ech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ech or dil.ie/19508

Forms: t-ech, eich, eich, eich, eith, ech, eoch, each, eich, hich, heich, eith, eochu, ech, eochu, eocho, eocha, echu, echa, echaib, eachaibh, eochaiph, ech, eich, echtaitiu, ecthaighe

n o, m. n s. in t-ech , Met. Dinds. iii 454 . v s. a eich , TTebe 3494 . g s. ind eich , Met. Dinds. iii 456 . eich FB 69 etc. eith IGT Decl. p. 115 n. 15 , 116 n. 19 . (g s. ech, Aen. 446 etc. is probably only a spelling variant). d s. eoch FB 31 . LL 47b10 . each YBL 8a4 . n p. ind eich ZCP viii 106.23 . ind hich , Ériu vi 134.21 . na heich 135.49 . TBC 1246 . eith, Lec. 376a15 , 22 = BR p. 74 , 76 . eochu Lism. L. 562 . g p. ech Ml 16b12 . 43d1 . IT i 125.14 etc. a p. eochu TBC 1244 . FB 39 . (as n p. Lism. L. 562 ). eocho TBC 1134 . TBC² 700. TTebe 1382 . eocha (v.l. echu) Trip. 144.10 . ZCP viii 106.25 . TTebe 1083 etc. echa, Triads 236 . d p. echaib TBC 1344 . Met. Dinds. iii 454 . eachaibh (: beathaidh) TD 25.25 . eochaiph BNnÉ 239 § 169 . a du. dá ech FB 45 . ZCP viii 106.20 . See IGT, Decl. § 171 .

A horse (incl. mare or gelding) genly. of chariot or saddle-horse, dist. from capall: iomad capall, beaccan d'eachaibh FM iii 558.2 . The common use of the fem. pron. with ech in certain contexts implies that mares were preferred for riding or driving (but see CMCS xxiii 89 ); the masc. decl. of the word is however always retained. ainm fuasnada... ech the name of a perturbation of horses (ref. to fremitus = `neighing') Ml 16b12 . cēt n-ech srianach IT i 125.14 . eich uaibhreacha TSh. 5963 . ni madriadsam ar n-echa we had better never have tamed our steeds Triads 236 . nach ech riadar isin domnach is ech tened bís hi ngabul a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 . in t-ech boi fona carpat RC xii 346.24 . na dá ech filet fón charput FB 45 . léic na eocho ar férgeilt TBC 1134 . ar eoch ard on a high steed RC xx 10 § 7 = LL 47b10 . ic dul ar a ech mounting his horse Cog. 144.15 . dochuaidh ar a each ar fud sráide an longphuirt rode his horse Keat. iii 3128 . do ling...ar a each 3227 . éirghidh ar bhar n-eachaibh 3228 . each fae a horse under him Laws ii 154.18 Comm. LL 303a31 . má tá...gur chuiris srian | rem each... | cia an neach dar dolta ar a druim | dá socra each gan udhuim, Timthire 1917 VII iii 43 . eich dá ngníomh `exercising of steeds' TD 11.20 . eich...ag dol i gcoimhling 11.12 . muilenn im-tai ech, O'Mulc. 816 . Interchanging with gerrán : fúacrais Ercoil comlond dó féin ┐ dá eoch forro...marbais gerran Ercoil ech Loegairi FB 69 . indara hech ..ocus sē lugaid...in t-ech aile ocus sé casmongach TBC² 1975 . With fem. pron.: tainic each Colmáin...go M...┐ do chuir fona carpat féin í BNnÉ 239 § 69 . is isi an t-ech oirdherc B iv 2, 95a = O'Gr. Cat. 488 . ba suaichnich am egcosc inn eich sin .i. gabair gormglasa...is cuma conriadad si muir ┐ tir, TTebe 2282 . co tuiced int ech a n-ebairt-sium ria ┐ ro an ris ┐ dochuaid-sium fuirri 3498 . D. do mharbhadh dia eoch fein ag cor crú fuirre FM iv 900.8 .

Attrib. gen.: tána eich LL 295b35 = SG 361.24 .

In O'Dav. 501 the correct reading is probably: in cullach eich (as in F) the stallion , cf. the compd. ech-cullach below.

Defined by follg. adj. or gen. subst.: ech aige `a race (?)- horse' (i.e. for chariot-racing?) Laws v 406.6 . luaithe ech aighe nem medon mīs míthime .i. comluath é ┐ int ech innṡaighther isin aenach a mī medhonach int samraid, Anecd. v 25. 7 . cf. ech fri aige, dam fri har, Laws i 122.10 . e.¤ bagáiste baggage-horse: dona hechaibh bagaisde, Rel. Celt. ii 198 (Bk. of Clan R.). e.¤ anríata an unbroken horse : LL 302a22 . e.¤ bretnach a British (Welsh) horse: ór derg tuarastul in trír | ra taeb ech mbretnach mblathmín LL 49b6 . in t-ech bretnach (sufficient ransom for a life), Laws v 438.8 Comm. (cf. 220.22 ). Aisl. MC 45.16 . AU 1029 = FM ii 818 . —e.¤ buada a winning horse: is ech buada dar mag reid | fer ad- cosnaid flaith Dé máir LL 284b42 . conacatar marcach for each mbuadha RC x 62 z . Lism. L. 2090 .—e.¤ crannda wooden horse: i mbroind in ech cranda Aen. 446 . e.¤ díla a charger (?) see díl. e.¤ gerr `gelding' BColmáin 88.9 ; 90.16 . e.¤ imchair a saddle-horse, riding-horse: m'each iomchuir ag triall ré tal | dob ionchuir srian dá seoladh (sic leg.) Timthire 1917, VII iii 43 . Contrasted with e.¤ díla: an t-each díola nach díol damh | 's an t-each iomchair gan iomchar (sic leg.) Tribes of Irel. 48 . e.¤ immrimme `a riding steed' Laws iv 308.22 (opp. to capul fognuma) ii 160.19 . Cf. i n-imrim do eich .i. sliastai, i 168.11 . each fae i n-aimsir imrime ii 154.18 . e.¤ riata a broken-in or trained horse FB 31 . .l. each riata la C. fri har ┐ trebad in talman, Fél. Oeng.¹ lxi (Mar. 5) tri heich duba daigriata, Lec. 378da 22 = BR 160 . Cf. riagh éineich san bfaithchi, one of the services which Lugh offers to perform at Tara, Ridgeway Essays 326 § 32 , see note. e.¤ sliasta riding-horse Laws iv 322.8 . i 168.11 . e.¤ uisci a water- horse (a goblin): ech usci robói isind loch, Triads 236 . RC xii 346 , 348 . e.¤ uiscide: eich uscide, Alex. 679 (usci BB) crocodiles (?).

COMPDS.

ech-adba? in carbad fuil i n-eachadhba- dhaib na n-ech sin ZCP viii 549.29 (= TBC 1815 v.l.).

¤adbul mighty in horses: i nhErind hechadbail ZCP viii 270.12 .

¤ba: see echba.

¤bachlach horse-boy, groom (?): n p.; nícon bia acht eachbachlaich uait (a malediction), Ériu viii 157.33 .

¤bán white of steeds, having white steeds: cétrí Herenn echbáne LL 127a39 (= MacCarthy 150 ).

¤bél horse-mouth, horse-lipped , as npr. or epithet: Echbēl mac Dedad, ScM 7 . Echde Echbél ZCP ix 191.1 (= Ériu ii 32 ). co Eochu Echbél RC xxvi 8 = LL 186a13 . cland Echach Echbeóil LL 138a37 (see Thurn., Ir. Held. 443 ). Dinds. 53 . Erge Echbél ZCP viii 326.5 .

¤breth horse-judgement: i n-echbrethaib Áine, O'Dav. § 813 . ¤buide having yellow steeds: Iubdán mac Abdaein echbuide, SG i 249.25 . ¤cairptech : a crích Umaill echcairpdig, LL iii 20469 . ¤cenn: horse-headed: Eochaid Eachcend BB 44b31 . ¤cullach stallion: im echccullach for eochu .i. i naimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.4 . ¤cummascda centaur, horse-mongrel: popul tora- thardha na Centauri ┐. na nEchcumusccda .i. each ┐ duine a cummascc aenpersainne inntip, CCath. 3839 (possibly na n-ech c., and not a compd.). ¤dian of swift steeds: g s m. m. Ailill echdéin RC xx 140 . ? ¤díle ? bíastai granni dracondai cucund dofutitis | tréna a n-amainsi echdíli cíadcutís LU 114b17 (Siaburch. om. Anecd. iii 54 - 5 ). ¤dillat horsecloth: marcach for each...eachdillat maith cumtachta foa suidhiu RC x 62 z . eochdillat, Aen. 2112 . ¤donn having brown steeds: a secht Chind Ḟáelad echduind, LL iii 15296 . ¤flesc rod, horsewhip (cf. 1 echlasc): dobert béim dind echfleisc dó SC 8 . ech a cengal die echfleisc RC xiii 7.14 . pn ¤lúath mounted on, or possessing swift steeds: as epithet: Conall Echlúath, Cóir Anm. 163 . Rawl. 145d38 . ¤mairc: see thres. ¤mairt covering a mare: doluid [in cullach]...co mbói eter scuru Enna Aignig do saigid echmarta, Dinds. 107 . i n-aimsir echmarta, Laws i 144.5 Comm. ¤míne tameness of steeds: rob iarla co n-echmine possessing tame steeds (?) BB 59a6 . ¤mór great in steeds, rich in steeds: flathius Mael Sechnaill echmóir, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 46 = LL 185a49 . ¤raite horse-road: doronad fri echraite mendoto a medon EIF 538 § 1 . ¤réid: see eichréid. ? ¤réim (¤dréim) horse-riding (mounting horses ?): echréim (MS. echdreim) ┐ cor cloiche, Celtica viii 142.18, cf. 149 . ¤rúad having ruddy steeds: dá degmac Ebir echrúaid, LL i 299 . ¤rúathar: aimsir echruathair (one of the seasons in which roads are cleansed), Corm. Y 1082 ; as npr. m.: Echrúathar BDD 117 . ¤semmara plant name, horse-clover: maculta treis- folium (maculatum trifolium?) .i. in eachṡemar RC ix 237 . echṡemmar LB 101 m. inf. corona regia .i. an eachṡeamar 23 K 42, 415 = Academy 1896, 406b . g s. eachṡeimri, Med. MS . ¤srian bridle: coīcait n-echsrian ZCP viii 310.22 . Laws iv 326.11 , 328.9 . ¤tháid horse-thief: ní ria a enech...ar echu echthadat he shall not sell his honour for the steeds of a horse-thief ZCP xi 86 § 43 . co luga echthádat, Tec. Cor. § 27.15 . im loingsechaibh ┐ im echtadait ┐ im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. echtaitiu (a p.) iii 22.18 Comm. n p. echtáide (sic leg.) Laws ii 270.5 , ZCP xx 480 . ecthaighe, ii 270.5 Comm. ¤thress a horse-contest, horse-race: tucait...dá ech... i n-ech-thress curad, Met. Dinds. iv 126 . bla each echtres ....i. slan dona hechaib in tres echda doniat eturru budein `horse-fight' Laws iii 294.15 . co ndernad óenuch ┐ echtressa leo ann IT i 128.15 (corresp. to: ic gním óenaig ech-thressa, Met. Dinds. iii 350 ). oegidacht Úa nDrona de | ocus ech-thress Ossairge (proverbial expres- sions?), Met. Dinds. iii 22 . Dinds. 18 . echtres Ratha Line BB 268a24 (=echrais BR 22 ). Cf. echtres .i. echmairc, O'Dav. 805 .

2 ech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ech or dil.ie/19509

adj (ghostword, ZCP xx 480 ) pure (?): ech .i. glan. ut est i n-echbrethaib Áine ingine Iugaini .i....a mbrethaib glana Aine, O'Dav. 813 .

¤echaid horseman , see oínechaid.

echaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echaire or dil.ie/19510

Forms: echere

n io, m. horse-keeper, groom: gl. mulio Pcr 16a1 . Sg 33b3 . echere, Trip. 200.5 . cid cossin n-echaire théisi LL 251a40 = TBFr. § 22 .

echall?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echall? or dil.ie/19511

n as a test of arable land: leicter e.¤ ina rind na toiglean dris na droigean...a moing nach a lai `if a bridle- horse be let into its top grass no briar, etc., will stick in its mane or its tail' Laws iv 276.9 Comm. Meyer, Wortk. 186 , suggests a compd. of ech and iall (flock), which is unlikely; cf. Welsh ebawl a colt, a young horse under two years.

echba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echba or dil.ie/19512

n mortality of horses: ...ut dicitur coinba, echba, duineba amol iss ainm do bas ba ZCP iii 245.31 .

1 echda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 echda or dil.ie/19513

adj io-iā belonging to a horse, equine: dam...co n-ucht echda IT iii 247 = LL 247a29 . monga echda BDD 130 . co moing eachdha, Snedgus u. Mac R. § 35 = YBL 12b33 . beist n-ingnad...cend echdha dubh fuirre BB 495a30 ( Alex. 744 ). comrith n-echda an equestrian race TTebe 2305 . in tres echda (= ech-thress) Laws iii 294. 16 . euchu eithdiu (= echdu) `horsely horses' ZCP ii 315 .

2 echda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 echda or dil.ie/19514

x see 1 echta.

Echde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Echde or dil.ie/19515

npr., m.: Aird Echdi, erca Echdi ZCP ix 191 . Ériu ii 32 . A. Echdai, Corm. Y 585 . Acc. to Meyer, Wortk. 41 , Aird E.¤ corresponds to Ptolemy's Ἐπίδιον Ἄκρον. Thurneysen, Ir. Held. 433 , considers that the npr. was extracted from the place-name.

éche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éche or dil.ie/19516

Forms: éché, héhé

interj lo, ha! Celtica xxv 94 (an exclamation): eche (.i. ni dorcha .i. is follus) BDD 62 = LU 86a25 (v.l. éché, héhé). éche, for CūChulaind FB 34 . Cf. ecce.

echgracha?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echgracha? or dil.ie/19517

ind mōra echgracha echracha Alais TBC² 3095 = echrad...echrad... LL ( TBC 4993 ).

Echionda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Echionda or dil.ie/19518

adj io-iā (Lat. Echionius) Theban : robai ar sechran sechnon na crichi urairde Echionda, TTebe 234 .