8 es(s)

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Forms: essem

n an ox: ess .i. dam, Corm. Y 514 s.v. essem (eis LB). Cf. O'Mulc. 442 .

? 10 es

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n dogniat aithrige ndó dond es (leg. écht) doringensat fris LL 251a2 , ZCP xx 485, 530 .

es(s)ach

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adj o-ā (3 es) pertaining to or abounding in waterfalls or rapidly flowing streams: cithach aub essach | essach loch lindmar IT iii 35.20 . mon tir ... eissaich abnich, Cog. 52.17 (easaigh aibhnigh v.l.).

es(s)ad

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n affliction, sorrow, disease: easadh .i. galar, O'Cl. a Leith Macha, mór n-essad, mór n-dirsan! (Emer foretelling Cú Chulainn's death) LL 123a20 . mór n-esad artai much sorrow is in store for thee (?) Ériu i 118.9 . Cf. essad ebraice esda [i.e. in beth-esda] enim miser[i]cordiae. is esad is cride dia airchisecht, O'Mulc. 430 . Cf. essad .i. eisid .i. ised is sith and in tslaine tsuthain, Corm. Y 522 .

esáin

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n refusal to provide hospitality GEIL 139 : easain .i. innarbadh, O'C. 509 = Laws iv 344 n. See KM, Wortk. 169 . issedh log enech dia air, dia diguin, dia esain, etc. Laws iv 300. 2 . itir a mbiathad ┐ a n-esain, itir a nguin ┐ a ndiguin ib. 344.10 . dia e.¤ , 346.1 , 7 , 26 ; 348.4 , 9 . dia sarugud sceo aighthe esain 346.21 ; 348.11 . Cf. dia sarughudh sceo ai esain 348.17 . dia ésain dia ainmed 346.9 .

es(s)air

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Forms: easair, easair

n f. (abstr. of as-ser-n-)

(1)

(a) strewing, litter ; applied to straw or rushes used for floor-covering, bedding , etc.: easair ` litter for cattle, also a strawpallet ' P. O'C. `the bed of corn-sheaves laid on the barn floor to be threshed is also called easair' J. Fleming (RIA slips). aín nua dia essair new straw for covering it (a wall) Laws iv 314.7 . dīrech n-airidi, noes nua dia esair the stripping of a dais, new straw (?) to cover it 314.3 (wrongly punctuated in edn.). ro ésraít a tigi do bethi barrglas ┐ essair urárd úrluachra litter of fresh rushes TFerbe 66 . conaca M....in dairthach fo lán-essair glain LL 286a42 . The ex.: in tan do síned in beist a bragit cosin n-esair FB 57 may belong to (2), but the meaning bedding would not be out of place. Of lining for a grave (?): ro hadnacht cen esair, Met. Dinds. iii 114. 71 (see note p. 499 ib.).

(b) of things strewn about in disorder, an untidy litter, a mess: ro athchuiredar a n-airm ...┐ a cathberti...gurba hesair uathmar urscailti...cach laem- luirech ┐ láighnead ┐ lebar-sciath ro ḟágsat...ar cert-lar na cath-laithrech sin MR 314 y . re himad na n-easrach n-uathmar n-urscailti 316.18 . Cf. o thictís a hesair áin, Met. Dinds. ii 78.14 , where reading áig (with another copy) we might render (slaughter-)heaps of battle.

(2) food, meat (the origin of this sense is obscure; some exx. suggest dismembered carcase which is on the whole the most likely; the transl. dish would usually suit, but unless the word is here a distinct one this cannot be an early meaning, but may be a later development): esair bidh do roind do cách (one of the labours permitted on a Sunday), O'D. 1950 . aighe do tuit don easair itir da tech a joint which fell from the meat [the dismembered carcase? or the dish?] (when being conveyed) from house to house Laws ii 234.7 Comm. ( ZCP xiv 346 x ). ro fiafraig in ba herrlamh in esair, Lism. L. 1060 (referring to a carcase of beef; the sentence corresponds to: narb ullamh cuid na meithli BCC § 212 ). Cf. Cu C. trén a gach mbeirn a bhuille | baoi ar n-easoir aicce go cian | nior chomhraic a lamh ria riamh, 24 P 5, 79 = bai in esair aici co dian, Acall. 1118 (Cú C. doroinded biadh 1115 ). Here also, perhaps: coin...ag gleic fán easair fhalaimh, Dán- fhocail 158 = O'Gr. Cat. 617 , where dish makes better sense than O'Gr.'s rendering `kennel;' eser, q.v., seems to be a distinct word.

COMPD. ¤chosairt trampling, stamping: ro craith in sliab...risin n-esarchosairt doroine in fer...dia chossaib ┐ dia lámaib, Mer. Uil. 77 .

esairg-

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x see esorc-.

es(s)airm

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adj unarmed: essairm .i. cen arm, O'Mulc. 449 . ócbad n-essairm, gillanrad diairm CRR 38 . Cf. cianernn immue nesairm IT iii 52.2 .

? esal

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n : esal .i. erball, Eg. 1782 43a .

es(s)al

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n m. ass: bainne essail, Maund. 218 . See asal.