deccair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deccair or dil.ie/14860

Forms: decair, , decair, decrai, deccra, decra, deacra, deacraidhe, deacraí, deacracha, deccraib, decraib, deacraib, decrachaibh, deccru, decra, deacra, deacra, deacaire, deacraide, Deccair, deacraí, deccar-brat, fír-deccair, lán-deccair, sír-deccair

i, adj. and subst. Usually deccair in old MSS: Ériu iv 104 2 LL. SR 5823 . LL 192 b 11 f.b. Ériu v 221. 12 LL. Tochm. Fer. 439 . Ac. 6593 . decair LB 272 b 23 . RC xi 131. 4 . SG 217. 27 . Snedg. xi 3 . Rawl. 165 b 12 . CCath. 4508 . Mod. MSS deacair.—g s. decair SG 275. 2 f.b. Now pronounced diŏcair with the same open o-sound as in beag. SUBST. g s. decrai LU 131 b 16 . n p. deccra LL 44 b 4 ; 201 a 13 . RDinds. § 9 . decra LL 30 a 34 . deacra, Ériu i 20. 8 . Mod. deacraidhe, deacraí ( Aesop ii 100 b ). a p. deacracha, Lib. Fl. ii 10 b 2. 5 . d p. deccraib LL 152 a 3 . decraib, Fél. Gorm. Sep. 25 . Lism. L. xxx 2 . deacraib YBL 326 b 2 . Laws v 232. 23 . Buile Suibni § 39, l. 23 . decrachaibh, Misc. Celt. Soc. 334. 1 (early 16th-century poem).—COMP. †deccru; decra SG 260. 32 . Reg. San. 28. 1 , 2 f.b. deacra, Ériu i 95 § 50 . Misc. Celt. Soc. 344. 8 . Donl. 156. 10 . MOD. deacra and deacaire ( Paidín 14. 9 f.b. ). With -de: deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . Buile Suibni 54. 10 .—Deccair rhymes with lepaid, Toch. Fer. 439 ; LL 194 b 36 ; Ériu v 221. 12 (LL).

ORIGIN: Regularly developed from †di-accair, i.e. privative di + †accor (compare taccor and cuirithir `places'); cf. decmaing, deithbir, denmne. Cf. soccair, doccair.

(a) usually with the copula, of actions: hard to perform , &c.—qui oblationes...cum difficultate reddunt .i. an dream ...réna deacair a dtabhairt uatha, TSh. 130. 2 . ba decair ┐ ba doilig la clannaib Néill beth oc fulang anforráin Eogain forru LB 272 b 23 . decair dréim re Pennaibh Pó hard to climb Benbo RC xi 131. 4 . is decair dul i Mantribil, ib. xix 264 § 181 . ní ḟuil ní as decra liom iná gilla do bheith agam SG 260. 9 f.b. ib. 3 f.b. dobudh dheacra la Doṁnall D. found it harder Ériu i 95 § 50 . ní budh deacra do dhéanaṁ, Misc. Celt. Soc. 344. 8 . is uime sin is decra a ndealughadh ón tes, Reg. San. 28. 2 f.b. —dobudh deacraide dhó, TSh. 257. 26 . is decair dhom labhairt do lomm CMO 391 ; ib. 421 , 845 . an deacair sin do dheunadh? ní deacair atá se coṁfuras sin ┐ &c., Donl. 418. 25 . ib. 156. 10 ; 180. 10 ; 430. 12 ; 452. 11 ; 456. 3 , 5 f.b. OCT 27. 1 f.b. ; 28. 3 f.b. Rom. v 7 . MOD. is d., nach d., Finck ii 87. 2 . is deacra ná san maireachtaint a gceart a bhfus, W.K. deacair, P. O'C. Lhuyd (deacar, deaclach sic). Sc. id. HSD. Macd.

(b) attributively to a subst. difficult, troublesome : in gilla decair SG 260. 3 , 5 f.b. ; 262. 6 , 11 . ní dalb decair, Rawl. 165 b 12 (chev.). foccail doccair deccair IT iii 65 .

II Hard, hard to bear, grievous , esp. is deccair lim I feel sorry = is doilig lim: fá doiligh ┐ fa deacair leo Goll do bheith san éigean sin ML 136. 21 . fosglais an buachaill an doras...acht gér dheacair leis é though he was loth to do so Eachtra M. an Iol., 15. 10 . Cf. Sc. is d. leinn 'achṁasan his reproofs are grievous to us Macd. 314 a 5 . 's d. a Chola brí do sgeoil , HSD s.v. In Mod.-Ir. is d. liom only means `I think it hard.'

III Subst. a difficulty, an embarrassment, a trouble; hardship, distress, affliction . Often connected with such words as ainces, díchumang, doilges, duag, esbaid, imṡním, &c.—mór decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form LU 131 b 16 . táthum domna bróin...bith ar lepaid na llæch is deccair is díchumang LL 192 b 11 f.b. Mo Doe fri decraib, Fél. Gorm. Sept. 25 . nír dligh mé méid mo muirni. féch a Dé ár ndecuir ni, O'Gr. Cat. 347. 8 . ní bíth duag ná deccair ar nech intan dochluined in ceol sin, Ac. 6593 ( ib. 6565 n. ) = SG 217. 27 . Alex. 639 . tine dá marbad dá ttáinig a móirdheacra, Ériu i 20. 8 . me um Dhiarmuid lem dhecrachaibh, Misc. Celt. Soc. 334. 1 ; ib. 19 . mé a ndecair sa ndrochonóir le hesbaidh Í Eidirsceoil, 332. 1 . cidh mór nesbaidh fuaramar is mó in decair déighenach, 334. 1 f.b. truagh áṁ nach...romṁarbadh sa resíu nobheinn isin deacair si, Buile Suibni § 20. 10 . ib. § 39. 1 , 23 . deacair (sic leg.) ┐ doilgheas, TSh. 136. 15 . MOD. deacraí troubles Aesop ii 100 b .

IV Hard to accomplish; strange, rare, wonderful, cf. V. érim ndecair a wondrous course, Snedg. xi 3 (chev.). réim ndeccair LL 201 b 41 (chev.). ná bad séim do deog deccair, Ériu iv 104. 2 LL. Cf. Sc. is ní deacair a ta an righ ag iarruidh, Dan. ii 11 .

V Subst. a wonder, a marvel (now obs.). deacair .i. iong- nadh O'Cl. P. O'C. a mbídh do dhecraibh ┐ do buadhuib i ríghdhúinibh Éirenn, Book of Lism. 96 a . Lism. L. xxx 2 = Ferm. 24 a 1 ; cf. Anecd. ii 1. 4 . na deccra na degbúada LL 44 b 4 . Cuan hua Lothchán...eolach i ndeccraib hÉrenn, 152 a 3 . ceti trí deccra rostecht. fer cen chend air, &c., 201 a 13 . trí decra iṅganta i suidiu .i. lathrach ind rígthaige Chormaic lathrach ind Foraid...Múr Tea, 30 a 34 . cf. RDinds. § 9 (deccra). is do deacraib in domuin, Laws v 232. 23 . do deacraib ríg in richid YBL 326 b 2 . ba deccair taidbsen dia drech SR 5823 ; cf. ib. 717 . ní dam nā déine deccair, Toch. Fer. 439 ; 'it is something to me which does not cause wonder' ZCP x 380 . dorónsat sluaig deccra de (= ferta), M Dinds. iii 44. 71 . gona dánaib go ndecraib (Lec., sic leg., : Bretnaib), Ir. Nen. 136. 3 . BB 204 b 18 .—Subst. or adj. : conárb ingnad ┐ nár decair fer a maithiusa do ḟreccra ríg, CCath. 4508 . dobíd Buide nír deccair: ┐ Estiu i noenlepaid, Ériu v 221. 12 LL. as suaill daṁna a ndeacra, Hy Fiach. 174 (not `act of wondering' as suggested in Contr.).

VI COMPD. (a) deccar-brat ā, f.: gur scaipeadar mo dheacarbhroid a tír nÉireann, Gadelica ii 109. 8 . dochail- leamair mo dheacarbhroid ar bḟírleogain, ib. 110. 15 ; v. brat. (a) fír-deccair: cid scél fromtha is f. LL 194 b 36 . lán-deccair very marvellous, a great marvel : Loch Léin is lándeacair leam: ceithri creasa na timcheall ZCP v 24 st 12 (one of the wonders of Ireland). oen-deccair: a fagaind ón rígraidh sin do buar do brat do bíud: dobéraind ar aendecair daenfear do cét do tríur ZCP v 23 st 28 . sír-deccair constant hardship, trouble : ní gnáth co menic nach saigthech cen sírdecair, Alex. 639 .

MOD. only usual in the sense of I and III.

Deccair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deccair or dil.ie/14861

npr. f.: failet nói mná comassi...Sadb is Étain ...Medb is Deccair LL 201 b 14 . Probably an old fem. of Deccar.

deccamlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deccamlach or dil.ie/14862

Forms: deacaṁlach, deaclach, Deacaṁail, docaṁail, dócaṁail

adj o-ā. Hard, difficult, puzzling ; deacaṁlach, O'R. annot.; Keat. Poems. Contamination of deccair and doccumlach, q.v. Similarly deccamail, Poems of Pierce Ferriter 60 , cf. doccamal. Lhuyd and O'Br. also give deaclach. Deacaṁail still quite common in W.K. (In Ulster and Conn. docaṁail and dócaṁail.)

Deccar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deccar or dil.ie/14863

o,npr. m. Húi Deccair Dála de ṡíl Illaind dóib LL 316 b 28 = BB 133 b 9 (Deaccair).

deccrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deccrach or dil.ie/14864

Forms: deacrach

adj o-ā, derivative of deccair in various senses: difficult; rare, wonderful; distressful . Coupled with coim- thech, documlach. ná measdar go bhfuil mídheaṁuin na meanmna deacrach nó dócaṁlach, Donl. 460. 17 . gur deacrach an ní doníthear go laetheaṁail, 456. 1 f.b. Opp. coitchenn: ónach fuilnginn bochtaine ann inntleachta neithe deacracha coimidhtheacha (sic leg.) is uime sin dob áil limsa ag múiniughud na nealadhan neithi coitchinna urusa, O'Gr. Cat. 211. 12 . hard, distressful : dés in chatha ticimsi cugut a Chaillín fertuig: agso ort mo chomairci re demna in domuin decraid (decraig, leg.) thy protection against the demons of the distressful world Fen. 166. 21 (not = dechraig). a mic Dé is deacrach mo dál: pecdach mé ósam maccám C ii 3, 5 a . dobhíos lá ar maidin go deacrach déarach, O'Gr. Cat. 580. 8 . mac Cuṁaill doḟulaing mór ffeidhm ndecrach who bore many a distressful bout ITS vii 33. 3 . Synon. doilig SG 353. 28 .

MOD. deacrach, common in sense of troublesome, painful : obair d., píanta deacracha. deacrach, Coneys, O'R. Dinn.

Deccrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deccrach or dil.ie/14865

o,npr. m. mac Deccraig LL 155 b 42 .

deccracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deccracht or dil.ie/14866

Forms: dechracht, deacrachd

n ā, f., abstract of deccair in various senses. Difficulty : do deacracht in bídh ┐ na dighi do slugadh, O'Gr. Cat. 206. 23 . tré aidhbhsighe na nilphian sin ┐ tréna dheacracht i bhfulang, TSh. 113. 4 . ara dheacracht a riar because it was so difficult to rule them (sc. the poets), Keat. 1223 . re fúaim a ndeacracht ┐ a ndásacht TBC p. 547. n. 7 (v. dechracht). deacaracht na ceiste, O'R. ann. Unsearchableness , ἀνεξερεύνησις Rom. xi 33 . deacrachd, Lhuyd. O'R. Coneys. Dinn. MOD. usually deacaireacht under the influence of deacair: chuir san i ndeacracht mór me that puzzled me very much. Usually pronounced deacaireacht (but diocair); in W. Cork also diocaireacht.

deccraidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deccraidecht or dil.ie/14867

Forms: deccracht

n ā, f. = deccracht: doinnis do diabh- laigheacht na cathrach ┐ a raibh de dheacraigheacht innti ITS i 166. 16 .

décdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. décdae or dil.ie/14868

Forms: nóidécdae, -décde, -decde, -décdi, -decdi, -décdu, -decdu

adj io-iā, derivative of deac, déc, in tris-décde tertius decimus: eadem materia est psalmi praesentis quae tertii decimi .i. in trisdecdi, Mil 72 c 8 . nói-décde decen- novennalis.

(a) adj. in cicul n. the decemnovenal cycle: d s. isin c. noidecdu, Thes. ii 40. 32 . in cétbliadan don chicul náedécdha, Tig. A.D. 1045 .

(b) subst. nóidécdae io, m. circulus (κύκλος) decennovennalis. a s. -décde, Bcr. 32 a 8 . -decde, Thes. ii 39. 23 . g s. -décdi, Bcr. 3 c ; 45 c 6 . -decdi, 32 b 9 . d s. -décdu, 45 c 2 . -decdu, 45 c 5 .—Cf. deichde.

dech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech or dil.ie/14869

Forms: deg, dechu

adj indecl. deg Wb 23 a 3 . 31 a 6 (in both cases before the verb as a verbal particle and only slightly accented; deg- as mad-(génatar) and not due to dag, as Thurneysen Handb. 227 suggests). deich Tig. A.D. 648 . tech with unaspirated d after the cop. as, Mil 37 d 3 . 73 a 10 .—Old- and Mid.-Ir. sup. of maith good. In Mid.-Ir. gradually superseded by ferr, the constant v.l. of dech in late MSS. Analog. dechu, Alex. 57 (LB). deacha O'R. —dech .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 315 . Arch. i 62 no. 115 . O'D. Suppl. death .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 76 (if not = deagh). deach .i. fearr. ba dheach .i. ba fearr, O'Cl. is deich .i. is fearr H 3. 18 p. 530 .—Rhymes with ech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 .—Traced to Gk. δίκαιος: dech graece deceos iustus , O'Mulc. 303 .

A In the sense of the superlative. (1) in apposition to a subst.: Eo Rossa...dech duilib díriuch dronchrand best of creatures RDind. § 160 . (2) predicatively in principal clauses: is dech a llécud ammain mani ni aithriged it is best to MT 128. 5 . dech dó (viz. do ríg) fosta cen ḟeirg, Tec. Corm. 1. 2 . (3) predicatively in relative clauses. (a) aire échta is deach, Laws ii 152. 1 f.b. ib. 280. 19 . leth is deach the best half, ib. v 78. 9 . ind ḟir as dech i nÉire FB § 19 . (b) followed by a genitive or its equivalent (di): anastech tíre ised dorat dam, Mil 37 d 3 . ised as dech na riaglae, Ériu i 193. 1 . anas dech dagóc fer ṅHérenn TBC 441 . do neoch as dech engnomma bái díb TBC 1675 Y.—ise læch is dech di ócaib domain SC § 13 . in áge is deach don ḟine the best chief of the tribe Laws v 502. 21 . sét is deach díb, ib. 242. 11 . anas dech di ócaib Ulad TBC 441 . isé is deach díbsin uile FDG 495 . (c) with do: it is best for . cid as dech do mnáib ZCP viii 113. 5 . cid is dech do chléirech LB 260 b 62 . cid is dech do ríg, Tec. Corm. § 1 . ised as dech dó foss occa MT 159. 6 . (d) with la: deems the best , often = is ferr la prefers: ised insin astech latsu adopair dait, Mil 73 a 10 . laech bas dech lib do Ultaib FB § 13 . an robo dech leo dona trí cóictaib ingen, ib. § 54 . isí cethern is dech la ríg Temra CF 73. 25 . cia lán bá deach lais FDG 732 YBL (v.l. budh ferr lais). (e) as dech + verb: laech as dech fil la Ultu FB § 9 . gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, § 14 . in cúicedach is dech búi i nHérind TBC 1618 . fáith is d.¤ búi i nÉri, Arch. iii 3. 13 . TBC 1104 Y; ib. 1297 . FDG 46 . —Superl. of mad + verb (cf. C): hiress innaní as deg roch- reitset hi Críst, Wb 31 a 6 (positive †madrochreitset). inní is dech reithes uad, Laws iii 294. 3 f.b. cliar Augustín... dech nochartais tredan, Fél. Oeng. Nov. 16 (v.l. dóig, dáig). Looser is the connection with the verb in the foll. instances: anas dech dorala i Cruachain, Toch. Fer. 384 . rí as dech tánic in ndomon BDD § 39 . isí oiged (= aided) as deachu dothaed ríg, Alex. 57 . ib. 56 . Frequent in the phrase Fib (amail) as dech + verb just as, exactly as Celtica xiv 1 : fib as deg ropriched, Wb 23 a 3 . eclais Dé...bíd a cert for leth feib as dech robái, Fél. Oeng. 4. 10 . feibh as dech atsaitar dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . feib as dech atchuas LL 147 a 16 . coro ícthar friss feib as dech atberat fir Héirenn TBC 1613. 1622 . feib as deach rocuṁdaighedh feathal a nÉrinn FM ii 1156. 12 .—tucusa cor ┐ coibchi duit amail as dech téit do mnái TBC 44 . ib. 2041 . donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 . amal is deach rotarclumad cech fled riam, Alex. 54 .

B In the sense of the comparative and followed by oldás, indás: ní rogab Albain ríg is deach oldás Domnall Brecc FDG 455 YBL (v.l. as fearr, Stowe MSS). ní rabatar ceitherna ríg Temrach ní ba deach ina occu side YBL 325 a 25 . This usage arose through analogy with ferr.

C Oir. dech mad + verb = dech + verb (A e supra), superlative of mad + verb (mad-bocht, mad-búi, mad-génair &c.). This idiom has been concluded from the following instances: caite téchta prímgeine...cach fermac arosloice broind a máthar iar cétmuintir cóir cona coibsenaib réir a nanmcharat dech mo lesaigther eclais, Laws iii 38. 10 (Sench. Mór, main text). .i. is deg mo lesaiges in eclais... .i. as dech lesaiges eclais, ib. 38. 22 (Comm.).—Ragallach mac Úatach gaeta dé muin geleich: Muirenn deich moro- chich (.i. rocaín) Cathal deich modereich, Tig. A.D. 648 (Oir. Poem, disyll. deäc, neët).—is tri ḟír flatha cach tlachta dia nime dech marómnaiter LL 293 b 18 . The Mid.-Ir. equivalent of mad- is mo- (ma-): mogénair, or mon-: mon- génair LU 36 b 7 ; BB 479 a 29 ; ní mandernais LL 268 b 43 . The latter occurs in the Four Masters version of the poem quoted above: M. dechmon ro cich C. dechmon derich FM i 260. 4 .

adj dech fri best or most distinguished in: na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena FDG 25 .

dech-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech- or dil.ie/14870

pref suppl. to téit, q.v.