echra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echra or dil.ie/19536

n f. steeds: IGT, Decl. § 3 . feidm dod t'eachra foiléimigh, ex. 180 . 178 - 179 . dlighthear dhóibh...ar chlár Theathbha ó thoigh go teagh | a n-eachra a gcoin do choinnmheadh TD 9.14 ; 14.12 . a n-eachra do chor for inghelt [sic MS.], Hugh Roe, 146.28 (f. 39b) . Cf. echracha TBC² 3096 = echrad LL ( TBC 4994 ).

echrad, echraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echrad, echraid or dil.ie/19537

Forms: echradh, eachraid, echraide, echraid, echraid, echraide, echrada, echradha, eachradhuibh

n (eochr—) f., rarely m. See KZ xlviii 64 . n s. echradh IGT, Decl. § 12 . eachraid § 13 . g s. echraide TBC 1341 , etc. Acall. 3887 . Fl. Earls 20.10 . a s. echraid TBC 639 , etc. d s. echraid, Met. Dinds. iv 126 . n p. echraide TBC 5950 . RC xxii 393.8 . echrada RC xxii 392.31 . echradha, Acall. 3890 . CCath. 604 . d p. eachradhuibh ZCP x 293.30 . Cf. eochraide inna nUlad LL 123b34 .

I Steeds (primarily of two horses yoked to a chariot; in pl., of sets of such teams): fuaim n-echraide LU 85a15 = BDD 50 . indnaig brot forsin n-echraid TBC² 686 . TBC 670 . Acall. 2201 . fodail in n-echraid ┐ discuir in carpat LL 108a12 . tucsam...a n-eich ┐ a n-echrada TBC 5699 . go 'morala srian-mhaidhm ngreadha d'eachradhuibh bfer nErenn gur meadhbaidhior [sic] a ttéta ┐ a n-urchumhuil diobh ZCP x 293.30 . ca fuinn fhérmura geltfuit ar n- almha ┐ ar n-innile ┐ ar n-echradha? CCath. 604 . 3507 . do brisedh eachlusc uirri | bar n-eachradh ní hullmaide IGT, Decl. ex. 554 . gabhsat aitherrach eachraidhe a change of horses Fl. Earls 20.10 . ar eachraidh mounted 20.4 . As o, m.: dá mbrígh threabhthair ar dtírne | sgríbhne rígh eachraidh Éirne IGT, Decl. ex. 1345 . The follg. may belong here, if not cases of confusion of nom. and acc.: co faccae ní, inn echrad ndirecra ndermór TBC 5100 . radis fria araid arconragbad in n-echrad 638 . geib lat dún ind echrad 1199 .

II Sometimes apparently a chariot-riding host, a caval- cade: na tuid na hechraidi do not lead the cavalcade TBC² 234 . Cf. at-chíusa echrada ána LU 85a17 = BDD 50 . eochraide inna nUlad LL 123b34 . cona roacht eochraidi mo popa C. morcath (= condidroacht mórchath eochraide?) TBC² 3610 ( TBC 6035 ).

COMPDS.: ¤glan of bright steeds: fa ráith n-eachradh- ghlan nOiligh TD 24.42 . ¤graig flock of mares: tug tír d'ar ar eachradh-ghroidhibh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 317 .

? echraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? echraid or dil.ie/19538

n echraid fri borba (.i. scaraid nech fri borbuib) Anecd. v 28.2 . For echtraid?

echrais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echrais or dil.ie/19539

Forms: Echrais

n f. I A horse-fair, race(?): eachrais .i. áonach, O'Cl. : eachrais Ratha Line itir ogaib Dal nAraidhe BR 6 ( PRIA liv C 18 § 5 , 22.127 ).

II A rapid movement, rush, sally, charge: eachrais .i. iomramh, O'Cl. at-cluinti...echrais na n-anradh ica n-imbirt `sally' CCath. 5932 . bruth fola, eachrais churadh MR 170.11 . o't-concatar...eachrais na nAlbanach ic comáirlech caich `sallies of the A.' 242.12 . dogníd echrais n-imluaith, Ériu viii 44.36 . See Ériu ix 16.12 .

III A resort, meeting-place (?): cumad echrais con ┐ gilla a cell-som co bráth (a malediction), BColm. 62.27 . pn Echrais Ulad, name of the king of Ulster's residence at Tara: in long Muman ┐ in long Laigen ┐ in chóisir Connacht ┐ in eachraiss Ulad FDG 26 . Keat. iii 552 . echrais na n-amos (at Tara), BLism. 158 b 1 , ZCP xx 481 .

IV Resting-place (?): tarraid a chlaidem i n-echruis for a c[h]líu `in readiness' Fianaig. 84.33 . Cf. ecrus.

echrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echrann or dil.ie/19540

x see achrann.

echrasach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echrasach or dil.ie/19541

:adj ba ben ḟir echrasaig míngil, LL iii 17195 .

1 echt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 echt or dil.ie/19542

Forms: eacht

n stipulation, condition, covenant, obligation: eacht a term or condition, an act or deed P.O'C. gur chuir fuireann leo go hÉirinn...ar eacht go mbeidís... umhal dó, Keat. ii 1139 . 5010 . tug E. ar na heachtaibh sin triúr ban dóibh upon those conditions 1791 . ar gceangal ar na heachtaibh sin dóibh iii 5024 . do chean- naidh [Críost] sin[n]...ar an echd ┐ ar an cconndar do thug- air Dia, Luc. Fid. 232.16 . gur chuir comhairle S. d'eacht ┐ d'forcongra ar an Iustís...an Rúta do thabhairt... FM v 1818 x . do bhí dh'eacht ar ó nE...deaghmholta cháigh do cheannuch TD 31.12 , cf. 9.17 . gach lánamhain díobh do roicheadh i n-eachtaibh ┐ i gconnarthaibh a chéile `into treaty and contract' Keat. ii 3846 . do-rinne mé eacht rem ṡúilibh covenant Job xxxi 1 . Cf. IGT, Decl. § 95. ex. 1703 .

2 echt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 echt or dil.ie/19543

n turn, time, occasion = fecht, q.v.

écht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écht or dil.ie/19544

n u, n.? ( Todd Lect. iv 205 ), later m. The original meaning seems to be slaughter, slaying , and this is generally implied, under all extensions of meaning.

I A slaying, slaughter ; usually of slaying an enemy in battle, but also in the senses of murder, manslaughter (with gen. of agent or obj.): écht Maind the slaying of Mand (obj. gen.) TBC² 2181 = Met. Dinds. iv 278 . ferais ēcht ndochla ndobail | guin Fiachach TBC² 2068 = TBC 2784 . naco ndernat echt fon innas(s)a nidat tualngi comram until they accomplish such a killing as this LL 123b51 (= Death- tales 4 ). Anecd. i 13.5 . do commaoidhimh an echda mhoir dorinde (viz. the slaying of Fer Diad) ZCP x 296 y . is mór in t-écht doringni rí L., bás mo dam ingen do thuidecht trina cheilg LL 295a23 = RC xiii 38.18 . saeb- écht doróni L. for mnai Conchobair, Met. Dinds. iv 32 . ēchta Lagen for Leth Cuind slaughters (inflicted) on L.C. by the Leinstermen LL 48b7 . dorigne P. echta ar na Tiauandaib, TTebe 2835 . nir bo echt cen aithi not an unavenged slaying TTebe 3523 . mairg cathraig i ndernad in t-échtsa (viz. the Crucifixion) PH 3306 . lucht an echta those who had wrought the murder KMMisc. 313.13 . Dán Dé xxvi 33 . tír an echta `the land on which the crime had been committed' BNnÉ 313.5 . adchondairc A. na tigri...a haithli na n-echt sin do denam daib (after the tigers had killed a charioteer and his steeds), TTebe 2780 . trésna háraibh ┐ trésna héachtaibh do-bhéaradh ar a easgcáirdibh, TSh. 2763 . Here may belong: ech cumal echta, Laws v 414.21 with gloss: .i. go n-a duine 416.1 , possibly = gona duini of slaying a man; then ech c.e. might mean a horse worth a blood price (?). aircet échta, Acall. 789 (`silver taken as spoil from the slain' SG ii 120 ) cf. 1 echta. Attrib. g s.: aire échta noble of death-deeds, the designation of an officer entrusted with the duty of exacting blood-vengeance, Laws iv 322. 20 . See Proc. RIA xxxvi C 16 § 109 (cf. ib. 269.31 ). ZCP xv 319 . airi echta in tAengus G., ac dígail greisi ceniuil a tuathaib Luigne, Laws iii 82.6 . neoil éachta clouds of (i.e. presaging) death Ir. Monthly 1920, 108 .

II By extension a slain person , occasionally somewhat in the sense of Engl. casualty, loss (in battle) but some of the follg. exx. may belong to I (see SGS iv 94-95 ); cf. eacht pity, grief, sorrow, mourning P.O'C. : ard cach n-écht doro- chair and every (warrior) slain there Met. Dinds. iv 44 . rob echt mór fer dibhsin gérbhó maith an dias n-aile (of three slain warriors) FM v 1636.6 . dorónadh écht mór annsin ō Ghallaibh .i. Pattraiccín C. there was a serious loss on the English side, viz. P.C. 1646 y . dorochrator échta móra ó Máguidhir M. suffered some serious losses Hugh Roe² 30. 27 (17a) . ni hinnister echt oirdearc diobh do thuitim FM vi 2106.8 . Leabhar Chl. S. § 54 . echta a n-airech the slain of their leaders Leb. Gab. i 270 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta FM vi 1936.12 . Marco Polo 63 . mór n-éacht gcuradh do chaillsead, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352 . ba doimtheachta an maighen la hioliomat na n-écht ina bhfaoínlighibh FM v 1278.11 .

The use of écht may be anticipatory: dús in tetarthad écht n-amra d'Ultaib do marbad if he could succeed in slaying a famous champion of the U. LL 124a8 = Death- tales 4 (rendered: i ndóigh éachta do dhéanamh ar Ulltachaibh, Keat. ii 3106 ). is amlaid forcoemnacair cach oen for erchomhair a échta facing the man he was to slay ZCP xi 61.17 . ni fiu lium echt anuasal nā gillanrach do marbadh vi 278.30 . ML 100.12 . gu nderna mé écht Ídhail IGT, Decl. ex. 426 . Probably of this type is: demin leis gia no thachrad écht dó nā lécfadh C. dó a dénam even though he should get the chance of slaying (a champion) TBC 1180 .

III Exploit, prowess, deed of valour (echt ab actu , O'Mulc. 365 , may belong here): eachd, gaisge prowess Kirk = Arch. iii 154 . eacht `a feat, exploit, achieve- ment' P. O'C. imchongbail echta ocus enig ocus engnuma na hErenn MR 148.21 . géaga gionalaidh gach fir | éachda iongantais is aisdir, Studies 1923, 598 . síothamhla a héachta an athuair more peaceful her deeds TD 39.15 . téid...d'éisteacht Aifrinn Dé...éacht nár thais don treonruire, Ó Bruad. iii 84 . In pejorative sense: olc echt … mind righ fo ceann druag and so, Anecd. ii 79 .

IV Of a hurt inflicted: níor leigheasadh...éachta...a chuilg the wounds from his blade were never healed Ir. Monthly 1920, 265 .

V ?: ni fuil écht do choite féin inti `to do thee alone a skiff's office his capacity is all too scant' SG 242.32 .

Compds.: échtbrug dwelling of champions (?): clár na n-eachtbhrugh, Misc. Celt. Soc. 342.11 . ¤chor: tárrais éachtchor iongantach thou hast met with strange disaster (to a ruined abbey) Ir. Monthly 1921, 508 . ¤chú deadly hound, ep. of a warrior: éachtchuin tseanga, Ó Bruad. ii 54 . ¤chur death-dealing champion, valiant warrior: síol na n-éachtchuradh, Ó Heódhusa, Ir. Monthly 1921, 330 . ¤ḟoirenn: ó éachtḟuirinn A. `A.'s daring tribe' Ó Bruad. ii 156 . ¤ḟrém valiant stock: bile échtfhréime Uidir, O'Gr Cat. 471 . ¤minic given to performing valorous deeds: Sir A. armdherg échtmhinig, Rel. Celt. ii 186.6 .

1 echta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 echta or dil.ie/19545

adj (? ghostword ZCP xx 481 ) pure: eachda .i. glan, O'Cl. To this Stokes refers: aircet échta, Acall. 789 , but see ref. under écht I.

2 echta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 echta or dil.ie/19546

adj corruicce di mbo ecta set, Laws v 386.28 . Cf. 1 echta.