debthaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debthaige or dil.ie/14848

n , f. abstr. from debthach. Contention, dis- cord, strife . cona cathaib … cona ndebthaige LL 134 b 24 . atcota brón deb- thuighe (v.l. deabhtha), Anecd. iii 12. 19 . cennsa co náilgeni tri ferc ┐ debthaige ZCP iii 24. 36 (Rawl.). deabthaigi cen erdibduth, ib. 26. 31 .

debthaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debthaigidir or dil.ie/14849

Forms: nodebthaiged, nudebth- igtis, rodebthaichsetar, debthaigis

v (dephthigidir) g, denominative of debuith.

I Dissents; quarrels ; translates Lat. dissidere, disceptare (tumultuare). pres. 1 sg. mecum ipsum non desideo, gl. ní dephthigim, Mil 21 a 2 . 3 pl. rel. illis ergo tumultuan- tibus .i. debthaigte ón, ib. 103 d 17 .—3 sg. ceist ma ndebt[h]- aigend gach dias, Hy Maine fo. 124 b col. 2. 18 .—impf. 3 sg. ab eo pars populi maxima desedebat, gl. ar nodebthaiged , Mil 19 c 13 . 3 pl. disceptabant aduersus illum, gl. nudebth- igtis, Arm. 178 a 2 . s-perf. 3 pl. depossita simultate, gl. rodebthaichsetar, Mil 19 c 16 .

II Fights : s-pret. 3 sg. debthaigis Dagda LL 209 b 6 . 3 pl. ragaph fearg híside ...┐ rodeabthaighsiot maille TF 30. 10 .—Obs.

debthir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debthir or dil.ie/14850

adj = deithbir, q.v.

debuith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debuith or dil.ie/14851

Forms: debthi, debtha, déne, deabhaidh, debuith, debaith, debaich, debuid, débaid, debaid, deabhaidh, †debtho, debtha, detba, deabhtha, deabhaidh, deabhadh, debuith, debuid, debaid, debuid, debthi, debtha, deabhtha, debthu, debthi, debtha, debthib, debthaib, deabhthaibh, de-buith, deabhthar, deabhfar

n i, f. Strife, contention .

GENDER: inna debthi (as a p.), Mil 100 c 7 . debtha déne (g s.) LU 46 b 1 . dochum na debtha, TTr.² 1154 . dogéntar debaid rib ┐ ná fuilngid si hí LL 303 a 6 .—In Mod.-Ir. f. and m. le dásachtaighe an deabhtha OT 52. 8 . g s. deabhaidh, see below.

INFLEXION: n s. debuith, Wb 10 a 8 . 28 b 25 . debaith, Rule of A. § 15 v.l. debaich, Arch. iii 230 l. 147 . debuid, Wb 31 d 19 . Exp. 175 . Rule of A. § 15 v.l. LU 21 a 2 , 4 . Triads § 98 . Eriu iv 216 st 18 (deabuid). O'Mulc. 302 . débaid FB § 33 . debaid usual Mid.-Ir. spelling, already Mil 19 c 15 . Mod. deabhaidh (Don.) and deabhadh, O'Gr. Cat. 132. 25 . W.K.—g s. Oir. †debtho; Mid.-Ir. debtha (deibda LL 17 a 45 ; detba, O'Mulc. 348 ; deathpa, Celtica xiii 14.268 . dethfa, Arch. iii 296 n. 4 ); Mod. deabhtha and deabhaidh (corresp. to n s. deabhadh).—a s. debuith, Rule of A. § 15 . debuid, Wb 30 b 26 . LU 74 a 17 . debaid (debhaidh), usual Mid.-Ir. spelling; Mod. as n s.d s. debuid LU 69 a 14 . MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). Mid.-Ir. debaid; Mod. as n s. (deabhadh FM ii 1046. 20 ).—n p. Oir. †debthi; Mid.-Ir. debtha TBC 246 . LB 123 a 23 . Laws i 58. 14 . PH 4230. 8394 . deabhtha FM vi 2250. 9 . debthu, Ériu iv 162. 21 . Mod. as g s.a p. debthi, Mil 100 c 7 ; Mid.-Ir. debtha, Bodl. Dind. 25 . Cog. 116. 18 .— d p. debthib, Wb 6 b 6 ; Mid.-Ir. debthaib ML 134. 6 . deabhthaibh ZCP i 406. 26 .

RHYMES: :mebail LL 148 b 46 . :mebaid LL 182 a 25 , 257 b 20 . :Dedaig 129 a 24 . :fledaib CRR 30. 6 . : Muredaig, MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). ceatha OCU 41. 10 . deabhtha (n p.): treabtha BB 204 a 50 ( Ir. Nen. 132. 3 ). In Debide: debaid: ail LL 155 a 5 .

ORIGIN: de-buith, old vn. of di-taa distat, differt ( Mil 113 a 2 , 117 b 9 ); orig. difference (of opinion). De- probably from dis-, v. s. de; cf. de-chor. Originally the opposite of com-buith `a being together, companionship.'—By Cormac connected with déde: debaid .i. dede baothi aci nó dede buith oci, Corm. Tr. 59. 5 ; by O'Mulc. traced to Lat. devotio (debuid, pron. devuidh): debuid .i. óndí as deuotio .i. maledictio , l.c. 302 .

I A diversity of opinion or purpose; difference, variance; a dispute or quarrel (arising therefrom), a contention, contro- versy, often with a notion of vehemence.

(a) in general sense. Frequently in opposition to síd, cáinchomrac, óentu. Synonymous with bara: bara .i. deabhaidh H 2. 15, 117 b ; betlim: b. .i. deabaid, Dúil Laithne 268 ( Goid. 79 ); cosnam PH 8394 (vide b); dechétfaid : PH 4230 . Hugh Roe 32. 19 (v. b); drenn: d. .i. debaid H 3. 18 p. 422 ; discell: d. .i. debaid .i. ciall dis, O'Mulc. 338 ; dorbcas: d. .i. debaid nó dormaineacht, ib. 330 ; essoentu: fochunn deabtha (sic leg.) nó essoentad, TTr.² 264 . a bráthri...dia mbad oc debaid nó ic essaentaid PH 4519 ; immargal: less didiu quasi líss .i. debaid nó imargal, Corm. s.v. leasmac (cf. in lite .i. i nimmargail, Mil 16 b 8 ); mesbaid: in mesbaid .i. in debaid, Mil 19 c 15 .—It renders Lat. disceptatio, Wb 6 b 6 (vide b). Lat. discidia, Mil 100 c 7 (vide b). Lat. lis: non liti- gosum .i. ní bii debuith do fri nech, Wb 28 b 25 . seruum Domini non oportet litigare, gl. ní uisse do mug Dæ buith fri debuid to be bent on strife ib. 30 b 26 . líss .i. debaid, Cormac s.v. leasmac . Lat. simultas: depossita simultate, gl. a mba diuscartae in mesbaid .i. in debaid, Mil 19 c 15 . Lat. rixa: contigit eis rixari, tr. cu tarla deabhaidh etarra TLS v 75. 16 . Lat. certamen: deabaid certamen, Dúil Laithne 268 ( Goid. 79 ). Lat. dissentio: gleu .i. gle enim graece .i. disentio debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . —debuith fri nech im ní to contend or quarrel with somebody about something, to be at difference or at variance with, &c. ná bíth debuith duún fri nech, Wb 10 a 8 . robói debuid do Philomóin fri suide, ib. 31 d 19 . abraid ishé bar naithrech debuid fris, Exp. 175 . atá debuid dún fri Ailill LU 21 a 2 . bói debaid dia chlaum fri Patraic he had a dispute with P. (or if Stokes' transl. is right, cf. IV.), Trip. 84. 3 . IT ii 212. 2 f.b. ná ferad debaid fri Dia she should not be at variance with God (because of the death of her son) ZCP vi 269 st 2 . dodea- luigh ár ngleic gan goin: is deabuidh meic rea ṁáthair 'twas but the difference of a lad with his mother Ériu iv 216 st 18 (proverbial, cf. MR 134. 15 ). immacomarnic dóib débaid do dénam imman curadmir FB § 33 . —is dóig liumsa debaid dúib ria nimscar TBC 1805 . co mbaraind debtha LU 106 a 11 . co tláthugud a debtha, ib. 16 . debuid ar do chinn, Triads § 98 . ní ba muine debtha, Tec. Cor. § 19. 20 . comérge debtha the arising of a controversy FB § 29 . debaid do delbad to stir up strife : delbaid d.¤ dúrglaccaib, Ériu iv 108. 9 , cf. ib. 16 . Frequent in the phrase síd cen debuid LU 33 b 39 . RC iv 256. 5 . PH 4355 . 5022 . 8072 . cáin- chomrac cen debaid, LU 120 a 11 . lán do dheabhaidh ┐ do dhoghraing, TSh. 185. 4 f.b. PROV. ferr dála iná deabaid ZCP vi 260. 7 f.b. find cach cóir dub cach ndebaid, Arch. iii 229 l. 127 . messam dál debaich, ib. 230 l. 147 .

(b) with the definite article or pl.: an occasion or instance of strife or controversy . futura discidia, gl. inna debthi (a p.). nobetis Ia hIsraheldu iartain, Mil 100 c 7 . in disceptationi- bus .i. ná bad i ndebthib, Wb 6 b 6 . debtha comaithchesa strifes of co-occupancy Laws i 58. 14 . betit debtha ┐ irgala ┐ scandlacha eturru im chomriachtain tossaig TBC 246 . debtha ┐ cosnuma i naimsir áine PH 8394 . deabtha buana ZCP viii 195. 17 .—atraig d.¤ a controversy arises : atrach- tatar deabhtha ┐ dechétfaidhe etorra, Hugh Roe 32. 19 . d.¤ do thodiuschud to arouse strife : tódúscthar debtha ┐ dechétfaide etarru PH 4230 . d.¤ do ṡídugud to settle a controversy Acall. 3121 .

II n Act of fighting (fri, for with; im about, Cog. 122. 7 ); an armed conflict, a hostile encounter on land or sea, a combat, a fight; esp. a skirmish as opposed to cath `a regular battle' ( Cog. 116. 18 ).

(a) Often connected with gleo: gleu .i. debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . is mana mórgliad sain ┐ is adbar ṅdegdebtha TBC 5765 ; with cathugud: ic debhaid ┐ ic c., CCath. 2239 ; with comrac, Laws i 126. 16 .—ar debaid noenlái LU 44 b 29 . tintái Fergus do debuid fri Coinculainn LU 69 a 14 (also with for: do d.¤ for muintir Poimp, CCath. 2317 ). Cog. 120. 20 ; 122. 7 . dogéntar debaid rib LL 303 a 6 . in ed tic do debaid i ndegaid a tairb CRR 30. 6 . mór a ndíth ón deabhaidh sin FM v 1580. 14 . leathtrom deabhtha a disadvantage of conflict Misc. Celt. Soc. 344. 24 . d.¤ do thabairt to give battle: tucsad d.¤ dóib iman áth RC xviii 187. 12 . tuc d.¤ dóib, Tig. A. D. 1166 . ní tharat cath ná debaid dóib SG 411. 4 . cor debtha, id. Misc. Celt. Soc. 356. 23 . d.¤ do iarraid to seek battle : iarraidh deabhtha ar theaghlach Ṁogha Néid ML 16. 5 . elóatar drem duaislib amach diarraidh debtha RC xviii 274. 10 . deabhaidh deachaibh BB 34 b 55 . Donnchadh ┐ Maolsechlainn do dheabhadh fri aroile co ttorchrattar coṁthuitim FM ii 1046. 20 . a single combat : ar dáig co forgénmáis ár ndís debaid LU 74 a 17 . bairr debtha, battlements Eg. 158 , Contrib. 182 . caislén debtha a howdah ZCP i 390. 19 . cnoc debtha a fighting- mound CCath. 1748 . dorus debtha a port-hole , ib. 1816 . istad debtha a fighting-place , ib. 1716 . láthar na debtha battle-field : tig A. co nGrecaib co mbátar for láithir na debtha LL 404 a 52 . stoc debtha a war- trumpet TFr. 190. 10 .— Laws i 176. 13 ; iii 278. 8 ; v 280. 19 . LU 46 b 1 ( IT i 213. 18 ), 22 . LL 129 a 24 . 289 b 1 f.b. 290 a 31 . Rawl. 106 b 36 . RC v 197 = Oss. iv 288. 1 . IT ii 185 l. 285 (comrocc fri d.¤ níthaig). Misc. 344. 24 . ZCP i 406. 26 .

(b) with the definite article or pl.: a particular fight . berid bare mbrúthmar dochum na debtha co torchratar sochaide...leis, TTr.² 1154 . dorochair Art sin debuid la Fiachra, MacCarthy 178. 4 (LL). slecht Stairn isin debaid la Febail, ib. 146. 5 . na debtha na duinorcuin LB 123 a 23 (cf. FM vi 2250. 9 : iomdha a ndeabhtha ┐ a ndunoircne). ML 134. 6 . le déine an deabhtha OT 52. 8 . Opp. cath: cúicc catha fichet...genmota debhtha besides sundry skir- mishes Cog. 116. 18 .—docer re Eochaid i ndebaid Dromma Líathán in the skirmish at D. L. LL 17 b 35 .

III debuid duirn fisticuffs : nárop debaid duirn LL 148 b 46 . KMMisc. 270. 16 .

IV In a special sense of a married woman: the state or condition of having left her husband or being put away by him; a law-term. Concluded from the foll. passages: lécid in fear a cétmuindtir...┐ dogní neach mac fria iarum ┐ dobeir sim aitherrach ní dlegar iarrad disi. intan bís for deabaid is ann toirchither frisin fear, &c. , if the husband puts his wife away and somebody gets a child with her and the husband takes her back again, then she is not entitled to the fosterage-fee. It is while she is at `debaid' (at variance with her husband and away from him) that she is got with child Laws v 200. 17 . Gormlaith ingen Ḟlaind tanic ar debaid ó Cherball do thig a athar i cinta ind imdergtha tuc Cerball di LL 52 b 1 ; ib. 13 (of Gorm- ḟlaith who returns to her father after being badly treated by Cerball her husband). This sense arose from I (controversy as a cause of separation). A similar usage FDG 32 : codlais Domnall...atchí fís ┐ aislingthi ┐ ised atchon- nairc .i. cuilén con rohailed lais fora glún fésin a dul for debaid uada (the hound gathers the dogs of Ireland and gives battle to Domnall). for d.¤ , which refers to the rela- tions between Domn. and his dog, was misunderstood by the copyists and replaced by `for duible ┐ dásacht' (adopted by O'D.). Cf. also LU 21 a 4 ( IT ii 212. 1 f.b. ): mád nech dít muintir noragad for debuid noanfad limsa co róisced a síd.

V Haste, hurry , only Mod.-Ir. deabhadh maille ribh a Domnaill, O'Gr. Cat. 132. 25 ( Eg. 88, marg. ) ma bhí deabhadh ag teacht ortha go raibh deabhadh ní sa ṁó ag imtheacht ortha, KMMisc. 380. 14 . cuirfead sa deabhadh air ag glúasacht I will hasten his departure Éinín Órdha 41. 8 f.b. —b'ḟéidir nár chás duit deabhadh dhéanaṁ; dein deabhadh! goidé an deabhadh atá ort? (W.K.). The sense- development is strange; probably a contamination of debaid with deibed.

MOD. see Inflexion and V. Sense I preserved in Don.: coingbheochaidh mé ag deabhaidh leat (= Oir. fri) godí go rabh sin déanta I shall keep on worrying you Quiggin p. 57 ; ib. 18 . and in the common bean an deabhaidh a midwife, Dinn. In Sc. obs. in all senses.—Hence mod. deabhthar (i.e. deabhfar) adj quick, speedy .

déc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déc or dil.ie/14852

num ten , v. deec.

deca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deca or dil.ie/14853

adj et dominicus festi pascalis dies lunae .xx. est, gl. decaóluan dus in fír, Thes. ii 41. 6 .—Not for décce. Rather a Gk. ἁπ. λεγ = †décha (i.e. dé-cha, cf. de-ac) twenty , cf. tri-cha.

decaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decaid or dil.ie/14854

Forms: decáid

n Gk. δεκάς, a decade, a set of ten psalms ; pl. a name for Augustine's Commentary on the Psalter: sicut Augustinus in expositione psalmi .i. i ndecadib, Bcr. 33 b 15 . ut Augustinus dicit isna deccadib, Goid. 98. 14 . iar ṅdecadaib Augustin, Rawl. 57 b 2 .—Later decáid: oc cétul a ṡalm... for diapsalmaib ┐ sinsalmaib ┐ decáidib, MCgl. 13. 12 .

decamaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decamaid or dil.ie/14855

Forms: decimat, deacamuim

v decimates , decimat. deacamuim, O'R. annot.

decán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decán or dil.ie/14856

Forms: décán

n o,m. from Lat. decanus. A kind of officer at the imperial court; the appellation of the lowest of the ranks of honour: decán slonnudh ḟir in céime ba hísle dona cémendaibh sin. táisech deichnebair éissein, CCath. 52 . Opposed to dictatóir: i nuilib céimennaip cádais na Roma ó decan co dictatóir, ib. 3274 . décán, 56 . Opposed to deochain `minister': ó deocháin co decan, 1509 .

decánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decánach or dil.ie/14857

Forms: degánach, deagánach, deaccánach, deaganach

n o,m., derivative from decán = Lat. decanus. A dean . decanus .i. deganach, Ir. Gl. 451 . deccanach mór Lonndan FM iii 364. 3, A.D. 1258. an deccánach mór mac Muirghiosa, ib. iv 666. 19, A.D. 1377. degánach, deagánach, ib. 924. 16 , 17 . ina degánach for Loch Eirne, MS. Mat. 533. 17 . deaccánach, O'R. annot. Lhuyd. MOD. deaganach, Don.

decántacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decántacht or dil.ie/14858

Forms: deaccántachd

n ā, f. A deanery . a ndegantacht Locha hEirne AU iii 416. 5, A.D. 1497. MS. Mat. 533. 18 . g s. i naghaidh gach deagántachta, Keat. 296 . deaccántachd, O'R. annot.