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líath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. líath or dil.ie/30139

o, ā

I As adj. grey .

(a) Of persons, grey-haired, aged : Ronán l.¤ Roiss Uanni, Fél. Apr. 30 . laech l.¤ mór, Sc. M² 13. itconnarcc senoir mor liath , PH 1490 . riglach liat[h] (.i. seanoir), Arch. iii 30.2 (= Trip.² 2475 ). in láech l.¤ , LL 2228.

(b) Of the hair, beard grey: ulcha liatha leo . . . .i. oland l.¤ ro ceṅglad dia smechaib, LL 329e26 .i. ulliu léith leo issin chath, 29 ( ZCP xiii 318.1 ). tomm liath hi cert-medón a édain, PH 7270 . ulcha . . . ┐ uathad finda liath inne, 1968 . an ceann liath , Prov. xvi 31 . fear na gruáige léithe, Deut. xxxii 25 . déana coimhéirghe rés an gceann liath , TSh. 8546.

(c) Other applications: etuch dub ┐ fobuidhe ┐ liath , Laws i 148.3 Comm . i n-aibíd mhánaig leith Cistercian, ALC i 366.25 . gur bho derg dá ḟuil ┐ gur bo liath dá n-inchind, TBC 6046 . bid liath cechtar fathar do inchinn a cheile, BNnÉ 303.16 . at liatha do shúile, Aisl. MC 93.12 . ech l.¤ , LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). golgaire in luin lēith, ZCP vii 310 § 7 (= luin duibh, Reeves Ad. 274 ). datha na ngaeth . . . buidhe ┐ derg, dub ┐ liath , Laws i 26.x Comm . faoi drúcht liath , Oss. iv 216.6 . sioc l.¤ , Job xxxviii 29 . aráin a lóin uile tirim ┐ l.¤ , Jos. ix 5 . muc ogham inso . . . finn (b) liath (l), Auraic. 5669 . dathogam. aicme bethi .i. ban, liath , 5698 . a beith ranocht is roliath (of anocht error), 2070 . (cryptic) loiscia .i. liath (? leg. lia) Goid. 77 § 163 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

Superl.: rói-dhearca lóghmhara is léithe lí, Keat. Poems 100.

II As subst.

(a) in pl. old men, veterans : do rat a óclaecha i medón an chatha ┐ do rat a liatha fá deoid, SG 321.37 . oc faicsin na liath do letradh, 321.z . mairg nach riaraig a líathu, ZCP vii 298.18 . nī caistide (leg. coistide) fri liatu (: fiachu), xiii 264.3 . is mairg lenus do liathu, LL 307b23 ( SG 387.35 ). rolensat na léith Lothor `greybeards', Met. Dinds. iv 52.124 . beid ogmna cen dergadh, / bud fergach a liatha, ZCP x 50 § 18.

(b) Various other applications: in liath ┐ in chiar itir in uidir ┐ in cirdub bit (of winds), Laws i 28.2 Comm . da doighli liath léna in magh, radfia su cadhan go leth crane(?), ZCP viii 550.18 = x 280.10 = inn iall én, TBC 1832. Of disease in sheep fluke, rot(?): liath ┐ uthud do caoirib, O'C. 1103 ( H.3.18 p. 447a ). liath ┐ ufadh do chaorchaib, O'C. 297 ( H.3.18 163 ).

(c) As n.pr. Léim an Leith, BNnÉ 255.1 . in L.¤ Macha (Cú Chulainn's horse), LU 8575 ( FB 43 ). da acallaim ind Leith, LL 13813 ( RC iii 175.12 ). Carcar ind Léith i mbái in Liath , Met. Dinds. ii 22.68 . do tig Midir i mBrig Leith i Teathbai, TE² 2 . Liath na trí mbenn `the grey one of the three antlers' (of stag), SG 115.2 ( Acall. 936 ). is e in Foelcú sein dorigne in curach do C[h]olum Cille .i. in Liathmbaile (leg. Liath mBaile), ZCP viii 298.18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤boccóit: l. fair .i. a sciath, TBC 5404 . ¤gae: líáthga mór . . . na láim, TBC 5390 . liathgha .i. ga léothach, O'Cl. liathgai fria ais, IT, ii2 243.3 . ¤lus, common as plant name, see Hog. Luibhl. lus fillocealla .i. liathlus, Arch. i 333 § 19 . crocus ecolicanus liathlus, 335 § 70 . liathlus locha savin, Ir. Texts v 6.31 . adiantos politricus .i. liathlus mor, Arch. i 330 § 10 . asarum ┐ abrotanum .i. liathlus na tragha, Arch. i 334 § 56 . auricula muris .i. an liathlus beag, 23 K 42, 367.3 . ¤muine `grey brake or thicket, tormentil,' Hog. Luibhl. In place-names see Hog. Onom. ¤nuimhir `large (hoary) number' (Gloss.), Hackett xxxix 15 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤chrúaid: lebenna liathcrúaidi cotata `grey hard stiff benches', Hib. Min. 66.17 . ¤garmnach see garm- nach. ¤glas: trí monga liath-ghlasa . . . forra `grey-blue', ML 118.z . ¤lomda grey and bare : a lecní liathlomdai, IT iii 99.13 . ¤luimnech grey-cloaked (?): cailleach . . . liath- luimneach, ZCP v 22 § 8 . ¤odar dark-grey: trí bruitt . . . liathodra . . . impu, MU² 606.

(c) ¤enech grey-faced , used as subst. and n.pr. or nickname: cirp lep liath ennech / luath loschlaen (gripp lep líathainech, v.l.), IT iii 14 § 30 . ní con facca beola eich, amail beola in liathánuigh .i. in Liath Macha, O'D. 1208 ( H 2.15, 83a ), cf. am beolu inliathanaigh / nochonaca beolu eich, IT iii 68 § 7. Murchadh Liathanach, FM ii 898.24 . Tadg mac an Liath- anaigh, 1098.19