2 ro

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ro or dil.ie/35365
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ru, ru, ra, rubrícu, rodoman, roscél, rosét, rosluag, rothorc, ro-Themra

intens. prefix used with adj. and subst., rarely with vb., lenites follg. cons. Found in earliest Irish only with adj. (ro, ru); in Mid.Ir. common with subst. also (ro, ru, occas. ra).

Largely used in prose and poetry to form unstable compds. (oft. merely for the sake of alliteration); the follg. lists are merely illustrative.

(a) with adj. used to denote the possession of a quality in a high (but not necessarily excessive) degree; the notion of excess is somet. implied and is usual in mod. Irish. robeg, gl. minimum, Ir. Gl. 808 . cenid rubec ni romār (: dám) though it is not very small, it is not very large , Thes. ii 292.9 ( Ml. Poems ii. 2 ), cf. fer sóer . . . nadip rubecc nadip romar bed a sommae whose wealth would not be very little nor very great , 241.8 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). rubrigech, gl. praecipuum, Ml. 37b6 . inna rubrícu , gl. praecipuos, 37b11 . i cill napa roacus . . . nipa rochian very near . . . very distant , Trip. 176.4 . cid umal asberar bát roumal if [a man be] humble it is said that he is too humble , Mon. Tall. 76 . trefhocul . . . can rogair, can rofota, Auraic. 5059 ( LL 37a6 ). co nach dighsedh suas co roard . . . ná sís co roisil, ZCP iv 240.18 . rosc roglan roréil, SR 7684 . co rognath habitually , 7242 . ri rohóc, ri sen (of God), 569 . ba ro-moch lind ra gabais armu very early, too soon , TBC-LL¹ 1163 . at' luir[i]g roinill, gl. lorica tutissima, Gild. Lor. 147 . maithi ┐ romaithi, uilc ┐ rouilcc very good . . . very bad , RC xxviii 316 § 28 . do ríg ruilīnmar possessing very many attendants , ZCP xiii 17.22 . ramach fa rīr | is dabach crīn in caland-sa too soon , ACL iii 234 § 3 . fo damraid ruaid róireabaig, Acall. 496 . dís ogánach ròisgemach, Mac Aingil 106.12 (= ro-scíamach?).

Used with compar. or superl. (late): gér mór . . . an t-eolus do C.C. so, do ba mó ┐ do ba romo dō eolass flaithis De much greater , BCC § 366 . gurab romhó ioná sin, TSh. 10962 . reacht an tí is roairde (= altissimi), 4798 . cá chás as ròdhoilge? what case is more difficult ? O'Gr. Cat. 478.10 (: comoirle). póg is romhillse ná mil, Dánta Gr. xviii 5 .

(b) with subst.; chiefly abstracts to denote high degree of the quality, etc. expressed: a rochendsa fri arailib . . . a roacairbe fri lucht aile, FA 9 . duine teimen co nglanc[h]ēill . . . nin-len robaes, ZCP vi 267 § 10 . ní bat rúi it robethaid `all thy life long', Metr. Dinds. iii 352.70 . ni denam robríg de we do not think overmuch of him , TBC-LL¹ 859 . mo chen ┐ mo rochen, a meic F.! (a welcome), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 438 . rocholl co nderchoined (offspring of avarice), ZCP iii 25.37 = rochall `corruption', Ériu vii 152 § 1 (c) ; see also rocholl below. eochair ratha rochruth, ZCP vi 270 § 2 . Roḟis mac Rochuind `Great-Knowledge son of Great-Sense', RC xxvi 30.136 . go fuair a raghuin do rinn, Irish Texts ii 14 § 28 (: agaidh). roítu excessive thirst , Mon. Tall. 43 . ar cruas ar romhaithe against severity and indulgence (?), ZCP vi 258.6 . rométt na roṡoillse, viii 200 § 9 . ar rofhad ┐ ar roghirre, IGT, Introd. 216 . Similarly with vn. to denote completeness of achievement, etc.: is gnáth rochotlud iar mor-thoirsi deep sleep , PH 3049 . ic raen ┐ ic rotuitim, CCath. 784 . caisléin . . . do rébadh, ┐ do robhrisedh, AFM v 1744.22 . don rachēim rucc Eachtair án great step, exploit , ZCP vi 269 § 10 (: Aichēil). ro ḟéimidh róibhleith to grind too much (long ), Keat. ii 5248 (poem).

With common noun, to denote size, strength or kindred quality: do rúadgním a roairm, LL 183b31 ( Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 8 ). roth rocharpait, FB 34 . isí Rōm an rochell the great church , BColm. 78.21 , cf. roichell, ZCP x 53 § 8 (of Rachru). rodam a great ox (see below s.v.). rodoman, LL 393a53 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 ). d'erlaind in rógai big spear , LL 267b15 ( MU 36.33 ). roiríge 'autonomy, independence, lit. great rule' Ériu lviii 12 § 22 . ail fri rolainn (: Coluimb), ZCP viii 198.3 (of Colum C.; d s. of 1 lann `blade', `piece of land'?). roscél important tidings , LL 375a31 . Ériu i 138.24 . co rancatar gach roraí, ZCP xii 246 § 22 (see 2 róe). rosét a great treasure , TBC-LL¹ 2765 . rosluag, CCath. 123 . rothorc a big boar , Keat. ii 3973 (poem). rothreib (a s.) `fine dwelling', Metr. Dinds. iii 352.53 .

Of persons, to denote power, pre-eminence, rank: naomthrinoit róathar, ZCP vi 258.13 . roben (see below s.v.). ro-c[h]aeime an rōcoimdegh [= rochoimded], ZCP viii 200.30 (of God). roduine (see below s.v.). roḟéinnidh, Cóir Anm. 134 . romhac, ACL iii 304.23 . Laws iv 346 . ro-ollomh, ZCP viii 109 § 4 . rorí, SR 547 . LL 182b10 ( Arch. Hib. ii 56 § 23 ). róthigearna, Ériu viii 136.2 . BNnÉ 251 § 206 .

Occas. used with proper nouns: ro-Themra (g s.), Metr. Dinds. ii 68.44 , cf. iii 374.100 . gu ro-Eas Ruaid, BB 268b50 . a roLagniu `ye great Leinster-men', RC xiii 42 § 22 ( LL 296b6 , cf. 15 ).

(c) rarely with vb., with emphasizing force: rot-ro-baeth has indeed befooled thee , SR 3119 . rī ro rochar Abial who greatly loved , 2816 . conidh i ind ḟingal sin ro roscar flaithius nErenn fri clainn Echach, Rawl. 142a22 . Cf. do róchuir i gcómhbhroid . . . ógbhaidh na Fódla, Keat. Poems 125 .