1 rún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rún or dil.ie/35787
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: rún, rúun, rúin, rúin, rúin, rúnae, runi, rúna, rúine, rúna, rúnaib, rúinib, rún, rúun, ruin, rún, rúin, rúine, rúna, rúin

n ā, f. (W. rhin) n s. ind rún , Wb. 5c14 , 13d16 , Ml. 2d2 . rúun, Wb. 1d8 , 26d24 . In Mid.Ir. oft. rúin. a s. rúin, Wb. 15a34 , 27c22 , 20d18 , Ml. 45a2 . d s. rúin, Ml. 44b6 , Tur. 103 , SR 6547 . g s. rúnae, Thes. i 496.1 ( Ardm. 170b2 ). runi, LU 9336 . n p. rúna, Wb. 12a10 . IT i 123.18 . rúine, LU 1949 ( FA 2 ). PH 8421 . a p. rúna, Wb. 8b10 . 27c21 . d p. rúnaib, 2b10 , Ml. 66c6 , SR 531 . rúinib, SR 9 , 2017 , Hib. Min. 2.28 . g p. rún, Wb. 27c24 , SR 325 . rúun, Wb. 12b23 , d44 , 26c7 . In Mid.Ir. also treated as o, m.: a s. im rún (: rūb) ríg, SR (Greene) 3816 . g s. ruin, Laws v 72.24 ; 176. 13 Comm. ). rún m. (g s. n p. rúin, rúine, rúna), IGT Dec. § 46 .

(a) something hidden or occult, a mystery , usual sense in Glosses and early relig. lit.: transl. mysterium, Wb. 13d16 , 26d24 , 27c21 , Ml. 2d2 , Hib. Min. 2.28 . ind rún ┐ ind etercert, Ml. 2d2 . ní tuccfither rún inna cruche, Wb. 8a5 . foilsigud rúun, gl. apocalypsin, 12d44 . arnaib rúnaib ┐ diamraib inna deachtae, gl. pro arcanis, Ml. 66c6 . día ro faillsigtheá rúine ┐ derritiusa flatha nimi, FA 2 ( LU 1949 ) = rúni, LB. ro foillsigthea ruine nime do Eoin, PH 8421 . a Rī rūine (of Deity), ZCP vii 309 w . in rí reil na run, SR 325 . ar coimdiu gle co rúinib, 2017 , cf. 9 , 221 , 531 . Of profane mysteries: int id cid immatá a rún? wherein lies the mystery of the withe ?, TBC-LL¹ 587 = rūin, TBC-I¹ 259 (rún, LU). rí na rún (of the Dagda), Ériu vii 227 z ( LL 209a54 ). ní fheduim rún na riaghail ar mo ghalur secret cure, spell (?), ZCP vi 26.9 . bean sídhe ag reic a rúine, IGT Dec. ex. 1266 . rúne ro-mera `keen riddles', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 .

In early relig. lit. oft. mystic or hidden meaning (as oppd. to literal sense): sollummun litre. sollummun rúnae, Thes. i 496.1 , cf. tria rúin na sollamun-sa, PH 3519 . rúna do thabairt á óen-sonaib, gl. interpretatio sermonum, Wb. 12a10 , cf. 12b23 . ind fiugor fuandrogab in fāith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suis-scélaichthi the mystic sense in which the evangelists apply it , Ml. 45a3 . Crist ma[d] du rúin according to the mystic sense , 44b6 , cf. Tur. 103 ( Thes. i 491.33 ). mad iar sians . . . (.i. iar ruin), PH 6804 . Cf. 6083 : santugud in molta doennai as rúin asin clíí, do indithim in gníma dírig as rúin assin deis (i.e. the left hand signifies desire for human praise, comment on verse nesciat sinistra quid faciat dextera ).

(b) a secret : bása chomrar cacha runi do andrib Ulad the repository of every secret (?), LU 9336 = gacha ruine, Anecd. iii 53.23 . an duine chuimetus a run who keeps a secret , Ériu v 128 § 31 . run do dhenam ara chomairled to keep his counsel secret , § 29 . gell damh . . . co ndingnair run ar gach ní indeósus me duit, BCC 240.24 . rún do dhéunamh ar na pecadhaibh do chluin san bhfaoisidin (duty of a confessor), Parrth. Anma 204.13 . dá ndeindís uile rún ar mhalairt creidhim kept their change of faith secret , Mac Aingil 545.14 . gur léig a rún le Caoilte revealed his secret to C. , Oss. vi 12.3 . nīt lia Lagin rúni `not more numerous are Leinstermen than (their) secrets', ZCP iii 7 § 23 . In adverbial phrases: la taidbsin fainni fo rúin secretly (?), SR 6547 . sliocht sceo mo risi fa rūn (.i. innis dó mo sgéla gan fis), ZCP v 487 § 1 (B. na f.). coro indis[s]ium di inní-sin i rrún as a secret , LB 127b16 . atrubairt fris ina rūin, RC xvii 283 . dia ngaet . . . tria rún when he was slain by stealth , Metr. Dinds. ii 38.2 . gach ní do nochtfadh seisean tré rún dī as a secret , Keat. ii 5277 . cen rúin openly, undisguisedly : tarraid diliu Bith | ina ṡléib cen rúin, LL 4b8 . gibé adearadh nárbh fhíor dhúinn | mo ghlór re Torna gan rúin `that my plain words to T. were untrue', Content. xiv 11 . Hence prob.: rún .i. cealg; tre rún .i. tre cheilg, O'Cl. (an inference). g s. as attrib.: amus ruin no raid no imacallma `a confidential servant', Laws v 72.24 Comm. comhrádh rúin private conversation , Keat. ii 5298 .

(c) secret thoughts or wishes, intention, purpose, design : general later Mid.Ir. meaning, often without particular notion of secrecy: falmaigis Dagda a dún, | rapa rún can tarba a purpose without profit , Ériu vii 227 § 62 ( LL 209a49 ). ? nidat maithe banrúna women's plans (counsels ), IT i 123.18 . Dubhduin . . . rug run airgne ind aird-ruireach [sic leg.] formed the design of destroying the high-king , MacCarthy 416 § 3 ( BB 50a44 ). ro bai a run Oilella marbad Meic Con, Anecd. ii 78.2 . mani cindis [i] cend a cētcomlín do miledhuibh . . . co rún a marbta uili with intent to kill them all , CCath. 3117 . ar mbeith do rún aige bheith eolach 'sna hilbhéarlaibh, Keat. ii 47 . nír bo rún iomgabhala, na menma teichme, AFM vi 2162.2 . as é mo rún . . . gan aonphecadh do dhénamh, Mac Aingil 2 § 2 . ro ḟaisnés rún menman ┐ aicenta cech énduine (of the spokesman for a number), CCath. 624 . ba hé rún craidhe ┐ toil menman cech óen-duine, 659 . do rinneas do rún cridhe | feidhm díbh `with sincerity of heart', Content. xxix 4 . Dia féin . . . go mbé a réir im' rún, Pilip Bocht 20 § 7 . daoine eile, ag a raibhe an rún ceudna d'Éireannchaibh who had the same feelings towards the Irish , Keat. i 54.24 . rígradh go rún gcertbhrethach `minded to judge justly', O'Gr. Cat. 396.2 . a n-áines menma . . . a rún toirbirt `propensity to give away', 472.27 . rún na gcroidheadh, 1 Corinth. iv 5 (= τὰς βουλάς).

(d) passing into sense of full consciousness, knowledge : cf. run .i. eolus, ut est cerd cen run, O'Dav. 1351 , perh. an inference from sense (b) or (c). ? cach dīsli co rūn: cach rūn co tubad, ACL iii 228.71 , 72 = ZCP xvii 58 (`every forfeiture with knowledge; every knowledge with proof '). ass e as túr anóra ann | rún an ansodha d'fhulang (i.e. experience of adversity is a promise of good fortune), Irish Texts ii p. 25 § 1 . as mairg don té . . . ag a bfuil rún air féin iomad fiach do bheith ag Dia air who is conscious that he owes God many debts , Mac Aingil 322.2 . gan rún cléirigh without a priest's ministrations (on a death-bed), Ó Bruad. iii 2 .

(e) in later poetry oft. a term of endearment, darling, love (for persons of either sex): a rún dil!, MS. Mat. 569.24 . triath Dúin Bhúinne, rún na ríoghradh, Keat. Poems 727 . dom' shíor-rún réidh Raemonn, Hackett xxxv 1 . uired grās re Gilla Brighde | braithim mo rún da rosc glan love, affection (?), Irish Texts ii p. 44 § 28 .

Compds. cach āen da rac[h]a ad' rūn-debaidh who will dispute Thy designs (?), ACL iii 235 § 26 . dūthracht . . . gan trīst im rúnghart ro-lond generosity of impulse, disposition (?), ZCP x 340.10 . ba rún-mer im cach rogail `who was eager-willed for every exploit', Metr. Dinds. iv 314.10 ( LL 162b47 ). le rúin-neimh wicked intent , A. Ó Dálaigh liii 7 . See also rúndiamair.