ruiri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ruiri or dil.ie/35747

Forms: ruire, ruirig, -ich, ruirech

n g,m. later ruire. a d s. ruirig, -ich, g s. ruirech.

(a) a king, supreme ruler, in this sense freq. of Deity in relig. poetry: snáidsiunn ruri, Hy. i 27 . ruri nime, ib. 4 (gl. ro-ri). is tú mo ruiri, Fél. Prol. 14 . a Ruiri, A Rí!, 285 . Brigit māthair mo rurech, Hy. v 4 (ruirech v.l.). ruire na ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 10 . Used of kings of Ireland: Bres mac Eladan . . . ropo ruiri co ro-méit, LL 127a50 . cóic bliadna do Themraig tricc | cen rurig, 129a39 ( MacCarthy 154 § 1 , 198 § 2 ). Diarmait mac Cerbaill . . . ard-ruri Mide, LL 184b38 ( Arch. Hib. ii 83 § 10 ). gurab mise is ruiri da bar righaibh overking , Ériu xi 190.11 (of the Tuatha D.D.).

(b) generally in Mid.Ir. applied not to the `high king', but to a subordinate or provincial king ; oft. to a chieftain inferior to a `rí'. tri secht cumula do ruirig, cethri secht cumula do ri ruiriuch, Laws ii 224.8 , where the Comm. defines the `ruiri' as: rí Erund co freasabra ris .i. ri lethe Erund, and the `rí ruirech' as: rí Érunn cin freasabra, the king whose authority was recog- nized throughout the country, including the Scandinavian sea- ports, Dublin, Waterford and Limerick. See ZCP xiv 341 . rí ruirech, aca-side bid righa .i. rí cuicid, ┐ rí Erenn, Laws iv 226 y . is e ríí rurech in sin . . . huaire mbíte rí ┐ tuathai fo . . . a chuindriug, iv 330.18 Comm. By extension, rí r.¤ is applied to a secondary king: seacht n-eich . . . do rí ruireach na [b]Forthuath, BR 78.6 . Of the Deity (in poetry): lam righ ruireach, Anecd. i 73 § 213 . a rí ruirech, Sitzungsb. d. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 8 seems addressed to St. Brendan. Of inferior kings: do dith mo ruirech ruanadae, Ériu viii 172.20 (of Conchobar m. Nessa) cach drong immá rig, cach réim immá rurig, FB 7 . Maccni Natfroich . . huadib ríg. | huadib rurig, Trip. 196.17 . trī maicc Rūaid, ruirig ḟlaind, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20 § 1 (glossed .i. fo-ri sub-king , LL 311c35 ). cethrac[h]a dalta lais di maccaib ríg ┐ rurech na mMuman, LU 1555 ( IT ii2 188 ). co n-indiseadh [rí Teamhra] dá ruiri | tuaristal cach aen-duine, BR 238.21 = da cuire, BB. tricha ruirech, tricha niad:..ba forum rí, LL 206a51 (of a king of the Tuatha D.D.), cf. Acall. 465 . righ ┐ ruirigh ┐ ro-daine, CCath. 4646 (of Pompey's army), cf. 4887 . ro marbh . . . a riogha, ┐ a ruireacha, Cog. 138.4 (of Danes). In early mod. poetry used in wide sense of a chief, head of a family, etc. : do bhí im' ruire-se mire agus míne, Hackett xxxix 129 . ruire diadha ciallmhar, E. O'Rahilly xxvi 17 (1911). ruire .i. tighearna, O'Cl. See Críth Gablach, p. 105 .