eobarr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eobarr or dil.ie/20135

n atgaith dom .x. cét muc... .x. fernu .x. eobarr (.i. barr bís am cenn in rígh), Ériu ii 4.7 (n-eoburu oir, n-eobarrud v.l.). Marstrander ( Bidrag 28 ) prefers the reading n-eoburu, which he connects with ON jǫfurr, AS eofor. As the passage is mainly a list of animals the meaning boar would not be out of place here, but Marstrander ( Bidrag 29 ) suggests boar-helmet (N. galthjelm). Pokorny rejects ON connection and derives it from OE eofor ZCP xiii 119-20 .

eobrat

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n a head-dress: eobhrat .i. ceanbhar .i. edach bhíos ar ceann, O'Cl. `obhrat' ainm do chenbhor, Met. Gl., Ff. 35 . Marstrander brings it from ON *jǫfurhatt, Bidrag 79 and 30 , Pokorny from AS *eofor-hæt ZCP xiii 120 ; Shaw takes it as a later form of óbrat 'a cloak with decorated corners' Ériu xvi 202 . See 3 ó compds.

eóchain

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x see fechine and óchaín.

1 eochair, echair

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Forms: eochrach, eochracha, eochrocha, eachracha, eochra

n i, k, f. g s. eochrach ZCP v 495.25 (17th cent. MS.). n p. eochracha, Triads 204 . eochrocha, Rev. i 18 . eachracha IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochra ZCP xiii 372.18 . a key:

(a) in lit. sense: eochair an ghlais = clavim Todd Lect. v 14.2 . eochair na cuilne = clavis coquinae 76.10 . co scrinaib ilardaib...co n-eoch- raib do erslocud cach ai, Hib. Min. 7.226 (= clavibus 89.12 ). bái airecol...hi tóib thige...dobreth dó a echuir (echair, eochair v.l.); atnoilc, Im. Br. i 53.18 (LU). a shealbthoir mallachda eochrach ifrind YBL 152b18 . rodhéchsad for poll na heochrach the keyhole ZCP v 495.25 = Mart. Don. 254.15 . glass ro hiadad d'eochair ZCP vi 271.12 .

(b) Metaph. clue, solution, explanation, guide, means of access: ata eochair saingnusta re cach psalm .i. a titul, Hib. Min. 7.228 . eochair chéille coistecht ... eochair ecna umla ZCP vi 270 § 1 . tri heochracha aroslicet imráitiu: mescca, tairisiu, serc, Triads 204 . seacht seathracha nimhe ar nemh | eachracha cridhe an Choimdhedh IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochracha na hairdríghe key-defences Ir. Monthly 1920, 424 . eochoir leasa `key of profit' GF, Studies 1918, 98 . fíon nach eochair uaille aniugh | fuair ...aimsior wine which is now no source of elation Gleanings 30 § 7 . Of divination: foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi IT i 129.23 . ro iarfacht Conn dond filid ┐ robui side icc scrūtan co n-écetar a eochra eccsi dou ZCP xiii 372.18 .

pn Of persons: eochair na flatha némdai (of Peter) PH 1639 . da eochair gascid Gædel (of two warriors) TBC 3771 (dá euchraid ┐ dá chridiscél thuascirt in betha, of Castor and Pollux, TTr.² 69 , may belong to this). in eochair foslaicthe gacha healadna (of Cicero), CCath. 4493 . a eochair bhalsaim cheana Séarluis O key of the balsam of Charles's favour! Ó Bruad. i 54.4 .

Cf. tipra Patraic. Slán a ainm. fufrith and nuuechuir (nuaechuir v.l.) Patraic `P.'s new key' Trip. 164.4 (a plant- name ?). COMPD. Eochair-sciath key-shield: Eochair-sgiath an Aifrinn, title of a work by Keating, rendered `Explana- tory Defence of the Mass' by the editor (1898 ed.). san seachtmhadh caibidil déag d'Eochair-sgéith an Aifrinn, TSh. 4460 .

2 eochair

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n tongue: eochair .i. teanga O'Cl. P.O'C. The latter adds: `metaph. Because it is the key for un- locking the mind,' perhaps merely a special use of 1 eochair. eochair thenga thagartha, Met. Gl., Ff. 41 .

3 eochair

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n `A young plant or sprout in graft, a graft ' P. O'C.

? 4 eochair

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n of the rate of eneclann for each grade: cūic ba dēc don deachain des | 'na eneclainn, ní ances | rosoith can brēig na eochair | dā ba dēc don subdeochain ZCP ix 171 § 3 . Possibly = 7 eochair; 'na e.¤ beside him, moreover (cf. fochair).

5 eochair

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Forms: eochair, Ochair, Ochair

n one of the lower flanges of the triangular or leaf-shaped spear-head (?): ro gab Aengus in crimall [a spear] anuas da healchaing ┐ tuc buille di a Cellach cor marbustar he; cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic coro lethchaech hé ┐ ro ben a hurlunn a ndruim rechtaire na T. aca tarraing a Cellach, Laws iii 82 z ; cf. other versions of the story: og tabairt do an gai a broind an maic taraill in slabrad (brefe na slabraidi LU. brefne a slabradige H 3.17 ) dar suil Cormaic...┐ conecmaing a hirland a n-edan an rechtaire, Anecd. i 16.13 (similarly Ériu iii 136.3 ). atroeraid Oengus in tsleig triit. bi dano indala slabrad suil ind rig ... in tan do sreng in sleig a dochum rodbi fochoir na sleigi triasind deogbaire, Rawl. 131b31 (where fochoir seems a by-form of eochair). This passage in Laws iii 82 is apparently referred to in: eochraib aithre [leg. áithe ?] aithighi, in an obscure rhetoric on A.'s crime, Laws v 266.8 . Cf. also, perhaps: no thorc n-eocraide (a chattel liable to seizure in certain cases), with gl.: in torc cusna eochraib aithi, cusna fiaclaib bir-athi .i. muc corusa fine .i. amail eochra aithe a fiacla v 444.16 Comm.

Cf. (e)ochair-gér under 7 eochair.

pn Here perhaps: Ailill Ochair Aga LU 22a32 = RC ix 452.4 , where Stokes takes Ochair as g s. and translates `A. of the edge of battle,' but the word, whatever its meaning, is possibly in apposition to Ailill, despite the fact that it does not alter with the gen. in : mac Ailello Ochair Aga, Anecd. i 51.7 .

6 eochair

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n `a keystone, a corner-stone, an angle or nook ' P. O'C. Cf. eochuir .i. cromdīrech, Corm. Y 546 = O'Mulc. 369 , and 7 eochair.

7 eochair, ochair

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n (the latter form is the usual one in early texts and is probably the older; cf. 2 fochair) an edge, border, rim: eochair .i. imeal, O'Cl. dessid Moisi ... for ochair na conaire SR 3746 . 6578 . fo eochair na habhunn, Acall. 1839 (a fochur [leg. -uir ?] na ha. v.l. ). conici leth-eochair in feraind boundary, limit Laws iv 20.21 Comm. amal timchellas tond mara moir ochra (eochra v.l.) cuan ┐ calad, Celt. Rev. x 314.21 = TTebe 3093 . Duma na mban... ar a ochair uachtarach BB 351b43 = innell, Met. Dinds. i 18.62 . Bile Tortan...doruart mor sin dia ochair BB 410a38 (= eochair, Met. Dinds. iv 240.12 ). doronait ochra ammalta i cosmailius bili bernaig do bordaibh in catha cechtarda `serried edges' CCath. 5838 .

COMPDS. (in some of the exx. given below the meaning of (e)ochair is doubtful): ocharbádud?: do batar fora n-ocharbádhudh (imbaghadh v.l.) `were shipwrecked' CCath. 2116 . robúi for ocharbadhudh (imbadad v.l.) `drowning' 2149 .

¤bél edge of mouth, lips (?): in cuvur-uanfadh ic tepersain a gingobaibh ┐ a heocurbelaibh na n-ech `muzzles' CCath. 4957 . Cf. áth Unchi Eochairbéoil, Met. Dinds. iii 98.24 . U. Ochairbél...is de asberar ochairbel de, fo daig ni labrad Unci acht tri lathi ┐ tri aidchi ria Samain ┐ iar Samuin LL 193a14 .

¤bláith smooth-edged: a haighleannaibh iomdhoimhne eochairbhláithe na n-oirear `deep, clear-winding creeks' ML 44.27 .

¤bord edge, rim: corrthar ... immá ochorbord inn inair sin LL 237b22 (= TTr. 1536 ). rasudigit sretha...di ruadramaib ara ochorborddaib (of a ship) 219b31 = TTr. 109 (`bulwark-edges'). dar eochar-bordaib in aigeoin, TTebe 1167 .

¤brecc (?)-speckled, epithet of salmon: éicni áilli ochorbrecca LL 219b40 = TTr. 196 . na héicne áille eochurbrecca, Acall. 3762.2476 (`in their graduated hues' SG ii 165 ). 2332 (`in their diversely shaded hues' SG ii 161 ).

¤chimas fringe (?): fri hocharchimsaibh an cathbairr, CCath. 5276 . dar ochurchimsaib na n-assan iarnaidhe 5867 .

¤chless name of a feat (?): oc imbert chless .i. eter ubullcless ... et rothcless et ocharcless ... ZCP ix 155.22 = ochtarcleas TBC² 1504 (otar LU). ragabsatar dá sciath- chliss ...┐ a n-ocht n-ocharchliss TBC 3556 (n-ochracha cliss St). docuadar ara clesaibh gaile ┐ gaisgid .i. seacht n-ocaircleasa, etc. ZCP x 302.18 .

¤chróebach? do roighne sgiath n-órdha n-eochuircrao- bhaigh ML 128.16 .

¤druimm outer-ridge: cona cruinnchimsaib ... arna coimeccur inn ochur-druimnib a n-uamann (of quivers), CCath. 5456 .

¤gér sharp-edged: do slennaib aithi ochurgera na slegh, CCath. 5899 . Cf. 5 eochair.

¤glan clean-brinked: srotha eocharglana, Lism.L. 3709 .

¤glas green-edged: a haibhnibh aillib ochurglassa, CCath. 5221 . ceithri bliadna Crimthaind cais | osan Erinn eocharglas [sic] BB 47b16 = immelglais LL 129a13 .

¤gorm blue-surfaced (?); when used of the sea blue- rimmed would suit very well, and might be suggested by the horizon line, but when applied simply to spring water the meaning is not clear; it would seem that the epithet has in such cases been carried over mechanically from contexts where blue-rimmed is suit- able: ind ḟairgge eithrech ochargorm TBC 5028 (eochair-g. St) 4755 . 5976 . tipra Chonnlai... | bói fon aibeis n-eocharguirm, Met. Dinds. iii 292.10 . ic mall- ascnam in mara eocairguirm, CCath. 3352 (ocur-, ochur- v.l.). for tencaisin na haibheisi eochairguirme 1447 . táinic ródbhuindi d'uisqi eocharghorm asin carraic, Acall. 3629 . in dabuch do línad d'uisci eocharghorm 419 . do chuir in t-uisqi eocharghorm im a ghnúis 1834 . tipra...dobérsa duib for a lár | usce eochargorm 3607 (`sparkling' SG ii 195 ). ar uiscidhib ochargorma 7229 n. criochaib eochair- ghormai na hAlban RC xxix 110.17 .

¤immel outer edge: eochair-imle an mhara .i. imil ┐ uilleanna an mhara edges and angles (?) O'Cl. s. eochair. uas eochair-imlib mara Toirrian TBC² 2493 . go heochair-imlibh na habonn TBC 3877 (St). TTebe 875 . a heocharimlib tṡleibe Fuait, Acall. 5322 . 6591 . 7297 . in curchin...ind eochar-imill in lochai, Aisl. MC 119.31 . fa eochairimlibh an mhara RC xxix 140.15 ; 144.30 . ZCP vi 50.30 . caistiall baoi for eochair-imeal an chuain, Hugh Roe² 17.14 (f. 9b) . a fhir ocharimmil chuicid Ulad `of the march' RC x 365.31 . Cf. bratt...co n-achárimlib argit LL 267b31 = MU 38.12 .

¤snám swimming or floating by the shore (?): bet san chorn ar eocharsnám SG 239.20 . for ochursnam ina cru fein, CCath. 5126 , cf. 6116 . do cing in lan mara fona rathannaib go mbadar for ogursnam (ochur~ v.l.) for ur na hinnsi 2642 .

eochra

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n hose: see ochra.