1 lonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lonn or dil.ie/30660

Forms: lann, luind, lónd, luindiu

adj o, ārarely lann. fierce, strong, violent, vehement, eager, bold; irascible, angry . Of persons: l.¤ .i. dimsach no ogal no egail, ut est l.¤ cach sochraid .i. is ogal no is egail in cach aga mbit deghcaraid, O'Dav. 1183 . lond .i. occal, 1201 . luind fri cách gl. inmites, Wb. 30c8 . luind gl. amari, 27c5 . lónd gl. indignatus, Ml. 77c9 . ar rombu l.¤ Dia frissom gl. Deo indignante, 62b22 . ol is lond gl. commotus, 56c17 . long gl. acuta, Thes. i 2.29 . dond láechraid lainn ua lothlind (leg. L.), Thes. ii 290.5 . Cf. LU 3832 ( SC 37 ). nā ba l.¤ frim, a poba Fergus, TBC² 1210 . lond fri úair ṅgascid, TFerbe 629 . lond cech scíth every tired man is irascible, LL 18745 . Eua is Adaim / . . . / lobraig lonna lomnochta, SR 1420 . do thuit Carran dot laimh luinn, Cog. 80.14 . mar a fuigmís sássadh . . . ┐ sinn l.¤ ravenously hungry, SG 40.16 . dogoas consors gan tsorb / is nach l.¤ fria geis do thsíor irritable when importuned, ZCP v 487 § 13 (B. na f.). do shín riot a righeach n-áluinn / Íosa Críosd — fa caomhthach lonn (to the Cross), DDána 41.31 . Cailleach Dé . . . / ní luath labhras is ní l.¤ , Aithd. D. 1.34 . ná bí luathaigeantach l.¤ , Magauran 2360 . Alasdran, mairtīreach l.¤ , Celtica iv 143 § 124 . is ionann Lochlonnach . . . is duine láidir ar fairrge; óir is ionann l.¤ is láidir . . . , Keat. iii 2461.

By transf. of weapons, armour, etc. laigni lonna, Cog. 158.24 . lúireach l.¤ , L. Cl. A. Buidhe 98.142 . cogadh ralann `fierce war', Aithd. D. 91.1 . la neim lāidhe luinde lūaithe, Arch. iii 295 § 27.

Of animals, fierce, eager : léomain lonna, LU 2421 . searrach l.¤ , Measgra D. 15.7 . cuiléan l.¤ , Magauran 4419 . Cf. uaill fhearchon, giodh l.¤ a sian, Measgra D. 5.42 .

Freq. as epithet of sea, river, etc. srib lond .i. sribh lūath nō trēn, Corm. Y 786 . rodo-ler lond-láthrustar `raging sea', BDD² 907 . [is] mēit muir mōr cech loch l.¤ , Four Songs 18 § 2 . o Lui lethain luind, Reeves Ad. 270.9 .

Of lightning: línfaid aer lasrach l.¤ , Airne F. 265 . ilar lasrach l.¤ cech leth (in hell), SR 901 . saighnéin lonna lois- geacha, DDána 73.2 .

In phr. is l.¤ la is a cause of anger, displeasure, to (but see 2 lonn to which some exx. below may belong): ba lond . . . la H. in ascaid-sin `was grievous to H.', PH 906 . ba holc ┐ ba l.¤ lais in mnai cuil do beth oc H., 861 . cid l.¤ lat-su, lécfither dál dó `disagreeable', Aisl. MC 33.7 . ba l.¤ ┐ ba loscad le C., MR 248.8 . Adv. co fergach, lond immar leo, IT i 158.5 . Compar. luindiu gl. indignatione . . . commotior, Ml. 130a13 . 23d22 . láth bas luinniu, LU 4840. Adv. ind luindiu gl. commotius, Ml. 32d1 . loinditi a fearg `the fiercer on that account his anger', Ériu iv 214 § 9. Superl. luindem dib drisiuc `the boldest of them is the d.', O'Dav. 1201.

As subst. anger, ferocity : l.¤ .i. fearg, O'Cl. amal léoman . . . lán luind letarthaigh, TTr.² 1477. ? as-ort buidne bruth co [n]dīan | i toīb Leithe, luind fri dúal 'he slew companies in the region about Leithe, having just cause for anger(?)' Éigse x 185 § 17 .

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤bág: leomain na lonnbága, SR 5722 . co libernmas, co lond-báig `with furious strife', Met. Dinds. iii 268.26 . tre luinde co londbaid, BB 397b1 . ¤barr: luinde l. `of valorous chiefs', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 59. ¤bríathraid one who speaks violently : londbriathraid cech n-imreasnaich, iii 230.135 . ¤bruith (vn. of bruithid) `act of fiercely burning ': ag losgadh ┐ ag lonn-bhruith, TSh. 7847. ¤bruth fierce ardour (common as epithet of a warrior): cride licce, londbruth loga, Sc. M² § 15.9 . `is muir tar glasa dodānic ann ēm', or Fergus, `is londbruth loga', TBC² 3358. ri Laighen londbruth leomain, Anecd. ii 35 § 6 . tria lonn- bruth na mbríg ṁbassa, SR 6795 . ¤búaid: ro-das-troeth cech n-olc ar huair / ro-s-glaed cech locht cen lonnbuaid, SR 6554 . ¤buiden: lá na lonna-bhuidhne, Keat. Poems 50. ? ¤chride: risin fingalach nach fann / bed a n-idnai co hutmall, / ma fer lonncraiti ar gach leth, / biaid Conmaicne co coscrach, Fen. 348.17 . ¤fhiach fierce vulture : díon Laighneach ar lainnfhiachaibh, DDána 117.25 . ¤gair fierce cry : būaid Dromma Leugairi lúaith / londgair la cūain gormais méin, Éigse x 187 § 25 ( LL 6111 ). ¤gairge: beithir ar beódhacht ┐ ar lonngaircce an laoichmhilidh sin, FM v 1694.4 . ¤gal: in ferg fēne co londgail, Sc. M² § 3.8 . ¤gleo fierce combat : ar-cichset airg . . . londgliaid, § 15.18 . ¤gnáth: snás dar Lifi co lond-gnáth `in furious wise', Met. Dinds. ii 68.30 . la tri coicda dinaib lanamnaib lucht londgnad, LL 4978 . ¤gním: do Mheargach . . . na lonngníomh (sic leg.), Oss. iv 108.12 . laige 'na lonn-gnimaibh, MR 154.2 . ¤letrad: amal leoman londletarthi `wildly mangling', TTebe 2530 ( ¤letartha, v.l.). ¤nert: ar loinneart . . . i ngach cath, Magauran 3226 . ¤ócán: lonnogán .i. ógán lonn .i. ógán feargach, O'Cl. ? ¤scíath: in é an leathangae loindsgéth, TBC St. 3261.

(ii) With adj. In dvandva compds. ¤balcc fierce and strong : na laech lúath londbailc, TTr. 1687 . ¤bras: tar lear londbras, Anecd. i 54 § 33 . ciambad l. digal Dé, SR 3617. ilar l. leoman, 900 . ¤glúair: co toracht Lochlaind lonngluair, Met. Dinds. ii 28.44 . ¤mer: leoman londmer, TTebe 3207 . in ri londmer gaisceadmer, 2846 . ruaic garc an leomain loinnmir, Ir. Texts ii 21 § 39 . do tholgánaib sgiath loinn- mhear, ML 130.9 (`bright'). As subst. (of a prince) loinnmher as lúthmhuire, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 147.40 . ¤rúad fierce and mighty : tar ler londruadh, Anecd. i 52 § 19.

In adj. formed from nouns: For ¤aindsclech see s.v. aindsclech. ¤bágach fiercely aggressive : Dauid 's ind leo lonndbágach. SR 5726 . ¤béimmennach: Lugh . . . loinn- bhéimionnach, Atlantis iv 162.1 . ¤brígach: amal leomain londbrighach `fiercely strong', Aen. 2572 . ¤chréchtach: amal leomain londchrechtaig, TFerbe 733 . ¤ḟergach: faol-chú foghlach ┐ leómhan loinn-fheargach `raging', TSh. 1160. ¤galach valorous: Braon, breas Laighean lonnghalach. FM ii 656.13 . ¤gnímach: laech . . . lonngnimach, BB 419b4 . do Chloinn loinnghníomhaigh Lachloinn, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 30.8 . Adv. do ghaibh go lúthmhar . . . lonnghníomhach aige laochbhualadh, Comp. Con C. 130.9 . ¤guinech: a lamaib laech londguinech, Alex. 19.