†dechruth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. †dechruth or dil.ie/14930

ind Lism. L. p.389 b . Contr. 598 ; v. echruth.

déchsain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déchsain or dil.ie/14931

Forms: dechsuna

n i, gen. dechsuna IT ii2 139. 3 (15th century); dechsa, Laws i 138. 30 (corrupt); cf. fordechsana g s. LL 402 a 6 ; vn. of déchaid. A Mid.-Ir. contamination of décsin and féchain. In early Mod. MSS regularly replaced by féchain (e.g. FDG 168 . 644 . 652 , Stowe MSS). Syn. déchain, déccain, décsiu, often interchanging in the same text: FDG 168. 175 . ZCP viii 229. 24 , 28 . TTr.² 44 . RC xxvi 140. 12 ; 164. 24 .

I A looking or gazing upon. With gen. or for.

(a) of persons: scíth mo chraide...agud dechsain a macán FDG 652 YBL. téit do déchsin in tṡrotha, ib. 644 . do dechsain nime ┐ ifrind, Snedg. 34. 17 . rolínsat dingna na cathrach do dellrad ┐ dechsain...forgla trénfer nEorpa BB 414 b 16 . atsisithar sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine ZCP v 524. 28 (16th century). slógh mór oc dechsain na hidpurta RC xxvi 164 § 55 . Snedg. 42. 6 . la dechsain do fuirri (sc. in péist) rosíabra a beoil do díb cúladaib, Laws i 72. 18 . atberedh la dechsain an cuaich RC xxvi 374. 29 . to look out: fear siúil do dechsain ce hairead úathaibh go tír BB 39 a 25 .

(b) transf. of things, a looking at, a facing : dá choloṁain...┐ cách díb oc déchain a chéile .i. coloman Eorpa oc dechsain Affraici ┐ coloman A. oc dechsain E., TTr.² 44 .

II A viewing, inspecting, examining . eirg do déchsain na fledi FDG 168 YBL.

III A look or gaze : dodech Naéisi i ndiaidh a dechsuna ┐ dochonnairc súil an ḟir N. followed the direction of her look IT ii2 139. 3 . fa baegal díbh a déchsain ZCP viii 229. 28 (or `to look at him').

Obs.—Cf. fordéchsain.

déchsanach

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adj o-ā. Far-seeing; transf. far-reaching: Gobnad an ghlóir dechsanaigh (: cédchathaig) fúair ó Dhia díol a sainnte B iv 2, 52 a ; v. déicsenach.

1 decht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 decht or dil.ie/14933

o-ā, adj.: roded ór is airged decht: roded mil roded cruithnecht YBL 413 a 5 (Flann Fína's poem on Ireland, 10th century). So also B iv 2 (copied from the Book of Leinster where the first four stanzas are now missing) and R.I.A. MSS 23 E 16, 23 Q 9. The Mod. MSS 23 N 4, 23 Q 1 (R.I.A.) read airgeadacht. ic dénum airgid decht de BB 309 b 31 . ní córa dóibh...troid um Corcaigh ...iná cur deabtha budh dheacht: fá ṁagh dTeaftha is fán dTuaisceart, Misc. Celt. Soc. 356. 23 (poem by Fear feasa O Cáinte, 16th-17th century). a ragad féin duin bu dhecht (: cloisdecht), Ferm. 18. 14. f.b. bud decht .i. go deimin, Leb. Gab. 27 (O'Curry Trscr.; but cf. Sc. gu deachdta s.v. 2 dechtaid). Usually translated pure, genuine , P. O'C. (quoting Flann Fína), O'R.—Etymology and precise meaning obscure. Possibly an old pc. of dingid, cf. bocht: bongid; argat decht compressed or hammered silver ; transf. exact, precise, sure, certain . Compare docht (with Ablaut).

2 decht

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v in the passage: donethand athach di ghóith tentidi condecht ina bruindi ┐ inna gnúis comdar duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122. 5 (10th-century text). T-pret. 3 sg. of dingid, q.v., or s-pret. 3 sg. of 1 dechtaid, q.v.

dechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechta or dil.ie/14935

adj a húaiṁ Cruachan rodechta: táinic duibthréd druidechta BB 386 b 7 (v.l. rocrenta LL 162 b 21 ). Mac Ui Chatháin...míndáil na dhiaigh budh dheachta: biadh an dán na dhilleachta, Misc. Celt. Soc. 414. 3 . tráth molta dhó badh deachta, 3 C 12, 165 . Cf. 2 dechtaid and dechtain.

1 dechtad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechtad or dil.ie/14936

u, m. vn. of 1 †dechtaid, denominative of 1 decht. A crushing, a compression, a wedging; an op- pression; a gnashing (of teeth). airm inná robai fiad...acht imat snechta cosin roúacht dechtadh inna ndeut formúchad inna ngnúise, Ériu ii 136 § 120 (TBith.). rasaig di áne in teined...a fuigbed do anmannaib ann roloiscfed la dechtad in talman imma cúairt, ib. 134 § 114 .—To this belongs O'Clery's deachta[d] .i. dinge a crushing, wedging (or wedges, pl. of ding), which latter Miller, confusing toirnem `a pressing down' and toirnech (dinge .i. toírneaṁ, O'Cl.), wrongly renders by `thunder.' Mistranslated also by Lhuyd.

2 dechtad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dechtad or dil.ie/14937

Forms: deachdadh, deachtadh

u, m. vn. of 2 dechtaid.

I A composing, inditing : becán eli don lebar a ngaidilg arna dechtadh go rochruaid dḟiledaib na nGaidel ZCP iii 520 § 8 (early 16th century). Rhyming with cleachtadh: seirm ciúil is deachtadh dána: cleachtadh uird gach eallana, Rel. Celt. ii 252 st 24 , ib. 276. 15 .—Cf. Sc. tha mo chridhe a' deachdadh deadh ni, Psalm xlv 1 .

II Transf. an inspiring, an inspiration : ó dheachtadh an sbirad naoiṁ, Carsw. p. 5 . Cf. Sc. deachdadh inspiring Macd. (obs.), deachd inspire M‘A.

III Act of dictating, dictation , Coneys. O'R. HSD. Macd. Sc. also the thing dictated, a dictate , HSD.

IV A law : deachdadh, Lhuyd. O'Br. O'R. HSD. Macd. —deachdadh coṁdhála an act of parliament O'R. ann.— deachtadh dictation, legislation, doctrine, instruction, also to dictate, teach, instruct; sometimes signifying tyranny, oppression, domineering; also to compute, reckon, account P. O'C. See also ? tardechta.

1 †dechtaid

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v ā-derivative of 1 decht. Crushes, oppresses , v. 2 decht and 1 dechtad.

2 dechtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dechtaid or dil.ie/14939

Forms: rodechtait, deachta, deachdta

v ā. An early loan from Latin dictare. The rendering of -i- by -e- and the cpd. do-er-dechtim, gl. dicto Sg 155 b 4 , show the high age of the loan.—Like Lat. dictat = fingit, componit, composes, indites, writes, informs (dictare est aliquid docere in omni genere doctrinae, Juv. Sat. Britannicus 8 ). The sense dictates has no examples from Old- and Mid.-Ir.—blodh bec don lebar dodecht Adhamnán a Laidin ZCP iii 520 § 8 . dia rodecht som isin dúain dorigni of which he informed LU 51 a 33 . dorad Aenias in tuarastal do chách díb amal rodechtait as they had been informed (pret. pass.), Aen. 1060 (referring to Aeneas' words, ib. 1045 : dobérthar a riar do chách úaib). BB 460 b 23 . dar dechtadh an cairt so, R.I.A. 3 B 22, 34 b .—deachd, inf. deachdadh, indites, dictates, teaches Coneys. enacts, harangues O'R. ann. Cf. Sc. deachd indites, dictates, inspires , M‘A. HSD (c.s.). pc. deachta, deachdta perfectly certain, in Sc. gu d. most certainly, most assuredly; but cf. decht .i. deimin, s.v. decht.

dechtaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechtaide or dil.ie/14940

adj io-ia, pc. nec. of 2 dechtaid, componendus, dictandus: budh laegh bo deachtaighe dóibh a poem should be made for them Cog. 98. 9 .