitable workers iii 166 z ; 224.10 . is iat ata espaigh and, daine rocotail iar cur in íaraind isin teinidh 190.23 (cf.: is iat ata torbaigh and, daíne rocotail ria cur in iaraind isin t., l. 21 ). ar na huile esbachuib uile 242.16 .

Cf. is marb Conn... | ┐ Cormac ┐ Art | easbach an mac is an t-úa, Fianaig. 42.8 , where we should perhaps take the meaning to be useless, unavailing i.e. their valour no longer avails (since they are dead), but cf. follg.

III without good, unfortunate (?): espach éc ríg Mugna LL 32b12 ; 20 = BB 56a29 ; 37 . do thuitset isin cath... | clanda C.... | is sluagh na P. gerb easbach, Caithr. Cell. 80 .

esbadach

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adj o-ā (esbaid)

(a) wanting, lacking, deficient: in Laws, Comm.: mad esbadach ní do fleid if any portion of the feast be deficient Laws i 126.28 . cen cumad esbadach acht in aenmad rann fichit dib though but the one and twentieth part should be deficient in them iii 362.13 . aithgin i[n] neich is esbadach `compensation for whatever is deficient' 460.27 . in tan as chutrumma sesid...is esbadach don chundrud, Cóic Conara 19 § 11 . With ar: is leth-eneclann is esbadach aire `lost to him' Laws v 164. 9 . With ó: cuitig airm is esbudach uathu iii 510.19 . is easbadach a leth-eniclann uad v 50.29 ; 34 z ; 164.3 . an phian easbadhach pain of deprivation TSh. 2044 (con- trasted with p. ghníomhach 2025 ). Incomplete, imperfect: a ní iomlán...a ní easbhadhach, 1 Cor. xiii 10 . sí uime dob easbhadhach TD 24.7 .

(b) defective, deprived, damaged: cia ro thomail ní don uig easbadhaigh ? (of a partly-eaten egg) MR 24.21 = FDG 178 v.l. cona terna acht aonchath easbadhach `one shattered battalion' FM ii 1098.18 . RC xviii 173.15 . ba hesbadhach Goill ┐ Gaoidhil `suffered great losses' (in battle) FM iii 388.5 . vi 1986 . nó in áoinní dob esbhadhach aitherrach 'or any thing which might be otherwise notoriously defectiue' (w.r.t. religious practices etc.) Ériu xv 126 § 15 .

(c) injured, disfigured: ó a mbeith ainmheach easbhadhach ML 144.4 . go rabhadar taoibh ┐ ochta ┐ aighthe ┐ easnach go heasbhadhach aca on iomghuin 138.13 .

(d) needy, in want: na druinge bhíos easbadhach = egentium TSh. 4667 . an bocht ┐ an t-easbhuidheach, Ps. xxxv 10 . don duine chráite ┐ don e.¤ lxxxii 3 . do scrios an bhoicht... agus a neasbhuighidh, Prov. xxx 14 .

(e) in wider sense lonely, forlorn: ra adlaicsed [an bantrachta] curpu a carad ┐ a cæmceilead ┐ dochuadar...da tigib co cæinteach easbadach, TTebe 4919 .