1 nós

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nós or dil.ie/33303
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: noos, naus, nous, nós, nóis, nósa

n o, m. (British loan-word, cf. W. naws `nature, disposition', Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 23.49 ; but plausibly a native word. Cf. 1 noes LEIA N-22 ). n s. noos, LL 311a12 , Rawl. 115a8 . ? naus, Ériu iv 163.29 (= g p.?). d s. nous, Laws i 12.4 . Later also treated as i-st., perh. through confusion with 1 noes (possibly a kindred word). nós (m., g s. and n p. nóis, nósa), IGT Dec. § 38.7 .

In general sense, custom, tradition, precedent ; in Laws of regulations established by usage or authority. nos [noes LB] .i. nóe-fiss .i. fios nonbuir .i. tri righ, tri suid, tri hespaic . . . ┐ ro badar uile ag denam ind tSenchusa Mair, Corm. Y 970 (alluding to the revision of the Brehon Law in the time of Patrick), cf. Laws i 16 and O'Cl.: nos .i. náoi fhios .i. fios naonbair. noco comurscaich Patraic a nos [in nous v.l.] fer nErenn iar tiachtain creitme, O'Dav. 423 (where it is wrongly glossed: in t-urdarcugud). nonbar dlegar do denam nosa dlighthigh .i. rí ┐ filid ┐ briugaid ┐ epscop ┐ fer leighind ┐ ollam ┐ aigne ┐ aire forgill ┐ airchindeach, H 3.18 p. 436b ( O'Curry 1048 ). intan donither nos nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96. d'fhoillsiugud na nóus, ib. deichnebur . . . do coimetfadh co cuimnech na nosanna ┐ na gnathaigte (of the Roman decemvirs), H 3.18 p. 59 ( O'Curry 76 ). cach cin iar nos, ACL iii 228.26 . do rigustar ar in cairn he do rer nois na naem, Ann. Conn. 1310 § 7.

In wider sense a custom (social or professional): cen biad, cen tenid, cen tech, | cen nós, cen cheol, cen hétach, SR 1892 (of Adam and Eve after the expulsion from Eden). nī bu nōs ardrīg `nicht war es die Sitte eines Oberkönigs', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 1 (= noos, Rawl. 115a8 , LL 311a12 ; nos, 377a26 ; fás, 377b41 ). ba nos bes coitcind la Rómánu can mileda . . . da tigid a longphort inaraili a common custom, CCath. 2424. gur thréigsead nós is seol na suadhfhlaith, Keat. Poems 1367. nóis adhnaicthe burial customs, TSh. p. 178 (ch. 8 title).

Of personal habits, manners, behaviour: a meic Néill cu nós `son of courteous Niall' (? famous son of N.), KMMisc. 260 § 4 (< LL 148a28 ); perh. = 2 nós. nós ┐ niamhcrotha Neill Naighiallaig, MR 116.19 . dá bhfuilngeam nós bhus nós glan if I take upon me a virtuous life, Dán Dé xxvi 14 . fear mar Naoise i gnaoi is i nósaibh, Keat. Poems 205.

Procedure, course of action; wont: ni fiu leamsa in nos a leitheit sin I do not deem such a proceeding becoming me (refusal to do a menial service), Lism. L. 1626 . sealad dóibh ar an nós sin | ag spairnn riú im ríoghacht, Content. xvi 154. fada gabhaim ó bhur nós `I avoid your method', xiv 46 . do réir nóis dáonna, 1 Corinth. xv 32.

do (? de) nós with gen. in the way (manner) of, like: dod nós féin like you, Content. xviii 86. dá mbruithneadh i dteinidh do nós an óir like gold, TSh. 5255. atá slighe na gcionntach do nós an dorchadais, Proverbs iv 19 ; cf. xxiii 34 . tabhair síodh damh . . . do nós Muire Magdáléan `as thou gavest it to M.M.', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 7 . dá nós sin even so, likewise , Studies 1921, 589.1 . do nósaibh cáich like others, in the usual fashion, Hackett vii 3 . ? fó nós according to wont (custom): gan beith 'san cathair fa núas `quitting his accustomed seat' (?), BNnÉ 140.24 (: cúas); if really an ex. of this word. a nós gach laoi 'day by day' Celtica iv 121 § 8 .

For compds. see 2 nós.