Cite this: eDIL s.v. decmaing or

Forms: dĕggṁaing, decming, degming, decmaing, deacmaing, -gg, decmaic, decmaic, decmuic, decmuici, deacmaicc, deacmaic, deachṁaing, decmuccu, decmaicci

i, i.e. dĕggṁaing, adj. A -ng: decming, Wb 14 b 4 . 17 c 7 . 21 a 13 . degming, 13 d 20 .—decmaing, LL 125 b 1 f.b. 251 a 30 . 277 a 36 . Ériu iv 108. 19 LL. Cog. 122. 10 (14th-century MS). O'Dav. 184 , 655 . TBF 150. 24 . deacmaing, Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 v.l. and late lexicographers (O'Cl., Lhuyd, P. O'C. , &c.). B -gg. Though not found in the Glosses, decmaic, as proved by Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 , existed as early as the late 8th century (cf. Oir. cumacc). As the consonant-groups prevent the syncope of the second syllable, -gg has arisen by analogy. decmaic: Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 (= O'Dav. 184 , 655 . H 3.18, 541 ). O'Dav. 688 (old quotation). Laws iv 382. 3 f.b. (main text); v 276. 1 Comm. FM A.D. 1516 . O'Mulc. 331 . decmuic, Fél. l.c. (v.l.). d s. Laws v 272. 9 (main text). d p. decmuici, Eg. 1782, 87 b . deacmaicc, O'D. Suppl. deacmaic FM i 56. 11 . O'Cl. O'R. As to O'R.'s deachṁaing, v. dechmaing supra.—INFLEX. All forms given above, where not otherwise marked, are in the n s.—COMP. decmuccu, decmaicci BDD § 87 .

Latest instances noted: LL 34 b 1 f.b. , poem ascribed to Cuan Hua Lothcháin (†1024), and Cog. 122. 10 (11th- century composition). The word went out of use during the 11th century, and words like deccair, doccair, &c., took its place. Its occurrence in the FM is of no consequence.

ORIGIN: From †di-ecmaing, i.e. privative di- + ecmang, vn. of adcumaing `it happens, takes place,' the o-stem passing into an i-stem in composition, cf. deccair, dethbir, deolaid, diarim, Diarmait, and especially the synonymous di-ing.

SENSES: A Definitions given by Ir. lexicographers:

(a) decmaic .i. ingnad ut est dobur cach decmuic .i. is dorcha gach ní is ingnad leis féin, O'Dav. 688 . deac- maing .i. iongnadh, O'Cl., Lhuyd. a wonder or surprise P. O'C. decmaic .i. is ingnadh nó is égen, gl. ad FM v 1336. 17 (O'Curry Transcr.).

(b) ding .i. decmaic, O'Mulc. 331 (YBL). H 3. 18, 68 . As O'Mulc.'s Glossary is to a great extent based on Old- and early Mid.-Ir. vocabularies, the occurrence of d. in it is not against the statement made above as to the time when d.¤ became obsolete.

(c) decmaic .i. doilig, docamlach: dobur cach decmuic... is amail ní dorcha (i.e. dobur) gach ní is doilig, O'Dav. 688 . deacmaic .i. docaṁlach nó doilidh, O'Cl. Ir. MS ii 292 . O'Don. Suppl. (O'Rody).

(d) deacmaing .i. neaṁchumasach incapable, incapacitated P. O'C. , O'R.

(e) decmaic .i. síst a while, opp. dogrés, O'Dav. 655 , ib. 184 . Opp. dognáth, H 3. 18, 541 (O'Curry's Transcr.).

B Meanings drawn from literature.

I †di-ecmaing, orig. that is not likely to be, to happen or come true, i.e. unlikely, improbable, impossible, strange . Only in this sense in the Glosses, translating Lat. mirus. Paulus apostolus ... et Timotheus frater .i. ... bráthir i nhiris. nípu decming cid i colinn, Wb 14 b 4 . corruptibile hoc induere incorruptionem .i. is uisse intoichther a ndrúail- nithe so hón nebdrúailnithiu. níbu degming donetad som a chorp fadessin issuidiu, ib. 13 d 20 . níbo decming rombed imthanad hi suidib (sc. isnaib grádaib nemdib), 21 a 13 . et non mirum ipse enim Satanas transfigurat se in angelum, gl. ní decming transfiguratio in apostolos , 17 c 7 .— fidh cain cin mecna mes ina dos decmaic .i. is decmaic mes do beith ar dos mana fuil freṁ aigi, Laws iv 382 3 f.b. (main text). decmaic le techt cuice she thinks it unlikely or impossible, ib. v 272. 9 . la bethaid a anmae la Críst...a beith slán ní decmaic with the life of his soul by Crist he is sure to be saved Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 , quoted twice in O'Dav. : .i. ní decmaing bias sláinte dó acht dogrés (v.l. dognáth, H 3. 18, 541 ), Fél. Oeng. Ep. 184 ; cf. ib. 655 . ó doléicter immasech cranna fianna for cach leth. nípo decmaic (-ait, facs.) casal cró for crand a duirnd Diarmató LU 117 a 17 = LL 277 a 36 (d.-aing).—Here also the quotation: decmaic (.i. ingna) fer cen enech, O'Dav. 655 .

II Unlikely to be done, impossible or hard to do; im- possible, difficult . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from I. —

(a) adj. nochon robai ní ba decmaic (-ach, MS) do dénam, Ériu ii 106.6 . becc nachimrala uathbás oc imcaissiu in trír sin. ní fail ní bas decmaicci BDD § 87 (p. 75. 14). is tacair duit ni ḟorbara anfót do rád. is decmaing ón ol seseom LL 125 b 1 f.b. is aire condegar chucut úair is decmaing because it is impossible, ib. 251 a 30 . TBF 150. 24 . ropo ní do dáil decming (: clainn), Ériu iv 108. 19 LL. cid decmaing déntar bar síd, Cog. 122. 10 . deacmaicc freasdol a ḟéile: ge ueith Éire dá thinnreaṁ, O'D. Suppl. (S. O'Mulconry).—Occasionally = scarcely : as decmaic má robái isin aimsir sin caislén dobadh crúaidhe cosnaṁ there was scarcely FM v 1336. 17 (cf. A a supra). ba deacmaic don connall a ioth diomḟulang ina flaith the stalk could scarcely sustain its corn, ib. i 56. 11 . forellsid inn écis for mianuib decmuici ar dáig enich Gúairi do brith, 'desires that are difficult to fulfil' Eg. 1782 87 b = Arch. iii 3.10 , ZCP x 381 .

(b) subst. something not likely to happen, something impossible or hard to do, an impossibility : dobur .i. dorcha nó doilig ut est: dobur cach decmuic .i. is amail ní dorcha gach ní is doilig, O'Dav. 688 . ben dofairged (sic leg.) ar decmuic (.i. ar choibchi ingnath nó doilig .i. lán duirn do deargnadaib, &c., Comm. 276. 4 ), Laws v 272. 9 , quoted by O'Dav. 655 . condat é tri decmainge in domain .i. tír aca mbí flaith do dílsi &c. , Laws v 426. 3 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. décmaing or

v cuts off LL 291 b 3 . RC xiii 460. 4 , v. do- écmaing.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. decmainge or

n ia, f. Derivative of decmaing. The condition of not being likely to happen; unlikeliness; im- possibility : ut reditus meus stuporem uidentibus faceret .i. ara decmaingi leu ón for what they deemed its impossibility Mil 92 a 6 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. decni or

n in Scathach's druidical oration to Cúchulainn: ní bá fortacht can recni. ní bá recni can decni LU 125 b 12 .

† Decoimet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. † Decoimet or

Forms: Decoinet

npr. m. seems a corruption of Dechoin Aed.—Decoimet mac Maine mic Loegaire . . isé fil a Cúil Maine LB 14 d 10 f.b. ; so also Lec. 103 d 37 ; but Dechoin Ǽd mac Maine, &c., in the corresp. passage LL 347 g 21 f.b. Deochon Aedi Cúil Máine mac Máine BB 112 b 36 .—Also Decoinet.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. †Decoinet or

npr. m., v. Decoimet.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. decra or

adj .i. aird, v. deccra.

decrach, decracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decrach, decracht or

adj v. deccrach, deccracht.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. †décrad or

n Thes. ii 239. 4 for deorad, v. Hermathena 1911, 384 . sq.


Cite this: eDIL s.v. decraid or

n Aengus do ghuin aṁail Broen: ca ní cen do decraidh dé (: cé) what thing is removed from God's decision (O'Don.) FM i 530. 7 . AU A.D. 882 have: cani oen do dhecraibh Dé, which seems right.