1 dana

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Forms: dana, dana

num (danae only O'Mulc. 294 , v. 3 danae). Two . The quantity of -a- is uncertain. In CCath. 2239 and LU 89 a 5 it is marked as long; but in both cases the mark of length might be due to association with the synonymous ; in the latter case all the other MSS, including YBL, omit the mark of length. Dana is mainly used in connection with the article, which, as is the case before dá in Old-Ir., always takes the form in: in dana , dat. don dana = in dá, don díb (don dá). Like dá it is placed immediately before the noun (which is put in the dual), and followed by the genitive of the tens of the numerals (in dana fichet déc).—Probably from †dá n-ái; cechtar in dána for older cechtar nái. For the adj. sense comp. indarna = OIr. indala nái.

All examples collected below have been taken from MSS not older than the early 15th century with the exception of the one from LU. The Glosses contain no instances of dana; but it appears several times in the commentaries to the Brehon Laws, though Atkinson does not mention it in his vocabulary. The way in which it is written in the Law-MSS proves that it was but seldom understood by the copyists. In all probability the word belonged to the late Old-Ir. and the early Mid.-Ir. periods.

The instances can be divided into three groups:

(a) in dana + subst. depend as a genetivus partitivus on a preceding cechtarde, nechtarde. This usage predominates in the Laws: dá fodein....i. dian urtrom ┐ dian iartrom. colpthach sé screpall ar cach fodein cechtarde in dana fodein a colpach of six screpalls for each `fodian' of the two `fodian's' Laws v 60. 4 . To this head belongs the misjudged phrase nechtardae (cechtardae) in dana imbed sin either (each) of the two parties, both in the commentaries to the Senchus Mór, corresponding to the nechtar (cechtar, aile) da lína of the main text. díleas do cechtar da lína cia rochaithe cia tormala cechtar da lína ar araile .i. is díleas do cechtarde in dana imad sin, Laws ii 342. 9 . ní bi cor cor nechtar da lína sech araile .i. noco cunnrad cundrad nechtarde in dana imad sin sech a céile, ib. ii 358. 15 . mad aile da lína .i. mad nechtarde in dana imad sin, ii 366. 14 (cf. 394. 20 ). So also 362. 13 ; 380. 14 ; 394. 20 . Noteworthy is ii 374. 11 with its cechtarde in da imat (cf. cechtar in da rann, Sg 74 b 5 ). For cechtarde in da nadimat sain, ii 378. 14 read c. in dana imat s. The reading nechtar in da nannat sin, ii 317. 7 and 318. 18 , is accounted for by the common misreading of im as nn. Ib. ii 326. 17 , inat is to be restored to imat.

(b) in dana independent of nechtardae, cechtardae: ite in da fasachaib .i. is iat in dana fis (sic leg.) ogsa nos foirichnigend uili, Laws i 230. 1 Comm. . clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib....i. damliag ┐ duirrthech, ib. v 92. 1 f.b. Comm.. Bechuill ┐ Danand dil: marbh in dana bantúathaigh BB 35 b 4 = Lec. 562 a 38 ; but the prose-version LL 9 b 27 has na dí b. in dana cenn BB 8 a 15 = na dá cenn, Rawl. 76 a . cath a ndrochadur in dana Dubán, Lec. 591 a 31 . Eremón ┐ Earannan in dana ṡósar. in da ṡindser imorro..., ib. 539 b 30 . slighe cumang do longaib etir in dana bernuidh sin, CCath. 1341 . nóbídis in dána (v.l. na da) athair ic debhaid imon aencorp, ib. 2239 , doriachtadur in dana rígh (v.l. in dá rig sin), Acall. 3134 , Lism. tucsam in dana nech sin dḞinn, ib. 256 . is maith dḟuasclais in dana cheist sein, ib. 6143 . na léic uait in dana bocht SG i 20. 22 (16th century MS). biadhtair aici in dana bocht, ib. 20. 29 . tuccat dá fichet déc each do M. o Brian ┐ ní rabi don dana fichet déc bai aroen re M. nech &c. , Cog. 132. 9 (v.l. don dá ḟichet décc).

(c) dana preceded by a possessive pronoun of the 3 sg.: gai laiss...foriarnd fair...cethri traigid eter a dá | na [o]g imfáebair LU 89 a 5 = BDD 75. 9 (§ 87) . v.l.: a dana ogh imthaebuir YBL. a di nuag des nimfaebuir H. a da naug i., St. a da nug i., Eg. = iter a dá na og imḟaebuir BDD2 .

There is no certain instance of dana in a substantival sense; cf. danae.

2 dana

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adv Wb 5 c 18 and Mid.-Ir. = dano, q.v.

3 dana

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pron whose : adh dana lógh dá screpall, Laws ii 246. 6 f.b. trom dana rúsc rúad SG 245. 38 . isé in tardḟlaith hua Ainmirech clithar dana craeb coibneasa roráidhsiumar romaind whose genealogy we have given above MR 98. 21 (hardly from YBL which is almost illegible here; dana also the Stowe MSS B iv 1 and 23 K 44). Probably = dianad; cf. diana FDG 617 .

4 dana

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ind ce dana damsa guin Dóir, Tig. p. 177 . Cf. ce chana damsa guin Dáir, FM i 242.9 , RC xxxvii 227 .

Dana

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g s. npr. m. in Mess Dana LL 311 b 30 , Rawl. 82 b 29 ; both copies of the same pedigree. mac Dana meic meic Auinus BB 222 g 56 . mac Danai meic Náir 230 b 43 . mac Dana Dorngil LL 11 a 44 . mac Dana meic Moduirn, Rawl. 91 f 20 . Sobriquet in Gaili Dana TBC 2184 Y.

1 dánach

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Forms: oen - dánach, mór- dánach, il-dánach

adj o-ā. Having arts, professions, &c.; in cpds.: oen - dánach (opp. il-dánach), Laws v 108. 1 . mór- dánach: a Choran mórchétlaig mórdánaig, Echt. Condla 3 (cf. Wind. Gr. 120 ). il-dánach skilled in various arts (cf. illdána YBL 108 a 24 ), adj. and subst., samildánach, q.v.—Cf. Scotch dánach: aithris dhuinne Oiseain dhánaigh Gillies's Gael. Poems 39 .

2 dánach

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adj o-ā, in leaṁ-dhánach rash, foolhardy Dinn. Cf. dánae, dánacht.

1 dánacht

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Forms: dánachta, dánae, dánacht

n ā, f. gen. dánachta; abstract of dánae. Boldness , translating audacia. Opp. édánacht.

I In good sense: doroini do degglóir ┐ do dánacht aiccnid ┐ do sonairte urlabra conar sailset nach smuainedh eccla ina menmain by boldness of nature CCath. 3049 . boldness, confidence : cidh fadera gan dánocht agad im tairisim i nAileach inocht aṁail atá suṁ TF 22. 20 .

II More usually in bad sense: audacity, presumption, wickedness . Often in connection with menmae, dí- or droch-chiall, bocásach, boccacht, díumus. ba dánacht ┐ ba dichiall do Troiannaib athigid ind airir i mbetis, TTr. 800 . as suail narbo nár leis a nderna do dánacht glóir ┐ do boccacht urlabra boldness of talk CCath. 5019 . baoi sidhe acc dénaṁ dánachta deabhtha ┐ diubhraicthe ar Ua Suille- bháin began boldly to attack and fire upon O.S. FM vi 2314. 6 . smuaineadh...air a dhíombhuidheachas ┐ air a dhánacht dhíthchéilligh ag deunaṁ na bpeacaidheadh, Donlevy 280. 9 . is dána me ná an dánacht féin, Amr. Cl. G. 9. 5 . COMPS.: andánacht a strengthened dánacht, mod. andá- nacht, anadánacht. ionnas go dteilgfinn uaim gach andá- nacht┐ gach uabhar croide, Im. Cr. 190. 3 . ná glac áthas no and.¤ , ib. 73 w . lem-dánacht rashness, foolhardiness Dinn. mer-dánacht reckless intrepidity : ar chalmacht ar mire ┐ ar merdánacht, Fianaigecht 70. 2 .

MOD. dánacht boldness, audacity, presumption P. O'C. maille re dánacht with confidence Lhuyd. confidence, boldness, plainness of speech (cf. CCath. 5019 ) Dinneen, who also gives the meaning familiarity with; cf. Eisirt 15. 17 : ag dul i ndánacht air beginning to make bold with him, i.e. growing familiar with him, and Begl.-MacCurt. Engl.-Ir. Dict. (1732) s.v. `bold': doghnídh sé dánacht risna neithibh se dá ndlighthear an fomós is mó he makes bold with these things to which, &c.Cf. andánacht.

2 dánacht

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Forms: dán, diabul-dánachta

n ā, f. from dán. diabul-dánachta diabolic arts : ceithri cathrachai irrabatar og fochlaim ḟesai ┐ eolais ┐ diabuldanachtai RC xii 56 § 2 . Lec. 551 b 32 . il- dánacht many arts : ailsead a nilgníma ┐ a nildanacht, Lec. 539 a 22 . Cf. dánacht poetry, art of poetry HSD. Cf. Rel. Celt. ii 324. 14 .

1 dánad

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u, m. vn. of dánaid.

I A giving, distributing : co tart do Ádam iar sreith fria dánad cach síl sáindleith SR 1922 .

II In grammar dative , a noun governed by the preposition do , one of the 25 `filltigthi': cóic filltigthi .xx. et hi rémim... fo fiur a fothud do fiur a danad ... tre fer a tregdad BB 328 a 20 .

2 dánad

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Forms: danad

v danad = díanad, q.v.