Dechon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechon or dil.ie/14905

gen. npr. Mag Glinni Dechon LL 18 a 24 , 41 .

dé-chongbálach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chongbálach or dil.ie/14906

adj o-ā. A literary translation of Lat. disyllabicus: cate in focul oenchongbhalach dechongbha- lach trechongbhalach ainmnigther ó trian BB 323 a 16 . nach son dechongmalach dochuissin is recomrac a deach, Arch. i 160. 15 .—Derivative of congbál, a literary transla- tion of Lat. syllaba; it occurs O'Dav. 381 : congbáil .i. sillab (sic leg.) nach son aonchongbalach, i.e. a syllable, any monosyllabic sound . The term dates back to the Oir. period.

1 dechor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechor or dil.ie/14907

Forms: dechor, dechur, dechur, dechor, -ur, ndechor, nduchur, dechor, dechur, duchur, dechor, dechur, dechuir, dechoir, dechur, dechvr, dechor, dechraib, deochoir, deuchur, dechraib, deochair, dechraib, dechair, dechraib, dechoir, dechair, deccair, deochoir, deochair, deocair, deoch-, dechair, deochoir, deochair, dechraib

n o,n. GENDER AND INFL. Oir. neut. Wb dechor, dechur. Mil only dechur. Sg dechor, -ur. n s. pre- ceded by neuter of the article: a ndechor , Wb 13 c 26 . Sg 107 b 1 . 183 a 2 . a nduchur (sic), Mil 115 a 2 . Followed by neutral n-: dechur naisndissen, Mil 114 a 14 . dechor mbindiusa, Sg 23 a 2 . d.-or netarru, 38 a 8 . d.-or nuird, 41 b 7 , 10 . d.-or naimsire, 146 b 15 . combed dechur eter ṅdán ulla, ib. 45 b 19 . Referred to with ed: Mil 24 d 25 . 115 a 2 . Sg 107 b 1 . n s. dechor, Wb 13 c 26 . Prisc. Cr. 62 a 3 . Sg 3 a 11 . 27 a 9 . 41 b 10 . 59 a 17 . 163 b 10 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 201 a 3 . 212 a 13 . dechur, Wb 12 c 43 . 13 c 26 (thrice). 33 c 10 . Mil 26 b 1 . 114 a 14 . duchur, Mil 115 a 2 . —a s. dechor, Wb 7 d 10 . Sg 6 b 2 . 28 a 7 . 61 a 24 . 220 b 6 . dechur, Wb 10 b 21 . 13 c 26 . 33 c 18 . Mil 56 b 33 . 69 a 19 . 138 c 1 .—g s. dechuir, Sg 38 a 2 . 173 a 8 . 212 a 13 . dechoir, 55 b 5 .—d s. dechur, Wb 13 b 26 . Mil 24 d 26 . 72 c 9 . dechvr, Sg 205 a 3 . dechor, ib. 28 a 13 . 61 b 3 . 147 a 1 . 198 a 5 .— d p. dechraib, Mil 125 d 7 .—MID.-IR. fem.: basí deochair lasna fianna LU 86 b 4 f.b. Now pronounced and written deochoir with u-timbred ch (duchur, Mil 115 a 2 , perhaps = deuchur). The constant spelling dechraib in d p. points to a-timbred ch in syncopated forms (i.e. in pl.). Compare the following rhymes from SR: sg. deochair: feochair, SR 4815 , 6813 . deochain, 4533 . fleochaid, 7115 ; but pl. dechraib: debthaig, 6537 . cethraib, 3007 . Rhymes like (cen) dechair: brethaib LL 155 a 11 ; (cen) dechair: Mechair, ib. 353 a 43 , point to a-timbred ch (due to the analogy of the pl.). Of the o-inflexion no trace is left. sg. indec. deochoir, pl. †dechrai, dat. dechraib. n s. dechoir LL 170 a 29 . dechair SR 1255 . 1330 (if not gen.). 7947 . Rawl. 46 b . deccair, CCath. 2051 . deochoir, Hib. Min. 17. 5 . deochair LU 86 b 4. f.b. LL 189 b 59 . SR 1251 . Laws ii 200. 12 . deocair BB 319 b 5 . deoch-, Hib. Min. 8 l. 267 ; 9 l. 291 . LB 111 a 39 .—a s. dechair LL 353 a 43 . 155 a 11 . deochoir, Otia i 116 . deoch- air LL 10 b 40 . deoch- LB 111 a 13 .—d s. deochair LL 157 b 2 . SR 1278 . —d p. dechraib SR 3007 . 6537 . 7261 .

ORIGIN: A cpd. of dĕ- and cor, vn. of cuirithir, a neuter like dechor. The distinction made between dí-chor and de- chor points to dis- as the origin of de-, v. prep. de (Origin).

SENSES: Deochair .i. dealugad, Lec. Gl. 265 . deachair .i. dealughadh. ar nach deachradh .i. nach dealaigheadh, O'Cl. deochair .i. eidirdheiliughadh, ib. deachair .i. dearsgugadh. dealbh an chruim dór do dheachair .i. do dearsgaich, ib. (Synon. derscugud CCath. 2051 v.l.).

I The condition of being different; difference, dissimilarity, diversity. Also a point in which things differ . In the Glosses frequently translating Lat. differentia ( Mil 24 d 25 . Sg 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 28 a 7 . 28 a 13 . 41 b 7 . 55 b 5 . 61 b 3 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 212 a 13 ), Lat. distinctio ( Wb 12 c 43 ), Lat. diuersitas ( Mil 26 b 1 ), and referring to Lat. diuersus ( Sg 38 a 8 . 147 a 1 ), Lat. discernere ( Sg 26 b 8 ), Lat. alternatio. Often joined to ailidetu, cumscugud, (eter)derscnugud and the like. The objects or persons compared are introduced by eter (by gen. SR 1330 . LB 111 a 39 ), the thing or person compared with by fri (Mid.-Ir. la LB 111 a 39 ), the point of comparison is put in gen., very seldom introduced by i n- ( Wb 12 c 43 ).

(a) usually of things and abstracts: differentia, gl. dechor, Sg 212 a 13 . 197 a 13 . ib. 3 a 11 . 26 b 8 . 107 b 1 . 201 a 3 . Mil 115 a 2 . co fessed dechoir na pian, Otia i 116 (same phrase Wb 13 c 26 ). d.¤ eter: a ndechur feil ettarru, Wb 33 b 18 . d.¤ eter corpu nemdi ┐ corpu talmandi ┐ d.¤ etur corpu nemdi immanetar &c. (six times), ib. 13 c 26 . tadbat d.¤ fil eter lánamnas ┐ ógi, 10 b 21 . etir deacht ┐ dóinacht, Mil 26 b 1 (transl. Lat. diuersitas). Mil 24 d 25 . 56 b 33 . 72 c 9 . Sg 38 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 163 b 10 . 173 a 8 . 185 b 1 . conroib ailidetu ┐ dechor etir in dí sillaib, 59 a 17 . Lat. indifferenter, gl. ní bi d.¤ eter diall nanmann ┐ pronominum , 27 a 9 .—cati dechoir etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8. 264 . ib. 17. 5 ; 9. 21 . Laws ii 200. 12 . Rawl. 46 b . SR 7947 . ba sí d.¤ lasna fianna etir orgain ┐ maidm LU 86 b 4 f.b. = H 3.18, 531 . —dechor + fri: ar ní fil ní frisa mbed a ndechor, Sg 183 a 2 . ib. 38 a 2 . ní écen d.¤ fri céssad, Pr. Cr. 62 a 3 . dechor + i n-: Lat. distinctionem sonituum, gl. mani bée d.¤ isin tsenmuim, Wb 12 c 43 . dechor + gen.: d.¤ nuird, Sg 41 b 7 , 10 . d.¤ ceníuil, 61 a 24 . ib. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 220 b 6 . d.¤ naisndissen, Mil 114 a 14 . lēgo lĕgo dīco dĭco: ata dechor naimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne a difference of quantity (sic transf.), Sg 146 b 15 . d.¤ delbha, CCath. 2051 .

(b) of persons: d.¤ tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu, Mil 138 c 1 . ní biad d.¤ etir firu sídi ┐ doene olchena LL 170 a 29 . dá óclach...ní bí d.¤ ná eterderrsgnugud delbha etarru, CCath. 2051 .

II The action of distinguishing or discriminating; a distinction, discrimination . rogabad do d.¤ etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, Mil 24 d 26 . do d.¤ úirt, Wb 13 b 26 . differen- tiæ causa .i. do d.¤ etir anmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid, Sg 61 b 3 . ib. 147 a 1 . do d.¤ fri alaili, 198 a 5 . fri prænomina aili, 28 a 1 . opp. confusio, 205 a 3 . dobér in nubull duit do deochair maith ┐ uilcc SR 1278 . — differentiae causa .i. ar dechor etir, &c., Sg 28 a 7 . .i. ar accuis dechoir, 55 b 5 . 212 a 13 .—deochair eter maith is olc SR 1251 . 1255 . 1330 . MacCarthy 54. 6 . d.¤ maithiusa la hulc, ib. 54. 27 . d.¤ do dénom to make a difference or distinction: mógi sidi uili do Dia acht dorigénsat in descipuil d.¤ etarru, Wb 7 d 10 .—cen dechur without distinction, glossing Lat. indifferenter, Mil 69 a 19 . cen dechair LL 155 a 11 . 353 a 43.

III An alteration, a change , transl. Lat. alternatio. Syn. cumscugud.admiratio diuinae potentiae in alternationibus trancellitatis atque procellarum .i. isnaib ildechraib ón, Mil 125 d 7 .

IV Distinction, excellence, eminence . atchuala ríg co ṅgus glan i fus for tír Tuadmuman: clí co ndeochair chuchta cain LL 157 b 2 . Closely related to I, cf. Wb 33 c 10 : de Melchisedech de Christo .i. a dechur fri sacartu fetarlicce.

V Instances from SR not mentioned above.

(a) d p. dechraib: dá macc déc...Iacoib húi Abaráim cona dechraib in cach threib cona cethraib máthrechaib with their differences in each tribe, SR 3007 . iar ṅdechraib doib díni dé: debthaig immon nárdríge 'according to their differences' ZCP x 380 . (viz. the eleven tribes under Ispas from the tribe of Judah) they fought for the high-kingship, 6537 . rí roeirn...cosmailius co sainigud...do híascaib snáit i srothaib do dechraib gotha na nén ┐ a crotha comthrén variety, 7261 .

(b) sg. deochair: na fográid ann (sc. isin tabernacuil) fria ndeochair: na deochain na suibdeochain: fri annad caindle gním cert fri tairbe fri timthirecht at their various occupations, 4533 . deochair tria blait, 4815 . Dauid ba bibdu rechta...dḟis trialla deochair dochath Fiadu fris feochair fergach, 6863 . bái tart for túaith nIsrahél. ní relic deochair Dia dil broen fleochaid dóib do noebnim, 7115 . ticfa fleochud fuilide asind níul...truag deochair diar cuirib ne línfaid inn huili ṅdomon, perh. a woeful change or difference, 8031 .—Other instances: Eochaid...delbas deochair a degrand LL 10 b 40 (deabhas d. a ndeadh rand BB 33 b 25 .). deochair álainn aturo na ndís brec sróin bil SG 90. 15 . Fél. Oeng. Apr. 13 v.l.—itiat so tra na togla .i. Trechúairt (v.l. Treochair, Anecd. ii 45. 16 ) Tigi Lir...┐ Deochair (v.l. Deoair, Harl. Anecd. l.c. ) Tige Cathbath, LL 189 b 59 (meaning obscure, the tale being lost; Treochair if right points to a cpd. with de- `two'). As to dechraib BB 204 b 18 , Ir. Nenn. 136. 3 , see deccair.

2 dechor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dechor or dil.ie/14908

v Mid.-Ir. pr. subj. 1 sg. of téit, q.v.

dé-chorpdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chorpdae or dil.ie/14909

adj io-ia. Having two bodies: gl. bicorpor, Sg 65 a 13 . One expects †dé-chorpach corresponding to mod. dá-chorpach, O'R. Dinn. ; HSD. Macd.

dé-chossach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chossach or dil.ie/14910

Forms: dá-chossach

adj o-ā. Two-footed ; later dá-chossach, Coneys, O'R. Dinn. — Sc. dà-chasach, id.; subst. m. a biped : gach d. a th'agam , M‘A. Macd.—Cf. trí-chossach, cethar-chossach.

dechra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechra or dil.ie/14911

n (dechor) difference, distinction , rhyming with Tethba: oenbliadain déc cen dechra: co torchair hic Tur Tethba, Rawl. 164 b 11 (or perh. a p. of dechor ZCP x 380). lánrí Traigia treabhtha do dechra a síair sochla BB 204 a 49 . Ir. Nenn. 132. 2 .

dechrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechrach or dil.ie/14912

o-ā, adjective of uncertain meaning and derivation. As an epithet of God: ba debthach fri Saul slán: Dia deoda dechrach dermar...diar sáraig a forṅgaire SR 5670 . Not here Fen. 166. 21 , v. deccrach. Either a derivative of dechor or, more likely, = degrach, q.v.

Dechrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechrach or dil.ie/14913

o,npr. m. Father of Adamra : mac Adamra mic Dechraig mic Dergthosciúil LL 329 d 39 . mic Dechraich meic Dergscáil, Rawl. 145 c 7 . mic Deachraidh mic Deircthai BB 195 a 47 .

†dechracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. †dechracht or dil.ie/14914

n ā, f.: budh he a nimeasargain gor chreath- naidhtheadar diosgarṡluagh ḟear nÉireann re fúaim a ndeac- racht ┐ a ndásacht TBC p. 547 n. 7 . = †deachracht fury or deccracht, q.v.

1 dechrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechrad or dil.ie/14915

u, m. vn. of 1 dechraid.

I The state of being possessed by ungovernable rage, a being beside one's self, a raging . conattech Cúchulainn blegon furri iarna dechrad díttaid TBC 2415 (v.l. dhéchradh, Cóir Anm. § 149 ). for d.¤ raging, raving: ┐ a tenga ar foluamain re mét in imgabáil...a Birgad atá do thenga ar dechrad ná habair acht fír, Fian. 82. 28 .

II Wild, ungovernable anger, warlike rage, vehement fury . Often in a good sense = bravery . Only of persons. deachradh .i. déine fearg nó díbheirge, O'Cl. Frequently joined to such words as borrfad, búrach, dásacht, déine, ferc, lonnas, luinne, lúthbás, tairpthige, and the like.—ní fúaircifesa and fer rosásad...a déni ┐ a thairpthigi ┐ a dechrad TBC 359 YBL. LU 58 b 43 . LL 62 a 8 . scíth lim comrac dúib...do ṡotla su...┐ luinne ┐ anṡirce drús ┐ tairpthige ┐ dechrad do chéili .i. Conc. TBC 1149 YBL. LU 68 b 1 . táncatar fænnella fualaing fáiside (i.e. fo Ṡuibne) ri deachrad ┐ ri deallrad ┐ ri dúaibsighi na nDanar LL 409 a 3 (v.l. dercad YBL, MR 230. 12 . Stowe MSS as LL). roeirid- hedar...co feirg ┐ lonnus co mbrígh ┐ borrfadh la deachradh na feirgi fonnmoire, Anecd. ii 78 § 6 . Similarly Lec. 367 b 4 . in dechrad romór ┐ in luthbás ┐ in búrach roḟersat na Mirmidónda, TTr.² 1471 . ní foelangatar...an luthfás romór ┐ an dechradh roḟersat na banḟénidi forru, ib. 1697 .—Here possibly SR 6375 : atraracht Dauid iarsin. ┐ rochoisc a muintir. ba dechrad fo détgail dúir. do letrad étaig Sauil (or vn. of 2 dechraid II; one would expect decrad: letrad).

III Transf. of a play or an occupation: the extravagant or wild excitement with which it is exercised: robái Caur oc airbert gaiscid...frisseom ┐ nícon tetarrad béim fair (sc. Cúchulainn) la dechrad inna cleas TBC 1509 YBL. LU 73 a 12 .—Cf. dechraidecht.

IV A rushing forth in a state of wild fury: mórbrúth ┐ ferg ┐ borrfod ina láth ṅgaile oc dechrad dochum in chatha YBL 46 a 20 . TBC p. 720 n. 1 .

V Wrong or unsupported definitions.

(a) d.¤ `difficulty,' Contr.

(b) d.¤ `a shining or glistering; to shine or glister,' P. O'C. —wrongly concluded from such passages as: ri deachrad ┐ ri deallrad ┐ ri dúaibsighi na nDanar LL 409 a 3 . —O'R. and Macd. give deachair `brightening, polishing, brightness,' probably due to a mistranslation of the passage quoted by O'Cl. s.v.—Obs.