dechétfadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechétfadach or dil.ie/14888

Forms: decheu- fadhach

adj o-ā, deriv. of prec. = debthach. decheu- fadhach warlike, military P. O'C.

Dech-flescach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dech-flescach or dil.ie/14889

pn Hogan Onomast. (from BB 257 a 22 ). Ir. Nen. 214. 4 . A vox nihili. Echḟlescach leg., see LL 44 b 12 .

dech-inscne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech-inscne or dil.ie/14890

n bidh súi léigind co cendanim: rosía let form dechindscne: arcenfa mórcháin móir, Arch. iii 231. 6 f.b. (Colum Cille of Adamnán). Cpd. of dech + inscne `speech,' q.v.

dé-chintach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chintach or dil.ie/14891

adj o-ā. Double-crimed or that has trespassed twice O'D. Supp. 616b . cúaille decintach nó trecintach of two faults Laws iv 74. 3 .

dechla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechla or dil.ie/14892

ind cen dechla (.i. cen deligud) dHérind (sic leg.) ergnaid LL 10 b 11 = cía dheacla dHérind eargnaidh BB 33 a 51 .

dechmad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechmad or dil.ie/14893

Forms: dechma, dechmu, dechmud, deachmuid, deachṁuidh, deachṁughaim

old derivative of deich, Gaul. petru-decameto-, CIL xiii 2494 . Holder 980 .

I o-ā, adj. Tenth . Always before its subst. and preceded by the article: decmed, Ériu lviii 97 (Computus Einsidlensis) . sin dechmaid lá SR 6327 . in deachmadh bliadain flaithiusa Tibhir, MacCarthy 282. 10 f.b. isin dechmad bliadain a ríge, 298. 13 . ib. 290. 2 , 14 . foglaim na dechmaide bliadna IT iii 54 § 99 . in d.¤ aithne PH 7764 . decima ostensio: in d.¤ taidbsi, 6720 . in d.¤ grád, 7160 . isin d.¤ chaipdel, 7456 . an deachṁadh coṁartha aran mbás, TSh. 51. 3 .—With ellipse of subst. and omission of article (see CMCS xlviii 51 n. 42): dechmad grád talman, MCgl. 51. 11 (cf. nói ṅgrád nime ┐ in dechmad grád talman LL 45 b 34 ). dechmad nert | talman tríuin Ériu xxii 27 § 5 .—Now under the influence of deich pronounced with slender ch (th = h): deichṁeadh, deithiú, W.M.; cf. Rev. xi 13 : an deichṁeadh cuid don chathair. Thus also Sc. deicheaṁ, HSD. Macd.

II Subst., ā, f.

(a) a space of ten days dechma, Laws ii 106. 2 . dechmu, ib. i 262. 5 ; 264. 11 . dechmud, i 264. 12 . Acc. for nom.: deachmuid, ii 90. 20 .—Frequently in the Laws = anad dechmaide a stay of ten days ( Laws i 80. 32 ). One of the four periods (uidi) for notice of Law: arinní robdur cethri uidi robátar for furógru dlige aon ┐ treisi cúicthe ┐ dechmu, i 262. 5 . n s. d.¤ fri rudrad, i 78. 14 . fri rurud, ii 90. 20 . adfogarar dechmu do feine fiachaig...ar as dech- mud fri saigid, i 264. 11 ; ii 106. 2 .—g s. leth na decmaidi v 68. 5 . re ré ndechmaide, iii 532. 17 . ib. i 192. 12 f.b. ; v 66. 4 f.b. co iar ndechmaide, v 306. 9 . a s. cid arná segat cúicthe nó dechmad, i 236. 12 . co dechmaid = co cenn ndechmaide; conár fastur doib cu dechmuid, ii 48. 4 . O'Dav. 950 . —d s. for dechmaid, Laws i 152. 1 . is díles iar ndechmaid, ii 310. 8 f.b. ib. v 308. 3 . d p. direnar i teora dechmadaib, v 394. 8 . Law-terms : anad dechmaide a stay or delay of ten days: dechmad .i. a. d., i 80. 32 ; 192. 13 f.b. ; 236. 20 . a. d. ar cach nathgabáil gabar de, i 200. 30 . O'D. Suppl. apad dechmaide a legal notice of ten days, 1262. 22 . abad teora dechmad, iv 2. 20 . athgabál dechmaide distress of ten days: a. húine ┐ aile...┐ d., i 208. 2 ; ib. 192. 10 ; 210. 22 .—íc ar dechmaid, Cáin Ad. 38 . airḟuacra decmaidi, Hib. Min. 66. 6 . nosbiathaim co cenn dechmaide IT i 141. 26 (CC). ZCP v 503. 16 .—Obs.

(1) In a general sense: cathir dronoll...mét don domonn a dechmad SR 344 . masé dechmad a ḟeraind tucustair in duine amach, Laws v 38. 10 . tabar dechmad in ḟiadhuigh dún, Ac. 919 . gabais dechmaid cechtar nái (viz. na mbairgen) ┐ benais dechmaid in tóchta...fil dechmaid sund ar MacC., MCgl. 23. 12 sq.; ib. 23. 16 , 18 (g s. dechmaide); 25. 4 . deachṁadh na deachṁadha, Lev. x 38 . Sc. deicheaṁ: bheir mi d. dhuit I will give you a tenth part Macd. 325 a .

(2) In a specal sense after the introduction of Christianity, translating Lat. decima (pl. Lat. decimae: dech- mada): the tithes of the Church. haec decima .i. dech- madh, Ir. Gl. 43 . According to the Brehon Laws the laity was obliged to pay dechmad and primiti (primitiae) to the clergy. n p. dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana, Laws i 50. 27 . dán do eclais .i. dechmada ┐ primite ┐ rl., iii 18. 26 . na dechmada, v 450. 23 . a p. isé (viz. in flaith) dobeir primidi ┐ dechmada ┐ almsana don eclais, v 12. 28 . d p. do dechmadaib ┐ primittib, v 266. 11 ; 122. 21 . g p. fuas- lugad dechmad, v 450. 15 .—for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi LU 30 a 27 = FA § 25 . ní dligid dechmaidiu, O'D. Suppl. from LB. tug F. a roga feraind do Chormac... tuc dano a deachmadh do BB 234 a 4 . quasi anni nostri decimas damus : doberum...mar bad dechmad ár mbliadna PH 4936 . ib. 4939 - 40 . is do deochainib ┐ do ṡacartaib dobertís dechmada ┐ prímite ic áes rechta decimae et primitiae, 6012 . a p. dechmadu a máine, 4172 . érnaid dechmada na nuli filet ocaib do ḟulang na neclais, 7251 . Gadelica ii 123. 2 . d. dérniud or do díl pay tithes PH 7251 . sná díol deachṁugha ar aonchor, Gadelica ii 128 l. 618 . Donl. 144. 25 . Rel. Celt. ii 278 st 16 (deacbhuidh). d. do glaccad receive tithes: anúair ghlacfuid na lebhítigh dechmadha, Neh. x 38 . doghlacas an deachṁadh, Hebr. vii 9 . —Instances from the Bible: n s. deachmadh, Lev. xxvii 32 , ib. x 38 . pl. bhur ndeachmadha, Deut. xii 11 . d s. deachṁuidh, Lev. xxvii 31 . g s. gabáil deachṁuidh , Deut. xxvi 12 . g. na deachṁuidhe, ib. dechṁadh na dechmadha, Lev. x 38 .

(3) Of any tribute to the clergy, no matter how big or how small: tucsat cúiced Laigen trian a clainde ┐ trian a nindmais do naem Pátraic conid Cnoc na Dech- maide ainm in chnuic sin ósin anall, Ac. 4825 . —The sense `ten things, articles or animals' which is given in O'D. Suppl. appears to have no support (one would expect †décade or †deichde).

MOD. v. I, II (b ). Lhuyd. Coneys. O'R. Dinn. Sc. deachaṁ: thug e dha d. de gach ní , Gen. xiv 20 . HSD. Macd. Phon. deicho, O'R. ann.—Hence deachṁuighim (vn. deachṁughudh) I pay tithes; deachṁughaim id. O'R. deachṁaich , HSD. deicheaṁaich , Macd.

dechmadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechmadach or dil.ie/14894

adj o-ā, deriv. of prec. Paying tithes : ba dechmadhach ba primidech pay tithes and first-fruits YBL 412 e 17 .

†dechmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. †dechmaing or dil.ie/14895

Forms: dechmaic

adj dechmaic hard, difficult, unable : .i. neaṁchumusach O'R. (deachṁaing). Cf. the v.l. dechmaic in two MSS, Fél. Oeng. Ep. 172 . The formation is quite possible (cf. dí-chumaing, sochmachta), but is not sufficiently supported. See decmaing.

dechnabar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechnabar or dil.ie/14896

n ten persons = deichnebor, q.v.

dechnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechnad or dil.ie/14897

Forms: deach-móir, ndech- mór, deach-breacht, dech-mbic, dechnad, decnad, deacnad, dechnaid, deacnaid, dechn-, deachn-, decn-, dech-, deach-, dechnadha, dechnaidi, dechnad, dechnad, dechnaid, dechnada, dechnadaib, dechnada, dechnad, carr-dechnad, leth-d., med-d., snéd-d.

n u, later ā. A certain metre . Its price was five cows, BB 306 a 38 . Probably neuter: dechnad mbec IT iii 40. 25 ; 24. 25 ; 25. 17 ; 40. 17 (all from BB). ib. 40. 17 (Laud 610). dechnad mbrecht, 24. 26 ; 25. 20 (BB). d.¤ mbrechtfelesach, 9. 6 , 10 , 12 (H. 2. 12, TCD). Wrongly do deach- mbreacht 25. 20 (BB). But in the same MSS the eclipsis is frequently also omitted: d.¤ bec, 28. 15 ; 74. 1 (BB). 6. 21 ; 74. 1 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ brecht, 28. 15 (BB). 6. 21 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ debrechta, 9. 16 (H. 2. 12). 40. 22 (Laud). d.¤ dobrechta, 6. 22 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ gairet, MacCarthy 130 h (BB). In BB frequently treated as a fem.: g s. breccad decnaidi móiri, 73. 14 , 35 ; 75. 12 (but deach- móir, 24. 34 ; 25. 6 BB. d.¤ máir, 7. 6 . d.¤ brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H 2. 12). d s. for deach-móir , 7. 32 . a ndeach-móir, 8. 30 (but i ndech- mór , 26. 8 BB; 8. 7 , H. 2. 12. don deach-breacht , 25. 25 BB). a s. fri dech-mbic , 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 .

INFLEXION: n s. dechnad IT iii 106. 11 (lethdechnad, ib. 13 ) LL; 40. 25 BB; 39. 19 Laud; 6. 20 ; 73. 7 (lethdechnad, 6. 21 ; 8. 9 ), H 2. 12 . decnad, 6. 21 (thrice), H 2. 12 . deachnad, 39. 19 BB. deacnad, 24. 24 BB. dechnaid frequent in BB and Laud: 40. 3 (lethdechnaid); 40. 8 , 17 , 22 Laud. 40. 17 ; 73. 7 , 14 BB. deacnaid, 24. 26 , 29 BB. Abbreviated: dechn-, 25. 20 ; 28. 15 ; MacCarthy 130 h , BB. 6. 22 , H 2. 12. deachn-, 25. 1 , 2 , 10 , 17 , 23 , 24 BB. decn-, 73. 7 ; 74. 1 BB. 6. 21 , H 2. 12 . dech-, 28. 15 BB. 6. 22 ; 8. 5 , 6 ; 9. 6 , 10 , 12 , 16 ; 73. 14 ; 74. 1 , H. 2. 12. deach-, 24. 25 , 35 BB. —g s. dechnadha BB 306 a 38 . dá chenél dechnada móir, 39. 20 Laud. dechnada máir, 7. 6 , H. 2. 12. láncuibdi dech- brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H. 2. 12. dá chenél deach- móir, 24. 34 BB. deliugud deach- móir, 25. 6 BB. dechnaidi: decnaidi móiri, 73. 35 BB. decn-i móiri, 73. 36 BB. decn-i cumaisc, 75. 12 BB. Here also 73. 24 : brecad dech- mór .i. inso (móri leg.), H. 2. 12. d s. dechnad: i ndech- már, 8. 7 , 8 , H. 2. 12. i ndeach- mór, 26. 8 BB. don deach- breacht, 25. 20 , 25 BB. deachn-, 25. 6 , 12 BB. fem. dech- naid: don deacnaid, 25. 26 BB. a ndeach- móir, 8. 30 BB. for deach- móir, 7. 32 BB. a s. dechnad m., dechnaid f.: amail deachn- cumaisc, 25. 21 BB. fri dech- mbicc, 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 BB. n p. dechnada: it dechnada uile, 22. 16 , H 2. 12, BB. na deachnada so, 7. 26 BB. d p. dechnadaib: dona dechnadaib, 73. 6 ; 78. 7 BB.

ORIGIN: Gen. dechnada (never dechanta) points to a cpd.; cf. the u- stems cétnad, sétnad (occasionally eclipsing like dechnad: cétnad nimrinn IT iii 53 § 97 n. 1 . c. naisi, ib. § 98 . setnad mbecc, ib. 20. 13 ). The original meaning of dechnad being obscure, no certain etymology can yet be given. Possibly a cpd. of deach `verse-foot, &c.' with nath .i. ainm coitchenn dona huilib aistib, Corm. (u- stem: LL 386 a 8 . BB 302 b 4 . 303 b 42 , and probably masc.). Dech- cpd. form of deäch as ern- of iarn.

The metrical treatises in BB mention no less than thirteen metres of this name, v. IT iii p. 173 .—COMPD. carr-dechnad, leth-d.¤ , med-d.¤ , snéd-d.¤ , v. IT iii p. 172 sq. —Obs.

Dechnán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechnán or dil.ie/14898

o,npr. m. The name of three sister-sons of St. Patrick: is ann (isin mBrétaig) faranic na trí Dechnán meicc sethar do Pátraic, Trip. 156. 16 . The name of a saint: S. Dechnan LL 366 b 50 .