rith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rith or dil.ie/35354

Forms: ruth, riuth, riuth, rith, ruth, riuth, riuth, rith, ruth, retho, retha, retha, reth, rith, reatha, rioth

u, m. vn. of rethid, also ruth. O.Ir. n s. riuth, Sg. 106b8 , Ml. 89c10 , 90b10 , AU 763 ; in riuth , BCr. 18b12 . rith, Ardm. 189b2 ( Thes. i 498 ), Bvn. 2a23 ( Thes. ii 33 ). Fél. Prol. 28 . ruth, SR 3107 . LL 203a21 . a s. riuth, LU 8663 . d s. riuth, Wb. 20b6 . rith, Sg. 108b3 . Hy. v 93 . ruth, SR 3285 , 4051 , 6043 , 7411 . LL 236a17 . g s. retho, Ml. 42c19 . retha, 93b4 . Hy. ii 9 . n p. retha, Fél. Ep. 274 . g p. reth, SR 2671 . rith m. (g s. n p. reatha), IGT Dec. § 71.4 . d s. rioth, ib. ex. 1551 .

(a) the act of running; a run, rapid course (in wide sense): leim nó riuth (gl. πήδησις), Sg. 106b8 . innar rith arsid-ne, gl. in nostro vetere curriculo, 108b3 . luid E. lám frisin sruth | ocus nir garit in ruth, Metr. Dinds. iv 354.46 ( LL 203a21 ). no thelged a chlettini . . . ┐ no bered rith baíse 'na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . rith fri nem, IT i 124.18 (prov. of a vain attempt). niro ansat don reimim ro-retha sin, CCath. 5544 (of troops rushing to an encounter). dochuadar i cenn a retha took to their heels , MR 318.4 . [dochuaidh] do rind retha as escaped by running , ZCP vi 65.30 . rith in marcaig, O'Dav. 1402 . oc rith isin aeor flying , PH 1733 (of Simon Magus). dorinneas rioth tre lár an tsluaigh, Duan. F. ii 260 § 43 . raoth do denum, Rosa Angl. 130.22 , cf. 326.7 . lúath do rioth chum uilc swift in running , Proverbs vi 18 . i rith (with reflex. poss. pron.) running: co ḟacca mac légind ina rith secci (= iuvenem scholasticum currentem), Lat. Lives 82.6 ( LB 65a20 ). tíagait ina rith . . . cen tairsem, FA 29 . RC xix 146.4 . ? techid G. assin cath . . . ┐ a gilla i rraith, ZCP iii 212.1 ( LU 9645 ); by Stokes taken as = do ráith `only' (? together ; see Metr. Dinds. i 62 n. 22 ). for rith running, hence quickly, forthwith; cf. luid . . . for a rith cosin n-oencrann, SR 1284 . fer ruc breith for fís for ruth who interpreted a dream immediately , 3285 . batar buidig do Dia . . . robdar dimdaig dé for ruth very soon after , 4051 . Cf. 7411 creitted do Patraic for rith, LU 9486 . blith is ith | uaid no chuingitis for rith, Metr. Dinds. iv 20.18 (`in due season', Metr. Dinds. Corr. v 141 ). tairnit duit in tṡluaig for ruth, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.14 . Of animals: assan . . . luath a ruth, SR 3107 . oendam retha draught-ox , Rawl. 130b51 ( ZCP iii 4 § 8 v.l.). almai énlaithe . . . berid riuth for sét, FB 49 . Of chessmen: déca a rretha fían fidchell, SCC 30 ( LU 3559 ). But this may be for ṡretha. Of a ship: ra cured in lestar . . . fora lánrith, LL 219b43 ( TTr. 198 ). Freq. of natural objects, heavenly bodies, rivers, etc.: rith ro-seim os bith . . . ind aeo[i]r uair current, circulation , SR 39 . in riuth retae inna airndrethcha, BCr. 18b12 . rith lunae, Bvi 2a23 . riuth grene, Ml. 89c10 . dī grein do rith immalle, AU 910 . Cf. CCath. 938 . do taisceltaib . . . reatha saighnen of the course of lightnings , 3899 . ríth mara buirb tar bruach, IT iii 88 § 103 . uisce reatha running water , Levit. xiv 5 . rith folo (gl. dysenteria) bloody flux, Ardm. 189b2 ( Thes. i 498 ). riuth fola, AU 763 . Cf. PH 2792 . dobeir sās co rith ima braighit a running noose (?), Aen. 3102 . ro glacc corda . . . ┐ do cuir snaidh[m] retha fair `a slip-knot', ZCP vi 297.4 . rith teangadh re toil n-aignidh (= glib chatter), Content. xxiii 5 , cf. xxix 8.

(b) in fig. sense of laws, liabilities, etc.: rith cana Patraic go moirsheisear, Eg. 88 f. 7a ( O'Curry 2186 ). rith chána aicillne, H 3.17, c. 420 ( O'D. 517 ). Of accumulating of interest, fines, etc. and transf. of the interest itself: nochon fuil rith ar in fiach foimrim[e], H 3.18, p. 125a ( O'Curry 230 ). reatha fuillema, Laws v 414.12 . Possibly a similar metaphor is implied in SCC 41 ( LU 3905 ): bés nípad rith lat-su mo lecun-sa . . . cía no trialltá (`Gewinn wär's dir nicht, mich zu verlassen, auch wenn du's versuchtest', Thurn. Sagen 100 ).

(c) career, life : o fororbai Patraic a rith mbúada isin bith, Trip. 170.9 . ba réil ro-blad a retha, Metr. Dinds. i 30.22 . rige la Día a ndeoidh retha, ZCP viii 197 § 2 . do chríochnuigh mé mo rioth (= cursum consummavi), TSh. 2768 . Cf. anad dom rith ro-baisi . . . do bud mithig my career of folly , ACL iii 312.4 .

Compds. ruadhbhuinneadha rioth-arda rabharta running high , TSh. 2079 . ? dochum in tsrotha ruit[h]ruaid, ZCP iii 19.9 ( Rawl. 74b26 ).