2 eó

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n m. a point, sharp end; hence skewer, pin, brooch (cf. delg): eo [.i.] rind, Corm. Y 502 (cf. Eómain: deólaid, Met. Dinds. iv 124.16 . Eómna = Emna LU 122b35 ). eo .i. rinn, ut est cia aithem éo .i. cia is géri ina rind ? O'Dav. 770 . eo .i. rinn. eo a shleighe .i. rinn a sleighe, O'Cl. da craisech...co rrinnaithi eoa fora n-innaibh with keenness of blades (?) CCath. 5303 . claideb amra, orduirnn a elta, airgidi a fulang, torordha a comet, breachtfaebrach a éo IT iii 199.23 . Cf. claidem...cona eltaib snaidtib... cona mindruimnib...cona inntech do cnaimh elifinte, cona dib caelspeltib...ettarra-sein ┐ a eó, CCath. 4692 . (eo do chochuill, Ériu v 120.15 = ói 120.17 , and cetre heo corccra for gach brut IT iii 238.99 probably belong to au (ó) ear, q.v. Cf. ó-chain, v.l. eo-chain, epithet of a shield, TBC 5982 , etc.). ba finda eoderga, BCC 78.33 .

Of a brooch: eo .i. dealg, O'Cl. LL 395a8 . Keat. ii 2416 . coro thóraindsi dóib in dún cona heo (.i. delg) óir imma muin LL 20b49 (cf. Corm. Y 502 ). brat corcra imbi, eú óir and LU 68b8 = TBC² 1157 . eo óir ina brut rosaiged a gualaind for cach leth IT i 131.17 . fuán...imbi. heó óir intlaide uassa bán bruinnechur ina háthaurslocud FB 51 . IT i 310.32 . eo áirgit ina brot BDD 114 . eó óir isin brutt osa bruinne TBC 5176 (= bretnais TBC² 3147 ). 4316 . 5310 . 5567 . eó uma 5286 . bratt...cona eo orchumh- daigh ZCP xiii 170.33 . eo croind coimheccair [sic leg.] co ngem do licc logmar iga foriadadh ina brut osa desrigh TBC 5552 (St). brat...imbi hi forcibul; eo oir uasa doit TBC² 3159.3189 (fora doit; cf. under delg). Cpd. ? a ben co n-aillsin duib eógainn, EIS 154.54 .

3 eó

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Forms: Eó, Eó, iuech

n o (cf. g p. in n.l. Mag Eó and the compd. stem in n.l. Eó-chaill; g s. iuech: scïach K. and H. seems due to the analogy of 1 eó), m. The meaning in the glosses apparently was stem, shaft, but in Mid. Ir. usually a tree: in eo na cros `in the stem of the crosses' Thes. ii 255.3 . a mbís hoṡen suas dind eo `what is from that upwards of the shaft' 255.7 . éo ainglech | crann croiche in Choimded, Fél. Mar. 10 (with gl.: eo .i. lignum .i. crand LB. O'Dav. 779 ). `eo' crand, Corm. Y 1272 . O'Cl. O'Mulc. 480 . Esp. a yew: eo (.i. ibur) RC xiii 222.28 . LL 395a8 . O'Cl. mairg do Chliu | dia fríth Fer fíth inna eu RC xiii 460.22 (corresp. to: dus ibair 436.21 ) = Fianaig. 32.20 . dercu iuech `berries of the yew' K. and H. 21 . Cf. edad .i. eu, Auraic. 5522 (edad `aspen' 1195 ). Of any tree remarkable for size or age: Éo Rosa, ibar é...dair dano eo Mugna, Dinds. 160 . Fig. of a champion, a leader: ba héo duairc dermór (of Goliath) SR 5752 . rop éo uas ind fhid, ropo rígda ind rail LL 147a32 = PRIA iii 550 § 27 . o ro tencsat Cesair in[a] éo ard áighthidi i medhón in tslóigh, CCath. 498 . Murchad mac Briain, Eo Rossa rigdraidi Erend M. the yew of Ross of Ireland's princes (i.e. the most surpassing) Cog. 166.7 . COMPDS.: éo-chaill yew-forest: fig., of a band of warriors: dirsan dond eochaill amra, Fianaig. 10 § 8 . Cf. the n.l. Eóchaill. ¤chrann a huge or ancient tree, a yew-tree: eocrand...duillech dossfota IT iii 42 § 48 = 13 § 23 . eóchrann darach dermhaire, CCath. 336 . eochrainn dermára 1812 . 1389 . 1761 . ¤glas green-trunked (?): mong...iubair eou-glais, K. and H. 13 .

4 eó

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n a bell: ┐ inn eo osa chind .i. cluicīn .i. mind bec ZCP xiii 26.9 . cada (.i. guth) na n-eo (.i. cloc) v 486.8. Cf. 2 íath.

? 5 eó

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adj straight: only in etymological glosses: emuin .i. eo-muin, eo rectum vel bonum , O'Mulc. 388 . eochur .i. eo ni is direch, cor a curvo 369 = eochuir, eo .i. rectum , etc., Corm. Y 546 . Possibly Gk. εὖ, as ed. of Corm. Y suggests. Cf. eo' ainm do gach maith moltar Met. Gl., D 56 (cf. graece eu .i. bonum , O'Mulc. 361 ).

6 eó

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n tomb (?): eo ainm do gach fert abhos, Met. Gl., D 56 . Cf. fe ab eo, etc., Corm. Y 606 , and 3 eó.

eóbail ?

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ind Fernae fortrén eobail (: Eogain), Fél. Prol. 198 (with gl.: .i. iubail forsint soegul LB).

eobarr

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n atgaith dom .x. cét muc... .x. fernu .x. eobarr (.i. barr bís am cenn in rígh), Ériu ii 4.7 (n-eoburu oir, n-eobarrud v.l.). Marstrander ( Bidrag 28 ) prefers the reading n-eoburu, which he connects with ON jǫfurr, AS eofor. As the passage is mainly a list of animals the meaning boar would not be out of place here, but Marstrander ( Bidrag 29 ) suggests boar-helmet (N. galthjelm). Pokorny rejects ON connection and derives it from OE eofor ZCP xiii 119-20 .

eobrat

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n a head-dress: eobhrat .i. ceanbhar .i. edach bhíos ar ceann, O'Cl. `obhrat' ainm do chenbhor, Met. Gl., Ff. 35 . Marstrander brings it from ON *jǫfurhatt, Bidrag 79 and 30 , Pokorny from AS *eofor-hæt ZCP xiii 120 ; Shaw takes it as a later form of óbrat 'a cloak with decorated corners' Ériu xvi 202 . See 3 ó compds.

eóchain

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x see fechine and óchaín.

1 eochair, echair

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Forms: eochrach, eochracha, eochrocha, eachracha, eochra

n i, k, f. g s. eochrach ZCP v 495.25 (17th cent. MS.). n p. eochracha, Triads 204 . eochrocha, Rev. i 18 . eachracha IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochra ZCP xiii 372.18 . a key:

(a) in lit. sense: eochair an ghlais = clavim Todd Lect. v 14.2 . eochair na cuilne = clavis coquinae 76.10 . co scrinaib ilardaib...co n-eoch- raib do erslocud cach ai, Hib. Min. 7.226 (= clavibus 89.12 ). bái airecol...hi tóib thige...dobreth dó a echuir (echair, eochair v.l.); atnoilc, Im. Br. i 53.18 (LU). a shealbthoir mallachda eochrach ifrind YBL 152b18 . rodhéchsad for poll na heochrach the keyhole ZCP v 495.25 = Mart. Don. 254.15 . glass ro hiadad d'eochair ZCP vi 271.12 .

(b) Metaph. clue, solution, explanation, guide, means of access: ata eochair saingnusta re cach psalm .i. a titul, Hib. Min. 7.228 . eochair chéille coistecht ... eochair ecna umla ZCP vi 270 § 1 . tri heochracha aroslicet imráitiu: mescca, tairisiu, serc, Triads 204 . seacht seathracha nimhe ar nemh | eachracha cridhe an Choimdhedh IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochracha na hairdríghe key-defences Ir. Monthly 1920, 424 . eochoir leasa `key of profit' GF, Studies 1918, 98 . fíon nach eochair uaille aniugh | fuair ...aimsior wine which is now no source of elation Gleanings 30 § 7 . Of divination: foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi IT i 129.23 . ro iarfacht Conn dond filid ┐ robui side icc scrūtan co n-écetar a eochra eccsi dou ZCP xiii 372.18 .

pn Of persons: eochair na flatha némdai (of Peter) PH 1639 . da eochair gascid Gædel (of two warriors) TBC 3771 (dá euchraid ┐ dá chridiscél thuascirt in betha, of Castor and Pollux, TTr.² 69 , may belong to this). in eochair foslaicthe gacha healadna (of Cicero), CCath. 4493 . a eochair bhalsaim cheana Séarluis O key of the balsam of Charles's favour! Ó Bruad. i 54.4 .

Cf. tipra Patraic. Slán a ainm. fufrith and nuuechuir (nuaechuir v.l.) Patraic `P.'s new key' Trip. 164.4 (a plant- name ?). COMPD. Eochair-sciath key-shield: Eochair-sgiath an Aifrinn, title of a work by Keating, rendered `Explana- tory Defence of the Mass' by the editor (1898 ed.). san seachtmhadh caibidil déag d'Eochair-sgéith an Aifrinn, TSh. 4460 .

2 eochair

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n tongue: eochair .i. teanga O'Cl. P.O'C. The latter adds: `metaph. Because it is the key for un- locking the mind,' perhaps merely a special use of 1 eochair. eochair thenga thagartha, Met. Gl., Ff. 41 .