ócbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ócbad or dil.ie/33409

Forms: ócbud, ócbad, ocbaid, ócbotha, ocbothae, ócbaid, ógbadh, ógbhaidh, -i

n f. (óc + both, buith vn. of subst. vb.?) n s. ind ócbud , Fianaig. 24.19 , cf. Arch. iii 314 § 26 , CCath. 1143 ; as neut.: ócbad n-essairm, CRR 38. d s. do ocbaid , LU 8493. g s. ind ócbotha , Fianaig. 24.18 . n p. ocbothae, O'Mulc. 127. The n s. ócbaid (-buith) also occurs. ógbadh (f. g s. -baidhe, n p. -badha), IGT Dec. § 12.18 . ógbhaidh (f. g s. n p. -i) § 13.3 .

(a) young folk, youths (coll.), used somet. with vb. in pl. ind ocbad dond humalloit, Arch. iii 314 § 26. aés ócbad, TBC 5770 . ra slaidit a ṅgillai oca . . . ┐ a n-aes ócbad, CRR 34. aes ocbaid (ogbata v.l.), Anecd. iii 25.7 . condat clanda dam ind ocbad Románach uile, CCath. 1143. ceithri lina isan indsi . . . óca ogbuith [ocboth v.l.] . . . rigraidh righna, Anecd. i 60 § 80 (where óca and ogbuith correspond resp. to óclácha and ingena of prose version, LU 1785 ). ógbhadh is ársaidh young and old, Keat. Poems 477.

Freq. of young (? untrained) soldiery: ócbath amnas thuascirt in domain, TTr.2 149. ro ba menmnach linmar cidh iter occbad in baili, CCath. 3005. ro tinoilit leis a milidh ┐ ina bai d'occbaidh na Roman uili, 3014 . céd do laochruidh [Loch-] lann ┐ d'a n-ogbhadh, ITS, v 150.21 . dothuit . . . an ogbaid thangadar a cathraig Ercail, TTebe 4305 . airm i ttorcrattar trí chéd dia n-ógbhaidh, FM ii 1078.10 .

In sense of a band of young men or warriors : ba cáem mo churi dar lind | lenad ócbad aibind sind, LU 1294. lotar for rian ocbuidh find [leg. ocbadh ḟind] ḟial, Anecd. i 55 § 42. ogbhadh mheanmnach ṡíl Ṡuibhne, TD 26.45 . Of a band of monks: amra ocbhudh bai in Hi, | tri coícait a mainchini, Lism.L. 1020.

(b) used in pl. in distrib. sense: a ṡenlaích, dígnais etir ócbadu among youths, Fianaig. 26.15 (occbath-, ocbuthau, ocbodaib MSS.). ocbatha síl Muiredhaig, ALC i 300.31 . no cluichigdis ocbothae ┐ no lingtis, O'Mulc. 127. batar ócbaid erluma airrechtacha fri slait . . . in dú sin, Alex. 479 (mistake for ócbada?). iachtach na n-ógbhadh, Todd Lect. iv 94.11 . ic fothughadh fhoirne d'a n-ógbhadhaibh, MR 316.29 . Ex- ceptionally in sing. a youth, young man : bean bui la Cait ina ocbaid `whom Cato had in his youth', CCath. 1135 (possibly an abstract).