1 dos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dos or dil.ie/18430
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dus, dus, dus, duss, duis, dois, dusu, doss, dos

n u, o, m. ? n s. dus (: Oengus), Metr. Dinds. iii 390.17 . d s. dus, Ériu lxv 128 . dus, TBC-I¹ 2665 = duss, TBC-LL¹ 3460 . g s. duis, dois. a p. dusu, TBC-I¹ 3601 . g p. doss, Thes. ii 290.10 . IGT Decl. § 67 . ? dosae, Ériu xxxix 136 . Bushy tree (poetic word): dos a tall tree with a thick branching head, hence a tall man . . . also . . . a bush, bramble or thicket , P. O'C.

(a) In lit. sense of a tree: airdem dosaiph dair highest of trees is the oak, Auraic. 4275 = ardam dossaibh, 5548 . dairib doss, LL 52b41 . is decmaic mes do beith ar d.¤ mana fuil frēmh aigi, Laws iv 382 Comm. co cualatar in ceol isin dus ibair, SG 311 . d.¤ na righ (one of the three chief trees of Ireland), ZCP v 21 . fir is mna míne fo doss | cen peccad, cen immorboss, Imr. Brain § 41 . ní ba lia (sic leg.) duilli for d.¤ , SG 364 . de dindgnaib doss, Thes. ii 290 (poem).

Copse, thicket: dligid a doss, a derb-chaill, Metr. Dinds. ii 58 . do-s-neim d.¤ dlúit[h] dairpri rúaidh ( foliage ?), Fianaig. 14 . inmain d.¤ ainglech idhan, | Ros nDairbrech na noeibh-ibur, Lism. L. 4726 . rohoileadh . . . illeptaib feoir ┐ fidnemid ┐ ua dosaib diamraib digaindi darach, TTebe 512 . ar cur agh a huardhosaibh hunting the deer out of cool thickets, Ó Bruad. iii 52 . In n.loc. Cnoc an Dois, CF 263 .

(b) Transf. protector, one who gives shelter or defence, champion, superior (common in poetry and rhetorical prose): nítfia luag . . . nidat doss ós duss (Fer Diad to Cú Ch.), TBC-LL¹ 3460 = TBC-I¹ 2665 . Dauid, ciarbo deoda doss, SR 6799 . roslecht[sat] dia [n]dúis, dia [n]doss their lord, 3467 . doss frēmunn ḟírinne (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 = Rawl. 107b3 . doss fína fíal forglidi, RC xx 146 . dom' d.¤ donnbhailc deghdaire, LL 385b13 . is he dighlas in dus garg, Fen. 68 . ré secht mbliadan déc don d.¤ , LL 127b14 ( MacCarthy 156 ). trí bliadna fa dó don dus, do mac Colmáin, Arch. Hib. ii 83 ( LL 184b45 ). in doss dítnes dronga Domnand, LL 45a31 . testa úadib a ndegthóisech engnama . . . ┐ d.¤ a ndíten, TTr.² 1208 . Hence doss díten tree of shelter (common epithet of a hero): rapo doss díten . . . leo Conall, CRR § 36 , LL 228b14 (of Hector). ina d.¤ dítin deghlāech, Fianaig. 86 . dā laech . . . dā d.¤ didin, Cog. 56 . ón d.¤ dídin (of Aodh Ua Néill), Hugh Roe 284 . robtar dois didin . . . doibh, 316 . Maelduin in doss díten, Gorm. June 10 . d.¤ ditin (of Mochuta), SG 35 . a dhuis díona in degshlóig, 265 . Exceptionally in abstr. sense: doem d.¤ ditin ar nimtenchus don fhiligh `protection is afforded for the dignity of the poet', Laws i 62 Comm. In compd. with adj. or subst.: Rumel rigd.¤ , SR 796 . rig rodelb Pardos . . . is he ar n-armd.¤ airgdidi, 1300 . is mé Oengus céle Dé | coemd.¤ glē clēre, 8010 . co torchair in caemd.¤ cáin, LL 127b38 ( MacCarthy 156 ). docer coemdoss Cindmara, 128b39 . ria cuanaib na caemdoss, 140b28 . trilis chuanna na caemd.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 424 .

In chevilles: Dia dom chomét diplib d.¤ , LL 297a12 (wrongly written d'iplib, SG 364 ) = dib lib d.¤ , Lec. 699a46 . imroéfet fri bérla | ó Róim dítnib doss, LL 119a18 ( PRIA xix 532 ).

In other senses: Hiruad . . . robean aingel Dē da deoin, | dorigne doss cruime de a mass (?) of worms (of Herod, cf. Acts xii 23 ), YBL 138b51 . aradhna . . . go sgoth-dhossaibh for a gcennoip ` tassels ', Fl. Earls 252 .

Compds. ¤aball: confacaid d. díonmór fó bláth a leafy apple-tree , SG 351 . ¤barrach: coillti dlúithi dosbarracha ` bush-topped ', CF 820 . ¤bile: dosbhile buadha ar lár an oilein a luxuriant tree, KMMisc. 322 . ba samhalta re doisbhile mor os fhiodhbaidh, ZCP x 279 . Transf. of a hero: adbath craeb dosbili móir | Aengus Molbtach Mac Nadfraich, RC xvii 120 (Tig.), cf. AFM 489 (dosbhile n-óir). Of a thick head of hair: méit[ithir] cliab búana in dosbili find forórda fil fair, BDD § 97 . dosbili mór fair, FB § 91 . ¤ḟotae: eocrand . . . duillech doss-fota, IT iii 42.14 = dosḟada, 16 ; dosada, 13.7 . ¤galach: dorar ardidlach | eslabar d., LL 5295 ( IT iii 33 , dossg., BB). ¤glan: Tuaim nDoss-glain, Metr. Dinds. iii 312 . ¤lebar: do bhí in lomán. . . gégach duilleach doisleabar tall and bushy, Ériu iv 116 . ¤lethan: bile díghainn doislethan leafy and spreading, SG 68 . fo dhoiredhuib dosleathna, Fianaig. 52 . ¤linn: for dolinntib na habann ` bushy pools ', RC xxiii 410 . ¤mag: ar choill | na ndosmhagh uaine aloinn wooded (bushy?) plains , 3 C 13, 720.10 . ¤mailgech bushy-browed , FB § 37 . ¤mór: croind duillecha dosmhóra, BCC § 355 d . coillte díona dosmhóra duillebair, SG 266 . See dosmar.