dechnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechnad or dil.ie/14897

Forms: deach-móir, ndech- mór, deach-breacht, dech-mbic, dechnad, decnad, deacnad, dechnaid, deacnaid, dechn-, deachn-, decn-, dech-, deach-, dechnadha, dechnaidi, dechnad, dechnad, dechnaid, dechnada, dechnadaib, dechnada, dechnad, carr-dechnad, leth-d., med-d., snéd-d.

n u, later ā. A certain metre . Its price was five cows, BB 306 a 38 . Probably neuter: dechnad mbec IT iii 40. 25 ; 24. 25 ; 25. 17 ; 40. 17 (all from BB). ib. 40. 17 (Laud 610). dechnad mbrecht, 24. 26 ; 25. 20 (BB). d.¤ mbrechtfelesach, 9. 6 , 10 , 12 (H. 2. 12, TCD). Wrongly do deach- mbreacht 25. 20 (BB). But in the same MSS the eclipsis is frequently also omitted: d.¤ bec, 28. 15 ; 74. 1 (BB). 6. 21 ; 74. 1 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ brecht, 28. 15 (BB). 6. 21 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ debrechta, 9. 16 (H. 2. 12). 40. 22 (Laud). d.¤ dobrechta, 6. 22 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ gairet, MacCarthy 130 h (BB). In BB frequently treated as a fem.: g s. breccad decnaidi móiri, 73. 14 , 35 ; 75. 12 (but deach- móir, 24. 34 ; 25. 6 BB. d.¤ máir, 7. 6 . d.¤ brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H 2. 12). d s. for deach-móir , 7. 32 . a ndeach-móir, 8. 30 (but i ndech- mór , 26. 8 BB; 8. 7 , H. 2. 12. don deach-breacht , 25. 25 BB). a s. fri dech-mbic , 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 .

INFLEXION: n s. dechnad IT iii 106. 11 (lethdechnad, ib. 13 ) LL; 40. 25 BB; 39. 19 Laud; 6. 20 ; 73. 7 (lethdechnad, 6. 21 ; 8. 9 ), H 2. 12 . decnad, 6. 21 (thrice), H 2. 12 . deachnad, 39. 19 BB. deacnad, 24. 24 BB. dechnaid frequent in BB and Laud: 40. 3 (lethdechnaid); 40. 8 , 17 , 22 Laud. 40. 17 ; 73. 7 , 14 BB. deacnaid, 24. 26 , 29 BB. Abbreviated: dechn-, 25. 20 ; 28. 15 ; MacCarthy 130 h , BB. 6. 22 , H 2. 12. deachn-, 25. 1 , 2 , 10 , 17 , 23 , 24 BB. decn-, 73. 7 ; 74. 1 BB. 6. 21 , H 2. 12 . dech-, 28. 15 BB. 6. 22 ; 8. 5 , 6 ; 9. 6 , 10 , 12 , 16 ; 73. 14 ; 74. 1 , H. 2. 12. deach-, 24. 25 , 35 BB. —g s. dechnadha BB 306 a 38 . dá chenél dechnada móir, 39. 20 Laud. dechnada máir, 7. 6 , H. 2. 12. láncuibdi dech- brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H. 2. 12. dá chenél deach- móir, 24. 34 BB. deliugud deach- móir, 25. 6 BB. dechnaidi: decnaidi móiri, 73. 35 BB. decn-i móiri, 73. 36 BB. decn-i cumaisc, 75. 12 BB. Here also 73. 24 : brecad dech- mór .i. inso (móri leg.), H. 2. 12. d s. dechnad: i ndech- már, 8. 7 , 8 , H. 2. 12. i ndeach- mór, 26. 8 BB. don deach- breacht, 25. 20 , 25 BB. deachn-, 25. 6 , 12 BB. fem. dech- naid: don deacnaid, 25. 26 BB. a ndeach- móir, 8. 30 BB. for deach- móir, 7. 32 BB. a s. dechnad m., dechnaid f.: amail deachn- cumaisc, 25. 21 BB. fri dech- mbicc, 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 BB. n p. dechnada: it dechnada uile, 22. 16 , H 2. 12, BB. na deachnada so, 7. 26 BB. d p. dechnadaib: dona dechnadaib, 73. 6 ; 78. 7 BB.

ORIGIN: Gen. dechnada (never dechanta) points to a cpd.; cf. the u- stems cétnad, sétnad (occasionally eclipsing like dechnad: cétnad nimrinn IT iii 53 § 97 n. 1 . c. naisi, ib. § 98 . setnad mbecc, ib. 20. 13 ). The original meaning of dechnad being obscure, no certain etymology can yet be given. Possibly a cpd. of deach `verse-foot, &c.' with nath .i. ainm coitchenn dona huilib aistib, Corm. (u- stem: LL 386 a 8 . BB 302 b 4 . 303 b 42 , and probably masc.). Dech- cpd. form of deäch as ern- of iarn.

The metrical treatises in BB mention no less than thirteen metres of this name, v. IT iii p. 173 .—COMPD. carr-dechnad, leth-d.¤ , med-d.¤ , snéd-d.¤ , v. IT iii p. 172 sq. —Obs.

Dechnán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechnán or dil.ie/14898

o,npr. m. The name of three sister-sons of St. Patrick: is ann (isin mBrétaig) faranic na trí Dechnán meicc sethar do Pátraic, Trip. 156. 16 . The name of a saint: S. Dechnan LL 366 b 50 .

Dech-nia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dech-nia or dil.ie/14899

npr. m., v. Deochnia.

†Dechoinet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. †Dechoinet or dil.ie/14900

npr. m., v. Decoimet.

dé-chomlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chomlach or dil.ie/14901

Forms: dáchoṁlach

adj o-ā. Bivalvular , later dáchoṁlach, Macd.

dé-chomrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chomrac or dil.ie/14902

n o,m. A fight between two, a duel : dorat Memnón dub déchomrac dhó ┐ tarrasair fris cíarbo chomlond dolig, TTr.² 1201 . LL 406 b 8 (decomrac).

de-chomsuidigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. de-chomsuidigthe or dil.ie/14903

n io, n. Irish translation of decom- positum. n p. decomposita sunt .i. bit dechomsuidigthi asber- tar, Sg 73 b 8 .

dechon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechon or dil.ie/14904

Forms: dechon, deochain, deochuid, dechoin, deochain, dechain, deochair, ban-dechuin, dechon, deochan, deochain, deochaine, deocán, deócháin, deochán, Deochán, dechoin, deochoin, deochain, déchain, deochán, dechoin, deochoin, deochain, dechon, dechain, deo- chain, bandechuin, deochain, deo- chain, deochaine, dechainib, archidechon, farci-deochain, archideochain, aircidea- chain, ban-dechon, suib-dechon

n o,m. Old loan-word from Lat. diaconus. It dates back to the beginning of Christianity, as the syncope of `a' shows (cf. lecca, scena, betha, ern- &c.). Oir. dechon with u-timbred -chi-, hence in Mid.-Ir. regularly written and pron. deochain. Cf. dechoid, Mid.-Ir. deochuid (and dechaid), with which it rhymes Fél. Oeng. May 4 : Mochuae cain dechoid (v.l. deochaid, deochoid, dechaid): i féil Siluain dechoin (v.l. deochain, dechain); dechor, Mid.-Ir. deochair, with which it rhymes SR 4533 . O-stem in Oir.: n p. ban-dechuin deaconesses Wb 28 c 5 (oldest inst.). Cf. a s. foracaib úasal dechon and, Lat. Lives 28. 9 (Eg. 97). farácaib intí Coemán dechon, ib. 28. 1 = Trip. 104. 14 . co dechon M., Trip. 204. 2 . n s. dechon LB 277 a 12 f.b. deochan, Trip. 8. 6 . Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog. 36. 10 . In MSS from the 12th century and down to Keating the gen. deochain serves for all cases of the sing. and also for the nom. and gen. pl. (n p. SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 . g p. SR 4889 ). a p. deochaine, LB. In Mod. MSS often deocán: 1 Tim. iii 12 (n p. deócháin). drong do deocanaib, Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 (early 17th century MS). deochán a deacon P. O'C. comarli fri sacartib ┐ deochanib PH 2954 (if not = deochainib, 6012 ). In the gloss Lat. diaconus .i. decháin, Ir. Gl. 454 (subdecháin, ib. 455 ), the mark of length is intelligible if deochán was the form used by the copyist. Deochán, then, dates back to the 15th century.

By Irish grammarians partly traced back to Latin ( Laws v 22. 11 . Ir. Gl. 454 ), partly explained as a native word: deochain .i. dedhe .i. baithis ┐ comna. nó deocain .i. da cain aige .i. cain re teeoir ┐ cain re nachtail, Laws v 22. 12 sq. (Comm.).

n s. Deochon Aed i Cúil Máine BB 112 b 38 , cf. Decoimet. Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog. 36. 10 . dechoin, Fél. Oeng. May 5 v.l., cf. Apr. 13 v.l. LL 347 g 20 f.b. Thes. ii 309. 17 (Comm. Fiacc's Hy.). dechain, Fél. Oeng. May 5 . Lat. Lives 28. 11 . deochoin, Fél. Oeng. Apr. 13 . deochain, ib. v.l.; May 5 v.l. Laws v 22. 2 (twice in the main text); 22. 12 Comm. Mart. Don. Mar. 3 ; Apr. 25 ; July 10 ; Aug. 31 ; ib. p. 400 . FM A.D. 1243 . ALC. A.D. 1289 . Keating. déchain (sic), Lat. Lives 21. 7 . deochán, v. supra. deachain in aircideachain ALC A.D. 1361 .—g s. dechoin: féil Petair dechoin, Fél. Oeng. May 4 v.l.; Apr. 17 v.l. mac Maine dechoin, Rawl. 141 b 21 . do chúch cach decoin, Laws v 412. 16 (main text). dechain, Fél. Oeng. May 4 . deochoin, Fél. O. Apr. 16 . deochain, ib. Jan. 14 ; May 4 v.l.; Apr. 16 v.l.; Apr. 17 ; Aug. 10 . haue d. Odissi, Hy. ii 4 . fri mnái in deochain PH 7446 . Lat. Lives 89. 17 LB.—a s. dechon, see above. dechain, Lat. Lives 28. 9 . CCath. 1509 . PH 442 . —d s. deo- chain: ó d. co decan, CCath. 1509 . dun deocain, Laws v 22. 11 Comm. .—n p. bandechuin, WB 28 c 5 . deochain SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 . deocain BB 242 b 39 .—g p. deo- chain SR 4889 . LU 5 b 1 . RC xx 38 . —a p. deochaine PH 2524 . 2732 .—d p. dechainib, ib. 6012 . -anib, 2954 . deoca- naib, Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 .

A deacon , one of the seven grades of the Church, ranking between the suibdechon and the sacart according to the Breh. Laws: seacht ngráid eacalsa...suibdeochain deochain sacart eascob, Laws v 22. 2 . The same order PH 2524 : rooird- nestar escopu ┐ sacairt ┐ deochaine, and ZCP v 499 . Fre- quently connected with sacart: is do deochainib ┐ do ṡacartaib dobertís dechmada PH 6012 . sacairt ┐ deochaine ┐ sruthi na nIudaide, 2732 . ib. 2954 . Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 . — Opp. dictatóir and decán, CCath. 1509 . Translating Lat. diaconus, Ir. Gl. 454 ; levita, Aisl. Tun. l.c.

COMPS. archidechon farci-deochain an archdeacon : archideochain FM A.D. 1243 . ALC A.D. 1289 . aircidea- chain, ib. A.D. 1361 . ban-dechon o, m. a deaconess Wb 28 c 5 , v. supra. suib-dechon a subdeacon . Old loan = subdiaconus: Laws v 22. 2 (v. supra). suibdeochain .i. ónní is suibdiacunus , v 22. 11 Comm. suibdeochain...fomá- maigthi hé dun deocain, ib. 22. 11 Comm. pl. na deo- chain na suibdeochain SR 4533 = LB 122 a 8 . na deocain ┐ na subdeocain ┐ na gráda ata ísliu BB 242 b 39 . sub- diaconus .i. subdecháin, Ir. Gl. 455 .

Dechon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechon or dil.ie/14905

gen. npr. Mag Glinni Dechon LL 18 a 24 , 41 .

dé-chongbálach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chongbálach or dil.ie/14906

adj o-ā. A literary translation of Lat. disyllabicus: cate in focul oenchongbhalach dechongbha- lach trechongbhalach ainmnigther ó trian BB 323 a 16 . nach son dechongmalach dochuissin is recomrac a deach, Arch. i 160. 15 .—Derivative of congbál, a literary transla- tion of Lat. syllaba; it occurs O'Dav. 381 : congbáil .i. sillab (sic leg.) nach son aonchongbalach, i.e. a syllable, any monosyllabic sound . The term dates back to the Oir. period.

1 dechor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechor or dil.ie/14907

Forms: dechor, dechur, dechur, dechor, -ur, ndechor, nduchur, dechor, dechur, duchur, dechor, dechur, dechuir, dechoir, dechur, dechvr, dechor, dechraib, deochoir, deuchur, dechraib, deochair, dechraib, dechair, dechraib, dechoir, dechair, deccair, deochoir, deochair, deocair, deoch-, dechair, deochoir, deochair, dechraib

n o,n. GENDER AND INFL. Oir. neut. Wb dechor, dechur. Mil only dechur. Sg dechor, -ur. n s. pre- ceded by neuter of the article: a ndechor , Wb 13 c 26 . Sg 107 b 1 . 183 a 2 . a nduchur (sic), Mil 115 a 2 . Followed by neutral n-: dechur naisndissen, Mil 114 a 14 . dechor mbindiusa, Sg 23 a 2 . d.-or netarru, 38 a 8 . d.-or nuird, 41 b 7 , 10 . d.-or naimsire, 146 b 15 . combed dechur eter ṅdán ulla, ib. 45 b 19 . Referred to with ed: Mil 24 d 25 . 115 a 2 . Sg 107 b 1 . n s. dechor, Wb 13 c 26 . Prisc. Cr. 62 a 3 . Sg 3 a 11 . 27 a 9 . 41 b 10 . 59 a 17 . 163 b 10 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 201 a 3 . 212 a 13 . dechur, Wb 12 c 43 . 13 c 26 (thrice). 33 c 10 . Mil 26 b 1 . 114 a 14 . duchur, Mil 115 a 2 . —a s. dechor, Wb 7 d 10 . Sg 6 b 2 . 28 a 7 . 61 a 24 . 220 b 6 . dechur, Wb 10 b 21 . 13 c 26 . 33 c 18 . Mil 56 b 33 . 69 a 19 . 138 c 1 .—g s. dechuir, Sg 38 a 2 . 173 a 8 . 212 a 13 . dechoir, 55 b 5 .—d s. dechur, Wb 13 b 26 . Mil 24 d 26 . 72 c 9 . dechvr, Sg 205 a 3 . dechor, ib. 28 a 13 . 61 b 3 . 147 a 1 . 198 a 5 .— d p. dechraib, Mil 125 d 7 .—MID.-IR. fem.: basí deochair lasna fianna LU 86 b 4 f.b. Now pronounced and written deochoir with u-timbred ch (duchur, Mil 115 a 2 , perhaps = deuchur). The constant spelling dechraib in d p. points to a-timbred ch in syncopated forms (i.e. in pl.). Compare the following rhymes from SR: sg. deochair: feochair, SR 4815 , 6813 . deochain, 4533 . fleochaid, 7115 ; but pl. dechraib: debthaig, 6537 . cethraib, 3007 . Rhymes like (cen) dechair: brethaib LL 155 a 11 ; (cen) dechair: Mechair, ib. 353 a 43 , point to a-timbred ch (due to the analogy of the pl.). Of the o-inflexion no trace is left. sg. indec. deochoir, pl. †dechrai, dat. dechraib. n s. dechoir LL 170 a 29 . dechair SR 1255 . 1330 (if not gen.). 7947 . Rawl. 46 b . deccair, CCath. 2051 . deochoir, Hib. Min. 17. 5 . deochair LU 86 b 4. f.b. LL 189 b 59 . SR 1251 . Laws ii 200. 12 . deocair BB 319 b 5 . deoch-, Hib. Min. 8 l. 267 ; 9 l. 291 . LB 111 a 39 .—a s. dechair LL 353 a 43 . 155 a 11 . deochoir, Otia i 116 . deoch- air LL 10 b 40 . deoch- LB 111 a 13 .—d s. deochair LL 157 b 2 . SR 1278 . —d p. dechraib SR 3007 . 6537 . 7261 .

ORIGIN: A cpd. of dĕ- and cor, vn. of cuirithir, a neuter like dechor. The distinction made between dí-chor and de- chor points to dis- as the origin of de-, v. prep. de (Origin).

SENSES: Deochair .i. dealugad, Lec. Gl. 265 . deachair .i. dealughadh. ar nach deachradh .i. nach dealaigheadh, O'Cl. deochair .i. eidirdheiliughadh, ib. deachair .i. dearsgugadh. dealbh an chruim dór do dheachair .i. do dearsgaich, ib. (Synon. derscugud CCath. 2051 v.l.).

I The condition of being different; difference, dissimilarity, diversity. Also a point in which things differ . In the Glosses frequently translating Lat. differentia ( Mil 24 d 25 . Sg 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 28 a 7 . 28 a 13 . 41 b 7 . 55 b 5 . 61 b 3 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 212 a 13 ), Lat. distinctio ( Wb 12 c 43 ), Lat. diuersitas ( Mil 26 b 1 ), and referring to Lat. diuersus ( Sg 38 a 8 . 147 a 1 ), Lat. discernere ( Sg 26 b 8 ), Lat. alternatio. Often joined to ailidetu, cumscugud, (eter)derscnugud and the like. The objects or persons compared are introduced by eter (by gen. SR 1330 . LB 111 a 39 ), the thing or person compared with by fri (Mid.-Ir. la LB 111 a 39 ), the point of comparison is put in gen., very seldom introduced by i n- ( Wb 12 c 43 ).

(a) usually of things and abstracts: differentia, gl. dechor, Sg 212 a 13 . 197 a 13 . ib. 3 a 11 . 26 b 8 . 107 b 1 . 201 a 3 . Mil 115 a 2 . co fessed dechoir na pian, Otia i 116 (same phrase Wb 13 c 26 ). d.¤ eter: a ndechur feil ettarru, Wb 33 b 18 . d.¤ eter corpu nemdi ┐ corpu talmandi ┐ d.¤ etur corpu nemdi immanetar &c. (six times), ib. 13 c 26 . tadbat d.¤ fil eter lánamnas ┐ ógi, 10 b 21 . etir deacht ┐ dóinacht, Mil 26 b 1 (transl. Lat. diuersitas). Mil 24 d 25 . 56 b 33 . 72 c 9 . Sg 38 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 163 b 10 . 173 a 8 . 185 b 1 . conroib ailidetu ┐ dechor etir in dí sillaib, 59 a 17 . Lat. indifferenter, gl. ní bi d.¤ eter diall nanmann ┐ pronominum , 27 a 9 .—cati dechoir etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8. 264 . ib. 17. 5 ; 9. 21 . Laws ii 200. 12 . Rawl. 46 b . SR 7947 . ba sí d.¤ lasna fianna etir orgain ┐ maidm LU 86 b 4 f.b. = H 3.18, 531 . —dechor + fri: ar ní fil ní frisa mbed a ndechor, Sg 183 a 2 . ib. 38 a 2 . ní écen d.¤ fri céssad, Pr. Cr. 62 a 3 . dechor + i n-: Lat. distinctionem sonituum, gl. mani bée d.¤ isin tsenmuim, Wb 12 c 43 . dechor + gen.: d.¤ nuird, Sg 41 b 7 , 10 . d.¤ ceníuil, 61 a 24 . ib. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 220 b 6 . d.¤ naisndissen, Mil 114 a 14 . lēgo lĕgo dīco dĭco: ata dechor naimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne a difference of quantity (sic transf.), Sg 146 b 15 . d.¤ delbha, CCath. 2051 .

(b) of persons: d.¤ tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu, Mil 138 c 1 . ní biad d.¤ etir firu sídi ┐ doene olchena LL 170 a 29 . dá óclach...ní bí d.¤ ná eterderrsgnugud delbha etarru, CCath. 2051 .

II The action of distinguishing or discriminating; a distinction, discrimination . rogabad do d.¤ etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, Mil 24 d 26 . do d.¤ úirt, Wb 13 b 26 . differen- tiæ causa .i. do d.¤ etir anmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid, Sg 61 b 3 . ib. 147 a 1 . do d.¤ fri alaili, 198 a 5 . fri prænomina aili, 28 a 1 . opp. confusio, 205 a 3 . dobér in nubull duit do deochair maith ┐ uilcc SR 1278 . — differentiae causa .i. ar dechor etir, &c., Sg 28 a 7 . .i. ar accuis dechoir, 55 b 5 . 212 a 13 .—deochair eter maith is olc SR 1251 . 1255 . 1330 . MacCarthy 54. 6 . d.¤ maithiusa la hulc, ib. 54. 27 . d.¤ do dénom to make a difference or distinction: mógi sidi uili do Dia acht dorigénsat in descipuil d.¤ etarru, Wb 7 d 10 .—cen dechur without distinction, glossing Lat. indifferenter, Mil 69 a 19 . cen dechair LL 155 a 11 . 353 a 43.

III An alteration, a change , transl. Lat. alternatio. Syn. cumscugud.admiratio diuinae potentiae in alternationibus trancellitatis atque procellarum .i. isnaib ildechraib ón, Mil 125 d 7 .

IV Distinction, excellence, eminence . atchuala ríg co ṅgus glan i fus for tír Tuadmuman: clí co ndeochair chuchta cain LL 157 b 2 . Closely related to I, cf. Wb 33 c 10 : de Melchisedech de Christo .i. a dechur fri sacartu fetarlicce.

V Instances from SR not mentioned above.

(a) d p. dechraib: dá macc déc...Iacoib húi Abaráim cona dechraib in cach threib cona cethraib máthrechaib with their differences in each tribe, SR 3007 . iar ṅdechraib doib díni dé: debthaig immon nárdríge 'according to their differences' ZCP x 380 . (viz. the eleven tribes under Ispas from the tribe of Judah) they fought for the high-kingship, 6537 . rí roeirn...cosmailius co sainigud...do híascaib snáit i srothaib do dechraib gotha na nén ┐ a crotha comthrén variety, 7261 .

(b) sg. deochair: na fográid ann (sc. isin tabernacuil) fria ndeochair: na deochain na suibdeochain: fri annad caindle gním cert fri tairbe fri timthirecht at their various occupations, 4533 . deochair tria blait, 4815 . Dauid ba bibdu rechta...dḟis trialla deochair dochath Fiadu fris feochair fergach, 6863 . bái tart for túaith nIsrahél. ní relic deochair Dia dil broen fleochaid dóib do noebnim, 7115 . ticfa fleochud fuilide asind níul...truag deochair diar cuirib ne línfaid inn huili ṅdomon, perh. a woeful change or difference, 8031 .—Other instances: Eochaid...delbas deochair a degrand LL 10 b 40 (deabhas d. a ndeadh rand BB 33 b 25 .). deochair álainn aturo na ndís brec sróin bil SG 90. 15 . Fél. Oeng. Apr. 13 v.l.—itiat so tra na togla .i. Trechúairt (v.l. Treochair, Anecd. ii 45. 16 ) Tigi Lir...┐ Deochair (v.l. Deoair, Harl. Anecd. l.c. ) Tige Cathbath, LL 189 b 59 (meaning obscure, the tale being lost; Treochair if right points to a cpd. with de- `two'). As to dechraib BB 204 b 18 , Ir. Nenn. 136. 3 , see deccair.