dech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech or dil.ie/14869

Forms: deg, dechu

adj indecl. deg Wb 23 a 3 . 31 a 6 (in both cases before the verb as a verbal particle and only slightly accented; deg- as mad-(génatar) and not due to dag, as Thurneysen Handb. 227 suggests). deich Tig. A.D. 648 . tech with unaspirated d after the cop. as, Mil 37 d 3 . 73 a 10 .—Old- and Mid.-Ir. sup. of maith good. In Mid.-Ir. gradually superseded by ferr, the constant v.l. of dech in late MSS. Analog. dechu, Alex. 57 (LB). deacha O'R. —dech .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 315 . Arch. i 62 no. 115 . O'D. Suppl. death .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 76 (if not = deagh). deach .i. fearr. ba dheach .i. ba fearr, O'Cl. is deich .i. is fearr H 3. 18 p. 530 .—Rhymes with ech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 .—Traced to Gk. δίκαιος: dech graece deceos iustus , O'Mulc. 303 .

A In the sense of the superlative. (1) in apposition to a subst.: Eo Rossa...dech duilib díriuch dronchrand best of creatures RDind. § 160 . (2) predicatively in principal clauses: is dech a llécud ammain mani ni aithriged it is best to MT 128. 5 . dech dó (viz. do ríg) fosta cen ḟeirg, Tec. Corm. 1. 2 . (3) predicatively in relative clauses. (a) aire échta is deach, Laws ii 152. 1 f.b. ib. 280. 19 . leth is deach the best half, ib. v 78. 9 . ind ḟir as dech i nÉire FB § 19 . (b) followed by a genitive or its equivalent (di): anastech tíre ised dorat dam, Mil 37 d 3 . ised as dech na riaglae, Ériu i 193. 1 . anas dech dagóc fer ṅHérenn TBC 441 . do neoch as dech engnomma bái díb TBC 1675 Y.—ise læch is dech di ócaib domain SC § 13 . in áge is deach don ḟine the best chief of the tribe Laws v 502. 21 . sét is deach díb, ib. 242. 11 . anas dech di ócaib Ulad TBC 441 . isé is deach díbsin uile FDG 495 . (c) with do: it is best for . cid as dech do mnáib ZCP viii 113. 5 . cid is dech do chléirech LB 260 b 62 . cid is dech do ríg, Tec. Corm. § 1 . ised as dech dó foss occa MT 159. 6 . (d) with la: deems the best , often = is ferr la prefers: ised insin astech latsu adopair dait, Mil 73 a 10 . laech bas dech lib do Ultaib FB § 13 . an robo dech leo dona trí cóictaib ingen, ib. § 54 . isí cethern is dech la ríg Temra CF 73. 25 . cia lán bá deach lais FDG 732 YBL (v.l. budh ferr lais). (e) as dech + verb: laech as dech fil la Ultu FB § 9 . gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, § 14 . in cúicedach is dech búi i nHérind TBC 1618 . fáith is d.¤ búi i nÉri, Arch. iii 3. 13 . TBC 1104 Y; ib. 1297 . FDG 46 . —Superl. of mad + verb (cf. C): hiress innaní as deg roch- reitset hi Críst, Wb 31 a 6 (positive †madrochreitset). inní is dech reithes uad, Laws iii 294. 3 f.b. cliar Augustín... dech nochartais tredan, Fél. Oeng. Nov. 16 (v.l. dóig, dáig). Looser is the connection with the verb in the foll. instances: anas dech dorala i Cruachain, Toch. Fer. 384 . rí as dech tánic in ndomon BDD § 39 . isí oiged (= aided) as deachu dothaed ríg, Alex. 57 . ib. 56 . Frequent in the phrase Fib (amail) as dech + verb just as, exactly as Celtica xiv 1 : fib as deg ropriched, Wb 23 a 3 . eclais Dé...bíd a cert for leth feib as dech robái, Fél. Oeng. 4. 10 . feibh as dech atsaitar dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . feib as dech atchuas LL 147 a 16 . coro ícthar friss feib as dech atberat fir Héirenn TBC 1613. 1622 . feib as deach rocuṁdaighedh feathal a nÉrinn FM ii 1156. 12 .—tucusa cor ┐ coibchi duit amail as dech téit do mnái TBC 44 . ib. 2041 . donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 . amal is deach rotarclumad cech fled riam, Alex. 54 .

B In the sense of the comparative and followed by oldás, indás: ní rogab Albain ríg is deach oldás Domnall Brecc FDG 455 YBL (v.l. as fearr, Stowe MSS). ní rabatar ceitherna ríg Temrach ní ba deach ina occu side YBL 325 a 25 . This usage arose through analogy with ferr.

C Oir. dech mad + verb = dech + verb (A e supra), superlative of mad + verb (mad-bocht, mad-búi, mad-génair &c.). This idiom has been concluded from the following instances: caite téchta prímgeine...cach fermac arosloice broind a máthar iar cétmuintir cóir cona coibsenaib réir a nanmcharat dech mo lesaigther eclais, Laws iii 38. 10 (Sench. Mór, main text). .i. is deg mo lesaiges in eclais... .i. as dech lesaiges eclais, ib. 38. 22 (Comm.).—Ragallach mac Úatach gaeta dé muin geleich: Muirenn deich moro- chich (.i. rocaín) Cathal deich modereich, Tig. A.D. 648 (Oir. Poem, disyll. deäc, neët).—is tri ḟír flatha cach tlachta dia nime dech marómnaiter LL 293 b 18 . The Mid.-Ir. equivalent of mad- is mo- (ma-): mogénair, or mon-: mon- génair LU 36 b 7 ; BB 479 a 29 ; ní mandernais LL 268 b 43 . The latter occurs in the Four Masters version of the poem quoted above: M. dechmon ro cich C. dechmon derich FM i 260. 4 .

adj dech fri best or most distinguished in: na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena FDG 25 .

dech-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech- or dil.ie/14870

pref suppl. to téit, q.v.

dechaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechaid or dil.ie/14871

x occasionally = degaid, q.v.

dechain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechain or dil.ie/14872

Forms: dḟéchain, dechana

f. ( YBL 153 b 36 : do dechain siu is dechain sladaigi hi), vn. of dechaid. Often written dḟéchain (e.g. Ac. 4011 ) under the influence of féchain. A Mid.-Ir. forma- tion (LL, YBL, Lism., Rawl. &c.). g s. dechana, Laws i 234. 1 Comm. f.b. Act of looking or gazing at. de- chain: táncatar do d.¤ inn áir LL 177 b 49 . CRR § 55 . YBL 153 b 36 (v. supra). rucad iarsin do d.¤ nime ┐ ifirnd RC xxvi 140 § 14 YBL. ac d.¤ gnúisi Dé cen fial, ib. 142 § 19 . ac d.¤ gnúisi Dé, Snedg. 35. 13 . aimsir a dechana in scátha, Laws i 234. 1 f.b. a lec mór...do d.¤ ní hord uabhair, Ériu ii 166. 53 (Rawl.). co tairg dúinn a d.¤ ZCP viii 229 st 2 ( Eg. 90 ). d.¤ rodechsat na slúaigh, ib. 563 st 28 (Hy Maine). in d.¤ rodechas seochum, Ac. 5017 . ac d.¤ na hailli ┐ na habhann, ib. 4841 . do dechain MR 142. 7 .— déchain: dá choloṁain...┐ cách díb oc d.¤ a chéile, TTr.² 43 . indas in toichmi thuc leis do d.¤ in banchuiri, ib. 498 . degain: gan deghain do ghrádh a ccorp FM vi 2172. 24 . dféchain: dochúaid dféchain na selga, Ac. 4011 . —Synon. dechsain, cf. esp. TTr.² 44 .

déchaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déchaid or dil.ie/14873

Forms: déchaid, dḟechaid, dhéachas, dḟéchas, décha, decha, dégha, déch, dféch, déchaid, dfechat, dechar, decht[h]ar, dechthar, dḟéchair, dḟechtar, dechub, dechfaind, rodechus, dodechus, déchais, dechais, radéch, rodéch, rodech, rodhéch, rodḟech, dodech, dhéch, rodéchustar, rodechsat, rodechsatar, nomdechtar, dechtar

v ā, Mid.-Ir. contamination of fégaid (féchaid) and décaid (doécai). A frequent v.l. of décaid (e.g. Fél. Oeng. Prol. 201 . CCath. 5767 ). In late MSS usually re- placed by féchaid ( FDG 105. 171 , Stowe MSS). Often spelt dḟéchaid under the influence of féchaid.—pr. ind. 3 sg. déchaid, Fél. Oeng. Prol. 201 LB. dḟechaid PH 984 . rel. dhéachas ML 124. 1 . ó dḟéchas PH 7101 . subj. 2 sg. (in the sense of ipv.) décha LB 159 b 8 . decha su, CCath. 3317 . O'Cl. dégha, Ac. 2269 . imp. 2 sg. déch R.I.A 3 B 22, 111 b 6 . dféch PH 7640 . 2 pl. déchaid (si), CCath. 5182 . PH 3108. 3283 . 3 pl. dfechat som PH 2656 . pass. 3 sg. dechar, decht[h]ar, dechthar, Anecd. i 47 § 7 YBL. dḟéchair PH 7543 . 3 pl. dḟechtar, Anecd. i 48. 1 v.l. fut. 1 sg. ní dechub , Ac. 6416 . fut. sec. 1 sg. dechfaind FDG 105 . pret. (perf.) 1 sg. rodechus, Ac. 5017 . dodechus, 5025 . 3 sg. déchais CRR § 10 . RC xxvii 278 § 33 . dechais MR 286. 4 . Fél. Oeng. Prol. 201 v.l. radéch LL 206 b 5 f.b. rodéch ZCP vii 306. 27 . rodech Lec. 335 c 37 . rodhéch FM 1740. 7 . rodḟech PH 2749 . dodech IT ii2 139. 1 , 3 . nír dḟ. PH 73 . nár dhéch SG 216. 35 .—rodéchustar FDG 171 YBL. 3 pl. rodechsat, CCath. 2786 (v.l. rodechsatar). ZCP vii 563 st 28 . RC xxvi 140 § 13 . PASS. pr. ind. 1 sg. nomdechtar sa LU 123 a 8 . 3 sg. dechtar, 123 a marg. prt. 3 sg. ro- dechad, CCath. 5767 . —VN. déchain, déchsain, q.v.

I Intr. and abs. looks, gazes, directs the sight , of a searching gaze as opposed to adcí; frequent in the phrase: déchas...┐ adcondairc he looked...and saw. Often like fégaid joined to dercaid: dercais ┐ déchais CRR § 40 . Cf. LL 176 a 41 . Glossed by féchaid, O'Cl.—

(a) with cogn. acc.: dechain rodechsat na slúaig ZCP viii 563 st 28 . in dechain rodechus seochum co facca in síd, Ac. 5017 . déccain radéch uad in rí LL 206 b 5 f.b.

(b) with for introducing the object: ó rodéch Bécán for Díarmait ised ispert ZCP vii 306. 27 . dḟechaid in rí forru PH 984 . rodḟech Piláit forin popul ┐ atconnairc..., ib. 2749 . an bhean éidigh dhéachas (v.l. ḟéachas) ar bhur sluaghaibh ML 124. 1 .

(c) abs. dechais úaidh fodhes ┐ atconnairc timthirecht angel RC xxvii § 33 . dercais ┐ déchais...dara ais CRR § 40 . intí nár dhéch dara ais riam SG 216. 35 . déchaid si acaib fén masa meisi atáid diarraid PH 3108 . a Thigherna tarr ┐ déch R.I.A 3 B 22, 111 b 6 .

(a) trans. rodechsad in duilleann ┐ in scél robái indti RC xxvi 140 § 13 . rodéchustar uile hí (sc. in fled) itir biad ┐ ḟín FDG 171 YBL (v.l. roḟechastar). dechar (v.l. dechtar) duind in mael sa riabach, Anecd. i 47 § 7 YBL. dechthar (v.l. dfechtar) duind na hairghi uili, ib. 48. 1 . dodechus in tech umum ┐ atchonnarc..., Ac. 5025 . ó dḟéchas in fírén brechtrad na sualach...togaid, &c. PH 7101 . ib. 73 . co ndeachaid for- an ccnoc ┐ rodhéch uadha na ratha rodoiṁne FM V 1740. 7 . décha in cros sa amal atberum...ara ṅderntar latsu in fuath sa (i.e. the cross) do chur i slait móir LB 159 b 8 .

(b) abs., in a transf. sense, looks, searches, considers ; esp. frequent in the imp. and subj. mood. dégha let a Oisín cia ica raibe, Acall. 2269 . decha su féin masa chóir amlaid sin consider thou if that be just CCath. 3317 . Cf. déchasa .i. féchsa, O'Cl. dfechat som cindus bías sin fa deoid PH 2656 . dḟéchair annsin in ḟuil gáel duit risintii for ghlaccais, 7543 .—minab lór lett a nabair annso dféch thuas isin dara aithne, ib. 7640 . Here also FDG 105 : dá ndernaind... nocha dechfaind (v.l. fechfaind) céill ná cond.—Often like Eng. look = take care, make sure, see that, esp. in imp.: déchaid si conárab drochiartaigi díb fén ina chrochad PH 3283 .

III Idiomatically with iarmairt attaches importance to, gives attention to, considers : ní rodechsat (v.l. rodechsatar, rodecsatur) iarmairt dá nanmannaib ar ní dechaid a súil fria mbeathaid, CCath. 2786 . ná dechaid (sic C iv 3 p. 19 ; v.l. decaid) a bhecc diarmairt don longphort sa acht cosnaid ...in longphort lánsaidbir asa teccatt in slóg út, ib. 5182 . a ingen...ní dechub duit íarmarta, Ac. 6416 .

IV ní trócaire rodechad (v.l. rodécad) forra no mercy was shewn to them (Stokes), CCath. 5767 (idiom. use of II).

MOD. obs.

dechair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechair or dil.ie/14874

v deachair .i. leanṁain. ris gan a dhúain na dheachair .i. sgél gan a dhúain ina leanṁain, O'Cl. deachair .i. deaghaid P. O'C. , quoting the same passage. O'Cl.'s quotation comes from Dinds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Ds. iii 54. 8 (so all three MSS). Misunderstanding of dechor ZCP x 380 .

dechairdecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechairdecht or dil.ie/14875

n difficulty , v. dechraidecht.

? dechardae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dechardae or dil.ie/14876

adj io-ia, distinguished, excellent (?) rhyming with cetharda, Metr. Dind. ii 6. 3 : isé so in cetharda doróegai Eochaid Airem: co nilur drong decharda co lín scíath ┐ claideb; decharda only LL (163 b 4); ndreacharda YBL, St. D ii 2; ndrechferda BB, Hy Maine, Rennes MS, B ii 2, B iii 1, Reeves 832 . MSS point to drechḟerda of manly appearance. Cf. dechardrong, dechor.

dechardrong

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechardrong or dil.ie/14877

adj having varied or distinguished hosts: Clanna Ailella Uluim uill | uas daigerbla dechardruing, LL iii 18268 . dechardruing Rawl. 147 b 45 . hūas dagerbla dechard[r]uing, Laud 610 73 b 1 .

dé-chath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chath or dil.ie/14878

n g p. perduellium, v. dé-chathach.

dé-chathach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chathach or dil.ie/14879

adj o-ā: perduellium, gl. inna ndechathach (v.l. dechath LB) .i. inter se inuicem semper. .ł. cath contra deum et homines .i. quasi duobus bellis bellatorum , &c. Goid. 69. 6 . LHy. i 73 . —A cpd. of dé- (v. ) and cathach.