e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. e or dil.ie/19324

Forms: edad, eadha, ē, æ, ǽ, æ, ĕ, e, é, ee, ia, ea, ía, e, é, e, e

the fourth vowel of the ogam alphabet, in Irish called edad, Auraic. 1195 . 4298 . eadha, O'Molloy's Gramm. p. 6 . In later Mid. Irish usually ei before a slender consonant ; in O.Ir. this is only regular in monosyllabic words, e.g. deich ten, beir brings. In archaic Ir. e is still preserved in unstressed syllables where the later lang. has a or o, or a neutral vowel : ine laim Cam. 37d ( = inna láim), are n-airema that he receive 37c ( = ara n-a.). inæ dommetu 38a ( = inna dommatu). e fethol `his badge' Tur. 87 . esin lindsen ( = assin or issin) Southampt. Cod., Thes i 4.25 . In the glosses ē is often expressed by æ, ǽ, e.g. dæ, dǽ = Dé Wb , Ml pass. ; haecosc = éccosc Wb 27d17 ; æ for ĕ is rarer : æclis Wb 28d24 ; cf. 22c20 . In archaic documents we find e, é and ee representing the sound which in Old and Mid. Ir. is written ia : Feec = Fíacc, Arm. 4b2 . Neel = Níall 10a2 . Cerrigi = Cíarraigi 13a1 . Fechrach = Fiachrach, 10b1 . feda = fíada, Cambr. 37b . pén = pían, Wb 15a16 . Also ea = later ía : Druim Leas ( = D. Lías) Arm. 15a1 .

In later Mid. Ir. it became a common practice to express e (ē) before a broad consonant by ea (éa) ; some schools preferred to express ē in this position by é or e ; e.g. fear man but fér or fer grass. In vellums of a certain class, where accents are regularly omitted, this rule may have been adopted to prevent confusion, see IGT, Introd. § 11 . O.Ir. exx. of ea for e are conrusleachta Ml 53d11 and coineas 102a23 .

1 é, hé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 é, hé or dil.ie/19325

Forms: ishé, is hé, hǽ, isé, hǽ, hé, asné, ishe, issé, isé, é, hé, é, hésom, hesom, hǽsium, ésium, esium, eisium, esiomh, eisim, esim, éseom, eseom, eiseom, esen, ésen, eisen, eisean, eision, essium, eissium, eissiumh, esseom, essem, essim, eissim, eissin, hisseom, heside, he side, éside, eside, éisidhe, eisidhe, eiside, esede, eisidhi, esiden, esidein, eisidhein, esein, éisein, eiséin, eisideic, eiseic, esec, esside, hessidhi, eisside, eissidi, eissideic, eisseic, eissein, es(s)ide, bé, cebe, gibe, cidbe, eside, esium, (h) é, éseom, esium, eissium, é, é

pron. 3 s. m. ; fem. , q.v. (later also í) ; neut. ed, q.v. For pl. see 2 é.

In Glosses with copula : ishé Wb 4c3 . 25b2 . Sg 3b20 . is hé Ml 36a32 . is hǽ 102b5 . isé Bcr 18b12 . mad hǽ Wb 27b6 . ba hé Ml 24a4 . Wb 19c4 . asné 4d16 . Ml 31b24 . Mark of length sometimes omitted, as : ishe Wb 25a24 . Ml 45b11 .

In early Mid. Ir. with copula 3 s. pr. issé, isé ; inde- pendently é, hé ; in later MSS regularly é. Before -som, etc. hésom Wb 7c8 . 24d5 . hesom Ml 53a5 . 90b13 . hǽsium Ml 30c5 . ésium TBC 1744 . 6050 . esium 1107 . 1189 . LL 223b14 . eisium, Acall. 1979 . esiomh TBC 3883 St. eisim TBC² 2444 . BColm. 60.6 . esim 104 . 12 . éseom TBC 5971. eseom LU 12a36 . 126a29 . TBC² 559 . 580 . eiseom 1222 . 1543 . TTr.² 1451 . esen Corm. Y 276 . CCath. 2615 . ésen TBC 2893. eisen O'Gr. Cat. 488 ( : seisen). eisean, Dán Dé xxv 53 ( : móir- sheisear). TSh. 5134 . eision TBC 3883 v.l. TD 34. l. 189 . In early Mid. Ir. freq. with -ss- : essium PH 281. Aisl. MC 55.11 . eissium, Acall. 6017.6708 . 7890 . eissiumh Met. Dinds. iv 282y . esseom, Trip. 394.4 . IT i 131.12 . essem Eriu i 126.12 . ZCP ix 156 ( = TBC² 1543 ). essim ZCP iii 258 ( = LU 126a29 ). eissim, Acall. 2080.3353 . eissin 7642 . Cf. hisseom PH 1513 . Before -side, -séin, etc. : heside Wb 3c15 . Ml 100c10 . 102a20 . he side Ml 100b23 . éside LL 219a34 . eside TBC 2230 . PH 929 , etc. éisidhe Lism. L. 3429 . eisidhe 424 . eiside Laws iv 138z Comm. . TTr.² 373 . esede TBC 4502. eisidhi, Laws i 8.6 . esiden YBL 62a27 . esidein BColm. 52.18 . eisidhein ZCP viii 551 y ( = TBC 1874 ). esein PH 1963 . éisein, Acall. 1463 . eiséin, Studies 1924, 242 § 7 . eisideic, Laws i 4.25 . eiseic iv 46.14 Comm. v 448.30 Comm. Acall. 5944 . esec, Laws iv 16.17 Comm. With -ss- : esside LU 22a38 . ZCP viii 302.23 . Auraic. 207 . Aisl. MC 3.11 . hessidhi Lism. L. 3888 . eisside, Corm. Y 276 . eissidi, Do Chupur 56 ( IT iii 237 ). eissideic, Acall. 4833 . eisseic 6034 . eissein 5819 . 7982 .

In early Mid. Ir. we sometimes find es(s)ide standing for a fem. subst. : oc siair tharisi do .i. fedb craibdech eside PH 943 ; cf. Laws iv 176.24 ( 178.4 ) ; 226.7 .

The O.Ir. quantity of 1 é before the suffix is attested by the rime glēsom : hēsom, IT iii 44 § 60 . Thurneysen remarks ( Hdb. § 447 ) that the length of the vowel in ésom may be due to the influence of 2 é which, to judge from Welsh wy, is long by nature. In late Mid.-Ir. how- ever the vowel is regularly short before the strengthening or anaphoric suffixes. The shortening may be explained by the analogy of messe, tussu.

A detailed examination of the use of the independent pron. in Old and Mid. Ir. belongs to syntax and would be out of place here ; we give however some illustrations of the typical uses for these periods. Some special uses are noticed in IX.

(a) bad he for n-ere (gl. portate dominum) Wb 9d12 . is heside athir inna mmachabdae (gl. Mathathiae) Ml 74b6 . ishé a ammus lemm that is my guess at it (gl. cum iam fere centum annorum esset) Wb 2c27 . ba ed á n-oínbiad (gl. mannae) Ml 97d8 . Símon Bar-ióne...is e eochair na flatha némdai PH 1639 . tucus aichne fairsim corb'é Ísu I knew that He was Jesus 3736 . ní hé Cormac beus TBC² 13 . In Mid. Ir. the pron. is often repeated after the subj. in sentences of this type : (a1) is é gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé LU 101a39 = FB 14 (hé om. ZCP iv 153 ). issé mo lennán é TBC 4560 . corb' e metrapolitan na prim- chathrach he PH 189 . as é céd-duine tárla dó hé, Acall. 624 . fa hé céidrí Éireann do ṡíol Éibhir é, Keat. ii 1875 . When the second pron. stands for a subst. of different gender from that of the pred. we get the type : is tocrádh mór marbhnadh Dé | ní hé an brón gan adhbhur í, Dán Dé xxvi 1 . dob é ceirtleath m'anma í, Studies 1924, 428 § 9 .

(b) is hésom doradchiúir (gl. Christo Jesu) Wb 2b9 . is heside dorárricc báas dúnni 3c15 . is heside robu rí Ml 100c10 . Mac Roth...is e timchellas hErind ind oenló TBC² 1110 .

(c) is he Dia insin (Quis est iste Deus...? Deus sc. ille qui...) Ml 83c5 . rii benn ced ara neper? Is he rí tuathi insin lasmbiat .vii. ngraid ḟene, Laws iv 328.24 . is hé rí insin loingside siabrai LU 99a27 .

(d) ba he a ngnimsom molad Dǽ (quorum...officium) Ml 24a4 . is sí ind inducbal lesom in molad 126b17 . corrophed mo indeb Crist (gl. ut Christum lucrifaciam) Wb 24a6 . is e in cetna herdach celebrad ┐ procept brethri Dé PH 3600 . dob í m'ḟáilte mo riar, Keat. iii 1450 . issé biadh do buí ag M. uidhe cerc ┐ aran BCC § 122 . Keat. ii 2687 .

(e) is hé rufiastar cumachtae inna diglae...in tí, etc. Ml 111c13 . is ed as dulem daitsiu m'etarcnae 103a9 . is é as fhoghar dá gach eon | moladh Dé, Dán Dé xiv 23 . Cf. is e thainic a n-agaid Patraic .i. Sínell, Lism. L. 248 .

(f) asné Crist in lie asrubart Wb 4d16 . issi so a chiall Ml 65a3 . is e cētlá na sechtmaine in domnach PH 3584 . int shollsi-so...is e Crist mac Dé sin 3792 . badh í an úaisle ar n-eólaichne, Eriu ix 163 § 6 . gurbh í Éire tobar draoidheachta iarthair Eorpa, Keat. ii 963 . The pron. is regularly in concord with the follg. subst., but cf. is í ar gceann báidheine an bhean, Dán Dé ii 29 .

(g) When the pred. precedes the cop., the word follow- ing the pron. usually decides the gender of the latter : in choss is hé oís achtáil Wb 12a23 . Crist didiu issí in chathir 21c5 . cf. i dteangthaibh nach í an Scoitic in languages other than Scottic Content. vi 19 . Cf. on the other hand Wb 3b16 , 18 . PH 1639

(h) is hé Dia as eola indiumsa Wb 8d23 . ní hé apstal citarogab in testiminso Ml 38c3 . comad he Nathi bud choscrach RC xxiv 180 . ba saeth le M. nach he Brian ba ri 176 . ce nib ed á ainmsom bes foir Ml 23d17 . (In O.Ir. the pron. is not obligatory in this type ; cf. issí ind ainim as airlam...ní incorpp Wb 3d11 . ni far mbrónsi immafolngi fáilti domsa 16b8 . is a indocbál fessin con- dieig cách 23d5 . ni Dia dudgní... Ml 44d21 .) is é mo chorp ro ádnaicis[s]i PH 3732 . is é an beo do bhí 'na chroich | doní idir eo agus éanlaith, Dán Dé vi 40 . gurbh í an Ghaedhealg fá teanga dona draoithibh, Keat. ii 964 .

(i) The copula may be omitted : he fessin as choimsid dáu, Thes ii 294.3 . hé cotnarlaic...doib anisin SR 3659 . é leth luidi, Met. Dinds. ii 2 . é domrad a n-éccomhnart, Buile S. 48.16 .

II

(a) After interrogatives : cia hé (gl. quis) Ml 46c17 . cia hé nundixnaigthersiu 75c9 . ce hé roscríb Sg 197a19 . cóich esein PH 1963 . cidh esen itir TBC 3843 St. cuich hé in t-airfidech ut ? Acall. 7525 . cret eissein in t-abhacc ? 7982 .

(b) After sechi, sechip, cip (cib) : sechi he (gl. si quis) Ml 35b4 . sechi é cretes de illis Wb 15b1 . sechi sí (gl. quaelibet) Ml 65d2 . sechi sí dia rignaib 65d8 . sechip hé nodapridcha whosoever he be that preaches it Wb 14d28 . sechip hé dán tra doberthar do neuch 13a3 . ciphé ade Ml 26a1 . ponat ergo lunam (cipé) ubilibet computare voluerit Bcr 31c2 . ciped ní PH 1520 . gib é dig...ni ba missi TBC 1223 . cip é imress méla...fort 46 . So far as can be judged from published material cip é (gib é) is regularly replaced in late Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. by the anomalous gi bé (gidh bé), in which bé is fully stressed and alliterates with b. This form occurs already in O.Ir. : cia bé a mmet however big it be Ml 61b28 . cía bé (MSS. cebe, gibe, cidbe, etc.) dlug bías duib, Met. Dinds. iii 42 . gipe ra ṡossed (cía bé roisedh v.l.) TBC 6076 . atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gi bé do bhronn a dhá rosg, Studies 1921, 258 § 9 .

It may be noted here that the position of the pron. in copula (or virtually copula) sentences in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. is not always in accordance with orthodox modern usage, e.g. Tadhg esiomh nó a aithgin he is T. or else his counterpart O'Gr. Cat. 488 (= Ir. Monthly 1921, 291 ).

III With os(s), q.v. : os hǽ (gl. donorum amicus) Ml 69c4 . oshé 122b14 . oshe 123b4 . osse cona licc fora thairr TBC² 891 . Similarly with is (s), s, ocus (┐) : deidghin...ina cinn isse níamdo IT i 119.27 . a inar bláith ...is é étrom TBC² 1871 . mar éan is é gan eitil, Dán Dé vii 22 . in scáilfer...sé tailc IT i 271.11 . andara hech dibsidi ocus se...luath-lemnech TBC² 2557 . ocus se baccach PH 620 . ┐ se ina shessom 622 . áráit...si imtromm IT i 271.36 .

IV Independently : hésom triuss Wb 7c8 . tría buith adi innim ┐ hǽsium i talam because He is in heaven and he on earth Ml 30c5 ....nad cho[m] nech acht hesom fesin 53a5 . cen fis accu he buden ina Cristaige PH 56 . ni nech aile...acht he buden ┐ Dia 607 . nachar mhair acht é féin amháin, Keat. ii 4179 . cunnradh eile atamaoidni do dhenamh le hA., acus eisin linne, Ir. Deeds, Trans. RIA xv 87.22 . In affirmation : Ferbaeth an e dothæt... imbarach? Eiseom on TBC² 1543 = YBL 31a17 . After indá, in(n)a, ná than ( = O.Ir. oldá(a)s, indá(a)s) : fearr neach ele iná hé féin | dá mholadh, Studies 1924, 242 . do ba sine ioná é féin, Keat. ii 1828 . After cen, eter, amlaid, mar, q.v.

Here also may be noticed the type : is móidi a subailchi sin ┐ is laidirede congmus duine a n-agaid a namatt é its virtues are the greater (for) that and it aids a man more powerfully against his enemies thereby Maund 139 . do benadh an t-iarann as an crand ┐ nir misde do bhi an tseisrech ag trebad é the iron was removed and none the worse was the team plowing BCC § 76 ; in these passages the pronouns sin, é, are asyntactical. Cf. the exx. in Fasc. i 162-163.

The usages classified under V-IX belong to the Mid. Ir. period, and later. Strachan has shown that V-VII were in use before the end of the eleventh century, and well established before the end of the twelfth ; see Ériu i 176 .

The form sé which arises in this period is treated s.v.

V As subject of the copula, following the pred. In early Mid. Ir. we find numerous exx. in which side is replaced by eside, som by esium, etc. (perhaps on the pattern of is éside x, is ésom x), as : in Fiac sin dano mac eside meic E....(v.l. mac sede) Thes. ii 307.3 . Cf. the O.Ir. types : is Diasom domsa Wb 1a2 . ni augtor side uilc Ml 44d19 ; these seem parallel to : ba cosnamaid Erenn esside an inbaid sin i n-agaid Cathail, Aisl. MC 3 - 5 .

In early Mid. Ir. eside, esium, etc. usually follow the pred. directly, while the copula is unexpressed : dalta esseom do P., Trip. 394.4 . bai mac etorro... .i. Mael D. mac A. esside LU 22a38 . Necódim...sái rechta eside PH 3677 . dalta do C. beos essium 281 . Whether this type preceded and originated the use of the simple pron. as subj. of the copula is uncertain; there are numerous early exx. of (h) é etc. where the anaphoric pron. would be out of place.

Nicodemus... .i. cara inclethi do Crist he PH 209 . ní cubaid bás cosmail doib, uair Pól ennacc he, Petar tra...écraibdech eside 1865 . With copula expressed: combá mac dond ríg hé LU 22b29 . is la Coin Culaind... hé 112a24 ( FB 89 ). ba hairchindech na n-apstal he PH 1637 . ba hōgshlān he 468 . ba cumang les he 64 .

VI As obj. of trans. vb., replacing the O.Ir. infixed pron. (The transitional stage is illustrated in the tauto- logical types: cotgair Lugaid amach hé TBC² 1063 . conna- chrancatár hé LU 59a33 . roscuirset himmach he PH 110 ): cona ragbad in galar hé LU 14b31 . rocharsat hé 121b35 . rochrechtnaig eseom 126a28 . co cualutar hé PH 18 . acall-su fessin é TBC 1652 . guid he beseech him PH 343 . In reflexive sense: do lecc C.C. ar a gluínib é, BCC 274.29 .

VII As subj. of pass. vb.: robaided hé LU 41a23 . cf. rogabad hí 41a33 . is annam fogabar he cen chatha RC xxiv 200 . meni frithalter innocht é TBC 1352 . nach acaltar é 1694 . rohindarbad asin cathraig he PH 949 .

VIII Occasionally as subj. of certain intrans. verbs: mas re ré na fochraice táinic amuigh hé, Laws iv 134.13 Comm. noco bia itir hi 42.2 Comm. ar nach tisad friss he LL 217b34 . ní raibe a n-aicned duinde eisseic, Acall. 6034 . ni roerchoidigestar do hí (sc. in lassar), Trip. 392.9 . Cf. as subj. of trans. verb: ni torracht Herinn andsin í RC xii 78 . In such exx. the pron. is regularly separated from the vb., cf. imridh sé éinbhearta is í IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 ; but: ór ḟás eision TD 34. l. 189 .

Here may be noted: ol eissidi IT iii 237.1 . bar ésium (éseom) quoth he TBC 4568 . 5971 . 6050 . ar esium 1189 . bar eissium , Acall. 4615 . cf. ar si, ar sisi IT ii2 227.34 - 5 . See ol.

IX There are a few special uses of é in a neutral sense, without regard to gender of follg. subst. (cf. 1 ed):

(a) is e cuit in `acht' and the force of the `except' here is Laws iv 42.1 Comm. is e cuit in dono ann 136.24 Comm. badh é a chríoch...go mbrisfimni..., Ériu ix 164 § 14 . is é críoch a gcualabhair this is the gist TD 31.8 . an é a reic is damhna dhí 22a42 . iss é sin ciall in sceil, Acall. 3326 . is é áit..., Keat. iii 5055.5199 etc.

(b) in indef. predication, as: ní hé amháin not only that TD 9.11 ; 22.5 . O'Hussey, T.C. 34.9 ; 54.5 . MacAingil 326 . an é nach faici-sí C.? do ye not see C? BCC § 100 . an é nách easbol meisi ? an é nách fuilim saor ? 1 Cor. ix 2 .

(c) referring to a statement or fact, etc.: rucad in Dond C....úadib...conid é sin méla ┐ mertain ┐ meraigecht is mó tucad for C.C., TBC 2041 (conadh í sin mela is mó v.l.). a Dhé ní d'anaibhse mh'olc | é nach faghaim-se furtocht, Dán Dé vi 34 . re hinghin Anna is é adearar | Dia an t-eitne agus ibh an chnú x 22 . as é adeirid...nach treabhonn mé...iad, Studies 1923, 81 . is é chráidheas an croidhe | mé ag áineas tar m'eólchoire, 1924, 88 . See Strachan, Ériu i 163 .

For é with neut. or fem. subst. in Mid.-Ir. see Strachan's paper on Middle Ir. Declension, Phil. Soc. 1905 .

2 é, hé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 é, hé or dil.ie/19326

Forms: hǽ

pron. 3 pl. all genders. Dies out very soon after the O.Ir. period, being replaced by iat (eat) q.v. It is found only in conjunction with the copula; the usage is the same as that for 1 é I—IV.

Exx. Glosses: it hǽ Ml 24a11 . it hé dano inna tegdaissi hisin 65c13 . sechit hǽ 102a2 . sechitat hé 49a19 , cf. Bcr 35d5 . nitat pecthi collnidi híccatar and indechtso cebtar hé riam Wb 4a8 . citne (gl. quae) Ml 16b13 . ithé se inna briathra Sg 4b12 . it hesidi torud bete .i. it hé torud arabéithfetsom...fis forcell ┐ dliged rechto nDǽ Ml 46c8 . it hé in toirthi...inna hí adfiadatar 46c14 . it hé a timnae [a]di namma rusarigestar 71b14 .

Mid.-Ir. MSS.: it e sin tra anmanda na da cenel secht- mogat, Auraic. 227 . it e a n-anmanda foratait feadha 243 . it e andseo a n-anmand 244 . it e seo TBC² 1652 . masat hé 776 . ite secht mbeocaindle andso forosnad gae, Laws iv 52.9 . ate TBC² 626 . citné PH p. 585b (cf. citni rīg SR 2347 ). it é dogénat in mbrú | síl mBuinne, Met. Dinds. iv 308 . With dual: it e in dana fidh duformaighet, Auraic. 259 .

With ot (pl. of os(s)), it, at: othe marbdai Ml 130a3 . ot é Sg 77a8 . oté ferrnaidi TBC² 2809 . da each...ité scuablebra 3390 . caindelbrai it é delbdai SR 4368 . bera culind at é fuachda TBC 1944 .

With suffix: hesseom TBC² 497 YBL (heseom LU). airit hesidi ata eclais Ml 65d19 . Acr 7a1 .: it he sidi dugaithatar Ml 31 c8 . hit eiside, Laws iv 206.15 . it heiside TBC² 244 . indad eiside asberad... ? 624 . cit n-eisidi ? BDD 62 YBL.

3 é

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 é or dil.ie/19327

as gen. of pron., see .

4 é

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 é or dil.ie/19328

Forms: hé

n m. a salmon = éo: hæ aite .i. in bradan bis isin ait CIH i 241.20 . Or áe as in the plant-name áe aba, see 1 áe, Peritia xvi 390-92 . is ainm do bratan é, ┐ is tri ebad scribthar side [i.e. éo] Auraic. 5599 . an t-`é' breac do bí a mBoaing, H 3.18, 611b . ee ab esoce , Corm Y 570 . am hé i llind (ar luas) IT iii 61 (= am eogh 62 ). nách ǽ mór gaibter i nEss Rúaid, Trip. 146.12 = éicni 13 . hé TBC² 1168 (= éu Eg). Anecd. i 73.210 (= ecne RC x 88 ). See ZCP x 201 . ant hé gabtha isin lín, TF. 10.7 . domairced ē cāin cech laithi, ZCP xi 161 § 210 .

5 é

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 é or dil.ie/19329

interj an exclamation

woe: `é' brón, Met. Gl. Ff. add. 73 . hé .i. truag RC xx 164 = LU 8b35 . hé do díl a dáirḟir `woe for thy fate' (quoted by O'Cl. to illustrate his é .i. truagh) Met. Dinds. iii 154 . Ó Bruad. iii 152 . hé, Mon. Tall. 130.16 . oncoin ainbli .i. e ┐ eit, Harl. 5280 74 b m. i.

6 é

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 é or dil.ie/19330

Forms: té

n a person: ó é ar bith, Ó Bruad. ii 154 . Probably extracted from an té (int-í) if not a whimsical use of 1 é.

? eal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? eal or dil.ie/19331

ind : do cloidmib eal-górma Celt. Rev. iii 114.6 . ? Leg. geal.

eat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eat or dil.ie/19332

Forms: et, eat

(éat, et), pron. pl. 3. Apparently an early form of iat (q.v.): it eat indso na rātha hi sein, Cáin Ad. 22 . att eat iiii anmand...inso sís IT iii 51 . ecoitchinn eat fri gním ṅgann SR 5517 . isat nuailitridi arancadar et IT iii 23w . cóich et na heichse FB 38 . roarigsetar...eatsom LU 26a39 (Imr. M.D.). ol éat IT i 75.10 v.l. ol eat PH 1901 . no taidled eat LU 13a28 . Fél¹ cxli 38 (= LB p. 95 ). gnimrada lama daine eat PH 1132 . hiteatso iatsen 970 . ced eadsidi, Cáin Ad. 20 . batir éad batar imm C., ZCP iv 152 . eat was probably originally dissyllabic, see ZCP viii 524 n. ( Met. Dinds. ii 28.26 ); cf. O.Ir. cateat (coteet) Wb 31a7 . Fél. Sept. 22 , and Mid. Ir. caidet caidhead, Auraic. 215 .

eb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eb or dil.ie/19333

n haft, handle: see em.

Eba, Eua

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Eba, Eua or dil.ie/19334

Forms: Eua, Eua, Eua, Euai, nEuae, Euá, Eba, Éba, Eabha, Ébha

npr., f. Eve. The usual O.Ir. spelling is Eua: SR . PH . MacCarthy 52 , etc. Eua oenben Adaim LL 136b30 . Rimes: feba SR 1189 . cena 1183 . treba 1704 . Usually undecl.: gen. Eua SR 2246 . acc. co Eua (: ela) 1672 . In dat. d'Euai (no rime) 1623 . gen. dochum nEuae (: (iar) (febai) 1664 , we may have traditional spellings; final vowels are not regularly distinguished in SR. In Euá 1156 . 1345 . 1573 , etc. the mark of length may be a device to indicate that the word is dissyllabic. Later Eba and Éba; Eabha: ceana, Dán Dé xvii 19 (= YBL 392a 35 ). :feadha, Ériu iv 112 . Ébha: sgéla IGT, Decl. ex. 1051 . :shéala, Dán Dé xviii 28 (= YBL 393a38 ). Initial long é through Anglo-Norman influence: Eba : gela; Éua : scél-sa, ZCP xx 479 .