cros

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cros or dil.ie/13123
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: c., c., crois, crois

n ā, f. (Lat. crux, see GOI 575 ). a s. c.¤ , Thes. ii 249.3 , LB 234b43 , d s. c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 151.5 , also Blathm. 163 as emended, crois, MS, see notes. n s. crois, Magauran 2540 (not guaranteed by metre).

(a) cross as relig. symbol: hi torrund cruisse `in the form of a cross', Thes. ii 254.z (St. Miss.). .iii. parsa deac in eo na c.¤ . . . a .xvi. itir incuaird ┐ chorp na c.¤ (of communion particles), 255.4-5 (ibid.). dobered croiss Críst taris co fa chét cech laí (of St. Patrick) made the sign of the cross, Trip.² 1423 . cross Dé bí / ra bruinne cach uilc fo thrí, LL 39302 . doforni int epscop . . . cetheora crossa cona scín, LB 277b14 . an lá tar Fhéil C. do-chuaidh Feast of Holy Cross, Aithd. D. 17.18 . brāthair croisi `religiosus de Ordine Cruciferorum', Beatha S. F. 1862 . do leath é féin . . . i bhfioghair chroise, TSh. 9147 . D. . . . do hecc fo crois `after taking the Cross', Ann. Conn. 1228.7 . c.¤ croichi sign of the cross, Laud 610, 8c (cited Plummer MS. notes). ni facutar sigen na c.¤ na crochi ínte, LB 234b44 .

Rarely of physical Cross: fri croich fri crois, Blathm. 136 . do chur i gcrois do chleacht mé, Aithd. D. 73.5 . do-chífear an ch.¤ donn (of Last Day), DDána 12.4 dá ndearnadh sé ar crois cunnradh, 40.3 . ? immá duma dess / hi tairndfet do chrois, LU 9866 .

(b) Of monastic cross as object of devotion: clerigh arcuairt cross, IT iii 82.22 . failet nói mná . . . / i toéb chroisse `beside the Cross', Metr. Dinds. iv 342.6 . inad crabaid ┐ c.¤ , Acall. 3720 . ní dechaid D. ó chrois gan cromadh, MR 298.11 . cnes re crosaibh slemnai in sūi `a man who lays his skin against smooth crosses', Measgra Uí Chl. 146 § 8 . c.¤ chloche, LL 6480 . c.¤ . . . craind wooden cross, ZCP xvii 232.29 . fo crossaibh cuill, AFM i 516.z . c.¤ óir ┐ c.¤ airgid, Acall. 5839 v.l. Note also: do tadbas di croch do beth a mbel na piasta, ┐ a c.¤ rena carpat uachtarach, ┐ a llos rena c[arpat] ichtarach transverse , Laud 610, 8a (cited Plummer MS. notes). In phr. for beinn chroise see benn.

Hence shrine at cross, church, etc.: rugadh crodh gach croise `every church is robbed', Magauran 1191 . sarucchad croisi hÚa Suanaigh, BNnÉ 312.y ( Fél. 466.40 ). co rucsad bruit moir o Chrois na screbtra, RC xvii 401.6 (Tig.). As boundary: gan dul tar crosaibh Chluana amach, Ériu i 94.17 . Note further: do gearradh c.¤ in margaidh `the market cross', Ann. Inisf. 1275.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás `narrow-cross money', Stud. Celt. i 4.y (see ii 119 ff. ).

(c) Of various cross-shaped objects: fail crois d'ór incachdorus, SR 361 (descr. of heaven). timchell cacha oenchrose, 372 . da ndernatar ní ar in clar dar in crois no dar in sduaig imlingar (part of door or entrance), O'Curry 518 ( H 3.18, 261a ). secht cét uṅga 'sin meis móir / co cethricrossaib dergóir, SR 4350 . dobir c.¤ dit sailiu forochtar dochinn `a cross of thy spittle', Thes. ii 249.3 . di chroiss tar a mullach two transverse streams (of suppurating head), Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.24 . legthar roimh in croissi (leg. crois-si?) an cuid sin (direction to reader), Lism. L. xxxiii 1 . co nderna chrois díb trít chride (of crossed spears), TBC-LL² 3699 . cor bo chross tall tarsna triana chlíab, TFerbe 243 . do . . . gurbo c.¤ bodhbhda 'na cliabh an craoisech, ZCP x 296.30 . táinig dhe a chur a ccrois cross-roads , O'R. Poems 305 . tempal . . . cona shanctair ┐ crosaibh transept , AFM iii 218.8 . cloidem . . . co crosaib ┐ dornnchur n-orda ` cross-guard ', Grail 2860 . clannaidh í gur dherg a crois ` hilt ', Duan. F. i 66.30 . milledh mo chána go crois completely , Misc. Hag. Hib. 123.22 . an stóil bhíos ina crois fá bhrághaid an tsagairt, Eochairsg. 35.32 . do bi ina crois ┐ a bél re lár (i.e. with arms outstretched in cros-ḟigell), SG 39.28 .

(d) Transfd. prohibition; hindrance. Orig. of the actual placing of a cross on a road: ni tabarr (sic leg.) [c.¤] for conair, ZCP xviii 388 ( Laws ii 90.14 Comm. ). do berar c.¤ for conaire air he is prevented from travelling the road(?), O'D. 646 ( H 3.17, 481 ). c.¤ i forba apaidh forna íslibh, c.¤ i forba apaidh ┐ troscadh for na uaislibh, 621 ( H 3.17, 461 ). as é a fuaidre, a suidiugh c.¤ for cuile in breithemon no ara beolu . . . c.¤ for cuile .i. c.¤ na fiadhnaise co na tucar biad eiste amach ar son apa. No ar beolu .i. co na ruga breth, 639 ( 473 ). forais ni bid fri crois na fri athgabail . . . .i. c.¤ a naige croise, O'Curry 374 ( H 3.18, 208b ). to-g[o]a fer ad-gair im cross fa gíall . . . dia toirb inna fíachu-sa `whether it be on the basis of a cross or a hostage', Ériu xx 166 § 6 (see 175 ). sárugud aitire nó crossi in domnaig oc saigid na cána in domnaig `bailiffs' (?), Ériu ii 208.15 . tabhair . . . / crois ó chomharba Pheadair, DDána 72.2 . dún gan chrosa ar chóir-bhreathaibh `hindrances to', Timth. 1916, 37 § 8 . ? na buail bos re bel filidh / do dhuain ch.¤ go ccoiridhir until you emend your perverse poem, Rel. Celt. ii 298.32 . ? as báthad coindell mo ch.¤ , BNnÉ 286.15 . Hence prep. phr. tar crois in spite of, against orders of: tanag cugud, a banntigerna, tar do crois, ZCP vi 27.9 . tar crois Cumaill, Duan. F. i 86.w . gabhaim do láimh tar a chrois, Oss. iv 86.16 .

(e) affliction : co toracht féin foa chroiss, Trip.² 795 . deacair comhthrom a gcroisi d'fhagháil `affliction like theirs', Ó Bruad. iii 52.5 .

In n. loc.: C.¤ in Chloim, RC xii 342.19 . fri Crossa Brenaind andess, LL 37496 . i machaire na croisi, AFM vi 2222.17 . See Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. dhá chroisbhéim do chomh-mbualadh a g-cloidhiomh oblique strokes, ML 128.5 . ind etarfasaighibh na crosbhuinnedh cengail hoops , CCath. 5327 . a clarad ┐ a cómdluthad ┐ a crosdelb cross-section(?) (a temple), LB 120b21 . crosdibirciud ` cross-pelting ' (in list of guilty games), Celtica viii 150.4 , cf. do chloīndībircthib, Sc.M² 17 . claidem . . . cona croseltaibh `cross-hilts', CCath. 5242 . croisróid cullóide is coire, Ó Bruad. ii 182.2 . cross-sluaiged la T. . . . an ndescert E. ` thwart-hosting ', RC xviii 52.y (Tig.) gablóc i mbí crostál crainn 'a little forked branch in which there is a wooden cross-adze' EIS 164 § 73 . in crostuad lethan 'broad cross-axe' CIH ii 669.28 , EIF 488 n. 164 .

With adjj.: cosair . . . cros-aidlennach cumaisc, MR 316.1 . colna cros-bhuailte transfixed , TSh. 6612 . a chloidheamh crosghlan, DDána 98.28 . cirrta, crechtach, crosledartha, ZCP vi 68.22 . is crechtach crosledarthach atathar, RC xxii 328 n.11 ( BDD 167 ). cloidheamh crosórdha gold-hilted , CF² 681 . cepach cirrthi do c[h]uradhuib crosroinnti, ML² 1851 . With vb.: ra cétṡnaidit ┐ ra crostuagait na clairsin, LL 30945 `those boards . . . were cross-axed', TTr. 127 .

See crosḟigel(l).