éices

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éices or dil.ie/19717

Forms: éces, éices, t-eigess, écis, éicis, ecis, eiciss, eceis, eceis, ecis, egsi, éigse, éicsiu, ecsiu, éicse, éicseo, éigse, heicsiu, hexe, hexi, heicsi, hécseo, éces, egess, éigeas, eicsib, écsib, eixibh, éigsibh

n o, m. n s. éces, éices, Bodl. Corm. s. lethech . in t-eigess , Corm. Y p. 90.25 . g s. ind écis Met. Dinds. i 50.67 . ind éicis , Bodl. Corm. s. lethech . n p. ind ecis , Corm. Y, p. 91.7 . ind eiciss , p. ix 27 . and eceis p. x 22 . an eceis , Dinds. 64 (v.l. in ecis BB. in egsi , Lec.). éigse TD 8.16 (but this may be collect.; cf. éicse). v p. a éicsiu hÉrenn, Ériu vii 220.10 . a ecsiu Fail ZCP viii 105 y . a éicse Banbha, Met. Dinds. iv 316.19 . a éicseo (: so) 316 z . a éigse , Keat. ii 1641 . a p. inna heicsiu , Corm. Y p. 93.2 (= inna hexe , p. x 14 . na hexi , p. xv 27 , inna heicsi , Bodl.). lasna hécseo , Met. Dinds. iii 146.12 . g p. éces LL 128a1 = MacCarthy 166 . egess, Corm. Y p. 91.3 (= écces, p. viii z ). éigeas TD 3.10 . d p. eicsib, Auraic. 2120 . écsib, Met. Dinds. iii 104.9 . eixibh ZCP viii 109.23 . éigsibh TD 11.15 .

The word may be cognate with (do)-écci, and the original meaning is probably seer (see éicse), but though this would suit the context in many exx. it is commonest in the general sense of scholar, learned man, sage, poet ; often used as an equivalent of fili , but the latter is (in Middle and later Irish, at least) a more specialized term: eces .i. ecmacht-ces .i. ecmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . fofuair clocenn ind oirci ┐ dobert hi ceist dond filid...tethnæ iarum in t-éces tre tenm laido conepert cáin, etc. cend moga heime inso, Bodl. Corm. s. Mugeme . eraicept na n-eiges (.i. na n-ai gan ches .i. na bfiled), Auraic. 2260 - 3 . la heigius .i. filid 2794 . drecht d'écsib... cardáis tractad cech cetail, Met. Dinds. iii 104.9 . laidh... is dir...d'éicsib ocus d'ḟileadaibh d'aisneis MR 92.4 . éices ocus filid in rig .i. Dub Diad Drai a ainmside MR 46.5 . écess óenmná `a sibyl' Ériu iv 100 . an t-eigeas ML 22.13 = an draoi 20.23 . an t-ord éigius `the bardic order' Ériu ix 164 § 14 . Sitzb. Pr. Acad. 1919, 92 § 5 . Studies 1925, 403 . is iomdha leabhar sgríobhtha síos ag éigsibh ar éachtaibh Ḟinn..., Oss. iv 272 .

Of a member of a bardic retinue: in t-eigess di muinthir Senchain, Corm. Y p. 90.25 s. prull (= intecsine, Bodl.). coíca écces a líon cenmotha eixíni, Corm. Y viii z . ni ruc (Senchán) co Guaire acht tri chaegad éceas agus tri chaegad eicsín, Oss. v 38.6 .

As title after npr.: Senc[h]an eices hErenn uili, Corm. Y p. x 16 (= eges p. 93.3 ). Seanc[h]an eiceas, file agus primhollamh Con[n]acht, Oss. v 32.9 . Torna éces LU 38a22 . YBL 188b8 . do réir Thorna Éigeas, Keat. ii 5462 .

COMPDS. (a) éices-mac: in t-éigess-mac | dá ngoirthí Daighre Dúanach, Duanaire F. p. 10 x . (b) éicsfili: budh iomdha...éigsḟilidh dá riar, Ó Héodhusa, Ir. Monthly 1920, 651 .

eichréid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eichréid or dil.ie/19718

adj i of ground bare, smooth, suitable for riding ; as subst. bare, firm ground, territory over which cavalry can pass: an eng iathgharbh eichreidh `rugged and hilly' (rugged and bare?) FM vi 2240.7 . beith dod lot ar do lar fein | itir fidhbaid is eachreidh | a Mumha... YBL 389a30 . gabhaid... | an ród aimhréidh... | athraighid, is claon céille | raon athghairid eichréidhe, Dán Dé vi 3 . tar Carthonn... | cuir aghaidh na himeirche | tar cuan Leamhna seach Loch Léin, | a sgoth Eamhna bhur n-eichréidh your highway (?) Ériu v 71 = Ir. Monthly 1919, 342 .

Cf. a tir i tuadchuadsu ille | co sluag rin [= frih?] echred os blai IT ii 182.219 = YBL 117a : but echred may here belong to echrad, q.v.

éicin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicin or dil.ie/19719

Forms: eic

advb. (dat. of éicen)

I Of necessity, surely, of truth, indeed; used in asseveration, protest or emphasis (see Cormac s.v. nairne ): ecin (v.l. ecen) .i. deimin, ut est, cest in fil tomus forsin mbairdni? fil ecin .i. atá co deimin, O'Dav. 803 . éigin .i. go deimhin, ní hé éigin .i. ní he go deimhin, O'Cl. An ex. of the original meaning may be: is fochen a Buidb. ceinip fochen bid eccin, ol in B. if not welcome it will be so of necessity (? cf. I (b) below) IT iii 239. 122 .

(a) Freq. in response to a question or statement;

(a) In affirmation or asseveration: forcantar écin (gl. nonne perdocentur) Ml 34b12 . fid inn ogaim, in gne no in cenel? is cenel ecin, Auraic. 857 (= eiccen 3735 , but the YBL reading is eic, 231a1 ). indad eiside...? at e eicin 'tis they indeed TBC² 626 . in fail coma gaba-su ...? fail écin, ar C., TBC 1763 . ZCP iv 40.1 . badam slánsa, mád áil daitsiu, ol A. bid áil écin, or sí IT i 124z . teilc traigid dam, a C., or F. tilcfeseo on damsa arisi, ar C. samlaid eicin, or F., TBC² 2151 . amlaid sin, ol in gilla. is amlaid eigin, ol si RC xxiv 196.24 . is oebind duit, ar iat. is oebind ecin ar se YBL 329a7 = TMom. 152.6 . ro ḟorcon- gairsiot a thabhairt dia saighidh. dorattadh eiccin `he was brought accordingly' FM v 1864.3 . With another adverbial particle: i fuarais? ar M. fuar omm écin, ar Mac R., TBC 1770 . nach é Iliach? bar D. is me ám écin, bar Iliach 4632 .

(b) In denial or protest: ni cumgi...ol in t-ara. cuimcim eigin, ar C., TBC² 685 . nach tussu em dodnarchosaig? nach me ecin 565 . 1218 . ata in macc ina chotlad (says Ibar of Cú Chulaind). nidam macc eicin, ol C. I am not a boy indeed 645 . ni fhetar nach diobh duitsi. ni diobh éiccin, ar S., Buile S. § 46 .

(c) After interrog.: cóir duit arechus dúin fris sút, a meic bic, ar I. ced ón écin? ar in mac bec TBC 1262 . 1300 . [a]tūsa i ndulig, ar I. cid són écin? ar in mac bec 1338 .

(b) In statements generally, certainly, indeed, surely; at any rate: ní ed asbiursa: indingentar, ar dogentarsom éicin, Trip. 242.15 . comad he Ísu écin Jesus to a certainty PH 3095 . is demin écin certain indeed 3855 . nā bī a n-espa, is ed timarna in Rí | lubra, lēgad, ernaigthi, dēnadh ēgin na ní (v.l. éiccen nach ní) let him be doing something, at any rate ZCP vii 310.23 . is doig écin indisfit dún PH 3758 . atchuala agá phriotchadh nár bhó maith...daoine do mharbhadh...conadh aire sin ro chinn eiccin ina mhen- main gan guin duine FM v 1462.10 . Ir, nir b' eiccen (i. deimin) laoch bud lia, Leb. Gab i 234.25 (= ni roibe BB 19b11 , roibi, Lec. 539b ). robas co foda il-leanmhain an madhma ra macoib Miledh. do-rochratar eccin dá thoisech do muintir mac M. there fell, however 270.5 . Esp. to emphasize some word or member of a statement: guid he co ndingbai oenbliadain ecin a plag dinn one year at any rate PH 344 . corob ann écin connesat he here precisely 3506 . ni hindut fén...acht induind fén écin 7898 . ni cuincithea anallana...acht is indiu écin connagar 7934 . nir bo foda an uidhe ruccsat an ló sin eiccin FM vi 2198.14 . bá de eiccin ┐ do imtheacht na n-iarladh...tainicc... FM vi 2362.17 . roba cinnte...lasna maithibh sin...go ttiubradais tachar d'Ua D ... ┐ ni thuccsat eiccin acht saighin iomruagtha `they did not, however, but merely came to a slight skirmish' FM v 1432.8 .

II

(a) some, any; some...or other; a certain (L. quidam): eirc ass co locc écin, airm na bia nach n-aittreb doine some spot where... PH 2504 . is oen ecin uaib nom-mairnfise some one of you 5130 . Mart. Don. Mar. 30 . nech eicin uaibh, Lism. L. 1013 . CCath. 2803 . do neoch ecin aile anyone else PH 6040 . no choimthecht ecin do chaimthechtaib Concho- buir TBC 880 . ni thardsubair etach no tiugnach écin dam PH 6159 . ni ruibend nech hi fhus cen peccad écin ina chomitecht some sin or other 7943 . o mud écin in some way 7979 . o nach mud écin 7003 . is bés don tsleigsin nachis imrethet impe...na fethana acht gar ré coscur éciṅ TBC 5228 . (of two men): ná tiocfadh...acht fer eiccin dibh that only one of them should come FM v 1490w . da ceim deg...da taib egin don grein `to one side of the sun' Ir. Astron. Tr. 96.21 . cuid éigin do bhríogh a bhall, TSh. 2222 . nuimir éigin dá fuil leth asdigh da cúig dég any number being less than fifteen O'Gr. Cat. 316.30 . do cuaidh seachrán ecin ar eochrachuibh na ndoirrsech the keys had gone astray some- how BCC § 296 . i laithigh nó i ndris nó i n-achrann éigin oile, Tsh. 10422 . tabuir bennacht...a duine trocairigh eigin LB 152 marg. inf. fear éigin ealadhna TD 33.15 . ar láimh Oirghiallaigh éigin 9.45 . do féadfaidhe go gcuirfeadh neach éigin i n-iongantas `someone might wonder' Keat. ii 228 . muna ttugaid ar chuid éigin tuitim, Prov. iv 16 . trath (uair, lá) é.¤ sometime (day), once on a time: lá éigin TD 1.9 . ná bíodh ar son a séad...acht rádh go rabhsad uair éigin `that once upon a time they were' 16.21 . do bhrígh go mbí críoch...ar aní, ní foláir a bheith críochnuighthe tráth éigin, TSh. 3153 .

(b) In referring to an indefinite quantity or number, some, a certain number, about; (here perhaps: cosced a chrantabaill d'ḟeraib hErend, ocus leiced écin cotlud dona sluagaib some sleep (?) TBC 1697 ; but it may belong to I: let them at least sleep): timchiol da fhichid eiccin tunna saloinn some forty tons of salt Fl. Earls 26.22 ; 86.27 ; 174.26 . meide eiccin tuile a certain amount 64.13 . no biodh eiccin forchoimédaighe...for ind an tslébhe a certain number of watchmen FM vi 2128.5 .

éiclips

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éiclips or dil.ie/19720

Forms: éiclips, heiclipsigh

n m. an eclipse (astron.): an t-éiclips , Corpus Astron. 160.21 . pl. na heiclipsigh 160.20 .

eicmi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eicmi or dil.ie/19721

x see eccim.

éicne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicne or dil.ie/19722

Forms: écne, écne, éicne, éicni, eigne, éigne, éicni, écne, écne, éicne, eignedha, éicne, écne, éigneadha, ecne, éicned, éignibh, eicnedaib

n io, m. n s. in t-écne LL 250a28 (= ind écne ZCP iv 40.3 ). in t-éicne 251a43 . in t-éicni , Trip. 146.13 . in t-eigne YBL 371a31 = Dán Dé xiv 6 . an t-éigne TD 17.35 . g s. ind éicni LL 251a9 . a du. in dá écne LB 203b12 . n p. écne LU 26b16 . éicne, Acall. 3761 . eignedha KMMisc. 313.28 . a p. éicne, Trip. 142.5 . écne LU 26b15 . éigneadha, Dán Dé vi 40 . TD 15.53 . g p. ecne LL 7a24 . éicned, Acall. 3513 . d p. éignibh, Dán Dé xxviii 27 . TD 15.30 . eicnedaib, Acall. 3513 n.

A salmon: éigne .i. bradan, O'Cl. eigni no bradan (gl. eo), Leb. Gab. i 264 n.5 . 104 n. 6 . cf. bradán ball-corcra d'aigneadhaibh [sic] Mara Romuir ML 38.30 . rollásat a llína ocus rogabsat éicne móra, Trip. 142.5 . nach ǽ mór gaibter i nEss Rúaid ised atberat ind iascairi: Drobessach in t-éicni (because the salmon of the Drobaís were the best), 146.13 . rom chuir in Coimdhe...hi richt égne ar gach n-úarán, Anecd. i 26 § 14 . do lleblaing in t-écne ar a chend LL 250a28 . dia toichle iasc i n-inberaib rot bia éicni TBC 1833 (= hé TBC² 1168 . eú ZCP ix 148z ). na héicne áille eochurbrecca nobith ré grian ┐ re grinnell co mmbidis ré slisbordaib in churaig acco (in a storm), Acall. 3761 . LL 219b40 = TTr. 196 . lingid bric is eignedha (v.l. breiceigne) | do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne, KMMisc. 313.28 . = lingid eiccne ilbreca | tar drumcladh... BCC § 355a . ráinic O. co griantracht an tobair ┐ atconnuic na hocht n-éicne áilli eochairbreaca ann, Acall. 2332 (= na hocht mbratáin 2335 . ocht maigre 2370 ). na coic eicne filead isin topur IT iii 195.19 (= na bratán, Met. Dinds. iii 292.24 ). (of snowy weather :) inum éicned do dul a cuassaib bruach ann (d'eicnedaib...do dul a cusalaib talman...v.l.), Acall. 3513 . cora alainn...ecne breca ballcorcrai | do lingdís os a cindse BCC § 355a = KMMisc. 314.26 . Eas Ruaid...cén beit eicne ga imlúad, Ériu iv 150 . dar Ess Ruaid ecne n-amra LL 7a24 (= Leb. Gab. i 104 , where it is glossed by: na mbradán mór). an t-éigne ó Eas Ruaidh TD 17.35 . mar ṡeargus sibh na sreabha | nách iomchruid na héigneadha, 15.53 . As an edible: dobert ind inailt in méis...┐ in t-éicne fonaithe fuirre isé fuillechta fo mil LL 251a43 .

Somet. apparently as a generic term for fish: ro bendach Crist na cóic bairgena ┐ in dá écne, Eriu ii 198.24 . cf. sneachta... ┐ aig anaicenta...co ro la ar di cethraibh ┐ enaibh ┐ eicnibh AU 916 . táinig gorta... | do bhí sí ar an ealtain éan | do bhí ar éignibh an aigéan TD 15.30 .

in t-eiccne ercoitech .i. ceneli bratan sin, CCath. 4149 (= echeneis Phars. vi 675 ). Esp. in mystical or religious significance (the significance of the salmon in Irish pre- Christian cults seems to have blended with the use of the fish as a Christian symbol): ecne dergoir (the form said to have been assumed by the supernatural begetter of a saint) Fél. 112.25 (Ap. 7, Comm.) . éigne órda (a magical salmon) ML 38.34 . See also below (Meton.), and cf. . Fig.: is mise Fintan fili | nirsam écne óenlindi, Met. Dinds. i 4 . mé an t-éigne is é ar mearaghadh | cuir slán ar an inbhear inn | ón trágh a inghean Iaichim, Dán Dé xv 11 . xiv 6 .

Meton., of a hero, champion: arsid Eorpa. eigni tuindi BB 290a1 = IT iii 72 § 29 . aitreabh gach aoinéigne of every nobleman Ó Bruad. iii 14.5 . The punning line: eicni nach bi err 'na adrad (of Christ), Arch. iii 242 § 12 , is probably to be referred to the use of the fish as an emblem of Christ. Transf., of a banner, standard (?): ra arthraig- setar dam dna éicne n-án n-anrud ┐ timthachta na trenḟer LL 236b1 (nan added above; leg. é.¤ na n-ánrud? = étaige ┐ timthaige...na rig ┐ na tóisech TTr.² 889 . Cf. eccim).

1 éicnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 éicnech or dil.ie/19723

adj o-ā (éicen)

(1) forcible, violent; oppressive; grievous: éicnech ra imluaid a bais | ar a ḟindgruaid Enecglais LL 49a43 . ríge n-ecnech 147a40 = Proc. RIA iii p. 550 . aidedha ecnecha, CCath. 6105 . co n-urailtis co heiccnech fair comfaicsiugud do talam 3943 . doig eignech a distressing pang YBL 389a20 = Ir. Monthly 1921, 159 . ar chathbhuaidh éignigh `hard-won victory' TD 24.40 . don bróin anfaltaig éigneig (of venomous serpents), Ó Heódhusa, O'Gr. Cat. 461.11 . iad lán d'aindícheall éigneach ...ag creachadh a gcarad, TSh. 5411 . anfhlatha éigne- acha 6997 .

(2) distressful, impatient; urgent, importunate: tucsat a muinter gáire...écnecha ina diaid LB 143a32 . gáir guil ┐ basgaire co serb écnech etuailngech PH 394 . no gabtís glés do chloidmib ┐ d'echlascaib...doib...comba hoengleo écnech ecaintech uaimnech in cathair uli LB 155a17 . gabh- uid na hoirfidigh go heigneach ag iarraidh bídh, BNnÉ 163.25 . crodh na cruinne 'sa maoine | cidh éigneach daoine iompa, Dánfhocail 49 .

(3) difficult(?): do ceimnigh a spirad co feignech ann, Aisl. Tund. 121.12 (= co henirt, 94.7 ).

As npr.: Eicnech mac Colggen AU 721 = Eignech YBL 206b17 .

2 éicnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 éicnech or dil.ie/19724

adj o-ā (éicne) abounding in salmon, salmon- bearing: san tseanAfraig...aibhnigh éignigh TD 1.19 . don eing éignig `salmon-bearing domain' Ó Heódhusa, O'Gr. Cat. 459.9 . a ráith éigneach eathar-rad (to an island fortress), Ir. Monthly 1920, 539 .

éicnedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicnedach or dil.ie/19725

Forms: -eda

adj o-ā (éicne; cf. the pl. -eda) abounding in salmon, salmon-bearing: do Boind aibind eigneadaig, Anecd. i 17.10 . ó Iasca an ḟuind éignedaig, Hy Fiachr. 256.16 .

éicnige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicnige or dil.ie/19726

n , f. (1 éicnech) force, violence: cuicc galair dobheir Mac Dé | d'aos m'esccaine is m'eiccnighe BNnÉ 286.18 . ní fhuil dá éignighe do-bheir duine amus ar aithrighe do dhéanamh nach mó... the more violently...the more... TSh. 2341 .

éicnigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicnigid or dil.ie/19727

v g (éicen)

(1) compels, constrains, forces, oppresses: féch th'uabar, éignig do réim `do violence to thine impetus' O'Gr. Cat. 457.10 . mé chuige is mairg do éignigh, Content. xvii 11 .

(2) ravishes, violates: éigneochthar a mná, Is. xiii 16 . ní meastar liom...nách éigneóbhadh uaim mh'aontaidh, Dánta Gr.² 41.24 .