tarb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarb or dil.ie/40066
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m.

(a) bull: t.¤ quasi a tarū, a tauro , Corm. Y 1206 . im th.¤ for slabra, Laws i 126.6 . bale na bít tairb, IT i 72.16 . for saerad in tairb, PH 7170 . i ndiaid in toirb, 7184 . t.¤ sainemail ... Findbennach a ainm, TBC-LL¹ 80 . dona tarbaib, 6131 . do seitidaib ... t.¤ ` bull-hides ,' TTebe 1280 . ro gaid C. doim ┐ toirb leis, Stair Erc. 1938 . tarbh fíadhta, Isaiah li 20 . t.¤ tána `a parish or public bull,' O'R. Of bees : ni bi tola tarb ann 'there is not an abundance of bulls (i.e. drones ?)', Bechbretha 64 § 25 gl. a . tánaise gl. .i. tarbsaithi 'bull-swarm', Bechbretha 62 § 20 gl. b . Fig.: gurab é Cambrens[is] is tarbh tána dhóibh le scríobhadh saoibhsheanchusa who is their leader in the writing of, Keat. i 152.10 .

(b) Applied figuratively to warriors: ardrí Egept ... | ba t.¤ tnu fri gleo, SR 3895 . caín t.¤ tnuthach, Sc.M² 15.4 . Ó Duib-dhíorma an tarbh tuilmhear, DDána 113.34 .

(c) the thigh where it thickens at the top, loin, buttock (usually with qualifying gs. sliasta): patma .i. na sliasta .i. in fhuathroic, exugiam .i. in t.¤ sliasta nó in fhothoin `the bull of the loin, or the buttock,' Ir. Gl. 139 gl. 95 . se lunnta inreamha dochuaidh a tarbh a sliasta, BB 22b13 . ó t.¤ a slíasat co derc a osgaile `from the thick of his thighs,' Fianaig. 84.31 . tula sliasta .i. tairb, Laws v 363 n.

Compds.

(a) The original sense is to some extent retained: ¤dam = tarb: is é tarbhdhamh thuairfeas ghnaoi (of a person), DDána 91.44 . ¤enech bull-faced: dáil de forsin tarbainech (.i. Murchad), ZCP xii 237 § 61 . ¤feis bull-feast (—sleep? A ceremony for determining the successor to the kingship, see V. SS. Hib. clx n. 5 .): dognither ... tarbfes leo andsin co fíastais esti cia diá tibertais rigi, LU 3448 ( SCC 22 ). con-grenar tairbfheis la firu Hérenn, BDD² 123 . ? Cf. cosdud feisi for feoil tairb D., Leb. Cert. 6.4 . ¤léine a tunic made of bull's hide (?) (tarb merely intens. here, Stokes, KZ xxxviii 471 ).: tarbléni trebraid fria chness, TBC-LL¹ 1716 (see note). ¤lus some kind of herb: tri losa ... righlus, ┐ t., ┐ athec[h]lus ... t. do gradaib flatha, Rawl. B. 506, fo. 43b ( O'D. 2365 ). ¤saithe name of one of the seven swarms of bees , H 3.18, 425b ( O'Curry 992 ). ? Cf. the fable of Aristaeus ( Georgics iv 281 ff. ) and Judges xiv . tanaisi .i. tarb-saithi (opp. of cet-saithe), H 3.18, 397ab ( O'Curry 890 ). Cf. Laws iv 172.

(b) In vaguer senses strong, great, furious , etc. ¤chlár some part of a chariot, panel, plating (?): carpat ... cona tarbclār umaide, TBC-I¹ 2331. 2549 . ZCP x 279.10 . ¤choblach mighty fleet: cu tarbhchobhlach clainni Tuirgeis, Caithr. CC 42.9 . ¤codnach mighty leader: na t. tuaiscertach, MR 184.18 . 254.8 . ¤chú: atcualatar graigbertaigh ┐ tarbhchoin turusa ┐ gille echraide ` molosses (?),' RC xliii 26.29 . Of an aggressive person : fulang th'anfoidh dob usa | triasan dtarbhchoin dturusa 'it would have been easier to tolerate [the extent] of rage you have shown on account of the travelling bulldog', Ériu lxiv § 1.9 . ¤chuithech madly raging: tairm ┐ treineirghi na tarbcuithech sin, Caithr. CC 42.20 . ¤fhlaith a tyrannical ruler (?),usurper (?): t. dano, nī inmain fer, ZCP xi 87 § 48 . ¤gleic fierce conflict: cona ro sguirsed ... do'n t., MR 256.11 . ¤long mighty ship: ar trenramhaibh na t., Caithr. CC 42.7 . t.¤lus lit. bull herb (protection against the evil eye ?): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ aitheclus … tarblus do gradhaibh flatha, CIH i 145.5 . ¤[ṡ ?]réidigthe furious (?): tabraid in tachar-sa co ... tarbh-redigthi, MR 126.12 . tuirthi ... tarb-redigthi treas-laithrech in talman, 150.3 . ¤sluag fierce army: gemad t. ga marbad, YBL 318b2 (reading doubtful). ¤thnúthach fierce and vindictive: tairgsi ... tarb-tnuthach, MR 256.6 .

(c) In meanings similar to that in (c) supra: ¤fhéith large vein or sinew in the leg: tarbhéithi a orcan, TBC-LL¹ 2596 v.l. tís dorala in tṡleg im' orcain ┐ im' thairbfheith mo choissi, Acall. 6800 . In Bible seems used of the thigh: tairfeith, ceathramhan, sliasad, Eg. Gl. 577 . dobhéra ... ar do thairbhfhéich lobhadh, Numbers v 21 . ¤shliasait = t.¤ sliasta supra: femoralia .i. na tarbshliasta, Ir. Gl. 141 gl. 182 .