airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see Thurn. Gramm. p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend (i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC² 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alax- andar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imar- baidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'im- radh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'C. 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being ban- ished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'C. 418 ( H. 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'C. 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'C. 813 ( H. 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H. 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of plead- ing(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [bud- ein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imch- omarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of bith world, see Thurn. Gramm. p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'C. 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, FM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in con- sequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dor- ímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'C. 91 ( H. 3.18, 66 ).

airbertach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertach or dil.ie/1623

adj o, ā (airbert)

(a) practised, skilled, ingenious, accomplished: is a.¤ isind fiss nua (glossing airbertad naiss), RC xxvi 52 n.4 . clanda airbertacha Iacob, BB 238b10 . don droing náir oirbheartaigh fhéil, DDána 117.11 . Of warriors expert, dexterous: fer ansergach . . . airctech, airbhertach (of Caesar), CCath. 350 . sluag a.¤ , MR 214.21 . na honchoin oirbertacha, SG 271.10 . lámh oirbheartach lé mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4 . ionnsoighidh aindiúid a.¤ , Hugh Roe 298.1 (fo. 78a) . In bad sense: an demhon oirbhertach wily, BNnÉ 67 § 106 . As adv. ar caithim a aisi gu . . . aithesach oirbertach `profitably', AU iii 340.9 . As subst. oirbhertach an eccna uill (of St. Maedóc), BNnÉ 253 § 209 . As n.pr. a.¤ . . scailes sūithi, ZCP iii 23.11 .

(b) In sense derived from airbert biuth: a scela cain- airbertacha ar bith stories of their good mode of life, BB 497b33 (IT ii2 105.14). iasc a.¤ a mbith doib, 496a 31 (ib. 101.20 ). cat[h]lac[h] .i. catholicus gréc .i. uniuersalis a laitin .i. aen-a.¤ , H 3.18, p. 633 .

See also under airbertnugud, airnbertach.

airbertad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertad or dil.ie/1624

(airbert) Perh. rather vn. of ar-berta (see airmert): immusbé fadéin . . . a.¤ naiss (Néde to Ferchertne) `an expression of new wisdom', RC xxvi 52 § 284 .

airbertas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertas or dil.ie/1625

n (airbert): Aodh ba sóamh díobh ar aoí n-aoisi gion gur bó hé ar aoi noirbertais `with respect to prowess', FM vi 1916.7 . See also airnbertas

airbertna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertna or dil.ie/1626

n (g s.?): dlegar don chat cona heirgither bairgin a.¤ lais ona lochtaib, O'Dav. 918 . Cf. airbertnaigid.

airbertnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertnad or dil.ie/1627

n = airbertnugud: cin airbertnud foesma without pleading protection, O'D. 45 (H. 3. 17, c. 40). a.¤ .i. inisin ut est ma ro airbertnaigh in bidhbadh a turbaidh, O'C. 1461 ( H. 3.18, 650b ).

airbertnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertnaigid or dil.ie/1628

Forms: airbert(n)ugud

v (airbert) Meaning uncertain in: is medhōn aratairberat (.i. airbertnaighit) ina cethra so ciasanechtar foferthar work, operate(?), Anecd. v 24.18 . isechtair in duine airbertnaighit na hernaile faillsigugud in coiri do impó oc dénum in aircetail, 26 n.2 . intan isa cethbliadain ra airbertnaigh ria . . . cid fota gur airbertnaighthea ria, O'D. 2366 ( Rawl. B. 506 fo. 43b ).

In Laws Comm. usually translated offers as excuse, pleads (so also Laws Gloss.): ma ro airbertnaighestair nech dia muintir a comairce ina égmais `if one of his people pleaded his protection in his absence', Laws iv 230.13 Comm. man[i] ro airbertnaig a faesam, i 100.5 Comm. ni ro airbhertnaigh cur gabhadh athgabhail, 194.4. Comm. munur airbertnuigh in breiteamnus do breith, ii 334.4 Comm. damad i in turbaid sin ro airbertnaiged, iii 394.7 Comm. nir airbertnaigh nach ac elod ro bi, 430.28 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht .i. tagra laisin fear nad airbertnaigenn a leas uodein isin airecht, v 252.27 Comm. intan ro airbertnaiged riu cona bu dir do[ib] fechemnus do dénum, O'D. 1658 (H. 5.15, p. 22b) `it was pleaded against them that they were not qualified', Plummer MS. notes. dia nairbertnaighe na haidhe achtrann amaille ris in ngalur . . . is athchor . . . ar do muin- athar is dia ceilt ro airbernaig, O'C. 2307 ( Eg. 88, 23b ).

Vn. airbert(n)ugud.

airbert(n)ugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert(n)ugud or dil.ie/1629

vn. of airbertnaigid: iar n-a.¤ n-airm (crotadh v.l.) shaking , Alex. 25 . With cath giving battle(?): ba fri luad síd ┐ córa . . . ┐ ni fri hairbertnugud catha, Alex. 762 (ba hoc airbertach cora ní bu og airbertach catha budesin v.l.). oc airbertugud in chathaigthi, 721 (oc tairbert, v.l.). Note also: dosfecait leomain . . . oc airbertnugud na slóg ┐ for díchlannad in catha, Alex. 734 (oc airbertugh (sic) in catha ┐ for dithugud in sluaigh v.l.). feghe ┐ feallsamhnacht ┐ airbertugad miled military prowess , 488b20 (Alex.).

? airbeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airbeth or dil.ie/1630

ind faithfe .i. airbheth, O'C. 509 ( H. 3.18, 258 ).

airbiad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbiad or dil.ie/1631

n (biad) obligatory service of a tenant in providing food for his lord (see ZCP xiv 336 ): aurbiath flatha cedamus is ruidles la Fene, O'C. 53 ( H. 3.18, 19a ). ruidlesa tuaithe . . . aurbiat[h] flatha, ZCP xiii 19.30 `das Nähren des Herrn (die Naturalleistungen an den Herrn)', Bürgschaft 6 . forran flatha fri haigillne nairbidh, O'C. 2253 ( Eg. 88 18(19)d ). asé fortuing cach nimreasain . . . umm airbiad . . . .i. uman uasal biadh, O'D. 517 ( H. 3.17, c. 420 ). ogh n-airbid o comarbaib, Laws v 432.20 . cach forcraid nairbid, ii 354.3 Comm.

airbiathad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbiathad or dil.ie/1632

vn. of ar-biatha act of nourishing, feeding: oc a.¤ sainte, Wb. 29b18 . oc a.¤ fer nErend oc tain na mbó a C., IT ii2 226.3 . ar caitín diar n-a.¤ , Lism. L. viii 22 . tir focraiche no airbiata .i. orba gaibther o flaith no o eclais mensal lands, Laws iv 48.2 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156 ). airbiathadh na spreidi, 22.31 Comm.