Cite this: eDIL s.v. reiclés or
Last Revised: 2013


n m. g s. n p. -a. Not found in O.Ir. Etymology doubtful; Stokes in preface to Three Hom. suggests a formation from Lat. reclusum, i.e. a recluse's cell; later in Lism. Lives Index, from ro-eccles (< ecclesia), i.e. a large church. Also written reglés: rigles, BColm. 18.21 , ZCP xii 393.33 ; reidhglés, Ériu v 84.16 .

(a) orig. an oratory or small church built by an Irish saint for his own use; sometimes used to include the plot or enclosure about it. ó tharnic in recles do chumtach ┐ ro fhás a fér, rucc gilla Dáre a ech isin recles (= ecclesiam), Lat. Lives 61.12 ( LB 28a57 ), cf. tuctha dá ech Dare inna recles for fér, ar rob férach ind relec (= in oraculum), 15.2 . do bhúain crand do cumhdach reclesa, Lism. L. 2585 (of an oratory built by St. Findian). teora bliadna boí cen lés | Colum ina dubreclés, LU 652 ( ACC 24 Comm. ). Cainneach a nDoire do grēs | is Brenaind 'sa duibriglēs, ZCP xii 393.33 . pl. mo roilge, mo roiglēs-[s]a, ib. 34 .

Hence a monastic cell , the hut occupied by an Irish monk in a coenobitic settlement, and in general an anchorite's cell: is uathad nech díb téged as a recles acht mad don eclais (= extra cellulam suam), Lat. Lives 92.16 , cf. 96.13 , 97.3 . issé [Oengus] no chanad a thṡalmu . . . .l. isind abhaind . . . .l. dano fón ṁbile feissin ┐ .l. ina reicles, Fél. 10 z . reccles diamhuir derrit . . . oen-mac [ec]ulsa . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe innti, RC xiv 58 § 72 . it' recles (reiclis v.l.) oc ernaigdi, Ériu iii 108 § 49 (Rule of Ailbe). téid an inghen la Mochuda ┐ dogní reclés di hi cCluain Dalláin, BNnÉ 296 § 29 (= construxit cellam, V. SS. Hib. i 185.33 ). dochuadar fo hErind . . . ┐ ro gabsatt cellae ┐ reclesae, BColm. 8.23 . Loosely used to include buildings and ground of a community: ni tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaidh sin (of Brigid's community), Lism. L. 1369 . In fig. sense: reclés Hérenn Glenn Dá Locha `Abbey-church' (i.e. monastic centre), Triads 11 .

Later used generally of a church connected with a monastery or of the monastery or abbey itself. ? In annals, a small conventual reliquary church ( Peritia xiii 259-75 ): gur bennaigh reiccles riaghalta, Anecd. iii 3.3 . gan leabhair náid mionna i reighléis ná i mainistir `abbey-church', Keat. iii 2768 . don recles re nabarthar Senboth Átha, BNnÉ 216.1 = ad monasterium, V. SS. Hib. ii 149 x . Dunadhach in reiclesa Coluim Cille i nArd Macha, AU 1010 . la aba[i]d reiclesa Poil ┐ Petair i nArd Macha, ii 242.5 . celloir mor-reiclesa Daire `manciple of the monastery of D.', 256.6 . Ard Macha do losccadh . . . idon na huile reiclesa ┐ in[n]a huile tempaill . . . cenmotha reicles Brighti, 194.18 (`the houses of Canons Regular', MacCarthy); cf. AFM iii 48.1 . Ecclesiastical enclosure, subsiduary enclosure within a larger settlement: in reclés .i. in n-eclais mbicc, Trip. 970 . conaitigir Pátraic ined a reclésa fair, 2700 . dair mor Reglesa Fingin, CS 256.2 (s.a. 1013) .

In wider sense of a church or chapel in general: reigless onorach, Fl. Earls 40.11 (of a chapel in a castle of the king of Spain). reccles, 34.20 = sepel, ib. 6 .

(b) in follg. exx. used of a tomb (perh. through influence of reilec): isin ecluis tucad inud a reclésa do . . . ┐ is and ro hadnuiced é, Laws i 204.15 . bid tosach deg-[g]rēsa dam | reclēsa na rig-apstal, ZCP xii 397.12 (poem on the graves of the Apostles, called `reilgi' elsewhere in it).