mod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mod or dil.ie/32427
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mod, m., m., mudu, modh, -a, modgnimrada

n o, n. and m. (Lat. modus) n s. mod n-án, SR 2943. m.¤ ṅdil, 3415 . m.¤ nglé, 2575 . ba m.¤ n-áig, TBC-LL¹ 1481. a p. mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078. Late decl.: modh (ón bhés), IGT Dec. § 95 p. 127 (g s. n p. -a).

(a) manner, mode, way, fashion ; in Glosses used to translate Lat. modus. dā mod naturæ ┐ dā m.¤ fortunae (gl. quattuor modis), Sg. 138b4 . gaibid m.¤ ṅ-argumint (gl. instar argumenti), Ml. 64c12 . ó cach mud (omni modo), Sg. 45a10 ; cf. 25b11 ; 203b3 . ní ho mud neirt dogairem-ni noibu it is not from the fashion of strength that we call (men) holy, Ml. 37b16 . is coir doib . . . comrac ime, in tan nach fetait tobach dligid o mudh aile in any other way, Laws v 302.23 Comm. o muth fortachta by way of encouragement, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 2. o mud na con after the manner of dogs, BColm. 82.34 . o tri modaib ro aimsig diabul inní Ísu .i. ó chraes, o maidmige, o díumas, PH 4822. taispénaid cia m.¤ as a mbrisend se in recht in what way he violates the law, 2588 . ros-crochsat fo mud a tigerna they crucified it (the image) as had been done to its lord, 126 . tuc-som sigen na crochi . . . fo mhug na Cristaige in the Christian manner, LB 234a55 . co mbetis aice fo mud airm ┐ diten that they might serve him as arms of defence, 233b19 . fó mud charpait cetherriata, 235a50 . batar leo . . . tengtho a mmudh nathrach like a serpent's, Aisl. Tond. 104 § 3. ó tá an domhan i modh cruinn of a round shape, Content. v 40. modh tagra tabhair-se dhamh `give me fair play in argument', xxiii 2 . tinnscedal in righflaithiusa Romhanta . . . ba saine modh leis ┐ lasna hardflaithiusaibh remhaind the Roman sovranty began in a different way from those just mentioned, CCath. 46. go bhfuilid ceithre modha ar a bhféadaid na neithe, etc. there are four ways in which, TSh. 3151. In more restricted sense, way of behaviour, manner, habit, etc.: is i sin oen-ingen ro gab moda Derdrinni fuirri . . . etir cruth ┐ chēll ┐ lamdai, RC xxiv 272 § 3 . nach eolach . . . for a modhuibh nā for a mbescnadaib, Marco P. 116. ni roibhi . . . ben dob ferr . . . modh ┐ múnudh, ZCP vi 24.7 . ógh fa uaisle modha, PBocht 60 § 54 , cf. 37 § 16 . ni budh maith an mogh damh . . . gan a ithe it would not become me not to eat it, BCC § 122.

(b) often used as rel. adv. in above senses: m.¤ conid-tuccid (= prout potestis intelligere), Wb. 21c11 . m.¤ arcanai, ACL iii 298.5 . cach modh dobeir saethar furra whatever trouble it gives her, Laws iv 10.32 . trummu á peccad ar chách nach m.¤ formberat according as they increase, Ml. 71c1 . nach m.¤ ata-sníaim whatever way, Fél. Oct. 26. nach m.¤ don-bered dia bélaib, IT i 138.15 .

(c) in Sg. used to translate Lat. modus = (grammatical) mood: ciall cech muid, 190a3 . ciall inna n-ule mod, 190a1 .

(d) measure, limit (like Lat. modus): arna esgaba m.¤ á cuindrech that the chastisement may not exceed measure, Ml. 22c8 . m.¤ condinroirea a measure so that it may provide for us, Wb. 29b16 . m.¤ for talla inn [sic leg.] tri mēr the space covered by the tips of three fingers, Laws ii 238.11 . ní béram-ni m.¤ n-ordlaig . . . bar culu we will not budge an inch, TBC-LL¹ 5977. modh noi ceimenn, 3892 St. conidmidethar som a mmod ┐ a fit `regulates her portion and her pittance', Mon. Tall. § 60. ní bidh modh ar saidhbris na Romhánach the wealth of the R. was beyond measure, CCath. 240 ; cf. 5760 . na cuiridh tar modh a [= i?] saethar sibh do not exert yourselves immoderately, BNnÉ 68 § 107. ? Sengund o Belach in Chon | rosiacht m.¤ co Lumnech les the extent (of territory) allotted to S. reached from B. in Ch. to L., LL 8b7 .

(e) function, work, service: he fesin as choimsid dáu in muid dungní he is his own master of the work, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294.3 ). déni in chruth sain do m.¤ maith, SR 1617 = dena amlaid sin do m.¤ ┐ do monar, MacCarthy 64.16 ( LB 112b2 ). noch[o] dein moda acht criathra[d] mine does no work save sifting flour, 132.13 = IT iii 20.1 . rannaid etarra modh in tres fir they divide between them the task of the third man, Lism. L. p. ix 10 . co n-epert C. congeupad moda et māmma ind fir, ZCP iii 251 § 9. damad derb leis dul go grod | ni dingnadh egna nā modh if he knew for certain he would die shortly, he would neither study nor toil, vii 301.9 . Deed, performance, achievement: d'indissin m.¤ ┐ morgnim gaili na Feinde, Acall. 7255. sul donéor mo mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078 = TBC-I¹ 2276. oididh Muircertaigh na modh, MacCarthy 398.9 . modh .i. gnim, O'Dav. 2168. modh .i. obair, Eg. Gl. 478. This or else (a) is prob. the sense in chevilles: m.¤ ṅglanna, SR 861. m.¤ cen hír, 6665 . m.¤ mass, 5021 . caom an modh, Lism. L. 3422.

The follg. exx. are perhaps an extension of this sense: ro fail gnúis is grátam dó | dober m.¤ don banchuireo (= his beauty gives the women-folk no rest?), TBC-LL¹ 264 = TBC-I¹ 62 (`Ehre giebt er den Frauen', Wind.). a ben trebar dosbeir m.¤ | bith dia ceiliu cen chotlud it gives his careful wife concern that her husband is sleepless (?), IT i 97.14 (`seine kluge Frau bemerkt dass . . .' Thurn. Sagen 3 , see ScM., Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. vi, glossary ).

(f) honour, dignity, consideration (due to a pers. calling, etc.); seems a late use arising out of the sense `function, office': ni bi omun ar bith fair, acht mogh [sic MS.] na righi do coimét (i.e. he keeps a bodyguard not through fear but to uphold the royal dignity), Marco P. 69 , cf. 76 . ní tiubharthar dhó i sgolaibh | modh ughdair ná deagh-ollaimh, Content. xvi 181. ní tú dogheibh modh . . . acht na grádha 's an aibíd not your person but your religious orders and garb receive respect (?), xiv 1 . doberair mogh nach dleghair d'fhoir Oiligh, Irish Texts ii 84 § 21. go dtugadar . . . do mhodh ┐ d'onóir dhó, TSh. 5565. re a comhairle nír chaith modh paid no heed to, PBocht 68 § 10.

(g) idioms.

(a) is ed m.¤ (folld. by clause); see Celtica xiii 121-22 : iss ed m.¤ danas-tarsed fiadchorr tagraim do lár a gruade a crane could hardly have reached to pluck it, TBC-LL¹ 2603 = TBC-I¹ 1940 ; is ed a modh nach tairsed, H 2.17 , Eg. 93 ; is contabairt go dtairsedh, St. is é a modh nach tairsedh, etc., Comp. CC 103.3 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). is ed m.¤ da risad ubull díb dochum talman hardly a single apple would have fallen, TBC-LL¹ 2618 = TBC-I¹ 1945. issed m.¤ nar bo thornocht in talam fótho, TBC-LL¹ 5153 ; 'the ground was hardly bare of them' Celtica xiii 121 . Perhaps an extension of sense (d) = it is the limit if (that). . . . Cf. iseadh modh lais .i. as teann obair leis, O'Cl. s.v. modh. modh .i. contabairt ut est acht modh fortalla ind trí mer .i. is inbechtain dia dtalla inn tri mer, O'Dav. 1258 ; for citation see Laws ii 238.11 , quoted (d) above.

(b) mod nad mod, expld. by Pokorny RC xxxiii 64 as a way that is (really) no way, i.e. hardly, scarcely . See also BBCS xxiv 484 . atconnarcatar úadib m.¤ nad m.¤ .i. in fat rosiacht índ radairc a roisc, LU 10056 ; cf. ZCP xvii 201 (YBL & Eg. versions); the words: .i. in fat, in LU seem to be a gloss incorporated with the text. ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire m.¤ nad m.¤ i ndesid inna sudiu. Conggair nonbur aile fair, FB 84 ( LU 9094 ), where we should perhaps read: m.¤ nad m.¤ a ndesid inna sudiu conggair, etc. he had scarcely taken his seat when another nine challenged him (so Thurn. Sagen 49 ).

Compds. ¤gnímrad exploits, performances (coll.); pl. fer coimeta modgnimrada gaile ┐ gaiscid na Feindi, Acall. 6465 n. (p. 329) ; 6822 . ¤mall of leisurely manner, tranquil: muir modhmhall, Fél. 182.11 .