óclach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óclach or dil.ie/33460

Forms: óclaech, óclaech, óclaig, ócláig, óclaige, óclacha, óclaích, óclaig, ócláoich, oclachu, óglaoch, óglách

n ā,f. and o,m. Prob. orig. fem., a formation from óc analogous to echlach, midlach; later analysed as óc+laech and freq. written óclaech (-láech) in Mid.Ir. down to the classical period; n s. óclaech, LU 10690 (M), 3455 (H), ócláech, 3835 (H). Treated as fem. ā- stem: a s. óclaig, LU 4861 (M) = TBC2 372 ; LU 5223 (M). d s. fónd ócláig , TBC 1815. do gilli nō óclig, Mon. Tall. § 41. dond oclaéich, Fianaig. 24.6 . g s. inna óclaigi, Lat. Lives 53.13 (= in óclaig, Trip. 152.7 Rawl.). na óclaige, TBC 5192. óclaige, Fianaig. 26.2 . n p. óclacha, LL 229b22 ( TTr. 916 ). The declension as o,m. is found early and later prevails: g s. óclaích, LU 6471 (M); ind óclaig , TBC 5197 . ? n p. ócláoich, Mon. Tall. 145.11 . a p. oclachu, Fianaig. 26.16 . Mod. óglaoch, óglách (TSh.), óglach.

(a) a young man (of one who has attained manhood): eirġes int oclaech (= iuvenis), Lat. Lives 106.17 . robad báeth dond óclaeich comrac frisin fer líath, Fianaig. 24.6 . i ṅdeilb gilla, i ndeilb senorach, i ndeilb óclaich, PH 1741. a óclaich thait- nemaig! (of an angel), 7193 . gilde ┐ ócláoich, Mon. Tall. § 48. go bhfuilim i n-aois óglaoich, Dán Dé xxv 39 (i.e. 30 years, see § 40 ). Esp. in compd. maethóclach a lad, stripling : móethoclaech sáer, SC 23. PH 6623 , 6555 ; see maeth.

(b) generally a young warrior and hence often a warrior, soldier in wide sense: Cuchulaind . . . in t-ócláech a Murtemne, SC 37. na fuil in nhErind . . . óclach macsamla Conchobair, TBC 875. óclach seta fada . . . i n-airinuch na budni sin, 5170 . buiden cet óclách, CRR 49. oclach do daghcenel, Laws iv 352.1 . i cath chroderg áclách `in the gore-red battle of warriors', PRIA iii 540 § 4 ( LL 146b7 ). sochaidi do droch-oclaichaib, Cog. 170.13 . a n-ógbaid ag adhrad . . . dá n-órarmaib, na hóglaích ag saigid na senarm (i.e. experienced soldiers), Caithr. Toirdh. 40.7 . a uaisle, a airigh, a fhorusocclaoigh his veterans, FM vi 2126.24 .

(c) an attendant, servant, vassal : delb inna óclaigi fil fo[t] teig-siu (= iuvenis de tua familia), Lat. Lives 53.13 . i ferund arole óclaig (= alicuius plebei), 110.11 ( LB 32a22 ). atai-siu hi t' óclach do Cessair (of Pontius Pilate), PH 2818. na tigernada . . . bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach their subjects, 7528 . Of disciples or followers of saints: as íatt cét-óclaigh battar acc Maodhócc, BNnÉ 264 § 226. occlach Máodhócc (= M. 's coarb, successor), 259 § 218 . This sense is the usual one in early Mod.Ir.: an t-óglách . . . nach déin do réir thoile a thighearna, TSh. 3476. óglaoigh éadtarbhacha (= servi in- utiles), 10873 . bhur n-oglaoich ┐ bhur mhanóglaoich your men-servants and your maid-servants, Deuter. xii 12. nā sanntaigh . . . óglach nā inilt . . . do chomharsan, Parrth. Anma 142.11 . ag friotháileamh da hoide amhail bhanóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. Anselmus óglách eagailse Chanterburie (= ser- vus ecclesiae), iii 45 . do dhíoghail a óglaoich ar c[h]loinn Uí Dh. vassal, FM iii 648.3 . óglách dileas Dé (of St. Dominic), Dán Dé iv 18.