cumachtae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumachtae or dil.ie/13790

Forms: cumactte, cumachta, cumacht, cumachta, cumacht

n io, n. (cf. con-icc, Thurn. Gramm. 128 ). Freq. with -ct- in O. Ir. glosses, and in later lang. with com-. On cumactte, Wb. 6a1 see Thurn. Gramm. 86 . Later cumachta [] and n, f. and cumacht m. and f. cumachta f., IGT Decl. § 8 . cumacht m., § 25 .

Power, strength, might : co cumachtu apstil, Wb. 29c6 . tre essamni cumachti `through confidence of power', 17a7 . arnab uilib cumactib dichoissin inim ettalam gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem, 21a13 . is hóathir arroét macc c.¤ , Ml. 17c7 . hi c.¤ gl. non tradetur . . . in manu, 34c19 . is ed ac.¤ cétnæ gl. simili potentia, 48a21 . cenduch.¤ siu, 50a6 . a c.¤ gl. manus Dei, 51a7 . ní comtacht c.¤ ṅ diglae foranáimtea, 59c3 . mét inchumachtai ón, 64d7 . innac.¤ nemdi, 108c8 . huanchumachtu gl. nutu, 108d10 . in chumachtai `of the power', Sg. 3b17 . ni cumscaichthi c.¤ nairi, 6a5 . cumachtai (rectius -ae) gl. ylementa, 3b21 . saini archuit cumachti, 7a5 . c.¤ ṅDé dom chumgabāil, Thes. ii 356.7 . do ratadh cumhachta nglan, Blathm. 186 . arindí riges cumachtu(i) chun[d]rig fora thuatha(i), Críth Gabl. 444 `coercive power', notes. cumachta díasnéte in Chomded, LU 2046 ( FA 12 ). gora lásetar in n-abaind assa curp ┐ assa cumac[h]ta `from its usual course and extent', Táin 3330 . riasin cumachta moir sin, Bodl. Dinds. 14 . dotchumachtaib nemtruailnide gl. potentia, Lor. Gild. 69 . ru-s-gab . . . in plag . . . cumachta fors-in Róim, PH 340 . tred chumachtain fen, YBL 150b27 . cérd a chomhachta `his best skill', Rel. Celt. ii 262.8 . tria cumachtaib chinid a mathar with the aid of, Ann. Conn. 1290.7 = FM iii 450.8 . cóir creideamh do chumhacht (to the Host), DDána 14.2 . do reir gníma no cumachtan `actually or potentially', Rosa Ang. 50.5 . do réir ar ccomh- achd, Mac Aingil 2545 . le cumachtaibh-sin (of precious stone), ZCP vi 325.9 . ar son a beth gabháltach ┐ a comach- tain cum na foirme (of materia prima) in potency, O'Gr. Cat. 243.7 . cumhachd, deaghbheatha, ┐ léighionn jurisdiction (required in confessor), Mac Aingil 4465 . trí chumhachda, .i. meabhair, toil, ┐ tuigsi, 583 .

Of preternatural or magical powers: ba mor a cumachta si ┐ a huaman for cach, RC xxiv 190.16 . int aes cumachta ┐ anai (andéi, LU 6251 ), TBC² 1751 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa, LU 3276 ( SC 7 ). do immirt mela ┐ cumachta forni, 8554 ( FB 41 ). dar mo chumachtasa, Anecd. i 11.21 ( SCano 354 ). a máthair tuc in cumhachta tṡidhamail sin dó, Cóir Anm. 26 . is imda lucht na cumachta, Mer. Uil.² 278 .

Gramm. of `powers' of consonants (in assimilation): éol ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.14) . an tan bhogthar connsuine crúaidh do chumhacht connsuine ghairbh when a voiced consonant is devoiced by assimilation to a voiceless fricative, § 29 . gé do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha though the s has altered their pronounciation (so that they rhyme), § 31 .

Transfd. uses: na rig ┐ na cumachta (of persons), PH 1216 (cf. Wb. 21a13 cited above). ro teichset . . . riasin cumacht moir, BB 409a43 . o cuadar mo cumachta .i. mo ridiri uaim, Fier. 181 . screapall gacha tighe . . . fana chumachtuibh throughout his dominions, BNnÉ 202.10 .

In phrase fo chumachtu, -e under the power of: do buid fom chumachtu gl. quos mihi dedit Deus, Wb. 32d7 . fo chumachtu na doinechte, 32c14 . fochumachte dáei, 22c10 . nícon béosa fot chumachtasu, Fraech 281 . fom' smacht sa ┐ fom' chumhachta, MacCarthy 48.w . fo chomachtoip rīg na Spāinne, Fl. Earls 24.23 . dosṁbéra fochumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . nim tharberar fochumactu nach sásta diib gl. sub nullius redigar potestatem, 9c31 . dotairbertsat in Asia fo chumachtaib ┐ fo mham, BB 417b20 . iar ttairbert chaich . . . fo a mamus, ┐ fo a chumachtaibh, Leb. Gab. 236.23 . tuccastair an baile . . . fora cumus ┐ fora cumhach- tuibh, BNnÉ 264.36 .

With follg. Vn. phrase: cumachtu m'anama do chur uam power to lay aside, PH 2370 . cumachtu laburtha, 2654 . With copula: masa chumachtae n dom gl. si fieri potest, Ml. 118a5 . With attá: nímtha cumachtæ ṅdo, Ml. 140b7 .

Cf. cáemachtu (C 15.48).