1 sén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sén or dil.ie/37092

Forms: tseuin, seon, seún, sena, sén, séna, séna

n o (Lat. signum) n s. in s.¤ , ZCP viii 310.16 . g s. seoin, LU 4504 . in tseuin , 4508 . d s do seon , TBC 1140 . do seún , IT ii2 211 § 6 . g p. inna s.¤ , Thes. ii 17.32 . Later g s. also sena, Lism. L. 2285 . sén g s. séna, n p. séna, IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) a sign; omen, augury, portent: argumind inna s.¤ (of the signs of the Zodiac), Thes. ii 17.32 (BCr.). nis téilcset a fathi ┐ a ndruíd ass sein . . . oc írnaidi ṡeóin, LU 4504 (TBC). co tí nert in tṡeuin ara tísam ar frithisi, 4508 . ni scér-sa frib-si etir acht do ṡeon co n-gabsa armu indiu, TBC 1140 . ba gein rīg ar febus in thseōin, Fianaig. 4.11 . asbert fris in ben . . . | Maith in sen a C., | ordan ┐ taced dait | do cech leith úair it irdairc, TFerbe 780 . abair re Bécuma . . . corob olc in sen da fuagartar di Temraig d'ḟagail, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . do shir diamhair néal nimhe | ar séan d'iarraidh fáisdine, DDána 75.20 . sign, indication : sean díoghbhála a tteacht asteagh their entrance is an omen of diminution, Ériu v 56.7 . rob séan caomhanta carad | rob séan airgthe easgarad | . . . | an t-armsa dheit dearlaicthir, TD 19.2 . fa s.¤ mórmaidm ó shein amach re mórDiarmaid a maidm lenmbaidhechta . . . in lá sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 69.6 . séan sodháin, DDána 102.32 . In the phrases maith, olc (in) s.¤ auspiciously, inauspiciously : nír bo s.¤ maith dolodbair . . . do saigid in duni-seo, IT ii2 214.49 . `'n aniug rogabais airm lāich, a maic?' ar se. `Is ed' bar N. `Maith ámh in s.¤ inar-gabuis iat' ar an drái, ZCP xiii 201.4 . asrubairt frim ba maith in s.¤ acht co tiasta lasind rīg it were well, ZCP viii 310.16 . maith s.¤ doluidi ō t[h]igh | Muiredach ūa Airt Ōinfir, ZCP xiii 6.18 . maith séan dar síoladh an fhearg | eadrom is mac mhic Risdeard, DDána 108.4 . maith séan dá dtarla tusa | d'Aodh Óg . . ., TD 33.9 . olc an séan lé dtáinig sibh `thou hast brought ill luck with thee, inauspicious is thy coming', Measgra D. 34.2 . as olc s.¤ ar mhilles-sa | oineach Rónáin Fhinn, Buile Ṡ. § 40 . olc séan a ccairdis boí lá | do shiol cCormaic mhic Enna `ill did their friendship work', Todd Nenn. cvii 10 . maith séan an ghill do gabhadh, DDána 7.12 . Note also: nib bo do ṡéun maith dodechabair uán a Ḟergus, IT ii 211 § 6 . mas do gabhail Erenn tangabhair ┐ bodh ail dibh nirbo coír in sen tangabhair, BB 40a11 . tancatar rompa co Temhraig don t-sen ┐ don t-ṡolud `luckily and auspiciously', Ériu iii 172 § 31 . fó s.¤ fortunately, luckily : fó s.¤ dia ngab Oengus Alpain, Bruchst. 6 § 4 . ní fó s.¤ i tancas din tochmarc, TFerbe 95 .

(b) an incantation, a charm : fuacair dóib siut re s.¤ ┐ re solad Éire d'fhagbail, Acall. 6246 . conid S.¤ na n-én . . . ainm in tṡein sin ó sin anall, 6350 . dober-sa s.¤ chuigi ┐ atbela . . . luid . . . co hairm i mbai Senán ┐ rochan brechta [i]na agaid, ┐ doraidh: `Facuib an tír lasin s.¤-sa.' Doraidh Senán . . .: `Doro at cenn do shena | is fortsa bus mela | . . . | is tusa not-béla', Lism. L. 2280 - 8 . adrad lītha nī fiu clúas | solud nā s.¤ sīabras bás, Hail Brigit 14 . is uaidibh gach geiss, ┐ gach s.¤, ┐ gach sreódh, ┐ gotha en, ┐ gach mana, Todd Nenn. 124.11 . ro innarb . . . tría cheird tṡeóin drái[d]echta é assin ferann, Cóir Anm. 159 . séona saobha .i. draoidheacht, O'Cl. s.¤ uaire a charm to ensure luck or success or bring about a lucky time; a lucky time: in tan ro imthig mo mac uaim, do radus gráinne óir fo barr a shlindein deis, do ṡen uaire ┐ do chomhartha fair, MR 74.9 . do beir senoir (.i. an draoi no tincoisgedh sen uaire) comairle doib, Leb. Gab. 146 n. 1 . adaltracha .i. cid sen uaire a philtre (?), Laws v 482.13 Comm . olc s.¤ uare ar dotbi | aithech- thuathi dia ṡlabrai, Mór M. 11 . is andsin atubairt Calchas friu di ṡéon úaire ara curtís al-longa for muir, TTr. 1237 ( LL 233b33 ). ma[d] iarna huasul-fonaidhm co sen uaire, no-beth don fine in aititiu gin tsen uaire `mit Glück', Ir. Recht 64 § 4 . gabh mar so le séan uaire | dhá shleigh Con na Craobhruaidhe, DDána 97.36 . beir uatha athaidh eile | ar séan uaire is aimsire | céim neimhleasg i ndáil danair `in a propitious hour and time', TD 41.15 . tigid liomsa . . . ar ṡéan uaire agus aimsire, Maguires of F. 40 . T. Luineach mac Néill . . . iarna ríoghadh agus iarna oirneadh ar s.¤ úaire agus aimsire lena chineadh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 1.5 . cuir an siothbháirc ar s.¤ uaire | . . . | ó chalaid, a hucht an Athar, Sc.G.St. iv 140 § 8 .

(c) a favourable sign, a blessing ; good luck, success, pros- perity, happiness : séun, áthcheodh fós sona, Eg. Gl. 561 . s.¤ Dé donfē fordontē, Thes. ii 299.29 . nip sēn . . . in sengamain troitechsa tucad sunn, TBC² 3658 . nip s.¤ ó timmarnad `no luck be to him by whom this was commanded', RC xiii 446 § 29 . rop s.¤ slán, viii 150 § 1 . rob s.¤ daoibh do dheóraidheacht `may thy exile be to thee a blessing', Studies 1921, 74 § 5 . ag iarraidh tiagearna . . . ō bhfuighmís sēan ┐ maoine ┐ maith- [i]us, Feis TC 783 . a fhir scailid na scél tall | sen gach aínfhir ni hinann, Irish Texts ii 56 § 48 . do dhermaid siad a s.¤ gnáthach `their wonted good luck', O'Gr. Cat. 472.20 . gurab tuar séin ┐ sochair don tí bhíos bocht ó spioraid, TSh. 1129 . ro imigh ar sen ┐ ar toici buain[n] ┐ atá in mishén agar mescbuaidhredh, St. Ercuil 1527 . do s.¤ ┐ do ṡobarthan do chor i nucht an toice, FM v 1626.21 . a Ua Cearbhaill ar nar clódh séan, Aithd. D. 26.34 . sonas agus seun d'fhághail a bhflaitheamhnas Dé, Donlevy 190.y . anaidh fear sona le séan the lucky man waits for prosperity (i.e. prosperity comes to him without effort on his part)', Ir. Prov. 345 . níor ghnáth leat-sa achd re linn Ghall | gur bearnadh séan bhar saor- chlann, DDána 68.19 . fuair an dream nar fhéagh d'fholuidh | séan i gceann Í Chonchobhuir `found a chance to attack O'C.', Aithd. D. 3.16 . cath Géisille . . . | nar thuit Éibhear anba an séan `terrible the calamity', Content. ii 43 . do mhill rí Sligighe ar s.¤ | na-trí ridire roithrén, IGT Decl. ex. 573 . maith mo chomhairle ar séan duit, Measgra D. 7.130 . ná déna thoir tathamh súaimhneach, | ar s.¤ tturais tríall a le, Sc.G.St. iv 138 § 4 . triallaid . . . | . . . | ar s.¤ imirce i nUlltoibh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 101.16 . Dia do bhetha ar s.¤ siobhail | tángabhair toisc aithriomhail `with propitious march', O'Gr. Cat. 513.11 . a ghoin ar séan gcoimhdhe cháigh, Aithd. D. 63.12 . do athraig s.¤ catha Cloinne Cais `the success of battle of C.C. changed', FM v 1572.4 . fer go s.¤ troda ┐ tochair, 1684.2 . ní rachar . . . óir ní foíllsighthear dámh-sa go bhfuil sean catha ort aniu, CF 63 . 177 . do radadh fatha déar dó | a séan catha do chlaochlódh, DDána 121.17 . g s. used attrib.: crích Énna do úaigh go himel | ní húair ṡéna d'fhilleadh é, IGT Decl. ex. 1673 . an turchar do chuirisse le bágh fírshéin `with an enmity truly propitious', O'Gr. Cat. 584.3 . machairidhe saora séin, E. O'Rahilly ix 7 .

Compds. ¤amm: fri ceilebrad in lithlaithi (.i. sénamm no uasail nó sollomun), Arch. iii 14 § 26 . ¤chrann: a shén- chrann, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 122.67 . ¤laech: an tairrngertach tréunghaoth teann | sénlaoch airmbertach Éirenn, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 137.80 . ¤tulach: ag séantolaigh mhac Mághach, DDána 92.21 . ¤úar: dotaet iarom C. do ṡenuair co hUltu at a propitious hour C. then proceeds to Ulster, RC vi 175.36 . ¤ullam: ris an ngéig saoir séanullaimh, Aithd. D. 20.30 .