elach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elach or dil.ie/19918

adj o-ā (1 ela) swan-haunted: 'gun Múaidh mbreacaigh ealaigh, KMMiscell. 170 § 18 . Cairbre an chuain ealaigh TD 41.14 . don tír ealaigh 27.14 . Cf. os Muir Icht elach LL 129b40 = MacCarthy 210 .

elada, elatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elada, elatha or dil.ie/19919

Forms: -an, -na

n n, f. g s. -an, later also -na IGT, Decl. § 9 .

(a) art, science, acquired craft or skill (in general sense or of a specific branch), renders Lat. ars: beanaidh ris an ealadhain leighis = artis est medicinae TSh. 8229 (cf. Lile na hEladhan Leighis = Lilium Medicinae O'Gr. Cat. 202 ). abairt .i. ab arte .i. issī abairt do-ní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . O'Cl. s. abairt. foillsigther do fis cecha healadna, Auraic. 4940 . lan do ecna in gach uile eladhain eter dlighedh ┐ diaghacht, ḟisigecht ┐ ḟellsaime ┐ ealadhain Gaeidhilgi air chena every science including law, divinity, physic, philo- sophy and the art of Gaelic [composition] in general AU 1498 . do réir [sic leg.] ealadhan an photeceári, Ex. xxx 35 . tárras deigh-ealadhain a noble craft (viz. poetic art) Dán Dé xxv 4 . gorab sec[h]ranach ealadhan an baramail sin unscientific Ir. Astron. Tr. 70.23 . Gailian Ipocráid amhra | gérbh égcinnte a n-eladhna `boundless as was their science' O'Gr. Cat. 556.5 . aes borb eladan unskilled workmen Laws v 98.11 Comm. (here opp. to aes dána). gnimrada borba...ac na recar a les ealat[h]u iii 174n .

Esp. of literary or poetic art, or of minstrelsy , the under- lying meaning being always skill , hence the word is not synonymous with éicse: aes ciuil ┐ oirfide ┐ ealadna IT ii2 122.6 . aos ealadhna (of poets), Studies 1924, 85 . TD 8.16 . uinivers na healadhna (i.e. the poet's study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 . buime is ḟearr don ealodhain (of one bountiful to poets and minstrels) TD 9.51 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn the bond of art (letters, music) 23.5 .

With defining gen. of a particular craft or calling: doneoch...is tualaing éladu imbertha airm, TTr.² 91 . eolus ealadhna an ghaisgidh, Studies 1919, 439 . Cf. bearradh...lais...a ccomhartha ealadhan re taighleoiriocht in token of (his) calling as a courier Todd Lect. iv 68.14 .

do-gní e.¤ studies, learns, teaches or practises a craft: ag dénum eladhan isin cathraigh sin RC x 182 y . co ndenad se ars memorativa .i. el[adh]na na cuimni do chach 182.7 . ní tíaghair...d'íarraidh ealathan to seek (training in poetic) art IGT, Decl. ex. 315 ( = Studies 1924, 86 ). TD 12.6 .

(b) of applied skill in any art or craft; workmanship: ro derscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain material and workmanship FB 1 . screpall rob fiu in bunad ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air (of a metal vessel; the skill and industry of the craftsman augmented the value of the material), Laws v 18.1 Comm. Of horse- training: don fer do-righne in eladhain...don fer do- righne in frichnumh, Cóic Conara 48.2 = Laws v 214.7 Comm. Of medical or surgical treatment: da ndecha mer as a inadh tarringther é ┐ cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é ┐ dentar an eladha cedna air (viz. apply a bandage, etc., as in the case of dislocatio manus) YBL 349a41 . nach fetir do reir naduire na ndaine clocha...dfoirithin, acht do reir eladhan...fetir seandaine eigin dfoirithin 353b10 .

In connexion with military operations: doronsat... aidhme iongnaithe d'amhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta trias ro ghabhsat Carrag L.C. for mhuintir F., FM iii 280.17 .

(c) of skill in deception, craft, cunning, wile: gabaid fen rigi...tria cheilg ┐ elathain LB 140a42 (= Todd Lect. vi 78.7 ). PH 8090 . mellaid demun tria eladain in drém na techtait in fírDia 1950 . na fil celg no eladu dráid- echta lais 786 . BNnÉ 43.5 . trem' inntlecht ┐ trem' ealadhnoib diaplaidhi infernal arts Fl. Earls 138.11 . Here probably: ealaidhe na bpeataoi-se manœuvres (?) Ó Bruad. iii 134.22 .

(d) an exhibition or specimen of skill, craftsmanship: do erail eladan forru a display of their skill (in dancing) PH 893 . doronsat éladna inganta performed wonderful (gymnastic) feats 897 . trí fáilti coirmthige: immed ┐ dúthracht ┐ elatho (.i. ealadha do thaisbeana[dh]), Triads 225 and p. 42 . dob imdha céol ┐ eladhna ar an mbanais sin ZCP vi 82.33 . augtair na elathan ic tennad a tairngi the builders of the structure (of a ship) LL 219a1 = TTr. 136 . Cf. cliatha bo Raghamain ruanaid | nírb ealadhain uabair [sic leg. ?] iat, Ériu x 85 z . Of a literary composition: augtar inna healathan-sa Béid Bede is the author of this work Anecd. iii 63.25 . S. O'D. da-rini inn ealadhu-so (heading of a piece of alliterative prose), H 2.7, col. 213 . don eladuin-si na Táno, Arch. iii 3.3 . ros bennach cách dib elathain aroile Fél. 4.21 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser, etc. 2.3 . Aisl. MC 3 . Ériu viii 150 . co nderna liubra ┐ eladhna lanmora do amaindse ┐ do indleacht `treatises' [cf. above, last cit. under (b)] RC xvii 417.29 . Cf. Ir. Astron. Tr. 8.12 . RC x 183.3 . is don Mac S.-si doroinneadh na healadnacha adchualabar these poems were composed L. Chl. Suibhne § 40 . Cf. elada .i. eccloga .i. gobarc[h]omrád...ar a doirchi ┐ ar a dot[h]uigsi, is umi aderar gobarc[h]omrad...rie, Corm. Y 561 .

COMPD.: in t-eladenmaid = artifex PH 5578 ( = elad-d., see IGT, Introd. § 94 ). Cf. gusan elandenmaid, Ériu v 72.6 (n.2) , perhaps for eladandenmaid (see IGT, Introd. § 93 ). See also acunailind denmaid Ériu v 72 n. 2 (E 3 5 p. 56b) .

eladanta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eladanta or dil.ie/19920

adj (elada) possessing or displaying knowledge or skill: eist risin ti laibeorus go healadhanta, Ériu v 130.51 . pictuiridhe... ierna n-oibriugadh ┐ ierna n-imdenomh go healadhanta inntlechtach, Fl. Earls 246.12 . saoi foirccthe, erghna, ealadhanta hi senchas ┐ i ndán FM vi 1960.2 . ag leanmhuin do sgéultuibh ealadhanta fábhuill, 2 Pet. i 16 .

eladnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eladnach or dil.ie/19921

Forms: ealadanach

adj o-ā (elada) skilled; showing art or skill; skilfully or artistically contrived or constructed: Socrait ┐ Arastotail na hugdair airrderca eladnacha IT ii2 95.2 = BB 487b24 . filidecht eladnach (opp. to f. osgarda), Auraic. 2462 . gnimrada foil[l]e eladnacha conecar a [n]denma cin cloistin no cin aicsin, Laws iii 174.3 Comm. (opp. to borbgnimrad na cumangar do denam cen cloistin, no cen aicsin 172 x . 174 n. ). isin cathaīr ingnathaig forsa raibi imarcaid sairsi ┐ cerd n-eladnach D iv 2, 71 [61]v = 35 . Esp. of persons, a trained or professional workman or artist, an expert: mas ealadnuch robuí oca coimed...mas ainealadh- nuch (of guarding cattle), Laws ii 76.9 Comm. ealadanach i 110.10 (cf. 110 z ). fo aicned eladnaig no aneladnaigh according as he is a trained or untrained man iii 320.8 Comm. Cóic Conara p. 48.7 (cf. Laws v 214.13 . i 272.2 . v 334.23 ). bar ndee-si...dorónait do lámu heladnach by the hands of artificers PH 990 . do acallaim prímṡair ┐ primelathnaig na nGréc .i. Argo a ainmside LL 218b22 = TTr. 117 .

Concerned with art, poetry: cóigedh eladnach Ulad `art- loving province' O'Gr. Cat. 364.8 .

Artificial (opp. to nadúrda natural): glantur an t-aer go healadhnach le teine muna faghtur glan go nadurdha e, Reg. San. c. xxvii . nod elaidhnech...nod nádúrdha `the node artificial...the node natural' O'Gr. Cat. 91.14 .

élaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élaid or dil.ie/19922

v (from prototonic stem of as-luí) also with st. élá(i)d-, etc.,cf. élúdach. When marks of length are absent (a) élaid and (b) éláid, etc. are sometimes indistinguishable. For -ēlai, etc. in Laws Text and else- where, see as-luí. In commentary to Laws absconds, evades; makes off, escapes; in general usage also departs, goes away; elopes: abs. (a) mad in fer acarthar ann elas, Laws i 94.25 . mad ro elosdarsumh...┐ ro icsat in fine a cuit tar [a] éisi iv 256.13 . cuirid bar libra i n-usce ┐ cibe uaib is a libair élait dogenum-ne adrad dó = cuius libri illæsi evaserint Todd Lect. v 10.11 ; 83.9 . go n-élait that they escape (of hostages) BNnÉ 191.10 . subj. as imp.: éla fort láim ndeiss = declina ab eis in dexteram partem Todd Lect. v 80.15 . fut. ind elife (éláfa, elasu v.l.) lim-so? Ni elub em, ol si ZCP iv 38.10 . (b) cé eloid cin co heloidh whether he evade or not Laws ii 98.20 . ba huathad ro ela dib escaped PH 6326 . an troigh...do loigh i n-uaigh is do éaló, Dán Dé v 43 . (c) nīr elaid in feichem, Laws v 182.19 . ro eluidsiut ar oman na n-airde gin techt isin sluaighed la F. i 20.25 . ro eloidh- etar...tar muir Torrian ZCP iv 240.17 .

With imm of that about which the absconding or evasion takes place: (a) flaith...na tabair seoit...┐ elaid ime evades in the matter v 358.15 . (b) ni elann uime 502.9 . (c) ni ro eloidh im druim fri lias did not evade respecting the cowshed i 220.9 . Cf. docoislet .i. do elodhsi, O'Dav. 713 .

With ó or a(s) of person or place absconded from or departed from: (a) dona leastraib o n-elan siad (of bees), Laws iv 190.25 Comm. is e treidi elas uadaib...a ndaine ┐ a n-indile ┐ a n-indrucus i 50.15 Comm. ro elasatar uaithib (gl. asluiset huadaib) 66.2 . ro gab...tri bu i n-athgabhail, ┐ ro elaisit uaid `escaped' 74.27 Comm. ar bithin nach helodis uatha, TTebe 3874 . (b) ni elo-somh o fine `does not abscond from the tribe' Laws v 502. 17 - 19 Comm. ro ela a llamaib a apstal...dochumm nime PH 3087 . a broinn talmhan...d'argain Ifirnn do éalá, Dán Dé xx 40 . robui 'ca fechud cein no cor elath [v.l. ela] uad in beccan bethad robui fa bruindib, TTebe 3241 .

Pass. with subj. of person in whose despite the abscond- ing or evasion takes place: elodh elaither flaith im biadh a case in which a chief is evaded in respect of (supplying) food (an evasion whereby a chief, etc.) Laws ii 196.15 Comm. Cf. ce no elaidhtea im in set 268.7 Comm. , which seems impers. vn. élúd (-ód, -ád), q.v.

élaigthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élaigthech or dil.ie/19923

n o-ā (an analogical form of élúdach, q.v.) a fugitive, an escaper, survivor: nach bfúicfedh élaighthech 'na bheathaidh innte, Ériu v 176.236 (B iv 1). eloighth- each, 18th cent. v.l. to élaithech ZCP xi 86.45 .

elair ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elair ? or dil.ie/19924

n airel (.i. elair) LL 393b3 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 3 .

? elaisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? elaisc or dil.ie/19925

ind na cathid...bar n-indmasa elaiscib na hidbarta-sa, TTebe 2236 . possibly for: ar loisc(th)ib; cf. ag loiscib 4624 .

élaithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élaithech or dil.ie/19926

x see élúdach.

élang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élang or dil.ie/19927

n o, m. ; ā, f. IGT, Decl. § 11 , § 12 .

I Defect, flaw, weak spot (of persons or things): nach geimliged dib acht gach drem ar a n-aireochadh élang in whom he would perceive any lack (of courage) MR 198.17 . ni frith fer gan élang no gan etirlen (of warriors tested for courage and coolness) 200.15 . ar a crodhacht ni celam | ni frith orra én-elang BB 62a33 . nochan feadar mh'élang féin I know of no weakness in myself Duan. Ḟ. i 19.3 . tréad gan éalaing, Hackett xv 19 . a Dhé...léigsi gan éalaing...Séamus...dá mhuinntir slán unharmed Ó Bruad. iii 140.11 . fath gan elang gan easbhaidh, Top. Poems 98.20 . nemh gan elang da n-anmain without fail BNnÉ 268.8 . fuar[a]ttar elang ┐ uireasbaidh ar an bprotexion `a flaw...in [the wording of] the protection' FM v 1774.11 . fuair an Iustis...ell ┐ elang a fforcoimett Uí Neill ar an mbealach go ndeachaidh treimhit gan troit vi 2224.10 . an tán na fuairsiott...élang na eislis forsan bforaire, Hugh Roe 272.7 (f. 72a) . dus an bfuighbhetis elang no eatar- bhaogal for araill do bhailtibh meic M. 304.24 (f. 79b) . go ffuair faill ┐ elang na huaire sin fair FM vi 2256.6 . Hence opportunity: fuair Iarla D. elang ar eludh v 1664.23 .

II Loss, misfortune (?): dith meic D., trúag n-élang, Met. Dinds. iv 306.31 . cf. tri fichit láa dó for leirg | fer cecha lá inna cheird | batir hésein a hélaing | con[d]atánc[at]ar Héraind ZCP iii 45§29 (` (?)' Thurn., ZCP ix 209 ).

élap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élap or dil.ie/19928

n ` Divine Ruler (?) (`a compound of Hebrew êl "God" and Ir. ap, a loan from Lat. abbas' K. Meyer, Miscellanea Hibernica p. 29 ): Fiacra fer na feili | ...gērat gluair co nglaine | ēlap sluaigh co saine IT iii 57 § 108 . Cf. Él.