gae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gae or dil.ie/25080
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gae, gaí, gai, gae, gha, ga, gói, góei, gai, gae, gae, ghai, gae, gæ, gái, gæi, gói, gae, gaé, gaoi, gae, gaíthe, gaethe, gaei, gaoi, gaeithe, ga, ga, gai, gaib, gaaib, gǽib, gáiaibh, gáib, goeib, gaoibh, gaíbh, gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh, gaíthibh, gaethibh, gaau, gau, goo, góo, goho, goo, gaó, gaíthe, gaethe, gaotha, gai, gai, gá, nā, ga, gaau

n m. Cf., however, dí gae, Rawl. 139a24 ( Ériu iv 102 § 43 , da ga v.l.); tuillidh sí ar lár a ladhra | gallgha 's as lán dí a derna, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . In: dos-leicimse ... dosom in ṅgai cétna, LL 113a11 ( ScM. § 11 ), the -s- is otiose, see Thurneysen ( Sc.M², p. iv ). In the following paradigm IGT = IGT Decl. § 81 : n s. gae, Sg. 37b20 . gaí, Laws iv 310.13 . g s. gai, IT i 76.10 ( LL 261a3 ). Laws v 490.8 . gae, TBC-LL¹ 3009 . in gha , IGT . ga, Laws v 216.21 . Metr. Dinds. iii 460.7 . gói, PH 6779 . góei, 8044 . d s. gai, TBC-LL¹ 2306 . gae, RC xv 423.5 ( LL 195b38 = gae, BB 369a7 . Dinds. 36 ). don ghai , IGT , v.l. a s. gae, Ml. 55c1 . gæ, TBC-LL¹ 2373 , 2375 . gái, Acall. 7223 . gæi, PH 141 . gói, 3357 . n p. gae, gaé (v.l. gaoi) gae, gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaei, PH 8111 . gaoi, TD 11.20 . gaeithe (or a p. ?), Acall. 7153 . g p. ga, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). ga, IGT . gai, LU 7982 . d p. gaib, LU 1354 . gaaib, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . gǽib, 6042 . gáiaibh, O'Dav. 497. gáib (= cáin), Misc. Hag. Hib. Life of Naile § 51 . sínter béinsi geal do gháib (: láim), IGT Decl. ex. 102 . goeib, ZCP i 462 n. 3 . gaoibh, TD 16.52 . gaíbh (v.l. gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh), gaíthibh, gaethibh, IGT . a p. gaau, Thes. ii 48.7 . gau, 343.41 . goo, 335.26 . góo, SR 719 . goho (disyll. metri causa), 8098 . goo, ZCP iii 212.13 (LU). gou, LU 3387 . gaó, LL 276a8 . , gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaotha, Atlantis iv 188.12 (OCL). n du. da gai , LL 261b7 . g du. dá gai , LU 7984 . See O'Rahilly, EIHM 459 , 461 . With long vowel in MIr.: gá, LL 21629, 25445 . nā (: ghā : dhó), Bard. Synt. Tr. 176 , Ériu lxiv 210 .

(a) a spear, a javelin; used esp. of the spear-blade or head : ga gl. hasta, Ir. Gl. 216 . gaau gl. spicula, Phil. 14a ( Thes. ii 48.7 ). conoscaig in gae he removed the spear, Ml. 55c1 . gae gona éisc, Sg. 37b20 . no-elaind ... ó gaib íascaig from fishing-spears, LU 1354 ( Imr. Brain ii 292.14 ; a gaaib línaigé v.l.) ; cf. ba do ghaibh ... do all A. ... a chenn do mhac M., Oss. iii 300.10 . gaí gona cethrai, Críth G. 180 . tiscail gai a halad extracting a spear from a wound, Laws v 490.8 . slicht in gói ... in-a thoeb, PH 6779 . ro thelgis gai ḟormsa, LL 113a20 ( ScM. § 11 ). gae semnech slindlethan slegḟota, TBC-LL¹ 5261 . gae súlech, 5270 . da gai cona n-assnadaib findruine, IT ii 177.97 . mic A. in ga bernaigh, MacCarthy 406.30 . ceṅgait dar gaó glassa, LL 276a8 . ím gním ṅgá, 216b13 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 160.1 ). gabait a ngó, Celt. Rev. ii 302.6 . da gae for cach óen crand leo, gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond, TBC-LL¹ 4531 . adbur craind gai, Laws v 484.16 Comm. dichealtair .i. crand gai cen iarn fair, Corm. Y 698 ( O'Dav. 497 ). craind gae, Auraic. 1173 . budh gao derg báis (of Maedoc's reliquary), SG 32.29 . gontar C. do gáiaibh catha, O'Dav. 497 . teilgis C. a trosdan ┐ dorindedh ga no fogha ... de, BCC § 111 . scolb do rinn ghai, Keat. ii 4567 . gaoi dá n-ionnsma, TD 11.20 . go ngaoibh corcra, 16.52 . gialla fri rind ga service at the spear's point, Laws v 216.21 (Heptads). an ngiallfadh do rinn ghai dhó, Keat. iii 951 . Fig. ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid ... ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig than to fall by the shafts of satire and lampooning, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . gae na haeire, O'Curry 664 ( H 3.18, 325 ). soighde na sainnte ┐ gaoithe na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 2463 . mad gabtha gāi duaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 . gae Bulga spear of Bulga, Cú Chulainn's famous weapon (see O'Rahilly, EIHM, 61 ff.). seideth gái bulga gl. flabella, Ir. Gl. 217 (MS). cless in gæ bulga ac Coin Culaind, TBC-LL¹ 3009 ; 2107 ; 2306 . conattacht in ṅgæ ṁbulga bar Læg ... ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ illadair ra teilgthea, álad oengae leis ac techt i nduni ┐ tríchu farrindi ri taithmech ┐ ni gatta a curp duni go coscairthea immi, 3872 seq. 3942 - 3948 . Called also gae Aífe, 2372 , because she had taught Cú Chulainn the use of it. Cf. also: dofaeth do gai bulggach | fri Laigni i cath, LL 195b38 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 152.7 ). acus gai boilggi tentidi ina lámaib, Otia i 114.3 . nobriste in gae ar bulg the spear used to be broken at the knob (?), RC xiii 454 § 48 . gae clis a spear for juggling : don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi no na hubla clis, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. gae copa a tent or roll of lint etc. inserted into a wound to keep it open (see copga, copp). gae cró : orig. a tent or probe to keep a wound open; a pledget or roll (of lint, etc.) applied to a wound; by extension, a wound unhealed, a wound still bleeding, a haemorrhage Éigse ix 183 , Celtica xv 1 (cf. 1 crú). marb in Dagda do gai chró ... dia rodgon C. in ben, LL 11b26 . do thairmesc a fola ... ┐ a ngæ cró, TBC-LL¹ 3639. 6042 . amal ro thuitset a gái (sic leg.) chró ass la meít na ferggi ro gab, TFerbe 735 . conar' ḟacadur galur na eslainte na gái chró ina chois na tucsat aisti hé (of the wounded Cailte ; `clotted blood,' O'Gr. Cat. `shooting pains,' W.S.), Acall. 7223 . Cf. ní fhágbhaid gaotha cró, ná aicíd aingide ar aoin neach (of the apples of the Hesperides), Atlantis iv 188.12 . gaeithe cró na n-es ┐ na n-abhann ... donithea-sa sin bloody vomitings (?) (after herbs given as emetics), Acall. 7153 . ní fédaim le gaeib cró in urchair sin, 4000 . a gae cro do thuill don triath | beth gan sciath re saitib sleg `his mortal wound,' Fen. 146.1 . co ndechaid cum bais do ghaib cró ocus troimeslainti from old unstaunched wounds (?), RC xliv 28.6 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 8 . go ffuair bás do ghaíb cró na ngon, AFM vi 2058.4 . iii 366.7 . Fig. nír b' ecail ní da marbad acht gái chró na genmnaidechta `the pernicious effects of continence' (O'Gr.), Acall. 3815 . gaothe cró gach coire lér cuireadh i n-ifreann iad ag a dtreaghdadh, TSh. 1964 . gae derg (lit. `a bloody spear') a murderer : techt ar slicht ga deirg to go in pursuit of a murderer, O'Curry 2314 ( Eg. 88, f. 24b ). O'D. 713 ( H 3.17, c. 521 ). iarmoiracht ghá deirg, O'Curry 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36 b ). la go dearga ... in fer guides na gae derga do gabháil ina láimh, O'D. 769 ( H 3.17, c. 551 ). Cf. fer ghai deirc itt ionadsa (a curse on an abbot), BNnÉ 306 § 23 . g.¤ leóin : Gaileoin ona gaib leoin robai aco oc tachailt na hūiri, ZCP x 163.11 (cf. g.¤ cró, above). astal .i. gai liubuir a book-marker (lit. a book-spear), O'Mulc. 96 . gae máthri `spear of the mother-kin,' the distaff : doberar gai matri do garmnaib beus a n-Erinn that looms are still called `spears of the mother-kin' in Ireland (?), RC xii 94.24 . g¤ mela honey suppository Éigse ix 182 : gaoithi meala, Rosa Angl. 64.1 . gaeithi mela, Irish Texts v 46 .

Compds. ¤buaibthech (sobriquet) of the threatening spear : Aengus gaibuaibtheach, Anecd. i 15.11 . Content. vi 266 . ¤derg of the red spear : bass Conaill Gáiderg, RC xvii 168.9 (Tig.). ¤fuilech of the bloody spear : SG ii 489.26 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 8.11 ¤lethan having a broad spear, O'Dav. 1146 . ¤neim venom of spears (?): fir Aradh go ngaoi-neimh (sic leg.) nglic, BS 56.15 .

(b) In connection with grían a ray, a beam : caine már góo gréne, SR 719. 8098 . foceird ... a cocholl. ... forsna goo grene, Thes. ii 335.26 . ACL iii 304.27 amlaid robatar a roisc ... gai grene cechtar de, LL 210b15 . gnuis gai gréine, O'D. 2215 ( Nero A vii, 148a ). An mhéd nár theilg grían dá gáoibh, IGT Decl. ex. 705 . Nó gu súighe an ghrían a gó, ex. 1614 . ba dornd i ngae ṅgreni (of a hopeless undertaking), Cog. 162.24 . dia mbeith lāi gāi gann, `a slender shaft of day,' Four Songs 8.4 . Cf. is dorn im gae ngreine (i. is etarbach), O'Curry 427 ( H 3.18, 232b ). Saor an gha ghréine, Dán Dé vii 33 . Fig. an ga gréine grás, TSh. 2289 . Leg. g.¤ gréine a man of straw (?) Peritia iii 405 n. 2 : aithech baitse … ni fuilet (?) re daim in fer-sin ina fuil gnimiu laích lais; ni teit a raith na i naitire fri flaith na eclais, ar is gæ gréine dogairter, CIH ii 585.17 .

(c) The membrum virile, Laws i 54.19 Comm.