eneclann, aineclann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eneclann, aineclann or dil.ie/20074

Forms: enechlann, enechclann

n. (?) later f. and m. IGT, Decl. § 12 , §10 . Thurneysen ( ZCP xiv 342 , xvi 206 ) brings the word from 1 enech and glan, the original meaning being face-clearing (cf. Laws iv 318x , cited under 1 enech II). According to Hamp 1 enech + clú, Ériu xxv 266-67 , see also ÉC xxxii 220-21 . In later MSS. enechlann is sometimes found. enechclann Rawl. 118b39 , etc.

(a) compensation for insult, loss, or injury, for any- thing constituting a violation of enech (see 1 enech), pro- portionate to the status of the person to be compensated. In Laws Commentary it frequently renders lóg n-enech (e.g. Laws v 516.10 ). When the injury consisted in the death of a relative the eneclann was proportionate to the status of those to whom it was due, thus, although it occasionally renders díre (e.g. Laws i 42.14 v 50.5 Comm. ), it was in its early technical meaning distinct from corpdíre, which was proportionate to the status of the deceased. Distinguished from smacht: cach uair i[s] smacht ictar ann, is a ic fo aicned inti icas, ┐ cach uair is eneclann, is a ic fo aicnedh inti risi n-ictar, Laws iii 496.10 . From díre: is lomm a díre, is toll a eneclann (of one unworthy of trust), Tec. Corm. § 33.6 . eneclann, arindi clantar i n-inchaib duine do neoch bess dīleas do beodil ┐ marbdile nad cosna ala lām fris, lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad is ed atroillither and, Corm. Y 531 . teora fodla fuil for inchaib duine .i. enicland ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgriss (...enecland .i. i lan ┐ i leath), Laws v 96.5 . cetheora eirca...aithgin ┐ dire, tairgille ┐ enecland...it cetheora primfodlai fil forsuidib .i. lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ cethramthu i 258.26 . secht cumala do righ tuaithe ina eneclainn, ocht cumala do ri mor-tuaithi, etc. H 3.18, 509 (= O'C. 1260 ). Laws v 50 . ZCP ix 171 . comdire do rig ┐ epscop (.i. comeneclann do rig tuath ┐ d'epscop), Laws i 42.30 ( O'Gr. Cat. 475.11 ). in t-ollam filead .uii. cumala a eniclann, ┐ .uii. cumala log a aisde v 58.5 Comm. (see also 116 ). e.¤ of craftsmen, minstrels, etc. 98 ff. Comm. Of persons in holy orders: nach fer gráid oc na bí dlighed na eolus timthirechta a gráid...ni dlig saire na eneclainn ḟir gráid i tuaith na i n-eclais, Ériu i 218.13 . See also Laws i 54 ff . ZCP ix 171 . For persons of a certain status their eneclann was determined by that of their lord and patron: aes ciuil ┐ oirfidid oilcena...is a hincaib oga mbiad, is as direnaiter (.i. is as sin erniter eneclann doib), Laws v 108.35 ; 516.13 . cipé imress mela ┐ mertain...fort, ní ḟuil díri no eneclann duitsiu ind, acht na fil dam-sa, dáig fer ar tincur mná atatchomnaic you are not entitled to any compensation-rate or honour-price except what is due to me, for, etc. TBC 48 . Cf. fer cen selb cen thothchus, lasmbi bancomarba, a inchuib a mna direnar side (.i. a dualgus einig a mna eirnither enecland dosaide), Laws v 516.5 - 18 .

is andsin dorimgartseom | a eneclaind for Midir (for carrying off his wife), Met. Dinds. ii 4.50 . ro dligustur Buide eineclann a marbhadh a ingine .i. aire foirgill meodunuch he ┐ sé cumula do ina eineclann. ro dligustur a derbbráthir eineclann do ina marbadh, aire ard hé, ┐ ceithri cumula do ina einuclunn `B. was entitled to honour- price for the killing of his daughter, he was an a. f. of the middle rank and was entitled to six cumhals as honour- price. Her brother was also entitled to honour-price for her death, he was an a. a. and was entitled to four cumhals as his honour-price' Laws i 76.19 . dlighidh O Néill íoc 'na ḟuil | gibé da mhuintir mharbhthuir | 's ní théid eineaclann uadh d'ḟior TD 7.6 .

Some kindreds had the privilege of having their eneclann valued in precious metals: Hui Dergmosaig...ór a ndire enechclainne, Rawl. 121a25 . Dal Messiṅ Corb...argat bruinte dire a n-enechclainne 118b40 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma a n-enechclann 118b39 . e.¤ for injury to property: smacht a fidh neimhedh no co mbentar uile ┐ eneclann ind o bentar, Laws iv 150.17 .

Claims involving eneclann were urgent: ni dam enec- land anad `honour-price does not admit of stay' (of distress) Laws i 120.19 ; but cf. 228.17 ; ii 100.7 , and cases of: eneclann ar treisi stay of eneclann-claim for three days i 162.19 Comm.

In certain cases only fractions of the full value of eneclann were due: ac so sis...na heneclanna fuil isna cneadaib, in aenmad rann fichet d'eneclann isin mbainbeim aicenta, sechtmadh eneclainne isin cnocbeim, etc., O'C. 694 < H 3.18, 336 .

For eneclann due in regard to literary compositions see Laws v 230 ff .

im log n-enech n-oige .i. in inuclund dlighus in oig [sic] ina sarugha, Laws i 132.17 Comm. ni fuiben enecland arain dar daim techta `when the company is above the lawful number refusal [to entertain] does not lessen one's honour-price' ii 388. 1 . da fichit décc bó tugadh i n-eneclann do Mac M. (as satisfaction for the usurping of his abbacy) FM ii 910.5 . rucadh da fichit dec bó fo tri, i n-ainechlann Muircertaich Hui Briain, for Desmumain (M. Ó B. had been slain by the king of Desmuma) AU 1168 . In these two exx. it is not clear from the context whether the word is used in the strict legal sense, or in sense (b).

(b) in wider sense compensation, satisfaction: nach bíodh ar chumas carad an tí do marbhthaoi cúitiughadh ná eineaclann do bhuain don ti doghníodh an marbhadh, Keat. i 68.37 . i n-e. in requital for (cf. (a), final citt.): i n-eineaclann an ubhoill in requital for the (sin of the) apple Dán Dé xxi 18 . déra 'na n-einecluinn úaim IGT, Decl. ex. 536 . bríogh a mball ┐ a gcéadfadh do chaitheamh ré foghnamh do Dhia i n-eineaclann na n-olc do-rinneadar, TSh. 2187 .

? eneclár

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n (1 enech + clár) frontal (of altar) : eneclar altoire moire Cluana muc Nois do cennac la Maolseclainn mac Domnaill, ocus seche cech lis a Midhe da cinn CS 244.13 (s.a. 1005).

enēne

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n (ian ?) a small vessel: ena...ruiced for cech lestra i mbi lind messc...unde enag... ┐ enene, O'Mulc. 402 .

enfaitiu ?

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n e.¤ mbriathur (prescribed in monastic life), Lism. L. 4541 .

1 eng

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Forms: eing i n-, (a h-)eing

n track, trace: eang .i. lorg...dochuadar ar eing no ar lorg, O'Cl. nicon fess eng na eis dib track or trace IT i 143.2 . ni fríth eṅg na eis dóib LL 232a20 = TTr. 1098 . luidh E. ┐ lucht na luinge for iaraid in meic bic ┐ ni uaratar eng na heis de BB 414a36 . triar... | do lean d'ḟír-eing na n-ughdor, Keat. ii 100 . do thabhairt áosa fainn for séis ar eing na ccédughdar IGT, Introd. 1.2 . do-chím eang an uile cheathra | chuige so...'sní uil .. eang gá ḟágbháil TD 16.39 . In phrase, ar eng 'according to': ar eng esiomláire Íosa Críosd, Ériu xv 72.1 , Supplement 47 .

Adv. phr. eing i n- (a h-)eing step by step, on the heel of: suil dobheinn eing a n-eing | agus cailleach an mhuilinn in step with, in the company of (?) Buile S. 126.11 . co riachtatar eing i n-eing i lurg áonluincce co Loch F. (of a fleet of ships), Hugh Roe, 232.24 (f. 62a) . dá chéad déag d'éigsibh ána | dá gcur tar sáil eing a heing together, one and all Content. xxviii 7 (see note).

2 eng

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Forms: eang

n f.

(a) a portion of surface, an angle, strip, patch , esp. a piece or strip of cloth, etc. , eang `a patch or piece, a gusset or gore ,' P. O'C. : in t-étach gebechda .i. na panga breca no na heanga breaca, O'Dav. 1056 . Here perhaps: ráith na n-eng n-álaind of splendid tapestries (?) Met. Dinds. iv 112.72 . amillum ┐ sarcacolla do cumusc... ┐ a cur ar eing lín (directions for a poultice) 23 K 42, 351.4 . ní gann míola ann gach eang dá éadach, Tr. of Irel. 66.16 . um cheann uama na n-eang sróill TD 29.16 . Esp. banner, sail: bréid síd-eingi (síta + eng) ar slios do luingi IGT, Introd. 24.5 ; Decl. ex. 504 . luaithealta os cen- nuibh cháich | d'enguibh suaithenta senṡnáith TD ii 212 z . lenuigh-si an leómhan buighe | an eing [sic leg.] uaine órdhuidhe [sic leg.], Rel. Celt. ii 296.10 . See Measgra D., p. 250 .

(b) a piece of land, a district, territory, country: Feradach find...ercad cach n-ing co n-ilgráin LL 132a5 . eang thíre d'Éirinn agaibh TD ii 236.38 . an eang ṡíthe ó Chruachain... | go bruachaibh chríche Coruinn TD 13.21 . gach eang bha-ḟionnmhagh Íle 24.6 . isin eing toir tuaidh do Tir Conaill FM v 1848.19 . nech do chosain an eng iathgharbh baí occa co ro écc vi 2240.7 . d'ḟiannaibh einge Ḟéidhlim (i.e. Ireland), Ó Bruad. iii 120w . Cf. oineach óir is eang `bestowing goods and lands' ii 152.10 . Of sea: eang nuaidi mín don mall-muir | fá Thír n-uaine nAmalgaid, Hy Fiachr. 294 .

3 eng

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n eang `a notch, grove, dimple ' P. O'C.

4 eng

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adj wild, untamed (?); but more prob. g p. of 1 eng (of) tracks, Éigse vi 61 : .x. soda soleicdi asa slabra- duib...hi se[d]gregaib oss n-eng (.i. for slicht oss n-allta) ten bitches easy to slip...on the track of wild (?) deer Ériu ii 3.15 . im cét n-ech mbúada hi sedgregaib oss n-eng (n-ecennsa, n-ecendas v.l.) BDD 28 .

? 5 eng

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n eang `a year , hence deleang' P. O'C.

1 engach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 engach or dil.ie/20083

adj o-ā noisy, vociferous (?): eanghach .i. glorach no cainnteach, O'Cl. engach .i. en-guach .i. duine labar-guach, O'Mulc. 400 . enghach .i. bregach no cainntech, O'C. 968 < H 3.18, 416 . Aed Engach (.i. en fíachach .i. en uisci no quod verius est .i. labar) ZCP xii 237z . aniar ind odur engach (of the west wind) SR 72 . fri clainn n-engaig nIacoib 4122 . 4718 . co túatha nAmmon n-engach 5578 . ialla ainble engacha | imriadat cech n-iath (of bird flocks) 8125 . a hua engach Athemas (Saul to Michal) 6006 . cid ēige, a aithig engaig? ZCP viii 264.19 . fer garb serb borb...engach anbal, Tec. Corm. § 28 . Héle fáith...lestar lán cen áeb n-engaig | in Spírta... SR 7111 . sluag étig engach, Met. Dinds. iii 20.259 . ág e.¤ `a noisy strife' 404.11 . Cf. gasraid...āgmar engach, Cog. 160.7 (2 engach ?). dodechaid Lochru co rosir ┐ co engach co cosnam ┐ cestaib fri Patraic `noisily' Trip. 44.15 = Arch. iii 14.18 and Todd Lect. v 6.13 . cach flaith...ó Nín co Léo lemnach...ro rím co hengach ZCP x 271.3 (heanghach v.l.). Cf. ba henghach (nō hecgach) ro thacair fria a mathair LB 222 b55 . ciarb engach, nirb imecal `innocent' (i.e. = ennac) Fél. 238.10 .

As subst.:

(a) babbler, prater (?): is tú in t-engach Iacób (Isaac to Jacob) SR 2876 .

(b) noise, vociferation, gabbling (?): ferr éstecht inda hengach ZCP iv 468 § 1 . Cf. enchache and engaige.

2 engach

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Forms: eangach

adj o-ā: the meaning is not certain, but from the contexts the most likely suggestion is: decorated with piece-work (or patches, either joined together or laid on appliqué) so as to form stripes or a chequer or pattern; this is suggested by the combination of epithets in CCath. 5312 (where allusion is no doubt to leather covering of shield); then probably connected with 2 eng (a), q.v.; cf. also O'Dav. 1056 (quoted ibid.): di sciathaib tuí tæbgela. ┐ corcra condualcha ┐ engacha úanidi LL 235 b45 = TTr. 1402 . trí scēith engacha co dtuágmhilaibh fiondruine forra TBC 5536 St. sciath engach uaine, Acall. 1035 . Fianaig. 88.6 . CCath. 4946 . 5312 . Duan. Ḟ. i 35.18 . scabal engach, Fianaig. 84.29 . étach e.¤ , Acall. 6995 . (na hétaigi) engacha idlaighi órdaighi aladbreca 3410 n. inar engach órsnáithech, SG 268.13 . cotún síoda soinemhuil | ... engach `a silk jerkin...gussetted' Rel. Celt. ii 260.37 . Here perhaps: meirge righ Breatan... | srol reandach, gorm is geal | co heangach arna amhladh `in folds dis- played' MR 228.16 (the transl., however, refers rather to 3 engach). Hence also variegated , eangach ` pied, parti- coloured, striped ' P. O'C. : cach slis seng, cach sliasat gel | bid engach dub fo deired streaked (mottled) and livid (? of corruption of body aḟter death) Arch. iii 239.22 . Of land, countryside, perh. in ref. to the patch-work effect of fields as seen from an eminence: céile an chláir eangaigh iubraigh, Top. Poems 84.24 . san iaith eangaigh Ḟódla-so, Ó Bruad. iii 78.20 . See Measgra D., p. 250 .