1 cara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cara or dil.ie/8205

Forms: carae, chare, c., carae, carit, carit, charait, cairde, chardde, charaid, charaid, caruit, charuid, cairde, cháirde, chardiu, cardiu, caraid, cairde, cairdeadh

n nt, m. Thurn. Gramm. 207 . Earlier carae. n s. chare, Ml. 29c16 . c.¤ , Sg. 12b7 . carae, Blathm. 142 . a s. carit, Wb. 30b27 . n p. carit, Wb. 5c7 . Ml. 44c1 . mo charait , 6 . a p. cairde, Laws ii 380.14 . a chardde , LL 32598 (TTr.). Later forms: n s. mo charaid , Párl. na mB. 210 . v s. a charaid , TSh. 8887 . d s. with f. adj. (see O'Brien, Celtica ii 346-8 ) ha caruit cumachtaig, TTebe 3673 . am charuid mhóir, Desid. 5782 . n p. cairde, Ériu xiii 44.25 (proscribed, IGT Decl. § 6 ). v p. a cháirde , TSh. 958 . a p. im chardiu , LU 3493 ( SC 26 ). cardiu, 2432 . ZCP iii 27.21 . PH 5797 . caraid, TTebe 2322 . St. Ercuil 2272 . TSh. 7129 . g p. cairde, Párl. na mB. 152 . cairdeadh, DDána 108.12 . m. only, IGT Decl. § 6 , but later also f. (see above and Desid. p. 249 ); bhudh í an ch.¤ (: thí), O'Hara 1272 (see n.). an ch.¤ chéibhfhionn, Ó Bruad. ii 28.7 (taken by Ed. to refer to female).

Friend : coscc carat `a friend's advice', Wb. 5b32 . manum gaibi ar charit `if thou takest me as a friend', 32a16 . is and asgniintar in charait intan mbither in periculis , Ml. 108b4 . c.¤ gl. amícus, Ir. Gl. 413 . diammad ch.¤ dam, LU 3320 ( SC 11 ). lín a chomairce ┐ a charat, Críth Gabl. 366 . a charaid claechmodha `Freunde des Wechselns', Ir. Recht 41.23 (see cláechlód). bid caro sochuidi, IT i 142.20 . mac Muire mo ch.¤ , 40.35 . ní diultach mo charae (: barae), Fél. Ep. 371 . mástat carait, LU 9091 ( FB 84 ). comainm carat (of the yew-tree), Auraic. 5656 . c.¤ ceathra (of the elm-tree), 5619 . da thigerrna carad companaig .i. don easpug, Ériu x 68 § 1 . is tigerna ┐ is c.¤ bunaid A. `original friend', TTebe 2324 . c.¤ an tí do ordaigh é `love be to Him', PBocht 8.12 . a gc.¤ anma confessor, O'R. Poems 2072 . rogha [cairdis] c.¤ maoir `the best of friendships is the steward-friend', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 1 . mo charaid ┐ mo chomharsain, TSh. 4243 . rena ccáirdibh spioradálta, RSClára 105a .

Less freq. relative (cf. Celtica i 369 ): huam chairtib gl. domesticis `from my kinsmen', Ml. 86d6 . ? ar id carut a ngenelaighe `their tribe relations are friendly', Laws ii 160.23 . E. ro marbh a caraid ┐ comgael, St. Ercuil 2272 . favith rogoidis voin ott caroid Críst gossip, Aisl. Tund. 100 § 3 . ? Cf. do ghaeltuibh ┐ cairdib na naidhiun `gossips of the babe', Marco P. 21 . gurob mó is c.¤ don nádur fuil derg naid leanda ele `red blood is more akin to the nature (of man)', Reg. San. 26.19 . comtar carait ┐ ind ingen he and the maiden were lovers, RC viii 150 § 2 . mairg . . . / . . . dian c.¤ Colco, Anecd. i 7.11 ( SCano 209 ). ní fhuighbhe an bhaintreabhach bhog / leannán ná céile carad (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1146 .

Compds. (cf. Thurn. Gramm. 208 ). With nouns: etir maccu rígan ┐ caratban concubines , LL 31643 (TTr.). iar s eter caratnáimta ataaid `false friends', Wb. 23c28 . In n. pr. Gúbretha Caratniad Tesct[h]i (title of tract), ZCP xv 306.1 . With adjj.: craibdig . . . .i. caradbethadaig .i. caraid cách a mbethaid, Fél.² xxxi gl. 16 (1) . imrad Cainnig carat- choem ` friendly-dear ', RC xx 148.1 .