†dechmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. †dechmaing or dil.ie/14895

Forms: dechmaic

adj dechmaic hard, difficult, unable : .i. neaṁchumusach O'R. (deachṁaing). Cf. the v.l. dechmaic in two MSS, Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 . The formation is quite possible (cf. dí-chumaing, sochmachta), but is not sufficiently supported. See decmaing.

dechnabar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechnabar or dil.ie/14896

n ten persons = deichnebor, q.v.

dechnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechnad or dil.ie/14897

Forms: deach-móir, ndech- mór, deach-breacht, dech-mbic, dechnad, decnad, deacnad, dechnaid, deacnaid, dechn-, deachn-, decn-, dech-, deach-, dechnadha, dechnaidi, dechnad, dechnad, dechnaid, dechnada, dechnadaib, dechnada, dechnad, carr-dechnad, leth-d., med-d., snéd-d.

n u, later ā. A certain metre . Its price was five cows, BB 306 a 38 . Probably neuter: dechnad mbec IT iii 40. 25 ; 24. 25 ; 25. 17 ; 40. 17 (all from BB). ib. 40. 17 (Laud 610). dechnad mbrecht, 24. 26 ; 25. 20 (BB). d.¤ mbrechtfelesach, 9. 6 , 10 , 12 (H. 2. 12, TCD). Wrongly do deach- mbreacht 25. 20 (BB). But in the same MSS the eclipsis is frequently also omitted: d.¤ bec, 28. 15 ; 74. 1 (BB). 6. 21 ; 74. 1 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ brecht, 28. 15 (BB). 6. 21 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ debrechta, 9. 16 (H. 2. 12). 40. 22 (Laud). d.¤ dobrechta, 6. 22 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ gairet, MacCarthy 130 h (BB). In BB frequently treated as a fem.: g s. breccad decnaidi móiri, 73. 14 , 35 ; 75. 12 (but deach- móir, 24. 34 ; 25. 6 BB. d.¤ máir, 7. 6 . d.¤ brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H 2. 12). d s. for deach-móir , 7. 32 . a ndeach-móir, 8. 30 (but i ndech- mór , 26. 8 BB; 8. 7 , H. 2. 12. don deach-breacht , 25. 25 BB). a s. fri dech-mbic , 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 .

INFLEXION: n s. dechnad IT iii 106. 11 (lethdechnad, ib. 13 ) LL; 40. 25 BB; 39. 19 Laud; 6. 20 ; 73. 7 (lethdechnad, 6. 21 ; 8. 9 ), H 2. 12 . decnad, 6. 21 (thrice), H 2. 12 . deachnad, 39. 19 BB. deacnad, 24. 24 BB. dechnaid frequent in BB and Laud: 40. 3 (lethdechnaid); 40. 8 , 17 , 22 Laud. 40. 17 ; 73. 7 , 14 BB. deacnaid, 24. 26 , 29 BB. Abbreviated: dechn-, 25. 20 ; 28. 15 ; MacCarthy 130 h , BB. 6. 22 , H 2. 12. deachn-, 25. 1 , 2 , 10 , 17 , 23 , 24 BB. decn-, 73. 7 ; 74. 1 BB. 6. 21 , H 2. 12 . dech-, 28. 15 BB. 6. 22 ; 8. 5 , 6 ; 9. 6 , 10 , 12 , 16 ; 73. 14 ; 74. 1 , H. 2. 12. deach-, 24. 25 , 35 BB. —g s. dechnadha BB 306 a 38 . dá chenél dechnada móir, 39. 20 Laud. dechnada máir, 7. 6 , H. 2. 12. láncuibdi dech- brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H. 2. 12. dá chenél deach- móir, 24. 34 BB. deliugud deach- móir, 25. 6 BB. dechnaidi: decnaidi móiri, 73. 35 BB. decn-i móiri, 73. 36 BB. decn-i cumaisc, 75. 12 BB. Here also 73. 24 : brecad dech- mór .i. inso (móri leg.), H. 2. 12. d s. dechnad: i ndech- már, 8. 7 , 8 , H. 2. 12. i ndeach- mór, 26. 8 BB. don deach- breacht, 25. 20 , 25 BB. deachn-, 25. 6 , 12 BB. fem. dech- naid: don deacnaid, 25. 26 BB. a ndeach- móir, 8. 30 BB. for deach- móir, 7. 32 BB. a s. dechnad m., dechnaid f.: amail deachn- cumaisc, 25. 21 BB. fri dech- mbicc, 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 BB. n p. dechnada: it dechnada uile, 22. 16 , H 2. 12, BB. na deachnada so, 7. 26 BB. d p. dechnadaib: dona dechnadaib, 73. 6 ; 78. 7 BB.

ORIGIN: Gen. dechnada (never dechanta) points to a cpd.; cf. the u- stems cétnad, sétnad (occasionally eclipsing like dechnad: cétnad nimrinn IT iii 53 § 97 n. 1 . c. naisi, ib. § 98 . setnad mbecc, ib. 20. 13 ). The original meaning of dechnad being obscure, no certain etymology can yet be given. Possibly a cpd. of deach `verse-foot, &c.' with nath .i. ainm coitchenn dona huilib aistib, Corm. (u- stem: LL 386 a 8 . BB 302 b 4 . 303 b 42 , and probably masc.). Dech- cpd. form of deäch as ern- of iarn.

The metrical treatises in BB mention no less than thirteen metres of this name, v. IT iii p. 173 .—COMPD. carr-dechnad, leth-d.¤ , med-d.¤ , snéd-d.¤ , v. IT iii p. 172 sq. —Obs.

Dechnán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechnán or dil.ie/14898

o,npr. m. The name of three sister-sons of St. Patrick: is ann (isin mBrétaig) faranic na trí Dechnán meicc sethar do Pátraic, Trip. 156. 16 . The name of a saint: S. Dechnan LL 366 b 50 .

Dech-nia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dech-nia or dil.ie/14899

npr. m., v. Deochnia.

†Dechoinet

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npr. m., v. Decoimet.

dé-chomlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chomlach or dil.ie/14901

Forms: dáchoṁlach

adj o-ā. Bivalvular , later dáchoṁlach, Macd.

dé-chomrac

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n o,m. A fight between two, a duel : dorat Memnón dub déchomrac dhó ┐ tarrasair fris cíarbo chomlond dolig, TTr.² 1201 . LL 406 b 8 (decomrac).

de-chomsuidigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. de-chomsuidigthe or dil.ie/14903

n io, n. Irish translation of decom- positum. n p. decomposita sunt .i. bit dechomsuidigthi asber- tar, Sg 73 b 8 .

dechon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechon or dil.ie/14904

Forms: dechon, deochain, deochuid, dechoin, deochain, dechain, deochair, ban-dechuin, dechon, deochan, deochain, deochaine, deocán, deócháin, deochán, Deochán, dechoin, deochoin, deochain, déchain, deochán, dechoin, deochoin, deochain, dechon, dechain, deo- chain, bandechuin, deochain, deo- chain, deochaine, dechainib, archidechon, farci-deochain, archideochain, aircidea- chain, ban-dechon, suib-dechon

n o,m. Old loan-word from Lat. diaconus. It dates back to the beginning of Christianity, as the syncope of `a' shows (cf. lecca, scena, betha, ern- &c.). Oir. dechon with u-timbred -chi-, hence in Mid.-Ir. regularly written and pron. deochain. Cf. dechoid, Mid.-Ir. deochuid (and dechaid), with which it rhymes Fél. Oeng. May 4 : Mochuae cain dechoid (v.l. deochaid, deochoid, dechaid): i féil Siluain dechoin (v.l. deochain, dechain); dechor, Mid.-Ir. deochair, with which it rhymes SR 4533 . O-stem in Oir.: n p. ban-dechuin deaconesses Wb 28 c 5 (oldest inst.). Cf. a s. foracaib úasal dechon and, Lat. Lives 28. 9 (Eg. 97). farácaib intí Coemán dechon, ib. 28. 1 = Trip. 104. 14 . co dechon M., Trip. 204. 2 . n s. dechon LB 277 a 12 f.b. deochan, Trip. 8. 6 . Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog. 36. 10 . In MSS from the 12th century and down to Keating the gen. deochain serves for all cases of the sing. and also for the nom. and gen. pl. (n p. SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 . g p. SR 4889 ). a p. deochaine, LB. In Mod. MSS often deocán: 1 Tim. iii 12 (n p. deócháin). drong do deocanaib, Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 (early 17th century MS). deochán a deacon P. O'C. comarli fri sacartib ┐ deochanib PH 2954 (if not = deochainib, 6012 ). In the gloss Lat. diaconus .i. decháin, Ir. Gl. 454 (subdecháin, ib. 455 ), the mark of length is intelligible if deochán was the form used by the copyist. Deochán, then, dates back to the 15th century.

By Irish grammarians partly traced back to Latin ( Laws v 22. 11 . Ir. Gl. 454 ), partly explained as a native word: deochain .i. dedhe .i. baithis ┐ comna. nó deocain .i. da cain aige .i. cain re teeoir ┐ cain re nachtail, Laws v 22. 12 sq. (Comm.).

n s. Deochon Aed i Cúil Máine BB 112 b 38 , cf. Decoimet. Deocan mac Domnaill, Cog. 36. 10 . dechoin, Fél. Oeng. May 5 v.l., cf. Apr. 13 v.l. LL 347 g 20 f.b. Thes. ii 309. 17 (Comm. Fiacc's Hy.). dechain, Fél. Oeng. May 5 . Lat. Lives 28. 11 . deochoin, Fél. Oeng. Apr. 13 . deochain, ib. v.l.; May 5 v.l. Laws v 22. 2 (twice in the main text); 22. 12 Comm. Mart. Don. Mar. 3 ; Apr. 25 ; July 10 ; Aug. 31 ; ib. p. 400 . FM A.D. 1243 . ALC. A.D. 1289 . Keating. déchain (sic), Lat. Lives 21. 7 . deochán, v. supra. deachain in aircideachain ALC A.D. 1361 .—g s. dechoin: féil Petair dechoin, Fél. Oeng. May 4 v.l.; Apr. 17 v.l. mac Maine dechoin, Rawl. 141 b 21 . do chúch cach decoin, Laws v 412. 16 (main text). dechain, Fél. Oeng. May 4 . deochoin, Fél. O. Apr. 16 . deochain, ib. Jan. 14 ; May 4 v.l.; Apr. 16 v.l.; Apr. 17 ; Aug. 10 . haue d. Odissi, Hy. ii 4 . fri mnái in deochain PH 7446 . Lat. Lives 89. 17 LB.—a s. dechon, see above. dechain, Lat. Lives 28. 9 . CCath. 1509 . PH 442 . —d s. deo- chain: ó d. co decan, CCath. 1509 . dun deocain, Laws v 22. 11 Comm. .—n p. bandechuin, WB 28 c 5 . deochain SR 4533 . LB 122 a 8 . deocain BB 242 b 39 .—g p. deo- chain SR 4889 . LU 5 b 1 . RC xx 38 . —a p. deochaine PH 2524 . 2732 .—d p. dechainib, ib. 6012 . -anib, 2954 . deoca- naib, Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 .

A deacon , one of the seven grades of the Church, ranking between the suibdechon and the sacart according to the Breh. Laws: seacht ngráid eacalsa...suibdeochain deochain sacart eascob, Laws v 22. 2 . The same order PH 2524 : rooird- nestar escopu ┐ sacairt ┐ deochaine, and ZCP v 499 . Fre- quently connected with sacart: is do deochainib ┐ do ṡacartaib dobertís dechmada PH 6012 . sacairt ┐ deochaine ┐ sruthi na nIudaide, 2732 . ib. 2954 . Aisl. Tun. xviii 3 . — Opp. dictatóir and decán, CCath. 1509 . Translating Lat. diaconus, Ir. Gl. 454 ; levita, Aisl. Tun. l.c.

COMPS. archidechon farci-deochain an archdeacon : archideochain FM A.D. 1243 . ALC A.D. 1289 . aircidea- chain, ib. A.D. 1361 . ban-dechon o, m. a deaconess Wb 28 c 5 , v. supra. suib-dechon a subdeacon . Old loan = subdiaconus: Laws v 22. 2 (v. supra). suibdeochain .i. ónní is suibdiacunus , v 22. 11 Comm. suibdeochain...fomá- maigthi hé dun deocain, ib. 22. 11 Comm. pl. na deo- chain na suibdeochain SR 4533 = LB 122 a 8 . na deocain ┐ na subdeocain ┐ na gráda ata ísliu BB 242 b 39 . sub- diaconus .i. subdecháin, Ir. Gl. 455 .

Dechon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechon or dil.ie/14905

gen. npr. Mag Glinni Dechon LL 18 a 24 , 41 .