dánán

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Forms: danán

n o,m. diminutive of dán : munusculum .i. danán, Sg 46 a 11 .

†dánanas

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n u, m. Boldness, courage : a Dáiri co ndananas BR 194. 13 v.l. (p. 285). Insufficiently supported.

Danann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Danann or dil.ie/14594

I g s. npr. m.; nom. probably †Danu: mac Danann Deirg, Rawl. 158. 6 . mac Danann meic Bratha, ib. 158. 49 . mac Danaand meic Brathu BB 155 c 1 . Cf. Holder, Dano(n).

II Danann, Danonn; Donann, Dononn CMT; Danann (:and) BB 35 b 18 . 36 a 3 . (: fonn) Misc. Celt. Soc. 364. 8 . In Tuath De Danann, the fourth colony in Ireland, the conquerors of the Firbolgs, CMT. go trí Deo Danonn CMT § 83 . na trí dée Danann, Keating i 216. 8 . Dá Chích Danann (earlier Dā Chīc[h] (n)Anund, Corm. Y § 31 , ZCP x 371), two mountains in the barony of Magunihy and County of Kerry, v. O'Don. Suppl.: is ón Danann fá ṁáthair don triar so (i.e. Brian, Iucharbha, Iuchar) gairthear Dá Chích Dhanann don dá chnoc bhfuil i Luachair Dheaghaidh i nDeas Ṁuṁan, Keating i 214. 93 . The Irish themselves saw in Danann a nom. pr. fem. : adeirid drong re seanchus gurab ón tríar mac rug Danann inghean Dealbhaoith...gairthear Tuatha Dé Danann, Keating i 214. 1 sq. Cf. RC xvii 101 . Another explanation of the name in Keating i 216. 11 sq. Danann is frequently omitted: tuaid-dei, etir tuaith-deu (-de), la tuaid-dei CMT § 9 , §14 , 24 , 36 . tuatha De, etir tuatha Dea, de thuaith (thuathaib) Dei (Dea), ib. 8. 121 ; 53. 122 . tuatha Dea, Cóir A. § 149 . See also Éigse xviii 291-94 .

III Danann, Mid.-Ir. nom. of II. Nemain Danand Badb is Macha … bantuathecha Tuathe De Danand LL 137 a 18 . Donand mathair na ndea, 10 b 26 . BB 33 a 32 . D.¤ ingen Delbaith, 283 a 13 . D.¤ bandrúi, 283 a 21 . Keating i 214. 1 ; 216. 3 . dat. Danann, ib. 214. 94 ; but Danainn 216. 1 . gen. Danainne: in the place-name Dá Chich Danainne in Co. Kerry, v. Hogan 324 b . bas Danaindi, Lec. 358 a 34 . bás Danoinne, MacCarthy 292. 3 f.b.

danar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danar or dil.ie/14595

Forms: danair, danair, danar, danaraib, danaru, danara, danair, danḟer,, danḟir, dainḟir, danair, danar, Danair, danar, danair, danar, danaraib, danaraib, danair, danar, danair

n o,m. g s. danair. n p. danair. g p. danar (danair LL 192 a 23 (:samain); Cog. 152. 1 ; Acall. 5655 ). d p. danaraib. a p. danaru ( LL 183 a 26 ; TF 132. 20 ), danara; danair ( TF 132. 15 ). Often wrongly associated with fer and written danḟer, pl. danḟir, dainḟir (e.g. TF 158. 6 ; Keating iii 2455 , 2932 ; Coneys). The pl. danair renders Norse danir `Danes'; the sg. danar is modelled on the o-stems.

I A Dane, a man from Denmark, a dubgall or `dark foreigner' as opposed to a findgall or lochlannach `a Norwegian'; also dub-danar under the influence of dub- gal and dub-geinnti; but find-danar does not occur. The pl. Danair is never used for `Denmark ' (cf. Danmairg). Other synon. danmarcach (anmarcach), daunites (aunites). —In the Annals of Ulster, which offer only three instances, danar appears for the first time under the year 985; then it appears once in the SR and in various early Mid.-Ir. texts from the LL and YBL. In all probability the name became fixed about the middle of the 10th century; it is later than the synonymous dubgall and dubgeinnti (first occur- rence AU A.D. 850 ).—na danair do thuidecht i nairer Dáil Riatai...I Coluim Cille do arcain do danaraibh AU A.D. 985 . FM ii 718. 14 , 17 . lasna danaraib FM ii 718. 6 . ár mór forsna danaraib rooirg I, AU A.D.986 . FM ii 720.3 . Danair = Daunites: dream díbh asedh adberdís conid lochlannaig dá ffurtacht sam dream oile conid daunites .i. danair TF 116. 5 . isin aimsir si tangattur aunites .i. na dainḟir, ib. 158. 6 . Danair = Dublochlannaig: do ghabháil bharántais Dainḟear nó Dubhlochlonnach, Keat. 2932 . Danair opp. Lochlannaig, Normainnig: lochlanduigh danair normainigh ┐ frangcaigh, Mac Firbis 423 k . roforuaislig long na ndanar long na lochlannach ┐ marbaid na danair lucht loinge na lochlannach. lengait a naoinḟeacht uile na danair i ccenn na lochlannach...tugsat na danair longa na lochlannach leo go port. ragabsat tra na danair arsain mná...na lochlannach TF 116. 13 . rathionolsat dá thoísech loingsi na lochlonn slóigh móra a naighidh na ndanar, ib. 118. 1 f.b. eidir danaru ┐ lochlannaigh, ib. 120. 5 . etir dhanaru ┐ ghaoidealu, ib. 132. 20 . táinig Zain leithrí na lochlann dingrim na ndanar, ib. 122. 5 . tiaghaid na danair for longphort na lochlann, ib. 122. 15 . tainic Cerbhall reiṁe dionnsoighidh na lochlann go slógh mór danar ┐ gaoidheal, ib. 132. 1 . echtarchinedaigh....i. loch- lannaigh ┐ danair do inredh na hErenn, ib. 226. 7 . is risna danaraibh doronsad na gaoidhil sin uair ba lug[ha] ba caraid dóibh iad ionáid na lochlonnaigh, ib. 234. 14 . as cian na rosaighsiod danair ná lochlannaigh orra, ib. 230. 13 . dergár na ndanar ┐ na lochlannach, ib. 232. 11 . Further examples from TF: n pl. danair 116. 11 , 16 ; 120. 1 , 6 ; 122. 12 , 27 ; 124. 8 , 10 ; 130. 10 , 20 ; 132. 10 ; 172. 10 . g pl. danar 118. 1 ; 122. 7 , 27 ; 228. 6 , 12 ; 230. 20 . d pl. dona danaraib 122. 8 , 22 ; 130. 23 . forsna danaraib 120. 6 . risna d. 122. 14 ; 234. 8 . umna d. 124. 7 . a pl. danair 132. 15 . dochraiti mór fa feraibh hÉrenn ó lochlannchaib ┐ ó danaraibh dulgib dúrchridechaib LL 309 a 3 (cf. Cog. 2. 3 ). mór dimned raḟulṅgetar fir hErenn ó lochlanchaib ┐ o danaraib, ib. 309 a 11 ( Cog. 222. 5 ). míle láoch do dhubhdhanaroibh dána a thousand bold black Danes ALC i 4. 17 . conadh .vi. catha coṁmóra coiṁlíon na ndanar (sic leg.), ib. 6. 4 . loṅgas...hic saigid for cach gním ṅgarg | danair a tírib Danmarg SR 2380 . Brian...ba galar garg ort la droṅg ṅdanar ṅDanmarg LL 133 a 1 f.b. dofaeth Brian mac Ceindeittigh...a bas hi ccath na ndanar, Anecd. ii 21. 1 f.b. da bliadain damsa iarsin i rigi for danaraib in kingship over Danes (or vikings) RC xxiv 414. 1 f.b. (YBL; the anachronism is noteworthy). cath for danaru i nDaire Chalggaig Danes or foreigners LL 183 a 26 (list of battles). biaid orra nert danar ind the power of the Danes (or the vikings) shall be over them for it Fenagh 220. 21 . is iad aicme táinig ann an tráth soin .i. dainḟir ón Dánia .i. Denmarke , Keating iii 2455 . —Ambiguous: co dún danair Dublinde, Acall. 5655 . danair Puirt Lairge, Ériu i 78 § 2 .

II A viking in general; syn. gall. rotincell senCiaran in scél cétna .i. danair fo thrí do gabáil Érenn, Cog. 10. 19 . ragell dÉrinn co fa thrí dáma danar dubloṅgsi LL 309 b 8 ( Cog. 225 a 4 f.b. ). isin phurt ua dóigh dḟaghail a longaibh do danaruibh (says Enna to Conall Gulban; the anachronism is to be noted) by the vikings (or Danes) Fen. 404. 2 . táisig loingsi ┐ inarbthaig ┐ danair iarthair Eorpa uli in dias sin (sc. Brodor and Amlaib, sons of the king of Norway) the chiefs of the vikings of all the west of Europe Cog. 52. 1 = goill iarthair Eorpa FM ii 772. 9 (dealing with the same event). drong na ndanar do scaipeadh thar sáile (of Brian Boruṁa) ITS iii 164 l. 64 .

III A stranger within a territory, a foreigner in general; sometimes Synon. with deórad. duine eisidhe (sc. Owny O'More)....dobhen urlaṁas a atharda a los a láṁa a dornaibh danar ┐ deóradh FM vi 2178. 19(A.D. 1600). an fer rob ḟerr oinech ┐ bá mó cendairrc ┐ cointinn re galloib ┐ re danaraibh ima duthaid with the English and all foreigners ALC i 489. 26 . ní tháinic ó Brian Boruṁa anuas fer is mó dodhíthaig do danuraibh anás AU ii 554. 6 (A.D. 1375; of Donnchadh Caemanach Mac Murchadha). corp in danair nar bu diu. maraid fon charn adcísiu (of Noah's son Bith who died at Sliab Betha soon after his arrival in Ireland, cf. RC xvi 154 sq. ) BB 397 b 37 ; ib. 1 . 26 , he is called deorad: atchiu lecht deorad du céin. Here also LL 137 b 27 : Lifi ben Deltbunni...mac side Druchta in danair, cf. RDinds. 12 .

IV Often, like gall, applied to Englishmen : ticfa graifnech Cruachna díth danar co dédla the bold destroyer of the English Fenagh 280. 14 (probably referring to Turlough, son of Aedh O'Connor, who died A.D. 1244). dícerthar na danair the Englishmen will be expelled, ib. 282. 23 . díth ar danaraib, ib. 374. 17 . gur thuit Brían Binne hAbhaidh a gcath Dhúin re danaruibh so that B. fell by the English Misc. Celt. Soc. 156 l. 126 (of Brian O'Néill, †1260; cf. Ann. of Clonmacnoise A.D. 1260: Hugh O'Connor went to assist Brian against the English). attcuas immorro do dhanaraibh Duibhlinne adhbhchlos ┐ erdhercas an ṁic sin, Hugh Roe 2. 3 f.b.

V In depreciatory sense a cruel and ferocious foreigner or barbarian, a robber, pirate, bandit ; often connected with allmarach, díberggach, innarbthach; synon. anmarggach. It is probable but not certain that this sense arose on Irish ground, although a similar development of meaning has taken place also in Old Norse Brjótr berg-dana `the oppressor of the giants' (the rísir) occurs in the Snorris Edda (i 882. 2 ; Hýmk. 17 ) as an epitheton of Thórr, and Snorris Edda i 298. 2 , flóðrifs Danir applies to the rísir. fer díthláith- righ danar ┐ díbhergach ┐ innarptha allmurach ┐ echtair- chineoil a hÉrinn the extirpator of bandits and marauders ALC i 582. 20(A.D. 1316). torchair .xc. danar dibergach sacsanach ┐ lochlannach aroen friu, Cog. 206. 13 . fiche cét danar dian dolig dibercach durcraideach do anmar- gachaib, ib. 152. 4 . ní baí danar no díbergach don fichit cét sin can lúrig, ib. 152. 7 . Here perhaps Metr. Dinds. ii 46. 16 : Dairbre mac Ligmuine irlaime im debaid danair readiest in savage conflict (Gwynn).

MOD. danar, g s. and n pl. danair, a Dane, any stranger or cruel foreigner P. O'C.

Danar

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Forms: Danair

o,npr. m. mac Danair , Kells Charter 7 . Lec. 458 b 30 . cúic meic ac Muiridach .i. Gilla in Choimdead ┐ Danar, ib. 431 b 42 .

danardae

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Forms: danarda, danartha, dannardha, danarda, danardha, danara, danardha, dannartha, danardhacht, dannarthacht

adj danarda, danartha, io-iā, phonetically danarra; mod. also dannardha, deriv. from danar. Comp. danarda, Atl. iv 164. 6 .

I Danish , syn. danmargach. tancatar iarsain dubgenti danarda...┐ rabatar oc díchor na findgenti a hÉrinn LL 310 a 12 ( Cog. 18. 18 , 229. 13 ).

II adj English; subst. an Englishman : go nglanfaidh Whitehall ó ál na nDanara, Eogh. Ruadh 1010 .

III adj Bold, violent, fierce, furious ; opp. ciúin, cennsaigthe; often connected with borb, fergach, dían, díchrae, dúr, &c.

(a) of persons: dubsluag détla danarda fergach fortrén fomórda (of Domnall Mac Aeda's army) MR 184. 19 (YBL). an ceathrar fa buirbe ┐ fa danardha (sic leg.) dhíobh (sc. of the Fomorians), Atl. iv 164. 6 ( OCT 5. 3 f.b. ). Gáoidil is goill danortha ZCP ii 334. 6 . fer ciúin cendsaigthi i nóiltigh ┐ i noireachtas dúr danardha docoiscc i ndeabhaidh FM v 1788. 2 . dranaire drúiseach danardha, Eogh. Ruadh 2880 .

(b) of animals: roaladhbrecsatar in magh do uanfadaigh na nech ndanarda (v.l. nannarrdha, na neach ndían nanairrdha) the foam of the fierce horses TBC 5625 (Stowe).

(c) of actions: doberait saide ammus díochra danardha for hua nDoṁnaill, Hugh Roe 248. 1 . is dearbh...gur díoghaltus danardha donn dom thabhairt ar maiṁleas a cruel revenge Cúirt 496 (v.l. dannardha, danghartha). nách danardha an gníoṁ a Chríost nár grádhsa fós acht gach uile ní na mbíodh do ghráin, Tadhg Gaolach 2181 .

MOD. danardha, danara adj cruel ( Quiggin 47 ). danardha cruel, merciless, tyrannical P. O'C. dannartha, Coneys. O'R. Hence danardhacht, f. n cruelty, tyranny, ferocity , P. O'C. O'R. dannarthacht, Coneys. O'R.

dánatae

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Forms: dánae

adj io-iā = dánae: rob íad sin an drong dhánata dhaghthapaid dhíscir ALC i 412. 6 .

dánatu

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Forms: dánae

n t, m. deriv. from dánae. Boldness . qui ueterum scriptorum artis grammaticae uitia corrigere quamuis audacissime...ingredior, gl. cesu dánatu dom, Sg 90 a 5 .— In Mid.-Ir. superseded by dánatus and dánacht .

dánatus

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Forms: dánatais, dánadas, dánadais

n u, m. deriv. from dánae. g s. dánatais, Lism. L. 3043 . Boldness , translating Lat. temeritas, audacia; connected with bocásach, drochciall, menmae, slatracht.

I In good sense, of persons or actions, stout-heartedness, fearlessness, courage, daring . roeirig a barann ┐ a bhorrfad ┐ rolínustar tonn dánatais a chriche ┐ a cheiniuil mon am sin the wave of boldness of his territory and his race Lism. L. 3043 . gur machtnaighset na Rudulta méd ┐ dánadus in engnuma dorónsat friu, Aen. 2427 ( BB 476 a ). a Dáiri co ndánadus (sic leg.) BR 194. 13 . aṁail roḟás ┐ roion- ḟorbhairt airbert ┐ aindíuidecht détlacht ┐ dánatus an ríaghaire, Hugh Roe 54. 13 .

II In bad sense assurance, presumption, audacity, impudence . roeirig menma ┐ danatus ┐ bocasach ┐ nert na crechaired LB 154 b 19 . ba dánatus ┐ ba drochciall dírecra...tíchtain cen chor i críchaib Gréc, TTr. 782 . fégad ...ná rop slatracht ná dánatus dó dul a ndáil chuirp Chríst PH 5340 . is dánatus mór don pecdach cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé... ┐ cen uamun fair, ib. 7907 . combad ḟollus triasin dánatus sin, ib. 5138 .

MOD. n dánadas, g s. dánadais, boldness, presumption, deter- mination Dinn. O'R. Sc. dànadas: peacadh dànadais sin of presumption Psalm. xix 13 .

Danbarr

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o,npr. m. Danbarr macc Déin a quo Huí Danbairr, Rawl. 126 a 39 .—For -barr cf. Finnbarr (Gaul. Vendu-bar[r]os, Cunobarros) and Barrḟind (W. Berwyn), for Dan-Dangal.

dándae

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Forms: dándha, dánda

adj io-iā, deriv. from dán. dándha fatal Lhuyd. O'R. Macd. dánda poetical, metrical, fatal P. O'C. No instance from the literature. Dándae would give Mod.-Ir. †dána as grándae grána; it is not, however, found in the spoken language.